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Peoples' Democratic Republic of Batisuria
République démocratique populaire de Batesure (Midrasian)
Republiq-Hemet d'Bahatnishur (Togacien)
Jamhuri Kidemokrasia ya Ghuba-Bahatinzuri (Watuwakuu)
வளைகுடா-பஹதின்சுரி ஜனநாயக குடியரசு (Cavāl)
Motto: "À partir de nos chaînes brisées, nous forgeons notre avenir!"
"From our broken chains, we forge our future!"
Anthem: Mars du Peuple Victorieux
(March of the People Victorious)
|Recognised national languages||Togacien, Watuwakuu, Cavāl|
|Recognised regional languages||Nosy, Anulo, Liidurian, Hipase|
|Ethnic groups |
13.7% East Majulan
|Government||Federal Dominant Party Socialist Semi-Presidential Republic with elements of Communalism|
|Independence from the Midrasian Empire|
• Articles of Union
|15 April 1883|
• Home Rule
|14 November 1900|
• Free State
|19 March 1947|
• Peoples' Democratic Republic
|9 December 1952|
• Current Constitution
|27 February 1979|
|2,854,944 km2 (1,102,300 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
• 2011 census
|23.49/km2 (60.8/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
|802.7 Billion US$|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
|1.08 Trillion US$|
• Per capita
|Gini (2018)|| 31.8|
|HDI (2017)|| 0.698|
|Currency||Batisurian Loynere (BSŁ) |
1 USD = 89.3 MOŁ
|ISO 3166 code||BAT|
Marensoald, officially styled the Peoples' Democratic Republic (PDR) of Batisuria, is a country in Majula. It is bordered to the north by The Mawusi, and Kagon beyond the Berbier Corridor, and to the southwest by the Midrasian territory of Fortnouveau and the Atlantic Gulf. Off the mainland, Marensoald shares a disputed border with Midrasia on the Island of Nosia. Its capital is the planned city of Valjardin, while its largest city and former capital is Jukubwaville. Batisuria is unique among nations in that a significant plurality of its population are of multiracial (Gamis) descent, composing 48.2% of the population. The next largest group is composed of numerous ethnicities of native Watuwakuu (Black) descent which speak numerous languages and dialects. Following this are the East Majulans, primarily of the Cavāl people, whom are mainly centered in the Southern parts of the country. The remaining major population population bloc is composed of Asuran (White) groups, most of which are descendants of the Colonial Chiumist Togaciens in Midrasia forcibly expelled from the region of Avadin in the late 1500s, as well as Midrasians themselves, who settled in the area from the early 17th Century onward. Liidurians compose a significant portion of the population in the Sepp Region, which from 1683 until 1952 was a holding of their mother nation.
Batisuria in the 21st Century is a multiethnic society composed of a vast array of cultures, languages, and religious traditions. Its official language is Midrasian, and is the common language for use in commerce, public life, though is the Fourth most commonly spoken among citizens. Togacien is the first language of persons of White descent and the majority of those of Gamis ancestry, introduced to the nation by the forced exodus and relocation of many Togacien from Eastern Midrasia during the Late 1500s. Due to its presence among the majority of the population, it is the first most spoken language, well outnumbering the indigenous Watuwakuu or the Nosy dialects spoken among Black communities.
While independence from Midrasia was initially secured following a peaceful transition of power in 1940, the government's continuation of harshly discriminatory policies towards Gamis and Indigenous peoples carried over from the Colonial Era led to a number of uprisings and guerilla wars which plagued the young republic over the course of its existence. These conflicts, coupled with rampant government corruption, culminated in the rise of several revolutionary organizations, the most successful of which was the Batisurian Peoples' Liberation Army, led by Artoir Adewale. The BPLA engaged in numerous battles against government forces over two decades of fighting, coming to a dramatic conclusion in the Siege of Ibbene-Aux-Portes, when Adewale's forces, which were then greatly supplemented by government defectors and materiel, seized the nation's capital, and began numerous processes of social and political reorganization, bringing the systems of discrimination and segregation largely to an end, as well as beginning the processes of uniting the many unique ethnic and cultural groups under a solidified national identity.
