Hagieria and Agrilan

Federal Republic of Hagieria and Agrilan

République fédérale hagieriène et agriliène
Flag
Flag
Motto: «Pro Patria vivimus.»
"For the homeland we live"
Hagieria and Agrilan
Hagieria and Agrilan
CapitalSantupul
LargestPoartudeurident
Official languagesHagierian French
Recognised national languagesHagierian
Agrilian
Recognised regional languagesLei
Montublanchian
Montuneigrian
Aquil
Ethnic groups
(2018)
30% Hagierians
28% Agrilians
12% Lei people
10% Montublanchians
7% Montuneigrians
5% Aquil people
8% others
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Alexandru Şêgiemnescu
• Prime minister
Iáques Tráian
Establishment
1000 BC
100 BC
992
1792
1825
Area
• 
1,010,408 km2 (390,121 sq mi)
• Water (%)
5.02
Population
• 2015 estimate
26,675,000
• 2008 census
26,250,670
• Density
26/km2 (67.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
1,078 million
• Per capita
40,150
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
1.104 million
• Per capita
41,540
Gini (2017)34.5
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.836
very high
CurrencyLibra (HAL)
Time zoneUTC-5 (East Nordanian Time)
DST is not in use in Hagieria and Agrilan
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+6
Internet TLD.ha

Hagieria and Agrilan (English pronunciation: /hʌd͡ʒɪɹi̯ə ænd æɡɹiːlɑːn/; Hagierian French: Hagiërie et Agrilie, [(h)aʒi̯ɛɾiə e(t) aɡɾiliə]), officially the Federal Republic of Hagieria and Agrilan (Hagierian French: République fédérale hagieriène et agriliène, [ɾepyblikə fedeɾalə (h)aʒi̯ɛɾi̯ɛːnə e(t) agɾili̯ɛːnə]), is a federal republic in Conitia in Esquarium. It borders Oelia to the west, Desena to the south west and south (both through a land border and through maritime proximity) and XY to the east. Hagieria and Agrilan is composed of XX provinces that — for the most part — follow ethno-linguistic boundaries and are further subdivided into XY regions as well as several self-governing islands and territories. Spanning three climate zones (mediterranean, subalpine and Alpine), the country covers an area of around 10,104,08 square kilometres inhabited by more than 26.7 million people, concentrated primarily along the coast. Large cities include the biggest city, Poartudeurient, the capital city, Santupul, Pordunorde, Beliage, Durpul and Chasteau d'Auriële. Besides the coastal plains in the south and north of the nation, the nation is home to the Agrilian highlands in the west and mountain ranges to the east, making Hagieria and Agrilan home to a high degree of diversity in both flora and fauna as well as human culture.

The first humans to settle in Hagieria and Agrilan were the Aquil people with the first settlements dating back to 5,000 BC. Although there were cave drawings and some smaller settlements before 1,000 BC, the Aquil civilization did not arise until around 1,000 BC to 900 BC. On the height of said civilization around 500 BC, the city of Tarsum was built in what is now eastern Hagieria. Many other archaelogical sites from the time between 700 BC to 400 BC suggest that it was the height of the Aquil civilization. Many of these sites are either temples, castles or even whole cities, most of which have been found in the east of the moder nation. Between around 500 BC and 400 BC, however, the civilization began to see its demise and had almost completly disappeared by the time it became a part of the Latin Republic. Under the reign of the Latin Republic, the Latinization of the previously Aquil-dominated ethnic groups began and quickly made Latin culture dominate in the modern state. In 307 AD, Agrilan became an independent kingdom followed by Hagieria in 397 and individual cultures started developing in the kingdoms. Although both kingdoms did relatively well, Hagieria was increasingly fragmented starting in 569, ending with the dissolving of the kingdom in 901, whilst Agrilan became more dominant. After the First Hagiero-Agrilan War, the country was unified again in 992 and was governed by various dynasties. In the early 18th century, however, the kingdom was declining economically and after a series of crop failures, a famine broke out in 1789. This was followed by the Agrilian Revolution in 1792, which established the first democratic government in Agrilan. The monarchy continued to live on in Hagieria until the Hagierian Revolution in 1825, after which both countries were reunified. After the reunification, the country quickly became industrialized and the infrastructure that in some cases was built during the times of the Latin Republic saw itself being overhauled — especially in cities. After Agrilan declared its independence, the Second Hagiero-Agrilian War broke out which lasted between 1904 and 1914 and saw the nation being destroyed. It is known as one of the more brutal and deadlier conflicts of the Volatile Century. Followed by this, the Rețeși Gheram, a post-war recession, made the rebuilding harder until the mid-20s, when a period of economic growth began. Between the 20s and the 70s, the country was in a relatively peaceful time which was ended by an increase in ethnic tensions.

