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State of Lemovicia
|Official languages||Lemovician, Miersan|
|Recognised regional languages||Narodyn|
|Ethnic groups |
• From Narozalica
|41,834.24 km2 (16,152.29 sq mi)|
• 2017 census
|59.8212612/km2 (154.9/sq mi)|
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Currency||Lemovician denar (LVN)|
|ISO 3166 code||LMV|
Lemovicia (Lemovician: Менділура, Mendilurra, Miersan: Łemowicze) is a country located in Euclea, bordered to the north by West Miersa, to the east and south by Slirnia, and to the west by Minilov. Situated in the middle of Euclea, it is one of the few doubly landlocked countries in existence in the world. As of 2017, Lemovicia has a population of 2,502,577 people, and with an area of 41,834.24 square kilometres, is one of the smaller countries in Euclea.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Economy
- 5 Politics
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Culture
The area of Lemovicia was the named after the Lemovices, a Tenic tribe who inhabited the present-day region of Lemovicia at the time of the Solarian Empire. The name of the Lemovices derive from the term lemo, meaning elm, and vices, meaning "those who win," which indicates that the Lemovices meant "winners with elm," due to their weaponry being made of elm. However, there are claims that the name may have been what the Tenic inhabitants of present-day Lemovicia referred to the Paleo-Lemovician people, who have inhabited the territory.
The name used by the Lemovicia to refer to the land is Mendilurra (Pavotrian: Менділура), which is a shortened form of Mendien lurra (мендіен лура) meaning land of the hills, due to the terrain where the Lemovicians traditionally lived.
Evidence of human habitation of present-day Lemovicia dates back from 16,000 BCE to 12,500 BCE, with stone tools and ruins of paleolithic settlements within the area dating back to around that period of time, particularly in the lowlands of Lemovicia. The highlands of Lemovicia began to be settled from around 9,000 BCE onward, and by around 5,000 BCE, most of Lemovicia had been settled by humans.
Solarians conquer area, settlement generally along flatter areas in the Lowlands, hill regions left alone, but extensive contacts between Lemovicians and Solarians ensue, Sotirianity comes in
probable tensions between various states over the land, chieftains switch sides depending on what is more advantageous, then following Arciluco's collapse around 1000, the Kingdom of Lemovicia is founded by TBD
in 1400s or 1500s, ruler of the Miersans is elected by the Lemovicians, personal union with Miersa established
integration with Miersa, union with Kingdom of Lemovicia dies in 1638 when it gets annexed into Narozalica, Lemovicia becomes part of the Narozalic Empire
increased migration from Miersa and Narozalica, increasing Slavicization of Lemovicia, native Lemovician language is threatened by increasing Marolav population, especially in the lowlands
Due to Lemovicia's geographic location on the border with Amathia and Gaullica, who controlled portions of present-day Slirnia, as soon as Narozalica entered the Great War in 1927, Lemovicia became a strategic target for the Entente forces, as although the southern regions of Lemovicia were mountainous, beyond the Mendija Mountains laid an easy path for the Entente forces to advance into Narozalica.
After Miersa given independence under Godfredson Plan, Lemovicia remains part of the Narozalic Empire, Narozalica would take great pains to keep Lemovicia from leaving the Narozalic Empire, increased development of the area due to its minerals and strategic value
As Narozalica began to collapse on itself with the outbreak of the Second Narozalic Civil War in 1978, Lemovician nationalist organisations sought to take the opportunity to declare independence from the Narozalic Empire. Thus, on 21 November, 1979, Eztebe Tolaregain declared the establishment of the State of Lemovicia as a national syndicalist state in Topagunea, with himself as President. After a brief war of independence, Narozalic forces withdrew from Lemovicia by December 1979, and although Tolaregain was the de-jure leader of the country, Saroi Garnica became the uncontested leader of the country. In February 1980, Garnica officially became President, while the first elections were held to the National Assembly, seeing the National Syndicalist Union take 106 of the 110 seats, with only four seats going to independent politicians.
However, the implementation of a constitution which disenfranchised all minorities, and his economic policies based on national syndicalism, combined with his increasing authoritarianism made him very unpopular among huge swaths of the Lemovician population, leading to protests breaking out in Sechia on 5 March, 1980: when these protests were crushed, copycat protests rose in Zubiharra, Loiola, Topagunea, and Włocłamyśl, which were similarly crushed. Thus, by the end of the month, Otxote Sasiambarrena declared himself President, while the Miersan Republic of Lemovicia was established by Izydor Domzalski.