The nation has been largely stable in the years following the Uprising, with all ethnicities being equally represented in the nation's social democracy, composed of a parliamentary republic and twenty districts, which are mostly demarcated along preexisting ethnic lines. It is a newly-industrialized country and considered to be an upper-middle income nation. Its economy is among some of the largest in Majula in terms of purchasing power parity, second only to Habasha. However, poverty and crime remains an issue in many lesser-developed regions of Batisuria, prompting the rise of nationalist movements who advocate for the breakup of the republic, and often feel that they are still slighted by racialist policies of the past, as well as remaining cultural tensions between indigenous peoples which predate their arrival. Despite this, the PDR remains a stable middle power in world affairs, and is one of the predominant regional powers on the continent. It is one of the "three pillars" of the Commonwealth of Majulan Nations alongside Habasha and the Mawusi.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Politics and Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 Education
- 9 Science and Technology
The Batisurian climate is largely tropical and humid across the nation. Thanks to its location, Batisuria receives high precipitation, and has some of the highest rates of thunderstorms in the world. Annual average rainfall in parts of the nation can reach upwards of 2,000 millimeters (80 in) per year, which sustains the Nchizakimya Rainforest, the largest rainforest and river system on Aeia. The expanse of lush rainforest covers the bulk of the nation's low-lying inland territory, sloping down towards the South Opal Ocean in the West. Coastal Plateaus define both the northern portions of the Matav Peninsula along the Gulf of Kagon, as well as much of Cavalitamia, making the ground drier and more easily settled. These plateaus are the most heavily settled and developed regions of the nation due to their more manageable terrain and relatively milder climate. Much of Northern Batisuria at large is dominated by a humid Savannah, home to some of the most fertile ground in Majula and the core of the nation's agricultural production area. The driest portion of the nation is located on the Midrasian-administered Northern regions of the Island of Nosia.
Free State of New Padania
The Early Federal Peoples' Republic and the Adewale Era
Politics and Government
- Main article: Politics of Batisuria
Batisuria is a Federal Dominant Party Socialist Republic. Parti pour L'union et Progrès (Party for Union and Progress), the nation's predominant left-wing political party, remains the preeminent source of political power. Until Constitutional Reforms in 1978, it was the only party legally permitted to field candidates and dictate government policy. Since reforms have passed, U&P has maintained significant control on the federal level, while opposition parties, especially those of an ethnocentric and even quasi-nationalistic bent, have garnered more attention in recent decades. A number of new Political Parties have formed in the years since, though parties which advocate for capitalism are illegal. On the national level, U&P's main Opposition comes from Parti Alternatif (Alternative Party), a social-democratic party which largely advocates for a more liberalized and open economy.
Laurence Jojomba is the current President and head of state, and oversees the Executive Secretariat. Benjamin Albert is First Minister, whom presides over the Federal Assembly, and is head of government. The federal government has been in its current iteration since 1979, and is limited by a constitution, which was established following the dismantling of the Free State of New Padania in the Treaty of Fortnoveau in 1952. Following a major purge of longtime public officials and military officers in the wake of the resignation of then de facto President-For-Life Marshall Artoir Adewale, the constitution underwent a number of major reforms, largely focused on creating greater ethnic autonomy, guaranteeing civil liberties, and curtailing executive and military power in government. The Constitution may be amended by a Joint Meeting of Parliament, and requires a Supermajority to pass. A total of sixteen amendments have been made to the Constitution since its adoption in 1953, ten of which have been passed since the enacting of its current form in 1979.
The Presidency and Executive Secretariat
The President of Batisuria is chief executive officer of the Federal Government, Head of State, and Chairperson of the Executive Secretariat. Presidents are elected via Direct Popular Vote with a Secret Ballot, and is limited to holding a maximum of two five-year terms by the current constitution. As Chief Executive, The President is tasked with the roles of oversight of the federal government, acting as Commander-in-Chief of the Peoples' Defense Force, management of the Executive Secretariat and the appointment of its Membership, as well as the appointment of the First Minister. All appointments made by the President must be approved by the Federal Secretariat. As head of state, the Secretary-Executor is also the main diplomatic officer of the PDR, and may sign treaties and other multilateral agreements with the approval and ratification of Parliament.
The Executive Secretariat itself is composed of individuals appointed by the President which are then approved by a majority of the Federal Secretariat, and are placed in charge of a number of key federal agencies and concerns. While being a member of government, or even being part of the President's party is not implicitly required for acceptance as a candidate, the President is traditionally limited to having no more than a third of Members selected from outside the Public Service. They are thus tasked with advising both the President and Parliament on government policy, domestic and foreign, pertaining to their field of purview. The Constitution also includes these figures as being the designated members of the federal line of succession in case of the death, resignation, or removal of the President.
Parliament is the Joint Federal Legislative Body of the nation, organized in a bicameral structure. It meets in the Peoples' Palace in the Kampaaro Federal Enclave within Valjardin. Its lower house is the Assembly, overseen by the First Minister and its upper house is the Secretariat, led by the Vice President. Elected officials on the federal level are granted five-year terms of office, and may seek up to three additional terms for a total of 20 years in office. The last set of general elections took place on 8 April 2017, with the next to occur on 8 April 2022.
