Difference between revisions of "Comptroller of Waters and Marine Prefect"

(Created page with "The '''Comptroller of Waters''' (水黃令, ''sl′jur-gwrang-ringh'') and '''Marine Prefect''' (護水使者, ''gagh-sl′jur-srje′-tja′'') are two high-ranking Themicles...")
 
Line 3: Line 3:
 
The Comptroller of Waters is an ancient office, the first mention of which dates to the Tsjinh dynasty (265 – 420).  While it is not clear whether his early portfolio was identical to the same in later times, jurisdictions were comparable.  He was responsible for the maintenance of all waterways and a number of royal forests.  By extension, he managed all shipping by water, whether via river or the coastal waters.  By a further extension, he oversaw the equalization of the prices of goods by purchasing them from areas where they abound and selling the same where they were wanting; this was an early form of economic control, derived from Menghean economic policies and treatises of the Meng dynasty (c. 200 BCE – 278 CE).  A war between the Sungh and Rjang states occurred on the river border in 480, resulting in increased state control over civilian boats, via the appointment of the Marine Prefect, whose duty is the registration of all river-worthy and seaworthy boats in Themiclesia, in case of war in water.<ref>Note, the word "Marine" here is to be interpreted in the same way as in "merchant marine".</ref>  By extension to this, he also registered the owners of boats and arranged for their captaincy and armoury during an emergency.  The need to suppress pirates resulted in the extension of his jurisdiction to the sea.  In 502, he acquired a number of manufactories to produce battering rams and other naval weaponry.
 
The Comptroller of Waters is an ancient office, the first mention of which dates to the Tsjinh dynasty (265 – 420).  While it is not clear whether his early portfolio was identical to the same in later times, jurisdictions were comparable.  He was responsible for the maintenance of all waterways and a number of royal forests.  By extension, he managed all shipping by water, whether via river or the coastal waters.  By a further extension, he oversaw the equalization of the prices of goods by purchasing them from areas where they abound and selling the same where they were wanting; this was an early form of economic control, derived from Menghean economic policies and treatises of the Meng dynasty (c. 200 BCE – 278 CE).  A war between the Sungh and Rjang states occurred on the river border in 480, resulting in increased state control over civilian boats, via the appointment of the Marine Prefect, whose duty is the registration of all river-worthy and seaworthy boats in Themiclesia, in case of war in water.<ref>Note, the word "Marine" here is to be interpreted in the same way as in "merchant marine".</ref>  By extension to this, he also registered the owners of boats and arranged for their captaincy and armoury during an emergency.  The need to suppress pirates resulted in the extension of his jurisdiction to the sea.  In 502, he acquired a number of manufactories to produce battering rams and other naval weaponry.
  
