Federal Presidency (Alsland)

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Federal Presidency
Federaal presidintskip (Dellish)
Bundespräsidentschaft (Weranian)
Fœderal Foresittenċe (Swathish)
Föderaalne eesistumine (Kirenian)
Federal Presidency logo.png
StyleThe Honourable
StatusHead of State
AppointerPopular vote
Term length4 years, no term limit
Inaugural holder
Formation1920; 102 years ago (1920)
Websitewww.federaalpresidintskip.as

The Federal Presidency (Dellish: Federaal presidintskip, Weranian: Bundespräsidentschaft, Swathish: Fœderal Foresittenċe, Kirenian: Föderaalne eesistumine) is the 4-member executive that functions as the collective head of state and head of the executive of the United Provinces of Alsland. It meets in the Presidential Hall in Yndyk. Members of the Presidency are directly elected from each linguistic community every 4 years using the alternative vote system. The position of Head of the Presidency rotates between the 4 members of the Presidency, each serving as Head of the Presidency for one year.

Reedik Kaljurand has been the incumbent Head of the Presidency since 5 January 2022.

Members

The current members of the Federal Presidency as of 2021 are:

Member Portrait Joined Party Community Head of the Presidency term
Achim Lehmann Albert Rösti.jpg 5 January 2019 Union of Sotirians and Democrats Holsaten 2019 - 2020
Riċard utNocct Alun Cairns 2016.jpg 5 January 2011 Social Democrats of Swerdia Swathish 2020 - 2021
Hepke Veltman Norbert Röttgen 2012 (portrait crop).jpg 5 January 2019 Liveable Delland Dellish 2021 - 2022
Reedik Kaljurand Sven Mikser 2017-05-25 (cropped).jpg 5 January 2015 Kirenian People's Party Martish 2022 - 2023

History

Origins (1919–1930)

Reforms and Martish addition (1930–1970)

Current Presidency (1970–Present)

Operation of the Presidency

Rotating Presidency

Each member of the Federal Presidency serves a full 1 year term as Head of the Presidency beginning and ending on the 5 January each year. The order in which the Presidency will rotate is decided by a random lottery held one month after the Presidency elections. In reality the Head of the Presidency is a ceremonial role as all members of the Presidency share the same responsibilities and powers.

Meetings

Responsibilities

Resignation and removal

While in office, the president is not immune to prosecution. The only mechanism for a President to be removed from office by the Folkssenaat is by impeachment for any perceived act of breaking Alslandic law. In the event of a vote of impeachment, a session of the Folkssenaat will occur and all members must vote whether to remove the President from Office or to vote to keep a President in office. A 2/3rds majority is needed to impeach a President. If this is reached a President will be impeached and ineligible to run for any political office in Alsland unless the motion of impeachment is repealed by an act of the Folkssenaat. The impeachment case will then be passed onto the Alslandic supreme court which will decide if a President should be removed from office. If a majority on the supreme court decide to remove a President from office they will be removed immediately and the Speaker of the Folkssenaat will fill their role in the Presidency until the next election.

Attempts at impeachment have occurred historically. Every member of the Presidency was impeached in 1930 after the 19XX Alslandic Coup. Liuwke Talsma who along with Villem Mand was leading the Alslandic government in exile dismissed the impeachment and called the Folkssenaat: "illegitimate in it's current form." Upon the liberation of Alsland the impeachment was declared illegitimate by the supreme court alongside any other acts passed by the functionalist government.

In 1979, Presidency member Hinne Jorritsma faced an impeachment attempt after an affair with his secretary was revealed to the public. The impeachment attempt failed to gain much support and was defeated with a plurality of Senators abstaining on the vote.

Eligibility

Requirements

A Presidential candidate must be a citizen of Alsland who is at least 30 years old, has resided within Alsland for the last 10 years and doesn't currently hold any foreign citizenship. A Presidential candidate must also have gained at least 70,000 signatures of registered voters or any Alslandic citizen who is 16 or over or have been nominated by any political party with Federal or Provincial representation.

Historically, a candidate must have been a member of the Folkssenaat to be eligible for the Presidency however this was removed after the 1937 Constitution was adopted. A candidate also had to have served in the Alslandic Armed Forces to be eligible, Senators who served in the Kirenian Army before Alslandic Independence such as Villem Mand and Kei Holwerda were also eligible for the Presidency before the adoption of the 1937 constitution removed this criteria.

Election

Candidates in a Presidential Election can be nominated by any political party with Federal or Provincial representation in the most recent election. A candidate can also be nominated if they receive signatures from 10,000 registered voters. Direct elections for the Presidency were introduced in 1940, previously members of the Presidency were appointed by Senators and needed a plurality of Senators to vote for them to be appointed.

Simultaneous elections are held in each Linguistic community every 4 years with each community choosing a member of the Presidency. If no nominated candidate wins an outright majority of votes, the candidate with the least votes is eliminated and their votes are distributed to other candidates. This repeats until a winner is declared.

Inauguration

The President-elects, along with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the President of the Folkssenaat assumes office on the on the next 5 January by taking the Presidential oath in the Chamber of the Folkssenaat in Dellish, Weranian and Swathish and in some cases Estmerish and Kirenian.

"I, (First Name, Surname) elected by the people of the United Provinces of Alsland as President of Alsland, hereby affirm my duties as stated in the constitution to uphold the Constitution of the Republic and the Laws of the Republic, and to work for the wellbeing of the citizens of the Alslandic state."


The term of the President-Elect begins after the swearing in, usually at mid-day. Following the inauguration the new President will deliver a speech to a session of the Folkssenaat before then being accompanied to inspect a guard of honour outside the Folkssenaat building. This is usually followed by a ceremonial wreath laying at the Tomb of the Unknown soldier in Yndyk to commemorate those who gave their lives in the defence of Alsland.

Communities

Office and symbols

Transport

Residences

Salary

Office