While there were initial gains on all sides, by 1985, the Lemovician opposition forces and the Miersan separatists allied to defeat the Lemovician government. Despite this, a stalemate ensued, with no real progress. However, as both sides sought to conduct ethnic cleansing, particularly by the late 1980s, the international community started to demand that the war end. As the population grew more war-weary, all three sides eventually were forced to negotiate in the Piraean capital of Alikianos in April 1992: by June 1992, they were able to agree to end the civil war, which by that point resulted in substantial population displacement, killed nearly 400,000 people, including around 300,000 civilians, and devastated the country's economy. Peacekeepers were sent into Lemovicia to ensure that the peace was maintained, while war criminals on all sides were tried in Ashcombe.
Following the signing of the Alikianos Accords on 22 June, 1992, and the adoption of a new constitution on 1 October of that year, the first free and fair elections were held in Lemovician history the following month, with all seats of the National Assembly, and the Presidency being elected.
Under the term of the first Premier Fabian Duch of the Liberal Democrats, the main priority of the new Lemovician government was to rebuild the country, as the Lemovician Civil War had effectively destroyed the nation's economy: thus, the second denar was introduced in 1993, and he made an attempt to join Samorspi, which was forced to be abandoned following protests by the Lemovician community. By the 1990s, the major cities of Sechia and Loiola have been substantially rebuilt, and with ethnic tensions between the Lemovician and Miersan communities diminishing, the international peacekeeping presence has been reduced significantly, leading to Duch's re-election in 1996, and 2000. By 2004, the first peaceful transition of power in nearly three decades happened, as Otxote Sasiambarrena of the Liberal Democrats became the second Premier.
However, Lemovicia was hit hard with the financial crisis in 2005, and Sasiambarrena's response led to the election of the Socialists under Jan Swiech. Swiech helped to improve the country's economic position, and ensure that the recovery "benefited the people of Lemovicia." By 2011, the economy reached pre-2005 levels, allowing him to get re-elected the following year. However, Swiech's "tax and spend" policies made him unpopular among many, while his plans to join the Euclean Community made him unpopular among many of the Miersans.
Thus, in 2016, Jan Swiech was suceeded by Sergiusz Galecki of the Liberal Democrats as Premier. Under his rule, he abandoned efforts to join the Euclean Community, and instead resumed negotiations to join Samorspi, his economic policies were reoriented which reduced much of the welfare state built up by Swiech. As well, Galecki sought to begin reforms to make the Lemovician government more efficient and accountable, which has been met with substantial controversy, particularly as both the Lemovician Entity and the Miersan Entity fear that they would lose autonomy, while supporters argue that it would help Lemovicia move past the scars of the civil war.
Lemovicia is traditionally divided into the lowlands (Lemovician: єскаріяк, eskariak, Miersan: niziny), situated in the northern regions of the country, and the highlands (Lemovician: мендіалдеян, mendialdean, Miersan: wyżyny), situated in the southern regions of the country, which is home to the Mendija Mountains, and the country's highest point, at 2,655 metres high, is at Mount Amalur.
The lowlands of Lemovicia have traditionally been more suitable for agriculture, as they are flat and have fertile soil, with the most fertile lands situated along the longest river in Lemovicia, the Andia River. However, the flatness of the lowlands has historically made it vulnerable to foreign invasion, as the lack of geographically defensive features within the region made it an easy target for foreign invasion. In contrast, the highlands are not as suitable for agriculture, but in addition to its defensive capabilities, it is home to much of Lemovicia's natural resources, particularly coal and iron.
Due to Lemovicia's geographic position in the middle of Euclea, it is on average colder than other places on the same latitude, such as southern Gaullica, northern Bahia, or the west coast of Halland.
The lowlands of Lemovicia have a humid continental climate, with warm summers and cool winters: average temperatures there range from a low of −10.7 °C in January to a high of 25.1 °C in July, with the highest recorded temperature set in Sechia on 13 August, 2019, at 40.3 °C.
In the highlands, although it is closer to the equator, the higher elevations gives it a hot dry-summer continental climate, with average temperatures ranging form a low of −8.0 °C in January to a high of 30.8 °C in July, and the highest elevations give an alpine climate. The lowest recorded temperature in Lemovicia is found in the highlands, with a temperature of -43.9 °C recorded at a weather station near the summit of Mount Alamur on 2 February, 1962.
For much of Lemovicia's history, the economy of the area was largely based off of agriculture, with fertile valleys along the shores of the rivers, including the longest, the Andia River, helping provide the area with much of their income. While forestry was significant, by the eighteenth century, much of the primeval forests had been cut down.