In the early 700s, Themiclesia attempted to establish control over the continent Columbia, first via diplomacy then, after the founding of the [[Dzi dynasty]], a mixture of diplomacy and conquest.  These early attempts had mixed results, and by 780 a sizeable coalition of native societies, brought into contact largely by Themiclesian interference, formed a formidable threat to Themiclesia's desire to dominate them.  In 792, Themiclesia mobilized 40,000 soldiers and defeated the coalition, led by prime minister Gwjang Hwal (王歡).  Gwjang negotiated for the assent of native leaders to allow travel, mining, agriculture, hunting, and forestry in all the lands that were unowned, apparently to allow a future of peaceful co-existence.  To drive home his point, Gwjang executed the leaders of the coalition and exterminated one of the tribes that had an important position in the coalition.  As a life-long bureaucrat from a hallowed line of bureaucratic aristocrats, Gwjang established ownership according to Themiclesian understandings; the lack of clear records impaired his objects.<ref>Gwjang's methodology here involves imposing Themiclesian understanding of real estate on native societies.  This meant if a piece of land was owned so to exclude Themiclesian access, it had clear boundaries and an owner.  A piece of land could be jointly owned, but that required a contract or some written instrument so stating.  Gwjang asked natives if they owned a particular piece of land, but they frequently responded by noting their access to it, such as hunting or trapping in it.  Yet if multiple persons answered they had the same access to that land, Gwjang interpreted it that the land was unowned and therefore open to Themiclesian access.  This is inconsistent with how land was owned in Themiclesia, since there were certainly communal lands that had no single owner or limited set of owners, which still excluded alien access.  According to modern interpretations, Gwjang not only imposed a Themiclesian understanding of land ownership, but a hyper-limited type of land ownership, reducing Columbian natives to the status of Themiclesian commoners and simplified their interests in land to only a single type of interests in land that Themiclesians had.  This dissolved economic relationships and the power structures it implied, weakening native leadership and ability to marshal resources. </ref>  After some basic boundaries were established, the Marine Prefect was ordered to take accounts of resources in the part of the continent Themiclesia declared it owned, for future use.  The nuances of native concepts of ownership, which Gwjang failed to recognize, made the Marine Prefect's job a profoundly challenging one, especially when Themiclesia withdrew all forces from the continent.  
+
In the early 700s, Themiclesia attempted to establish control over the continent Columbia, first via diplomacy then, after the founding of the [[Dzi dynasty]], a mixture of diplomacy and conquest.  These early attempts had mixed results, and by 780 a sizeable coalition of native societies, brought into contact largely by Themiclesian interference, formed a formidable threat to Themiclesia's desire to dominate them.  In 792, Themiclesia mobilized 40,000 soldiers and defeated the coalition, led by prime minister Gwjang Hwal (王歡).  Gwjang negotiated for the assent of native leaders to allow travel, mining, agriculture, hunting, and forestry in all the lands that were unowned, apparently to allow a future of peaceful co-existence.  To drive home his point, Gwjang executed the leaders of the coalition and exterminated one of the tribes that had an important position in the coalition.  As a life-long bureaucrat from a hallowed line of bureaucratic aristocrats, Gwjang established ownership according to Themiclesian understandings; the lack of clear records impaired his objects.<ref>Gwjang's methodology here involves imposing Themiclesian understanding of real estate on native societies.  This meant if a piece of land was owned so to exclude Themiclesian access, it had clear boundaries and an owner.  A piece of land could be jointly owned, but that required a contract or some written instrument so stating.  Gwjang asked natives if they owned a particular piece of land, but they frequently responded by noting their access to it, such as hunting or trapping in it.  Yet if multiple persons answered they had the same access to that land, Gwjang interpreted it that the land was unowned and therefore open to Themiclesian annexation.  This is inconsistent with how land was owned in Themiclesia, there certainly being communal lands without single owner or stipulated set of owners, which still excluded alien access.  According to modern analyses, Gwjang not only imposed a Themiclesian understanding of land ownership, but a hyper-limited type of land ownership, dissolving coherent Columbian native economic systems based on various forms of access to land to the status of individual Themiclesian freeholds.  This destroyed the power structures such economic systems supported, weakening native leadership and ability to marshal resources.  There is dispute whether Gwjang did this intentionally or not.</ref>  After basic boundaries were established, the Marine Prefect was ordered in 795 to inventory resources in the part of the continent Themiclesia declared unowned and to itself annexed, for future use.  The nuances of native concepts of ownership, which Gwjang failed to recognize, made the Marine Prefect's job a challenging and controversial one, especially when Themiclesia withdrew all forces from the continent.  However, his jurisdiction over the continent would outlast the next ten centuries.
 +
 
 +
Since the Marine Prefect was appointed to this position, his department expanded significantly and came to involve diplomacy.  Themiclesian pledging its technological and military support to well-behaved native communities, it was necessary to determine who was "in right" before the court reacted.  Initially disputes, were divided into intertribal disputes between natives and disputes natives and Themiclesia.  As part of the Marine Prefect's jurisdiction over natural resources in Themiclesian-owned lands, he had power to decide whether a resource was situated on Themiclesian-owned land as established by Gwjang Hwal, if another actor was found using it.  This established the civil law jurisdiction of the Marine Prefect.  Themiclesia generally did not interfere if natives decided to go to war with each other, unless one side appealed for assistance; when it was necessary to be involved in a non-civil dispute, a [[Tribune (Themiclesia)|tribune]] would be commissioned to investigate along with an envoy, and the Marine Prefect would be summoned to give evidence.  Even though he had no formal power over such diplomatic disputes, his description of events was frequently taken for perhaps more weight than is justified, and his support in these proceedings was highly sought after by native socities.  In both situations, the Marine Prefect stood to profit from disputes in commodities common in Columbia but desirable in Themiclesia.  Combined with a responsibility to manage resources and oversee their exploitation, his soon became the most lucrative appointment outside  of the [[Inner Region|Inner Administrator]] and cabinet-rank ministers.
  
  

Revision as of 16:36, 16 January 2020

The Comptroller of Waters (水黃令, sl′jur-gwrang-ringh) and Marine Prefect (護水使者, gagh-sl′jur-srje′-tja′) are two high-ranking Themiclesian civil servants, managing natural resources in Themiclesia and Columbia respectively. The Marine Prefect originated as an assistant of the Comptroller of Waters in Themiclesia but later developed his own jurisdiction in Columbia, becoming the subject of much controversy once Casaterran settlers appeared in the area.

