Constitution of Lemovicia, 1992

The Constitution of Lemovicia, 1992, commonly referred to as the Constitution of Lemovicia (Lemovician: Менділурарен констітузіоа, Mendilurraren konstituzioa, Miersan: Konstytucja Łemowiczy), is the foundational legal document of Lemovicia.

Following the signing of the Alikianos Accords which ended the Lemovician Civil War, the 1979 constitution had to be replaced: thus, from July to September 1992, the caretaker government comprised of Saroi Garnica, Otxote Sasiambarrena, and Izydor Domzalski led a constitutional assembly to draft a new constitution to replace the 1979 constitution, in order to uphold the terms set out in the Alikianos Accords. After it was promulgated on 1 October, 1992, the constitution went into effect.

Constitution

Preamble

We, the people of Lemovicia, having only experienced three months of peace since our war of independence,
Having witnessed repressive regimes seek to disenfranchise a majority of the country's population for the benefit of the minority,
Having witnessed the horrors of the war which threatened to tear our newborn country apart,
We, the people of Lemovicia, pray to the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit that this document, in conjunction with the accords, prevents another war from taking place.

Chapter 1: National symbols

Article 1: Flag

  • §1 The national flag of the State of Lemovicia shall be arranged in three wide horizontal stripes, separated by two narrow horizontal stripes, with the following meaning:
    • §1a The top stripe shall be coloured blue, with the shade to be the blue in the logo of the Community of Nations, to represent the blue skies of Lemovicia, and all the other ethnicities present in the country
    • §1b The middle stripe shall be coloured red, with the shade to be the red in the Miersan flag to represent the blood shed during the Lemovician Civil War and the Miersan community
    • §1c The bottom stripe shall be coloured green, with the shade to be the green in the former Lemovician flag, to represent the fertility of Lemovicia, and the Lemovician community
    • §1d The two narrow stripes shall be coloured white, to represent the peace between all the ethnicities in the State of Lemovicia
  • §2 The flag shall be used on all institutions associated with the national government

Article 2: Coat of arms

Article 3: National anthem

Article 4: Capital city

Chapter 2: Human rights

Article 1: Languages

  • §1 The official languages of the State of Lemovicia shall be the Lemovician and Miersan languages
  • §2 Government services are required to be provided in both official languages to all people in the country, regardless of where they reside
  • §3 Education is required to be provided in both official languages, and from the second year of schooling, all children are required to learn both official languages
  • §4 Nothing in this article shall be interpreted as preventing local governments from granting other languages recognised status

Article 2: Religion

Article 3: Fundamental freedoms

  • §1 All people in the State of Lemovicia have the right to life
  • §2 All people in the State of Lemovicia have the right to the freedoms of speech, of thought, and of expression
  • §3 All people in the State of Lemovicia shall have freedom of the press to report on pressing issues unmolested by government or by any private citizen
  • §4 All people in the State of Lemovicia shall have the right to engage in free association and assemble in public spaces, provided that they do not threaten to destroy the unity of Lemovicia
  • §5 All persons have the right to own property, and to not have their property seized, unless duly compensated
    • §5a All persons whose property was occupied during the Lemovician Civil War have the right to return to their properties

Article 4: Democratic rights

  • §1 All citizens over the age of eighteen, who have not been convicted of a delict, shall be eligible to vote in all elections
  • §2 All citizens over the age of eighteen, who have not been convicted of a delict, shall be allowed to run for political office under any affiliation
  • §3 Defines a citizen of the State of Lemovicia as being:
    • §3a Any person present in the territory of Lemovicia on 21 November, 1979, and their descendants born on or after that date, excluding Narozalic military personnel not domiciled in Lemovicia at that point in time
    • §3b A citizen who has already has citizenship per the preceding constitution, and their descendants
    • §3c Any child born on Lemovician soil who does not receive the citizenship of their parents

Article 5: Legal rights

Article 6: Minority rights

  • §1 All citizens have the right to return to their home communities in the State of Lemovicia, and to retake their properties occupied during the Civil War, and to receive just compensation in the event their properties cannot be restored
  • §2 The constituent entities must ensure the protection of the rights of ethnic minorities situated within their borders, particularly if they are part of the Miersan or Lemovician communities
  • §3 Schools must be allowed to have their primary language of instruction be in either official language, provided that the other official language is taught as per the first article of this chapter

Chapter 3: Governance

Article 1: Executive

Article 2: National Assembly

  • §1 The National Assembly shall be the legislature of the Lemovician State
  • §2 It shall comprise of 110 seats, of which 55 shall be assigned to the Lemovician Entity, and 55 to the Miersan Entity
  • §3 The National Assembly shall be empowered to propose legislation affecting all of Lemovicia and its associated institutions, including itself, provided it does not conflict with this constitution
  • §4 The head of government, or the Premier shall be a member of the National Assembly
  • §5 The National Assembly shall be elected every four years by the citizenry of Lemovicia, concurrently with the elections to the presidency

Article 3: Judiciary

Article 4: Administrative divisions

Article 5: Powers

  • §1 The government of the State of Lemovicia shall have powers over foreign affairs, defence, marriage, monetary policy, direct taxation, and customs control
  • §2 The constituent entities shall receive the powers over education, cultural affairs, policing, social policies, and direct taxation
  • §3 The provinces shall receive powers over creation and dissolution of municipalities, land management, policing, direct taxation within the province, and any matters delegated by the entities per legislation passed by the entities
  • §4 The municipalities shall receive any powers delegated by their relevant provincial government

Chapter 4: Amendments and limitations

Article 1: Amendment process

  • §1 The first process for which an amendment to this constitution must first be presented to the National Assembly of the State of Lemovicia
  • §2 The amendment must be passed with a minimum of two-thirds majority from the legislators representing both the Miersan Entity and the Lemovician Entity
  • §3 Following its passage, two referenda shall be held in the Lemovician Entity and the Miersan Entity to pass the amendment
    • §3a The minimum turnout shall be set at sixty percent of all eligible voters within the two entities, and the minimum vote threshold being a two-thirds majority
    • §3b Should it meet the minimum vote threshold, but the turnout is below sixty percent, it shall not go into effect, and likewise, should turnout be above sixty percent, but it fails to meet the minimum vote threshold, it shall not go into effect
  • §4 Following this, it shall go to the Presidency so the amendment may be promulgated into law
    • §4a If any member of the Presidency exercises his or her veto to the amendment, it shall not go into effect

Article 2: State of emergency

  • §1 In the event the State of Lemovicia faces a dire existential crisis, the National Assembly is empowered to institute a state of emergency over the entirety of the country
    • §1a The state of emergency shall be declared by the National Assembly, and last one year before it has to be renewed
  • §2 During a state of emergency, the government is empowered to suspend any part of the constitution, and institute martial law
    • §2a Obliges the enforcing forces to ensure that all detainees do not have their human rights violated

Chapter 5: Technical details

Article 1: Language

  • §1 The constitution is to be valid in both official languages of the State of Lemovicia
  • §2 In the event conflict arises between the Lemovician and Miersan version as a result of the translation, the version understood by a majority of the population at the time the conflict is resolved shall take precedence

Article 2: Citation

  • §1 The constitution may be cited as Constitution of Lemovicia, 1992