The Assembly, which considers bills and develops law, is composed of 212 Members voted in via a system of party-list proportional representation, with the count of Assemblymen set at 1:250,000 citizens, a count which is reformed every 10 years following the conclusion of a census. The First Minister is the internally-elected Head of the Ruling Party or Coalition, and also approved by the President, who is seen as acting on the recommendation of the Assembly. Unlike their fellow assemblymen, the First Minister may only take on two terms in office. While not implicitly required, it is often tradition for the First Minister to retire from the Assembly upon the completion of their term.
The Secretariat is made up of 36 Elected Officials who are elected via first-past-the-post elections, with each Constituency being represented by three District Secretaries regardless of population. This House of government is responsible for the approval and revision of laws developed by the Assembly, as well as initiating legislation in areas in which the Secretariat does not have concurrent power with the Assembly. This house of Parliament is granted the power to draft and revise the national budget, though it must be approved by the Assembly. It also hears regular reports from members of the Executive Secretariat, and has the authority to approve appointments to the ES made by the President.
Law and Order
The Batisurian Constitution is the Supreme source of rule of law in the nation. Primary sources of the layout of the overall legal system practiced in the PDR is influenced by Midrasian statutory law as well as Neo-Fiorentine Mercantile Law introduced in the early days of colonization. This unique hybrid of legal traditions has formed a system which interprets the statute and legislation-based structure of Midrasia with both the traditions of Togacien Chiumism, as well as indigenous Watuwaaku and Caval customs. Cases are presented by the legal representatives of the plaintiff and defendant, and the judge acts as an impartial referee between the two parties, much more akin to a common law system. Legal authorities are also separate from the Legislative Process and the Executive, but are given equal status in authority under the rule of law, and must be consulted for legality and constitutional integrity of government activities. The practices of judicial review and habeas corpus are of high importance in the Modern Batisurian legal system, and all plaintiffs are considered innocent until proven guilty. Many judicial proceedings in the nation are made to utilze compulsory gag orders in order to prevent the court of public opinion and media influence from affecting suits, with many details of cases being left out of public record until after proceedings have completed.
The judicial structure in Batisuria consists of the Courts-Local, which hear lesser criminal cases and smaller civil cases, the Courts-Communal, composed of divisions that serve as the courts of general jurisdiction for specific areas; and the Court-Federal, which acts as the last resort for all appeals and ensures the validity of laws passed by government within the framework of the Constitution.
Capital Punishment and a number of other practices for deterrence of crime remain highly controversial within the PDR. While a freeze on executions were put into place from 1978-80, it is still available as an option in the prosecution of major violent felonies including multiple murder, chronic child, domestic, or spousal abuse, and other crimes defined in the Batisuria Legal Code as "heinous and unforgivable actions", a definition considered highly nebulous by many critics. Beyond Capital Punishment, the practice of sterilization against sex offenders has been seen by many outside observers as a blatant attack on human rights, though it retains high public support domestically as an effective deterrent.
Following the establishment of Constitutional law in 1953, the nation's police forces were brought under a national police model, divided into active and intelligence units, generally . Batisuria's Active Units, organized under the Gendarmerie-Populaire (GP), are composed of local patrols, highway patrols, and investigative units. While a federal institution, the direction and use of GP manpower and resources is to be allocated by Command Centers on District levels. Intelligence Units under the GP include crime-scene investigations, forensics, mortuary services, and other non-active investigative services in domestic legal proceedings. In contrast to Active units, Intelligence units are directly administered by the federal government in order to better share information and technical support.
Alongside the GP, the Mousquetaires-Federal (MF), which is administered as a branch of the Batisuria Peoples' Defense Force, is made up of SWAT Units, Border Patrols, Riot Control, Cybercrime and Cyberdefense Groups, Anti-Terror Units, and Financial/White-Collar Crime Units. Cyber and Financial Crimes units are jointly administered by the MPDF and the Federal Treasury, while Border Patrols are coordinated with the Home Office.
While largely successful in curbing many forms of criminal activity, Batisuria continues to face issues with violent crime in the 21st Century, nameably in the form of murder and assault. A 2015 report placed the nation's murder rate at roughly 19.4:100,000, over 3.2 times the global average of 6:100,000. Due to this, the presence of gated communities, especially in suburban areas with higher concentrations of middle-class citizens, has risen over recent decades. Batisuria's Security Contracting and Security/Monitoring System industries, largely composed of state-owned companies, are the largest on Aeia. Outside of predominantly urban areas, crime is generally much lower, though violence between ethnic populations and longstanding clan feuds, some of which predate colonization, continue to be a problem for local authorities in those regions. Many Gamis and Togacien rural farm communities also face violence from indigenous groups as well, an issue which has become a subject of world attention in recent years, especially in Enanulo Union. Many emigrants from Batisuria cite violent crime as a major reason for their choice to relocate.
