Abalessa

Emirate of Abalessa

'إمارة أبلسة
Imartan Ablasa
Flag
Flag
Motto: 
  • الوطن ، الحرية ،الملك
  • Alwatan , Alhuriyat , Almalak
  • Homeland, Freedom, King
Anthem: 
  • السلام الأميري
  • As-Salam al-Amiri
  • Peace to the Prince
Area controlled by Abalessa shown in green
Area controlled by Abalessa shown in green
Capital
and largest city
Qatara
Official languagesArabic
National languageArabic
Demonym(s)Abalessia
GovernmentUnitary Islamic socialist Republic
• Emir
Aziz al-Khalidi
• Deputy Emir
Ahad al-Khalidi
• Prime Minister
Khaleefa al-Arafat
LegislatureConsultative Assembly
Establishment
• Kingdom founded
16 April 1808
• Independance from the Nahlia
8 November 1977
• Current Constitution
15 April 2003
Area
• Total
367,856 km2 (142,030 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 estimate
8,239,483
• 2007 census
6,757,215[1]
• Density
221.4/km2 (573.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$201.024 billion
• Per capita
$24,400
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$102.271 billion
• Per capita
$12,420.00
Gini (2007)58.76
high
HDI (2007)Increase 0.786
high
CurrencyAbalessian Dinars (NHD)
Date formatdd.mm.yy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+578
ISO 3166 codeNHL
Internet TLD.nh

Abalessa (Arabic: أبلسة, Ablsa), officially known as the Emirate of Abalessa (Arabic: إمارة أبلسة, Imartan Ablasa), is a sovereign state in North Scipia on the Periclean coast, Abalessa bordered to the east by Nahlia, to the west by Yisrael, to the north by Fakolana and the Periclean Sea. The capital was Qatara. Ancient Abalessa was known many empires and dynasties. In the Islamic era, Abalessa was home to many Islamic Caliphates. The region was home to many principalities that made use of their naval prowess. It was also a notable centre of the global muslin and silk trade. The region was would become part of the Salmanid Caliphate, until the 1830s when it gained nominal independence from the Caliphate as part of self-styled Imperial Monarchy of Nahlaya. It became a de facto protectorate of Arthurista after the Treaty of Bascha was signed in which a local Arthuristan garrison was invited to maintain political stability. Following the 1976 Revolution by the National Liberation Front Officers Movement, the rule of Nahlaya passed to military hands and the region witnessed the Copts rebellion and the Berber uprisings in 1976 followed by Copts genocide resulting in the Abalessian War of Independence in 1977. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy was established.

Etymology

The name Abalessa is unclear but is thought to derive from a term used by local tribal trades in the area. One etymology derives Abalessa, meaning "cultivable place" in the Berber languages.

History

Ancient history

There is evidence that human habitation in the Abalessa that dates back to about 125,000 years ago. It is now believed that the first modern humans to spread north across Scipia about 75,000 years ago. By the early 2nd century BC, the influence of Berber leaders in the hinterland grew and several large but loosely administered Berber kingdoms emerged. The high point of Berber civilization, unequalled until the coming of the more than a millennium later, was reached during the reign of X in the 2nd century BC. After X's death in 135 BC, the Berber kingdoms were divided and reunited several times when the remaining Berber territory was annexed to the Latin Empire.

Medieval period and rise of Islam (600-1717)

Arthuristan intrusion (1800–1880)

Imperial State of Nahalya (1830–1976)

Modern Abalessa dates back to 1830 when it gained nominal independence from the caliphate as a self-styled Imperial Monarchy. The de facto protectorate was established with Arthurista after the Treaty of Bascha was signed in which a local Arthuristan garrison was invited to maintain political stability. The Arthuristan government then embarked on a programme of long-term investment within the country developing it into a regional commercial and trading destination. Despite the promise of full independence in the years ahead, Arthuristan military occupation of Nahlia continued, and as a result ever-increasing nationalist discontent over the occupation, foreign influence, royal corruption, incompetence, political repressions and unrest.

Government and politics

Abalessa is officially a parliamentary constitutional monarchy although many characterised it as an absolute monarchy ruled by the al-Khalidi family. The al-Khalidi dynasty had been ruling Abalessa since the family house was established in 1800s. Originally the ruled over all of Nahlia in the former Imperial State of Nahlaya.

