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Revision as of 12:48, 14 July 2019

Sovereign Prince of
The Belfrasian Principality
Belfrasian Coat of Arms.png
Incumbent
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Nicholaus
since 19 April 1980
Details
StyleHis Majesty Majesty
Heir apparentAlexander
First monarchPhilippos of Belfras
Formation1900
ResidencePalace of Augustus, Palatine Hill, Castellum ab Alba

History

Role in government

Since it's establishment, the Sovereign Prince acts as Head of State and the nominal head of government. The structure of the principality's involvement in governance is heavily based upon it's predecessor, the Latin Empire, in that a constitution has many powers held within the nation's highest level, the senate. The Sovereign Prince mimics the Emperor in being the Head of the Senate, allowing the incumbent sovereign oversight into the legislative side of government while also being the chief executive and commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces.

Executive Powers

The Sovereign Prince serves as the nation's chief executive and has the same powers and responsibilities as a president of a republican presidential system. The office of the Sovereign Prince consists of the monarch's immediate staff, political and economic advisors, the Royal Council, and a press office. This support structure along with the office of the sovereign itself is rounded up into an executive branch called the 'Sovereign Office', also known as the 'Office of the Sovereign', with representatives of the branch being called 'Officers of the Sovereign'.

The monarch holds the power to create executive orders that hold a higher level of authority than that of the senate or the office of the Consul. Maintaining a close level of likeness with it's predecessor, the office of the sovereign has the ability to enact a royal decree to make changes to the senate, the cabinet, or to the consulship itself and may appoint or dismiss members to his or her royal council without oversight.

The executive powers of the Sovereign Prince has been utilised a few times in the title's lifetime, most famously during the Social War when Sovereign Prince Georgio signed an executive order in support of Diana Augusta and declared war against the socialist rebels. This executive order was enacted against the will of the senate, which was deadlocked in the question of support in light of the horrifying losses sustained by the military during the Belfro-Mutulese war of 1911.

Legislative Powers

The office of the Sovereign also maintains significant power in legislation of government and as such the monarch in his or her power of office has a powerful voice in the formation of legislation, may veto bills, convene or adjourn the Senate, or introduce legislation without approval. Any legislation passed through the senate must gain the royal assent of the Sovereign Prince before being put into law, allowing the sovereign prince the power to withhold the assent if needed, denying the legislation any power.

Judicial powers

While in the constitution the Sovereign Prince may appoint judges from an approved list presented by the senate, any appointment must be verified through a rigorous process before the judge may begin to sit in office. Through the legislative powers the Sovereign Prince may however alter laws or create clauses that may pervert a judicial process, although such instances have not come to pass. It remains the Sovereign's power to grand pardons, reprieves, or to issue arrest warrants within the confines of the law.

Military and foreign policy

With the sovereign holding power as the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces and holding the highest executive power in the country, they hold the power to formulate foreign policy, issue foreign declarations or missives and direct the armed forces, and although traditionally such rights are first approved by senate, the senate itself has no power to prevent the monarch from exercising these rights.

Operation of the armed forces is conducted through the Ministry of Defence, with the Military Council - formed of the highest ranked officers in the military's branches - having operational powers within the ministry. The military council, while traditionally chosen by the minister of defence and a special sub-committee of the senate, may have members selected to the seats by the sovereign and has a chair for the sovereign to attend meetings if required.

Titles, Styles and Honors

In most instances addressing the sovereign should be done to avoid confusion, as the children of the sovereign area also called princes. As such addressing the ruling monarch should be done as either "Sovereign Prince," or a simplified "Sovereign" may suffice in certain situations. The full title of the Sovereign Prince is:

The blessed and Sovereign Prince of Belfras, Grand Duke of Patrinos, Count of Mallais, Rosewards, Altmayer and Malova. Protector of the Belfrasian peoples and realms.

Succession laws

Residences