In order to curb violent crime in major cities, many Districts have chosen to restrict or ban gun ownership within their jurisdictions. Despite this, a subsequent rise in stabbings and other attacks has been noted. The illicit arms trade, which travels largely from destabilized regions within Araabyne, Aarabyne, and even the Midrasian Colony of Fortnoveau, has continued to persist. The Fortnoveau Border Zone is host to the largest concentration of MF Border Guard personnel in Batisuria, where a number of criminal activities are intercepted, often circling the aforementioned arms trade and other black market goods entering the nation.
Rape, especially attacks against Lesbian, Transgendered, and Non-Heterosexual persons (sometimes identified as "Corrective Rape"), is an issue across the nation as well. Despite being the first and only Majulan nation to legalize same-sex marriage and outlaw all forms of discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, ensuring and enforcing these protections are still slowly being reinforced by changing cultural mores and improving the effectiveness of programs preventing such violence. These efforts are sometimes stimyed by systemic underreporting, as well as some incidents of corruption and neglect by police forces in some locales, especially among those in more rural, conservative areas and demographics. Following the landmark marriage reform legislation in 2003, Parliament authorized programs to enforce strict regulations of conduct for members of the national police forces, and a number of subsequent purges of officers which either neglected to report or intentionally masked crimes against sexual minorities. The prevention of sexual assault is defined as a major offense by the Batisurian legal system, which opens the door to a number of draconian policies to deter potential offenders - most notably the compulsory sterilization or castration of offenders, and the ability to pursue the death sentence in cases of multiple or serial rape.
Drug policy in Batisuria is seen as more lenient on average than other states in Majula, though the state's hard line against cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines, other hard drugs, and prescription opioid abuse remain a major priority of both the GP and MF in their operations. The status of Cannabis in Batisuria is in a legal gray area as of 2019 - hemp for commercial use is legal and supported as a profitable and resource-efficient crop, though its use in recreational purposes may be regulated against at the district and commune level. Medicinal cannabis remains a subject of research by the Batisurian medical community, though its use is typically not recommended by most physicians.
- Main articles: Districts of Batisuria
Each of the eighteen districts of Batisuria is governed by a unicameral legislature modeled after the Federal Assembly, elected every five years by way of party-list proportional representation. These District Assemblies elect a Premier as their head of government, who in turn appoint their own District Secretariat. District governments are limited by individual constitutions, which are also subordinate to the national constitution and may not contradict it. Many federal programs created following the Second Constitutional Conference of 1979 are developed in a fashion that each district may implement plans and initiatives in the manner which best suits them, though certain standards must be upheld.
The Districts are further divided into 84 Communes: 8 of which are Municipalities, the rest of which, largely composed of rural areas and smaller cities, are Cantons. Cantons are also subdivided into a total of 528 Locales. Municipalities, which contain the largest of the Urban constituencies, act as both Commune and Locale. Status of a given Commune or Locale may be revised following the completion of a National Census every decade, with demarcation left up to the District Assembly.
The Kamparo Federal Enclave within Valjardin is granted the authority to not just act as Commune and Locale, but its own District as well. This is to provide the residents, all of which are federal employees and their families, the same political agency as the rest of all other citizens.
Additionally, each District is part of a Union, which is comprised of the territories which prior to their entry into the PDR were either an independent nation or colony under the Midrasian or Liidurian Empire. These allow greater regional autonomy to both alleviate nationalist groups, promote solidarity in and between the distinct ethnicities which comprise the nation, and better allocate federal funding and resources to meet the unique needs of each group of Districts.
|District||District Capital||Largest City||Union||Population||Area (km2)|
|Nosya-Occidentale||Belo||Belo||Nosia||488,614||TBD (De Jure)|
TBD (De Facto)
- Main article: Batisuria Peoples' Defense Force
The Batisuria Peoples' Defense Force (Midrasian: Marensaise Force de Défense Populaire), or BPDF, is the nation's military fighting force. It was organized in 1952 following the close of the Long War, largely centered around the organizational structure of the pre-PDR Batisurian Liberation Army, led at the time by Artoir Adewale. It also integrated a number of other allied groups into its organization, including the Red Army of Nosia, Gamis Defense Front, the Army of Caval Itam, and a number of left-leaning Chimish Settlement-based Militias. It is divided into four branches - the Batisurian Peoples' Army, Batisurian Red Fleet, Batisurian Peoples' Air Corps, and the Mousquetaires-Federal (the Nation's Military Police, Border Guards, and Disaster Relief Group, similar in function to the Ardaiman Carabineri).
Recent decades have seen the BPDF become a key player in peacekeeping operations on the Majulan Continent, and contributes their manpower and support in numerous other operations around the world. These forces have most recently been deployed to missions in Araabyne and Aramas, and aided APHO efforts in Troping. While cooperative with the CDN on many projects, its primary obligations are with the Community of Majulan Nations.