Today, the country has a well-developed economy with little to no state-intervention that is primarily based on mining, agriculture, financial services and producing industries. The natural resources of Hagieria and Agrilan include iron, coal and oil reserves that are found primarily in the eastern half of the nation, although some mines in the west exist too. In the industrial centres of Hagieria and Agrilan, food, machines, consumer goods as well as building materials belong to those goods which are produced the most, though the country is not self-sufficient in all of these. While the industry is concentrated on urban and suburban areas which are mostly close to the coast, rural areas — especially in the inland — are relying on agriculture. The national financial sector is based in the Santupul-Poartudeurient metropolitain area.

Polically, Hagieria and Agrilan insists on its international neutrality. This has a relatively short tradition in the country that chose a non-interventionist foreign policy in 1974 due to continuing internal conflicts. Whilst other nations in Esquarium have experienced a shift towards more liberal politics, Hagieria and Agrilan has remained largely conservative and traditionalist.

Etymology

The name Hagieria and Agrilan is a combination of the two largest and most populous provinces of the federal republic, Hagieria and Agrilan. Both names were first mentioned long after the area had become a part of the Latin Republic as previously, there were several names describing both parts of the country. The exact etymology is unknown, though the Latin names for the provinces, Hāgiĕriă and Ăgrīlānŭm are generally thought to derive from Latinized Aquil words.

History

Prehistory and ancient History

Nothingness and the occasional cave drawing.

Aquil Civilization

The first humans to settle in Hagieria and Agrilan were the Aquil people with the first settlements dating back to 5,000 BC. Although there were cave drawings and some smaller settlements before 1,000 BC, the Aquil civilization did not arise until around 1,000 BC to 900 BC. On the height of said civilization around 500 BC, the city of Tarsum was built in what is now eastern Hagieria. Many other archaelogical sites from the time between 700 BC to 400 BC suggest that it was the height of the Aquil civilization. Many of these sites are either temples, castles or even whole cities, most of which have been found in the east of the moder nation. Between around 500 BC and 400 BC, however, the civilization began to see its demise and had almost completly disappeared by the time it became a part of the Latin Republic.

Latin Republic

Under the reign of the Latin Republic, the Latinization of the previously Aquil-dominated ethnic groups began and quickly made Latin culture dominate in the modern state.

Decline and Unification

In 307 AD, Agrilan became an independent kingdom followed by Hagieria in 397 and individual cultures started developing in the kingdoms. Although both kingdoms did relatively well, Hagieria was increasingly fragmented starting in 569, ending with the dissolving of the kingdom in 901, whilst Agrilan became more dominant. After the First Hagiero-Agrilan War, the country was unified again in 992 and was governed by various dynasties.

Royal Period

Decline and Revolution

In the early 18th century, however, the kingdom was declining economically and after a series of crop failures, a famine broke out in 1789. This was followed by the Agrilian Revolution in 1792, which established the first democratic government in Agrilan. The monarchy continued to live on in Hagieria until the Hagierian Revolution in 1825, after which both countries were reunified.

Early Republic

After the reunification, the country quickly became industrialized and the infrastructure that in some cases was built during the times of the Latin Republic saw itself being overhauled — especially in cities. After Agrilan declared its independence, the Second Hagiero-Agrilian War broke out which lasted between 1904 and 1914 and saw the nation being destroyed. It is known as one of the more brutal and deadlier conflicts of the Volatile Century. Followed by this, the Rețeși Gheram, a post-war recession, made the rebuilding harder until the mid-20s, when a period of economic growth began.

Modern Era

Between the 20s and the 70s, the country was in a relatively peaceful time which was ended by an increase in ethnic tensions.

Geography

Climate

Environment

Politics and Government

Hagieria and Agrilan is a federal republic and parliamentary democracy which is guaranteed by the Constitution of Hagieria and Agrilan, the basis of government and the supreme law. The Constitution is based on the Aininian Constitution to a great extent and — despite numerous differences — also includes a Charter of Rights, guaranteeing a set of fundamental rights and duties to all citizens, and a series of amendments.