However, with the discovery of coal and iron, the economy of Lemovicia shifted as these materials were vital for the industrialization of certain countries, especially of Narozalica, which Lemovicia was part of at the time. With this migration, a manufacturing sector emerged, although compared to the rest of Narozalica, this sector was small.
Over the coming decades, its economy became largely based on the extraction of coal and iron, as its manufacturing sector was destroyed by the Great War. While the manufacturing sector was rebuilt in the 1940s, it played a smaller role in the national economy than what it used to.
However, following the start of the Lemovician War of Independence in 1979, followed by the Lemovician Civil War in 1980, the Lemovician economy was destroyed. Thus, Lemovicia spent the next few decades reconstructing its economy, with its economy becoming more based on the service sector, as its natural resources have become largely exhausted. One of the largest companies that emerged from Lemovicia since the Lemovician Civil War is Lemavia Airlines, a budget airline specialising in flights between western and eastern Euclea.
The currency of Lemovicia is the denar (Д or Ð).
Lemovicia is a federal parliamentary republic, with the head of state being the Presidency since the adoption of the current Lemovician constitution in 1992, and the head of government being Premier Sergiusz Galecki, who was first elected in 2016, and re-elected in 2020.
The two major political parties in Lemovicia are the centre-right Liberal Democratic Party, and the centre-left Socialists, although they govern in coalitions with smaller parties, such as the Northern Alliance, the Miersan People's Union, the Lemovician Section of the Workers' International, and the Nationalists.
The official executive of Lemovicia is the presidency (Lemovician: лєгєндакаріца, lehendakaritza, Miersan: przewodnictwo), comprising of four individuals, of which two are from the Lemovician community, and two from the Miersan community.
The executive is elected from the people, with elections every four years to select the four members of the Presidency. Once elected, the position of Chairman and Vice-Chairman rotate once a year, with the Chairman required to not come from the same group as that of the Vice-Chairman. As of 2020, the current executives are Chairman Postumo Boloquy, Vice-Chairman Damian Rogal, Andremantzia Sorondo, and Filip Godlewski.
The legislative branch of Lemovicia according to the current Lemovician constitution is the unicameral Lemovician Assembly (Lemovician: Менділурарен бацара, Mendilurraren batzarra, Miersan: Zgromadzenie Łemowicze), comprising of 110 legislators. As per the constitution, 55 seats are allocated to the Lemovician Entity, and 55 to the Miersan Entity.
The legislature is elected every four years via party-list proportional representation, with the head of government being a member of the Lemovician Assembly, currently Sergiusz Galecki, who was elected in 2016, and re-elected in 2020.
Traditionally, the legal system of Lemovicia was based off the lehen legeak, which was their own customary law code used by the Lemovicians. However, due to its location within central Euclea, and its history of foreign rule, the Lemovician legal system has been greatly influenced by both the legal systems used in Miersa, and in Narozalica.
Following its independence, Lemovicia adopted a Gaullican-style civil legal code, although it was substantially influenced by the national syndicalist ideology, given it was governed by the National Syndicalist Union as a one-party state until 1992. However, during the Lemovician Civil War, rule of law broke down, with the Miersan Entity establishing their own legal system based off that of West Miersa.
After the Alikianos Accords, the Lemovician legal system, while maintaining its basis in the civil legal code, removed all of the influences made by the national syndicalist regime. Today, the legal system and courts in Lemovicia are structured like many other countries which use the civil legal code.
Lemovician foreign relations is complicated, due to its geographical position in the middle of Euclea, and its historic tensions between the Miersan community inhabiting the north, and the Lemovician community inhabiting the south. Generally, the Miersans are Narophilic, while Lemovicians are Eucleophilic, with politics also determining, as left-wingers tend to be more Eucleophilic than right-wingers.
Under Saroi Garnica's government from Lemovicia's independence from Narozalica in 1979 until 1992, Lemovicia was an international pariah as a result of his national syndicalist government, and his policies against the Miersan population, which led to the Lemovician Civil War.
After the election of Fabian Duch as the first Premier, Duch sought to bring Lemovicia closer to Narozalica and Samorspi, but opposition from the Lemovician community meant that these plans were ultimately abandoned. Nonetheless, he oversaw major successes, such as Lemovicia joining the Community of Nations in 1992, after having been vetoed from its independence in 1979 from Narozalica.
Under Otxote Sasiambarrena, he sought to join the Association of South Euclean States, but while they did ultimately gain observer status in 2008, economic and political factors meant that it was never able to become a full member of the ASES.