Batisuria is the only Majulan nation to have successfully developed Nuclear Weapons, which are overseen and maintained by the MPAC. It was largely developed as a "deterrent" to foreign invasion from both the Western Powers and FSU as early as 1967, especially concerned with the latter's retribution for departing their sphere of influence following the early phases of Détente, markedly speeding up with the Nosia Missile Crisis of 1970. Following the end of the Cold War, substantial moves have been made to end nuclear proliferation in the country - since 1990, it has agreed to freeze new production of nuclear weapons and missile bases, and subsequently relinquished and dismantled their estimated 10 high-yield and long-range missiles by 2001. Precise numbers of the current arsenal are unknown, but estimates place its number around 40, largely of medium-range and "tactical" yield. In 2013, the Jojomba administration has agreed to "continue a path towards full disarmament", though instability in the Atlantic Channel region and other nearby nations reportedly has seen those efforts slow significantly. While it has engaged in officially-declared, albeit controversial weapons testing around Nosia, it is reported to have done additional naval weapons testing during the mid-1980s in the Opal Ocean, though it has been officially denied by military officials.
- Main Article: Human Rights in Batisuria
Batisuria's record on human rights is contradictory in many respects - both lauded for its progressiveness in regards to personal freedoms and government integrity, especially in Majula, and thought of poorly for some of its more draconian policies regarding law enforcement and treatment of suspected seditious and nationalist groups, which include quasi-eugenic practices of sterilization for certain offenses. These criticisms come alongside more benign policies which ensure the supremacy of the Party for Union and Progress in the national political discourse.
In 2003, homosexual relationships were legalized across the nation, following a number of pushes for decriminalization during the late 1990s. Constitutional protections were ensured later that same year in the form of the 15th Amendment to the Constitution.
- Main articles: Foreign relations of Batisuria
Following the establishment of the Peoples' Democratic Republic in 1952, Pan-Majulan Solidarity became the centerpiece of Batisuria's foreign policy, attempting to mediate conflicts on the continent, take part in the redrawing of political borders during the process of Asuran decolonization, and spreading a message of creating strong, leftist societies to rapidly develop and unify the peoples of the Continent against Colonialism and dependence on outside powers for economic and political stability. As such, the nation often tends to focus on its neighboring states both politically and for its trade relations.
- Main Article: Economy of Batisuria
The Batisurian Economy is an example of a Mixed Economy, primarily relying on a export-oriented market socialist model since the 1970s. A mid-level economic power in the modern world and recently-industrialized nation, it is the 27th-largest economy in the world by Nominal GDP and second-largest in Majula, behind Habasha. It is also the 44th-largest by GDP per capita, also 2nd on the continent behind Habasha.
Batisuria's largest export partners in 2018 were Midrasia, Onza, Habasha, Arstvin, Oagadishu, Biladia, Tiwura, Romellea, Chalcia, and the Mawusi, each sharing a major portion of the country's 35.25 Billion US$ reported in exports. Following nearly a decade of a trade embargo on Veleaz and its authoritarian regime, Batisuria is vying to become the young republic's key trading and diplomatic partner in Majula, restoring numerous mutual development programs, especially in the defense sector. Its major importers of goods were Midrasia, Onza, Habasha, and Romellea. Total imports for 2018 were valued at 22.86 Billion US$.
The PDR's currency is the Loynere, valuated at 89.3BSŁ:1US$ as of May 2019. It is derived from the Old Togacien word Lynr, meaning "wage". The Loynere is a hard currency, pegged to the value of gold and diamonds. This Commodity Valuation Model has been recently called into question, as the nation increasingly prioritizes envrionmental protections for the Nchizakimya Rainforest and its related ecological features, and many new sources of resources which grant the currency its value. A mixed basket model has been proposed in recent years as the service sector increases in importance to the national economy and to reduce reliance on increasing the rate of deforestation in vulnerable areas.
Batisuria's economy is considered one of the fastest-growing on the continent, having grown an average of 3.5% per year between 2009 and 2019, more than any other West Majulan nation. Though still smaller than many economies at its level of development due to its socialist bent, its largely self-sufficient domestic economy for basic goods, agriculture, raw materials harvesting, and primary manufacturing industries have allowed the nation to largely emerge from the 2008 Global Financial crisis unscathed. It was additionally insulated from financial hardship thanks to gold and diamond prices remaining strong across the globe. While often stagnant in some sectors during the depths of the recession, the following years have seen significant advancements thanks to increasing global investment in the nation's tourism, telecommunications, and financial sectors. The nation recieved an additional bump in activity during the Aramas Civil War, which saw rapid expansion of the nation's defense industries, allowing the state-owned BDE Group and Loftus Aeronautics to ascend to some of the most prominent Majulan defense companies.