The Emir of Abalessa is Aziz al-Khalidi, whose father handed power to him on 5 June 1953. The Emir has the exclusive power to appoint and remove the prime minister and cabinet ministers who, together, constitute the Council of Ministers, which was the supreme executive authority in the country. The Council of Ministers also initiated legislation. Laws and decrees proposed by the Council of Ministers were referred to the Advisory Council for discussion after which they are submitted to the Emir for ratification. A Consultative Assembly had limited legislative authority to draft and approve laws, but the Emir had final say on all matters.


Foreign relations and military

The Abalessian Armed Forces (AAF) was headed by a Chief of Staff who reported to the Minister of Defence. There were three divisions—the Army (AELF), Navy (AEN), and Air Force (AEAF). The bulk of military equipment is foreign manufactured with the key supplier from Arthurista, Yisrael, Tarsas, Nekor and Belfras.

One of the main anchors of the Abalessa’s foreign policy has been building cooperation-based relations with all countries of the world. Yet its foreign policy is inextricably linked with Arthurista, as the Emir and the al-Khalidi family permanently allied themselves with the Arthurista by the Treaty of Bascha 1830, which they entered "Exclusivity Agreements" with the Arthurista putting them under Arthuristan protection. This was an unclear status which fell short of a formal protectorate but required Arthurista to defend them from external aggression in exchange for exclusive Arthurista rights in the state. Despite the fall of Nahlaya and conflict with Nahlia, many believe Arthurista retains it de facto protectorate status.

Administrative divisions

Map Province Capital
Template:Abalessa Labelled Map
Al-Hamloj Hasha
Al-Qurashi Al-Iskaruk
Eribah Qatara
Mishennadi Qa'ilayn
Al-Miyya Mayabet
Zabiqban Halajaf

Abalessa has a centralised government and is divided into six provinces, — Al-Hamloj, Al-Qurashi, Eribah, Mishennadi, Al-Miyya, and Zabiqban. Each of these six provinces is administered by an appointed deputy minister. Each province is subdivided into several districts. Each province has a provincial capital from where official business was usually carried out.

Geography

Abalessa is a coastal country in Northern Scipia, with a dry arid climate, and consists mostly of high plateaus with some fertile hills and mountains, dissected by river valleys and large southern desert plains and oil fields.

Climate

The climate of Abalessa is generally consisted of a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters, modified by elevation. But most of the country is mountainous. The highlands are dominated by a Mediterranean climate, while the southern areas of the country are arid desert. Although the desert parts of the kingdom reach high temperatures, the heat is usually moderated by low humidity and a daytime breeze, while the nights are cool. The geography of Abalessa consists of mountain ranges in the southwest and a steep area inland. In the east is the desert and in the south is the mountain range. The former is bisected by the [notNile] valley. A dam built in 1963 on the [notNile] created a reservoir named Lake al-Khalidi, the largest lake in Abalessa and previously Nahlaya. The [notNile] valley is thought to be the source of the [notNile] and the river acts as a border with the Nahlia border the river to the east, while the Abalessa lie to its west. These fertile [notNile] mountains ranges are vital are to the local agriculture of the area.

Economy

Overall, Abalessa's economy had undergone a period of transformation in recent years, diversifying from resources based economy to an industrialised nation. Foreign investment had made it one of the fastest growing economies in Scipia. Although the country's economy has developed significantly, thanks to the rising earnings of the oil sector, Nahlaya still faces huge social, economic and corruption problems. Though the continued expansion in the future hinged on several major foreign investment projects, continued economic reform, and the revival of the agriculture, transportation, and tourism sectors. Major firms have begun to invest into Abalessa as a means to counteract the expensive labour costs and increasing demand for products within Ajax.

Transport

Abalessa has two international airports (Qatara and Al-Iskaruk), which served as hubs for Abalessa Airways and are also served by a variety of foreign carriers. The majority of Abalessian cargo was carried by Abalessa Railways, which is planned to link up with new West Scipian Railway project. For a relatively underdeveloped country, Abalessa's railway infrastructure is well maintained with many express services and modern trains.

Demographics

The population of Abalessa as of is estimated to be over 25 million, Abalessian were an overall indigenous Berbers people, as well as Arabs, Levantine people, Phoenicians, Tarsan Latin, Assyrians, Arabs, Jewish, various Scipian tribal nomads, and Arthuristans. Despite the dominance of the Berber culture and ethnicity in Nahlaya, the majority of Abalessian identified with an Arabic-based identity, especially after the Arab nationalism rising in the 20th century. Berbers and Berber-speaking Abalessian were divided into many groups with varying languages.