The Comptroller of Waters is an ancient office, the first mention of which dates to the Tsjinh dynasty (265 – 420). While it is not clear whether his early portfolio was identical to the same in later times, jurisdictions were comparable. He was responsible for the maintenance of all waterways and a number of royal forests. By extension, he managed all shipping by water, whether via river or the coastal waters. By a further extension, he oversaw the equalization of the prices of goods by purchasing them from areas where they abound and selling the same where they were wanting; this was an early form of economic control, derived from Menghean economic policies and treatises of the Meng dynasty (c. 200 BCE – 278 CE). A war between the Sungh and Rjang states occurred on the river border in 480, resulting in increased state control over civilian boats, via the appointment of the Marine Prefect, whose duty is the registration of all river-worthy and seaworthy boats in Themiclesia, in case of war in water.[1] By extension to this, he also registered the owners of boats and arranged for their captaincy and armoury during an emergency. The need to suppress pirates resulted in the extension of his jurisdiction to the sea. In 502, he acquired a number of manufactories to produce battering rams and other naval weaponry.

In the early 700s, Themiclesia attempted to establish control over the continent Columbia, first via diplomacy then, after the founding of the Dzi dynasty, a mixture of diplomacy and conquest. These early attempts had mixed results, and by 780 a sizeable coalition of native societies, brought into contact largely by Themiclesian interference, formed a formidable threat to Themiclesia's desire to dominate them. In 792, Themiclesia mobilized 40,000 soldiers and defeated the coalition, led by prime minister Gwjang Hwal (王歡). Gwjang negotiated for the assent of native leaders to allow travel, mining, agriculture, hunting, and forestry in all the lands that were unowned, apparently to allow a future of peaceful co-existence. To drive home his point, Gwjang executed the leaders of the coalition and exterminated one of the tribes that had an important position in the coalition. As a life-long bureaucrat from a hallowed line of bureaucratic aristocrats, Gwjang established ownership according to Themiclesian understandings; the lack of clear records impaired his objects.[2] After basic boundaries were established, the Marine Prefect was ordered in 795 to inventory resources in the part of the continent Themiclesia declared unowned and to itself annexed, for future use. The nuances of native concepts of ownership, which Gwjang failed to recognize, made the Marine Prefect's job a challenging and controversial one, especially when Themiclesia withdrew all forces from the continent.  However, his jurisdiction over the continent would outlast the next ten centuries.

Since the Marine Prefect was appointed to this position, his department expanded significantly and came to involve diplomacy. Themiclesian pledging its technological and military support to well-behaved native communities, it was necessary to determine who was "in right" before the court reacted. Initially disputes, were divided into intertribal disputes between natives and disputes natives and Themiclesia. As part of the Marine Prefect's jurisdiction over natural resources in Themiclesian-owned lands, he had power to decide whether a resource was situated on Themiclesian-owned land as established by Gwjang Hwal, if another actor was found using it. This established the civil law jurisdiction of the Marine Prefect. Themiclesia generally did not interfere if natives decided to go to war with each other, unless one side appealed for assistance; when it was necessary to be involved in a non-civil dispute, a tribune would be commissioned to investigate along with an envoy, and the Marine Prefect would be summoned to give evidence. Even though he had no formal power over such diplomatic disputes, his description of events was frequently taken for perhaps more weight than is justified, and his support in these proceedings was highly sought after by native socities. In both situations, the Marine Prefect stood to profit from disputes in commodities common in Columbia but desirable in Themiclesia. Combined with a responsibility to manage resources and oversee their exploitation, his soon became the most lucrative appointment outside of the Inner Administrator and cabinet-rank ministers.




Notes

  1. Note, the word "Marine" here is to be interpreted in the same way as in "merchant marine".
  2. Gwjang's methodology here involves imposing Themiclesian understanding of real estate on native societies. This meant if a piece of land was owned so to exclude Themiclesian access, it had clear boundaries and an owner. A piece of land could be jointly owned, but that required a contract or some written instrument so stating. Gwjang asked natives if they owned a particular piece of land, but they frequently responded by noting their access to it, such as hunting or trapping in it. Yet if multiple persons answered they had the same access to that land, Gwjang interpreted it that the land was unowned and therefore open to Themiclesian annexation. This is inconsistent with how land was owned in Themiclesia, there certainly being communal lands without single owner or stipulated set of owners, which still excluded alien access. According to modern analyses, Gwjang not only imposed a Themiclesian understanding of land ownership, but a hyper-limited type of land ownership, dissolving coherent Columbian native economic systems based on various forms of access to land to the status of individual Themiclesian freeholds. This destroyed the power structures such economic systems supported, weakening native leadership and ability to marshal resources. There is dispute whether Gwjang did this intentionally or not.

See also