Infrastructure and Energy
Water and Sanitation
- Main Article: Demographics of Batisuria
The most recent National Census in Batisuria, conducted by the Federal Demographics Bureau in 2011, noted the population at 67,088,560 persons. It is further estimated to have reached a current population of around 73,802,000 persons by 2019, an annual population increase of 1.25%, or an average of 839,180 new births per year. Estimated Population Density sits at 23.49/km2.
The overall population distribution is mildly skewed, with most living in areas closer to the coasts and its more temperate zones. Population densities can range from 13 persons per square kilometer in Mawenyos, to 2,655 per square kilometer in Enartoir. While sparsely populated throughout the history of the nation, the most remote rural areas to the East, especially when nearing the Nchizakimya Rainforest, have gradually become more and more desolate since the 1950s. This came to be as the policies of rural "villagization" were put into place, encouraging the development of collective settlements in areas with much more productive soil and better access to the nation's infrastructure, with the ultimate goal of creating a hybrid urban-rural sprawl, though such aims remain purely theoretical at present. However, this process was less impactful in regions in Magav Union, as numerous historical Kibbutzim had been settled in the far frontiers stretching back to the early 19th Century.
Largest cities or towns in Batisuria
|1||Jukubwaville||Lukubwa||7,517,199||11||Kamparo F.E.||Kamparo F.E.||818,241|
(Over 1,000,000 Residents)
(Over 500,000 Residents)
(Under 500,000 Residents)
|Total Unincorporated (Est.)
Strict definitions of urban and rural areas and their demarcations are strictly maintained by the Federal Demographics Bureau. Urban environments are defined as Settlements with over 500,000 persons, and rural ones are less than 500,000 persons. Furthermore, a major city is defined as having over 1,000,000 persons residing there. 19,340,104 respondents live in major cities, chiefly the metropolitan areas of Jukubwaville and Valjardin, comprising 28.8% of the national population. All urban settlements in Batisuria account for 40.1% of the population, at 26,962,133 persons. Recent estimates place the rate of urbanization at around 1.87% per year.
Rural areas are chiefly defined by their semi-collective villages, which gradually have come to hold most of the non-urban populations in the country. This includes both the historic Chimish kibbutzim and modern "Peoples Villages" developed by the modern socialist government. The largest of these villages are Onada and Ngala, which are nearly cities in their own right composed of numerous neighborhood councils. However, the bulk of these villages usually are composed of between 5,000 and 25,000 residents, based on the area. The vast majority of rural populations, and of the national population in general, (approximately 40,064,798 persons) live in these places, at nearly 59.8% of all citizens. While today, the largest of these villages more closely resemble their metropolitan counterparts domestically and elsewhere, the governmental "local council" structure is deeply ingrained in modern political culture nationwide. Unincorporated areas and frontier settlements, which usually constitute areas with populations beneath 5,000 residents, are among the most sparsely populated, accounting for only 1,013,252 persons across the country, little over 1% of the national population.
The Batisurian population is sorted into four ethnic communities, as mandated by the Federal Demographics Bureau - Black/West Majulan, Gamis, White, and East Majulan. Each of these communities are further organized into ethnicities. Black Communities are subdivided into Watuwakuu, Anulo, and Noso-Morongo, in recognition of their distinct pre-colonial societal backgrounds. White Communities are somewhat organized along ethno-religious lines into White Togaciens and White Non-Togaciens, the latter of which are persons primarily of Midrasian and Liidurian descent. East Majulans are grouped into Caval and Vijayan. As Gamis communities are inherently multi-racial, no further subdivisions are necessary.
Trends generally indicate a steady decline of the White Non-Togacien population, primarily among ethnic Midrasians, though numbers of Sepp Liidurians have maintained, albeit at a low number. Currently, the Gamis population is slated to maintain its plurality and may reach majority status by 2050, as this group alone accounts for approximately 35% of population growth since 2000.
The 2011 census lists Chiumists as being the most prevalent religious group in the country, with the majority being among the Akshdotist syncretic sects, which were imported by the Togacien peoples of Eastern Asura during their resettlement and gradually merged with local indigenous beliefs. Classically-recognized sects of Chiumists, primarily those of a more liberal bent receptive to the policies of the nation's leftist government and liberalized society, remain a significant minority. The majority of practitioners are either Gamis or White-Togacien in ethnicity, though a number of Majulan-Initiated Sects, especially among the Watuwakuu, have emerged since the mid-19th Century, mostly among the Nosomorongo and Anulo peoples of the Northwestern Portions of the country.
Irsad composes the second largest major religious bloc, and is the most dominant religion in Caval and Anulo groups at large, largely in the central and inland regions of the nation. Malufi composes the largest subset of followers, though a number of Rafada are present as well. Conservative interpretations of Irsad have grown considerably since the 1990s, a trend which is closely monitored by the government as urbanization increases and these groups enter more populated communities.