Under Jan Swiech's premiership from 2008 to 2016, he sought to bring Lemovicia closer to the Euclean Community, and began accession talks: however, over the next eight years, as talks between the Euclean Community and its prospective members, such as Slirnia and Galenia stalled, many in the Lemovician political class grew more skeptical of Lemovicia joining the Euclean Community, and after Swiech was defeated in 2016, Sergiusz Galecki abandoned accession talks with the Euclean Community, instead focusing on efforts to join Samorspi. By 2020, after significant breakthroughs, Lemovicia joined on 1 June, 2020.
Today, Lemovicia has diplomatic relations with X countries, primarily in Euclea, but also with major nations in Coius, and the Asterias. It is a member state of the Community of Nations, and Samorspi, and was a former observer of the Association of South Euclean States from 2008 to 2020.
Lemovicia was traditionally divided into seven provinces (Lemovician: пробінція, probintzia, pl. пробінціяк, probintziak, Miersan: województwo, pl. województwa), covering the entire country. The provinces date back to the original Kingdom of Lemovicia, and were reinstated following Lemovicia's independence from Narozalica in 1979.
However, since the Alikianos Accords and the promulgation of the current Lemovician constitution, the country is divided into two constituent entities (Lemovician ентітатє осацаілеа, entitate osatzailea, pl. ентітатє осаґаріяк, entitate osagarriak, Miersan: podmiot składowa, pl. podmioty składowe), with one of the original seven provinces, Bidegurutzean, being divided in two as a result of the Treaty, based on the front line at the time.
As of the 2017 census, 2,502,577 people live in the borders of Lemovicia, which is a decrease from its pre-war population of 3,257,447 in 1977.
As of the 2017 census, the largest ethnic group, at around 52% of the nation's population, or 1,301,340 people, were the Miersans, who are primarily concentrated in the Miersan Entity. The next largest ethnic group are the indigenous Lemovicians, at 43% of the nation's population, or 1,076,108 people, concentrated primarily in the Lemovician Entity, but with sizable pockets in the Miersan Entity.
Of the remaining five percent of the country's population, 50,051 people, or two percent of the nation's population, are Narodyn, while 37,539 people, or around 1.5% of the nation's population, are Savaders, and the remainder belong to other ethnic groups.
As of the 2017 census, around 96% of the population, or 2,402,474 people, are adherents to Sotirianity.
The largest sect is the Episemialist Church, with 71% of the population, or 1,776,830 people, adhering to the Episimialist Church, with most Lemovicians and Amathians adhering to the Episemialist Metropolitanate of All Lemovicia. Until 1992, the High Episimialist Church was the official religion of Lemovicia, with practice of non-Episimialist religions heavily restricted.
The next largest sect of Sotirianity is the Solarian Catholic Church, with 23% of Lemovicia's population, or 575,593 people, adhering to the Solarian Catholic faith, with virtually all of them being ethnic Miersans.
As of the 2017 census, sixty percent of the country, or 1,501,546 people, speak Miersan as their first language, while thirty-five percent of the population, or 875,902 people, speak the Lemovician language.
Of the remaining five percent of the national population, around two percent of the population, or 50,052 people reported speaking Narodyn as their first language, one percent, or 25,026 people, reported speaking Savader as their first language, and the remainder reported other languages as their first language.
Around 74% of the population, or 1,851,907 people, report that they can comfortably communicate in both official languages, while only 0.04% of the population, or 1,001 people cannot speak either official language.
Largest cities or towns in Lemovicia
Education in the Miersan Entity is still based on the Narozalic education system as was structured prior to the outbreak of the Second Narozalic Civil War in 1979, and Lemovicia's independence war, while education in the Lemovician Entity is based off of the eastern Euclean educational model, with the differences being due to the Lemovician Civil War, with the government adopting an eastern model of education, while the separatists maintained the Narozalic model of education.
However, since the 2011-12 academic year, university education has been consistent across all of Lemovicia, with three years for a bachelor's degree, and two additional years to get a master's degree.
The healthcare system of Lemovicia is regulated by the federal government, as per the 1992 Lemovician constitution. Thus, the main ministry responsible for overseeing the Lemovician healthcare system is the federal Ministry of Health, currently held by Aiora Harambure as of 2020. The Ministry of Health is responsible for licensing doctors, nurses, clinics, and regulating the operations of doctors, nurses, clinics, and hospitals.
As of 1993, Lemovicia has a single-payer universal healthcare system, and since the Lemovician Civil War has improved the nation's healthcare system. As of 2017, life expectancy is 77.13 years, with 81.53 years for women, and 72.73 years for men.