Language

The official language of Abalessa is Arabic. However, Berber is also used by a large majority of the population. Colloquial Abalessian Arabic is heavily infused with borrowings from Berber. Berber. has been recognized as a "national language" by the constitution. The Berber language, is taught and is partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of the country. There are plans to change the constitution that would make Berber an official language alongside Arabic.

Religion

Virtually all Abalessaian citizens are Muslim (officially, all are), and almost all Nahlian residents are Muslim. The official and dominant form of Ibadi Islam in Abalessa however, Christians and Jews have historically been able to practice their own religions openly in Abalessa. The society is tolerant, through social hierarchies do exist. In Ibadi communities, the traditional Arab coffee is served to Muslims first, with Christians being served after the poor Muslims; in Sunni communities, Christian guests may actually be served even before the respected Muslim leaders and clerics. Abalessa has a large population of Coptic Christians, Jewish communities.

Health

Today, Abalessa has universal health care and despite persistent shortages of medical supplies, there was also an inadequate number of physicians. The government asserted that universal health care was a priority of state planning and progress was made in rural areas. Despite this medical care suffered from severe material shortages, poor facilities, poor provision of equipment, and the frequent absence of essential drugs. Given Abalessa's young population, policy favours preventive health care and clinics over hospitals. In keeping with this policy, the government maintains an immunization program. However, poor sanitation and unclean water still cause tuberculosis, hepatitis, measles, typhoid fever, cholera and dysentery.

Education

School attendance was compulsory from ages six to the end of basic secondary education (normally at age 15), and all students, regardless of age or gender, wear school uniforms with the colour denoting grade level. Primary education lasts for six years, secondary education is divided into basic and pre-university education.

Higher education was provided by universities, higher institutes, higher pedagogical institutes, and higher polytechnic institutes. The Ministry of Higher Education operates a distance education program that provides regular afternoon and evening courses in rural areas for agricultural workers. Education had a strong political and ideological emphasis, and students progressing to higher education are expected to have a commitment to the goals of Abalessa.

Culture

Abalessa has centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived from Arab and Berber civilization. This culture has been heavily influenced by the Ibadi form of Islam, which arose in 20 years after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, predating both the Sunni and Shia denominations and now predominates in the country.

Cuisine

Abalessian cuisine was rich and diverse. Cuisine varies from one region to another, according to seasonal vegetables. It can be prepared using meat, fish and vegetables. The cuisine uses cereals as the main products since they are always produced with abundance in the country. There is not a dish where cereals are not present.

However, it was in the medieval era when Rajha was the capital of the Muzaffar Caliphate that the Abalessian kitchen reached its zenith. Today the cuisine of Nahlaya reflects this rich inheritance as well as strong influences from the culinary traditions of neighbouring Marad, Yisrael and the Greater Scipia area.

Some characteristic ingredients of Abalessian cuisine include – vegetables such as aubergine, tomato, carrots, turnip, onion, zucchini, potato, cabbages, eggplant, garlic, peppers, cabbages, olives and chilli, cereals such as rice, bulgur wheat and barley, pulses and legumes such as lentils, chickpeas and cannellini, fruits such as dates, raisins, apricots, figs, grapes, melon, pomegranate and citrus fruits, especially lemon and lime.

Similarly with other countries of Northern Scipia, chicken and especially lamb are the favourite meats. Most dishes are served with traditional Nahlian flatbread which is the base of Abalessian cuisine and eaten at many meals. A common and one of the most favourite dishes of Nahlian cuisine is couscous.

Sport

Various games have existed in Abalessa since antiquity. For centuries people have played several games such as early variants of chess and to this day playing cards, checkers and chess games remain part of Abalessian culture. Racing and rifle shooting are part of the cultural recreation of the Nahlians.

Sports and athletic exercises were among the most fundamental daily pursuits of the people in Ancient Abalessa. The society attached special status to sportsmen who thanks to their physical strength and courage, defended their family and homeland when the need arose. They were welcomed everywhere with much enthusiasm, the people took much pride in their sportsmen and praised and admired them for their courageous deeds.

Today, the most popular sports in Abalessa are football, basketball, and tennis. Many popular football teams are based in Rajha, Nasiah, Bascha, Jencha, etc. The Abalessian national football team, known as the Zanatahs, are considered to be internationally competitive.

See also

References

  1. Population Count based on the 2007 Census Released". Abalessian National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 6 October, 2012.