The executive branch is led by the President of Hagieria and Agrilan, who is appointed by the National Assembly of Hagieria and Agrilan within the month after the elections. He has the authority to appoint and dismiss ministers, sign treaties and laws, alongside several other powers, but he can be vetoed by the Highest Court of Hagieria and Agrilan as well as referenda. The Cabinet of Hagieria and Agrilan is led by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President.

The unicameral legislative branch is led by the Parliament of Hagieria and Agrilan on a national level and by the parliament of the respective provinces on a provincial level. It is elected every five years and has the authority to vote on laws. Until 1995, the system was bicameral which was changed after a referendum in the same year. While the national parliament has 351 members, the provincial parliaments only have 251 members.

Since 1950, there had been relative frequent referenda in Hagieria and Agrilan. In a rederendum, the public can vote on local, regional, provincial or national matters and usually, voting is restricted to permanent residents of those areas affected by the rederendum's decision(s). Referenda are held for two reasons; There is a general public interest in an active participation in lawmaking or the Constitution has to be changed. If the Constitutio requires ajustment, 75% of voters have to vote in favour of the change, otherwise, 50% of the voters have to vote in favour.

Hagieria and Agrilan has a multi-party system with anyone being able to form his own party in theory. However, one has to get at least 1,000 people to sign a petition to allow for the party to be legally recognized as such. On all level of governance, there is a 5%-electoral treshold and parties that fail to reach at least this treshold in at least two municipalities are automatically disestablished legally. Political parties in Hagieria and Agrilan are not founded by the state, making them completely reliant on donations and/or members investing their own money.

Military

Law Enforcement

Prison System

All prisons within Hagieria and Agrilan are managed by the state with private prisons being illegal. Most prisons lie in the countryside, usually in remote areas, in order to increase public safety. The prisons of Hagieria and Agrilan are well-known for their inhumane conditions even beyond the country's borders, mainly due to films. The officially set maximum prison time is 99 years and no prisoner detained for this time has ever survived until his release day. Solitary confinement and the death penalty as well as torture and prison labour are legal in Hagieria and Agrilan and are, though official statistics do not exists, said to still be fairly common for crimes which are especially severe such as treason, murder or rape. Many prisons are reportedly underfunded and in more than half of the prisons, males and females are not separated. Nevertheless, the incarnation rate is below the Esquarian average as most victimless crimes are punished with fines rather than prison time.

Foreign Relations

Economy

The country has a well-developed economy with little to no state-intervention that is primarily based on mining, agriculture, financial services and producing industries. The natural resources of Hagieria and Agrilan include iron, coal and oil reserves that are found primarily in the eastern half of the nation, although some mines in the west exist too. In the industrial centres of Hagieria and Agrilan, food, machines, consumer goods as well as building materials belong to those goods which are produced the most, though the country is not self-sufficient in all of these. While the industry is concentrated on urban and suburban areas which are mostly close to the coast, rural areas — especially in the inland — are relying on agriculture. The national financial sector is based in the Santupul-Poartudeurient metropolitain area.

Energy

Industry

Since the industrial revolution hit Hagieria and Agrilan, The Santupul-Poartudeurient metropolitain area has become the most important of the nation's industrial areas, which is also where the financial sector is based in. The processing of food is an important sector of the Hagierian and Agrilian economy with the production of machines being a close second.

Agriculture is dominated by small family-owned farms and orchards with only around 5% of agricultural land being used by larger companies. The most common crops to be cultivated traditionally have been wheat and potatoes, with corn rising in importance amongst commercial farms.

Infrastructure

Road infrastructure is largely public with most road maintanance companies being private. The quality of the road network in the country varies between different regions, though, as a rule of thumb, one can say that it is better along the coastal areas and worse in the mountains. There is a highway system connecting most municipalities and a motorway system that connects most important cities with one another. Highways (Hagierian French: Routes fédérales) are marked with a capital R followed bya number and generally have yellow signs with black script whilst motorways (Hagierian French: Autoroutes) are marked with a capital A followed by a number and generally have green signs with white script.

The railway infrastructure has a similar situation as the road infrastructure in terms of ownership.

Historically, canals have been important in some parts of the country, though they have largely lost their importance in transporting goods and passengers with the rise of the railway throughout the 19th century. As such, the vast majority of canals in Hagieria and Agrilan has fallen into disrepair, with some being tourist attractions nowadays.