The motorway network in Lemovicia is sparse: as of 2019, the only motorways are the A1, which starts at the southern border with Minilov, and then proceeds to go via Goikoetxea, Topagunea, and Sechia to the northern border with West Miersa. the A2 connecting from the border with Minilov in the west, via Zubiharra, Topagunea, and Bailara, before terminating at the border with Slrinia, and the A3, which starts at the border with West Miersa, goes via Domwiej and Sechia, and continues on to Włocłamyśl, before terminating in Slirnia.
Railways are operated by the Lemovia, which was established in 2017 following the merger of Lemovician National Railways, which operated in the Lemovician Entity, and the North Lemovician Railway Service, which operated in the Miersan Entity. Lemovia is responsible for operating passenger services and maintenance of the railway infrastructure, which all use TBD.
There are only two international airports: Sechia International Airport, located near Sechia, and Topagunea International Airport, located in North Topagunea. Of this, the former is the more prominent international airport, serving as the hub for the privately-owned Lemavia Airlines, which is the Lemovician flag carrier.
Traditionally, Lemovician cuisine is dictated by Lemovicia's geography, as well as the ethnicities inhabiting the country, with Miersan cuisine being more influential in the northern parts of Lemovicia, and Lemovician cuisine more influential in the south of Lemovicia, due to the fact that Miersans form the majority of the population in the north, and Lemovicians form the majority of the population in the south.
Despite the historically poor relations between the two communities in Lemovicia, common pan-Lemovician foods consumed by both the Lemovician and Miersan communities include xerra, gazta gogorra, kielbasa, pierogi, ospakizun, and pączek. As well, since the end of the Lemovician Civil War in 1992, and the subsequent opening-up of Lemovicia to the world, globalisation has led to foods such as pizza and hamburgers becoming popular, particularly among the younger generations residing in cities.
Traditionally, ethnic Lemovicians played traditional Lemovician sports, with the most popular traditional sports that continue to be played by the Lemovician community including Harri-jasotzaileak, sokatira, oilar jokoa, and the country's national sport, pilota.
However, due to rule by foreign powers throughout its history, such as by Miersa and Narozalica, combined with migration by Miersans into Lemovicia during the industrial revolution, sports from these countries, such as basketball, ice hockey, and football have gained popularity in Lemovicia, and are today widely played among all peoples in the country.
Of these, the most popular sports are pilota and football, although pilota is more popular among ethnic Lemovicians than Miersans, while football is more popular among Miersans than ethnic Lemovicians.
While commercial radio and television are popular throughout Lemovicia, the governments of the Lemovician Entity and Miersan Entity operate the Lemovician language Lemovician National Television and Radio, and the Miersan language Polnoca Radio and Television, which are effectively the de-facto state broadcasters.
Newspapers are still popular among Lemovicia, with the two de-facto newspapers of record being the Lemovician language Aztertzailea and the Miersan-language Obserwator z Przejścia, both of whom are broadsheets.
|Date||Estmerish name||Lemovician name||Miersan name||Description|
|1 January||New Year's Day||Урте беріак
|Nowy Rok||Celebrates the start of the year|
|6 January||Nativity Eve||Заінца еґуна
|Wigilia||Celebrates the birth of Jesus Sotiras|
|7 January||Nativity Day||Ґабонак
|Boże Narodzenie||Celebrates the birth of Jesus Sotiras|
|A Sunday in Spring||Easter Sunday||Пазко
|Wielkanoc||Celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Sotiras|
|1 May||Labour Day||Ланґілеен еґуна
|Święto Pracy||Celebrates the achievements of the workers|
|40 days after Easter Sunday||Holy Thursday||Остеґун Сантуа
|Święty czwartek||Celebrates the ascension of Jesus Sotiras to heaven|
|50 days after Easter Sunday||Pentecost||Мендекосте
|Zielone Świątki||Commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit|
|22 June||Memorial Day||Гілдако еґуна
|Dzień zabójstwa||Commemorates the end of the Lemovician Civil War and all its victims|
|15 August||The Dormition||Іокарцеарен
|Zaśnięcie||Commemorates Mary entering Heaven alive at the end of her life|
|1 October||Constitution Day||Констітузіоарєн еґуна
|Dzień Konstytucji||Celebrates the promulgation of the Lemovician constitution|
|21 November||Saint Michael's Day||Сан Міґел еґуна
San Migel eguna
|Dzień Świętego Michała||Feast day of Archangel Michael, patron saint of Lemovicia, and national day|
|31 December||New Year's Eve||Сілбестер
|Sylwester||Celebrates the end of the year|