Presidency of Lemovicia
|President of Lemovicia|
|Term length||Two terms (maximum, four-year terms)|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Lemovicia|
|Inaugural holder||Izydor Domzalski|
|Formation||1 November, 1992|
|Deputy||Premier of Lemovicia|
The Presidency of Lemovicia (Lemovician: Менділурако легендакаріца, Mendilurrako lehendakaritza, Miersan: Prezydencja Łemowiczy) is the head of state of Lemovicia. It is a collective leadership, comprised of four individuals, of which per the Alikianos Accords and the 1992 Lemovician constitution, two are ethnic Lemovicians, and two are Miersans.
After Lemovicia declared its independence from Narozalica in 1979, the first Lemovician constitution declared that it would be a unitary presidential republic, with the head of state and government being the President (Lemovician: Легендакарія, Lehendakaria, Miersan: Prezydent), although they were commonly referred to by the term Garaizona (Lemovician: Ґараізона, Garaizona, lit. triumphator) in the Lemovician language.
However, after Narozalica withdrew from Lemovicia in 1980, democratic reformers sought to establish a parliamentary republic, and transfer the powers held by the President to a head of government. Despite this hope, as the civil war wore on, it became more of an ethnic conflict between the Lemovicians, who were the dominant minority under the 1979 constitution, and the Miersans, who formed the majority of the population, and sought their own independent state.
When the civil war ended in 1992 with the Alikianos Accords, the Presidential position was replaced with a collective presidency, of which the Alikianos Accords decreed that there would be four members, of which two would be ethnic Lemovician, and two would be ethnic Miersans. Their powers were further defined in the new Lemovician constitution, which defined Lemovicia as a parliamentary republic.
As per the Alikianos Accords and the 1992 Lemovician constitution, the Presidency is the head of state, whose role is to represent the country abroad, and serve as the "unifying force" of the country.
The Presidential Palace in the city of Topagunea is, under both the 1979 and 1992 Lemovician constitutions, the official residence of the Presidency, with workspaces for the four members of the Lemovician Presidency based at the presidential palace.
However, since the establishment of the collective leadership, the personal residence of the four members has been situated outside the building, and the suites in the Presidential Palace are now used by the Premier.
While as per both the Alikianos Accords and the 1992 Lemovician constitution, the Presidency of Lemovicia in its entirety is the head of state, a custom has developed where in a four year period between elections, each member serves as Chairman of the Presidency (Lemovician: легендакаріцако буру, lehendakaritzako buru, Miersan: przewodniczący prezydencji) for one year, while another serves as Vice-Chairman (Lemovician: легендакаріордея, lehendakariordea, Miersan: wiceprezes).
As per custom, the Chairman and Vice-Chairman cannot come from the same ethnic group, and the role alternates between each member of the Presidency.
List of heads of state
Presidents of Lemovicia
|21 November, 1979-1 March, 1980||People's Front for Democracy and Justice|
|1 March, 1980-1 November, 1992||People's Front for Democracy and Justice|