Transport

Public transportation is provided by a mixture of private and government-owned companies, with the exception of trains which are almost exclusively run by the government-owned company Transhagiërac. Busses are usually operated by a provincial subsidiary of Transhagiërac, such as Agrit in Agrilan. This is true for most city busses and busses in rural areas, with intercity bus services commonly being provided by a variety of private companies. Tram and trolleybus networks have been run by the cities they were located in until 1971, when they were incorporated into Transhagiërac. Many of these networks have shut down between the 1960s and 1980s, with most being replaced by busses. As of 2018, there are 30 tramway networks in Hagieria and Agrilan, 21 of which consist of more than two lines, the largest ones being in Poartudeurident and Latium and three trolleybus networks, the largest one consisting of ten lines in Santupul.

Demographics

Ethnicity

Ethnic Composition of Hagieria and Agrilan
Ethnic Group Percentage of Population
Hagierian
30%
Agrilian
28%
Lei
12%
Montublanchian
10%
Montuneigrian
7%
Aquil
5%
Others
8%

The population of Hagieria and Agrilan is ethnically diverse with no group making up a third of the population. However, most ethnic groups are Romance which make up ca 93% of the total population. Each ethnicity has its own republic since the restoration of a common country though ethnicity-based discrimmination and separatism are still relatively common problems.

Language

The diversity which the nation has ethnically can also be seen linguistically, with every ethnic group having its own language. Each republic within the federation has its own official language based on the ethnic majority of the area, though some republics allow individual communities and provinces to choose whether or not to officially recognize minority languages. Although students may choose to learn a local minority language in school, learning the official language of a republic is obligatory.

Due to ethnic conflicts in the past, many refuse to learn the language of another ethnic group – a phenomenon that is especially notable between Hagierians, Agrilians and Montuneigrians – which often hardens communication on a national level. Because of this, Hagierian French was chosen as the sole official language of the nation in 1934, while the two second largest languages (by number of native speakers) were made national languages.

Unrecognized minority languages are mostly those languages which either are spoken in border areas such as Oelien or languages which are mostly spoken by recent immigrants. An example for a language generally regarded as native to he country that remains unrecognized is Latinesque, a Romance language that is spoken around Latium.

Education

The education system is almost exclusively controlled by individual republics, but the general concept is the same. It is well-funded and universal as well as mandatory from the age of 6 to 16 since 1915. Further education is not mandatory and as such, also is not universal. Whilst primary and secondary education are free (excluding textbooks, other learning materials and living expenses), any further education such as for example universities require monthly payments between ſ200 and ſ500. Private schools are usually not free and private universities often require even higher payments. Homeschooling, usually done by a parent or both, is relatively common in rural areas as not all children living in rural areas would otherwise be able to visit a school regularily. In addition to that, there are also private preschools from age 4 to 6 in many urban and some suburban areas that are not mandatory.

Hagieria and Agrilan has a literacy rate of over 98% amongst those aged 14 and above which is far above the Esquarian average. In 2017, 91% of children have visited public primary schools and 2.5% visited private primary schools, the rest was reported to be homeschooled or not able to participate in lessons. For secondary schools, the numbers are 89% and 2%, with 6.5% reporting to be homeschooled, while 0.5% either dropped out of school or were not able to participate in lessons. Further education was attended by 34% of those aged 16 to 21 (people who participate in further education aged 22 or older were not counted). The majority of these were visiting or preparing to visit a university. 31% of the population between the ages of 25 and 60 has a university education although this number is believed to become smaller in the future as less students study at universities. The main reason for the lower number of people going to university is believed to be the fact that modern media n some cases allows to gain knowledge that prior to the Internet required studying at a university.

All students have to take two separate tests, known as National comparing Exam of the Federal Republic of Hagieria and Agrilan (commonly abbreviated as Encha, from the Hagierian French name for it; Examens nationals comparants de la République Fédérale Hagiërien et Agrilien). One test is to be taken at the end of grade 6 (or age 12, the last grade of primary school), the second one in grade 10 (or age 16, the last year of secondary school).

Religion

The dominant religion in Hagieria and Agrilan is Saturnism, a monotheistic faith that more than 90% of the population identify with — many of which only regard themselves as cultural Saturnists. In Aquilia, some practice one of various traditional pagan religions of the Aquil people, although the majority of the population is also Saturnist.

Culture

Art

Architecture

Literature

Cinema and Theatre

Music

Media

Freedom of the press is guaranteed by the Constitution of Hagieria and Agrilan and there is a wide range of news outlets to choose from. Nevertheless, there have been cases of censorship in the past — especially during the sessessionist uprising and more so before the revolution.

Cuisine

Sports