Alydianism is present in areas which have a higher population of White-Non-Togacien persons and in a significant majority of Cavalitamia, especially in communities closer to Fortnouveau, where the Midrasian colonial presence was much more entrenched.
Persons of an Irreligious orientation compose a much wider margin than much of the rest of Majula, largely thanks to the more stringently socialist and state-atheist policies of the 1950s-70s under the Adewale presidency, similarly to many nations in the former sphere of the FSR. While no outright bans have been put into place by the Batisurian government at any point in its modern history, public religiosity is often still seen as detrimental to one's standing in the community, especially in urban areas and those more staunchly in support of U&P.
While discrimination against religion was formally banned in the Second Constitution, groups which are not considered recognized faiths, especially indigenous folk religions, often do not receive the same protections in practice. Because of this, it is believed that the number of persons who identify as irreligious is slightly inflated due to the presence of these indigenous faiths and their lack of formal recognition. Since the 1980s, modern sects which incorporate traditional beliefs with occult practices, many of which act within the structures of Alydianism and Chiumism, have made an appearance among many demographics and across ethnic lines - including the practices of palo mayombe and santeria, among others. Like their older counterparts, these groups have no formal recognition, and often do not seek it. Despite their acceptance in society as a mainstream side of the nation's fringe culture, these esoteric groups often face scrutiny by the general public and by the government, as a number of nationalist groups under observation have shown an affinity for these alternative faiths.
Batisuria's culture is a highly diverse amalgam of practices and traditions. As its largest ethnic group is the Gamis community, these blends have evolved into a number of new interpretations of indigenous and imported practices. However, the purest forms of pre-colonial traditions exist among primarily rural communities where the processes of globalization has not penetrated as intensely as in the coasts and urban centers of the country. The nation's policy of collective villagization which began in the 1960s has additionally compounded the change in these old ideas, with many believed to have gone extinct over the years or otherwise reorganized to adjust to new realities for these less affluent populations. Aspects of the traditional East Majulan societies in Cavalitamia have endured more strongly over the years and in the face of modernization, maintaining its own unique identity and cultural presence within the PDR and on the world stage. Life in the urban areas, especially the more affluent regions of the country closest to the Northwestern Coasts and Nosia and among Togacien communities, closely resemble life in Central and Southern Asura, albeit with significant influence from the nation's preceding cultures.
The Media Sector of Batisuria is among the largest in Majula. Thanks to the primacy of the Midrasian Language in global culture, Batisurian cultural products are easily exportable to much of the world, and hold consistently high appeal and acclaim in global popular culture, especially among the Majulan diaspora in the Western Hemisphere.
Music produced in Batisuria is incredibly varied, thanks to the number of cultural traditions which converge there. The most wildly popular by far is Vije, a catch-all form of electronic dance music, closely resembling house, which incorporates samples from more traditional forms of indigenous music, and heavily utilizes catchy percussive and melodic hooks. While similar in many ways to contemporary rap music, Vije utilizes a distinct method of rapping and singing lyrics, often rooted in traditional music cultures. Vije is the most played form of domestic music in the northern parts of the country, and among urban centers in the nation at large. Other popular forms of music nationwide include reggae, raggacore, and a burgeoning punk scene, often with ska influences. Since the 1990s, Jukubwaville and Rutete have become centers of the Marensaise Indie music scenes, often with acts composed of majority non-indigenous individuals. Jukubwaville Indie often is more produced, percussive, and usually is associated with a heavier style. Rutete Indie, on the other hand, is oftentimes more instrumental and closer to the folk styles seen among rural Togacien and Gamis communities, sometimes taking on a more progressive or nu-jazz type sound as well.
Modern Caval music has its own pop tradition, which more closely resembles contemporary Asuropop alongside traditional Caval instruments. C-Pop, as it is often referred to, is known for its bombastic and highly flamboyant style, both in its musical style and in theatrical live performances. Many producers and sound engineers in the C-Pop business are artists all their own, often in the form of Galle Trance and worldbeat. The unique instruments and traditions from Cavalitamia and the surrounding region has a significant influence on folk music produced in the area as well, with the sitar and sarod often making an appearance.
Film and Television
The Batisurian Film Industry is the 3rd Largest in the world, bested only by Midrasia and Glanodel. Though broadcasters and film studios take great care to represent the diversity of the nation as a whole, with productions being created in most of the nation's major languages, the most prevalent both domestically and abroad are in Midrasian, though an increasing number are being developed in Watuuwaku and Caval as film culture continues to develop in Western and South Majula.
