2019 Gaullican legislative election
All 631 seats to the Première Chambre
316 seats are needed for a majority in the Première Chambre
|Turnout||96.98% (4.37%) |
The 2019 Gaullican legislative election, also referred to as a senatorial election, was held on Thursday 15 August 2019, having been called just a month and half prior by President Vallette, due to a fracturing of the right-wing coalition led by the Gaullican Conservatives. All 631 seats in the Première Chambre were up for election through MMPR. The PSD remained the largest party, having surprisingly gained some seats, and went on to form a coalition government with Les Verts.
The election saw the collapse of the Gaullican Conservatives, who had led a coalition government and then a minority coalition government, from the election 11 months prior. Their unpopularity due to extremist policies, unsavoury political alliances and an 'incapability to govern', saw a large portion of their vote shift towards the newly formed PRCP.
The PSD returned to power, forming a coalition government with Les Verts, following a surprise increase in seats for the former and a surge for the latter. Their alliance is the first a Green Party has governed in Gaullica.
Whilst a large section of the electoral debate originally oriented around the 'sleaze and scandal' of the right wing parties - a narrative especially put forward by the CLU in an attempt to recuperate losses -- the debate quickly changed to climate and health as two record breaking heatwaves hit Euclea within weeks of each other.
The Gaullican Conservatives, who had led a coalition government with the National Front and the Party of the Old Guard up until the latter pulled out in June of 2019, faced their worst electoral results in history. Dropping 168 and only retaining 41, the Conservatives lost a large portion of their seats to the up-and-coming PRCP, formed by the outed former Conservative cabinet member and senator Coralie Barreau. This fall in favour of a new major right wing party is a fate the Gaullican Conservatives they themselves profited from in the early 1980s, where the party built by Clélie Gérin-Lajoie -- the Truth and Justice for a New Democracy -- fell to them as a more moderate party. The Conservatives also lost a few of their urban constituencies, particularly in Verlois and Rayenne, to the fairly fringe neoliberal 'Liberal Union.' Much of the loss in votes is viewed as a loss in faith of the CGs, as opposed to any actual preference in policy.
The PSD returned to government after their 11 months in opposition. Considered an electoral irregularity, the PSD not only retained their seats but recuperated some of their losses from the 2018 election - gaining 14 seats. Whilst original analyses had assumed a drop in anywhere between 8 - 20 seats for the PSD due to the surge in green politics across Euclea, exit polls had shown that a large contingent of monarchist voters (a party that consistently expressed itself as having no political policy other than monarchical restoration) voted for the PSD. This, pollsters predicted, 'softened the blow' of an "exodus" to the Greens. Despite a portrayal, especially abroad, that the Greens and the Socialists were vying for influence, they formed a coalition government after a relatively brief period of negotiations. The PSD-LV Coalition was noted by political pundits to be the "first instance of Green Politics governing in Gaullica" and a "historic moment for women in the nation as four of the five 'Great Offices' are held by women."
The Catholic Labour Union benefited from the dissolution of the Party of the Old Guard, as many of its senators publicly endorsed the party and from a large swing emerging from the Gaullican Conservatives. Despite being predicted to form another coalition government with the Social Democrats, they were instead dismissed in favour of the 'Purple-Green Alliance.'
Viewed as a 'firebrand rhetorician', Marie-Justine Tiquet's 'Les Verts' saw a surge in popularity and votes as opposed to other elections. The emergency election period saw Gaullica hit by two successive heat-waves that claimed the lives, collectively, of about 600 people. Her alternative take on left-wing views also inspired individuals who traditionally voted PSD or CC, but felt both were lacking this electoral season.
Barreau's newly formed 'Progressive and Conservative Republican Party' achieved the largest swing of the evening, and were labelled as some to be the 'night's winners.' Taking 103 seats from the party they splintered from, the PRCP is expected to become the new 'major force' on the right of Gaullican politics. Barreau's public personality endeared her to many of the public and her distance and condemnation of several of the extremist positions and policies of the coalition government in which she served made many hold her as 'untainted.'
The Front National emerged from the coalition 'catastrophe' relatively unscathed, the regionalist vote collapsed and the Communal Coalition saw some of their vote share shift to Green.