Thanks to its large geography and diversity of cultures which have interacted in Batisuria's modern territory over the centuries, the cuisine present here is highly diverse in kind, often incorporating elements of each unique culinary tradition into each other. Much of the nation observes a vegetarian or mostly-vegetarian diet as part of their cultural background, though beef, pork, and chicken are fairly commonplace. The most popular fruits and vegetables used in Marensaise foods are okra, coconut, especially coconut milk, banana and plantain, spinach, peas, dry beans, and cassava.
The food culture in the north-central portions of the country, primarily in the Unions of Matav and Enewatu, are strongly influenced by Togacien cooking traditions. Thanks to the Matav region's more mild and dry climate conditions, more traditional Togacien crops such as zucchini, peppers, aubergines, artichoke, and chickpeas, can be produced. Rice and bulgur pilafs are considered to be some of the most mainstream simple staple foods in this part of the country. Also prevalent in Togacien-infulenced foods are the seven species, which are pervasive across Chimish foods - olives, figs, dates, pomegranates, wheat, barley and grapes. Due to limited acreage for grapes dedicated to wine production, banana and palm wine is far more easily accessible domestically, though they garner little attention abroad outside of the Majulan diaspora.
Regions with a higher degree of Anulo populations tend to eat more simple dishes, and include meats in their diets much more regularly. Maize and cassava-based porridge are the most common staple foods. Marinated and barbecued meats are highly popular here, especially beef. Much of the nation's rice production occurs in Enanulo Union, and numerous dishes of the eponymous culture utilize it, such as kumimina and vitumbua. Observance of halal is much more important in the food culture here, as many Anulo are Irsadi. As such, Sifhari dishes adapted to fit the local ingredients are highly common, such as ugali.
Caval and South Majulan cuisine is highly popular throughout the country and abroad, and continues to grow in popularity as the immigrant makeup of the nation's major cities hosts increasing populations from that diaspora. The city of Rutete is considered the home of "Majulan Fusion" food, as well as the largest population of South Majulans in the nation outside of Caval Itam Union. Famous dishes from the modern Rutete tradition include kashata korma tabsi and voodo aloo. The samosa is a common side dish and Hors d'oeuvre across Batisuria, largely rooted in traditional Caval foods. The potato in general features much more often in Caval foods, indicative in the region's most common breakfast dish, the Chipsi mayai, a potato and egg-based omlette.
Noso-Morongo dishes often are thought to be a blend of all foods from Batisuria and Equatorial Majula at large, though it features seafood much more prominently. A higher number of non-Majulan ethnicities are present in Nosya, especially in Sahabahina, and Yidaoan food culture especially features much more heavily here thanks to that, with ginger and soy becoming much more prevalent in Nosyan foods. shark is a highly sought-after ingredient in Nosya, though its popularity has fallen significantly among younger and more environmentally-conscious persons, as concerns about overfishing have reached the forefront of environmental issues in the region.
Batisuria's most popular sports are football, cricket, and rugby. Tennis and Snooker also are held in high regard, though are often considered more niche in popularity. Shooting sports of all varieties are also of great interest among many Batisurian nationals, as personal firearm ownership and marksmanship training is fairly commonplace, especially in more rural communities.
Modeling itself off the Liga Premiére of Midrasia, Batisuria's Ligue Populaire is by far the most successful across Majula and Arabekh. Started in 1958 after the continued success and popularity of the inter-service military football matches opened to public in 1955, the league has become one of the key tools for non-Asuran athletes to gain experience and attention in the international football scene, with domestic clubs hosting players from 22 countries. The Batisuria National Football Team was established in 1959, competing as part of the Eastern League from 1960 until 1979. The team made its first appearance in the Copa d'Aeia at its inaugural year in 1990, and has won a total of three titles in 1994, 1996, and 2003. Batisuria's first, and presently only hosting of the cup was in 1995 in Valjardin.
Motorsports have grown increasingly popular since the 1960s, as a domestic automotive culture has grown up in the country, establishing itself as the hub of auto culture in West Majula, thanks not only to its domestic industry but its highly variable and unique geography. Off-roading of all forms, though rallying and rally-raids in Batisuria are immensely popular at home and internationally. The most ambitious cross-country rally in the nation is the Deux-Capitale 1000, a multi-day rally which goes from Valjardin to Jukubwaville across the Transmatave Savannah. Started originally as a "made-for-television" publicity event by Watuunguvu Automobiles to showcase the reliability and endurance of their vehicles in the 1970s, the event has maintained its popularity over the years, becoming a standby in the international rallying scene at large, and a major event for automakers outside of Asura to demonstrate the mettle of their designs. The city of Ibbené-Aux-Portes is home to Majula's premier Formula A race, the Equatorial Grand Prix. Additionally, most track races in Batisuria are held in the Curcuit-Jukubwavillaise.