Katranjiev

Kingdom of Katranjiev
Arabic: Мамлакат Катранияжиф
Katranjian: Кралство и Катранджиев
Lec: Крулствѫ Катрәнчиевә

Motto: Той ми даде сила да ръководя и Той ще ме съди
He gave me power to guide us, and He shall judge me for these acts
Anthem: Katranjiev, ti priyaten zemya
Katranjiev, thy pleasant land
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Outline of Katranjiev
Outline of Katranjiev
Capital
and largest city
Krasimir
Official languagesArabic, Katranjian, Lec
Recognised regional languagesVrakan Argilian
Ethnic groups
(2015)
Katranjians (48%)
Arabs (36%), Lecs (10%), Other (6%)
Religion
Ahurism (71%)
Rodnéwiary (8%)
Other (7%)
None (14%)
Demonym(s)Katranjian
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• Queen
Elis
Elena Magdarov
• Party
Conservative Party of Katranjiev
Independence
• From Namor
AD 723
Area
• Total
330,838 km2 (127,737 sq mi)
Population
• 2015 census
23,903,392
• Density
72.2510473/km2 (187.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)estimate
• Total
$802,876,452,819
• Per capita
$33,588.39
GDP (nominal)estimate
• Total
$746,314,812,465
• Per capita
$31,222.13
Gini (2015)37.4
medium
HDI (2015)0.913
very high
CurrencyKatranjian zalot (Ƶ) (=100 tsent) (KJZ)
Time zoneST
Date formatmm-dd-yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+55
ISO 3166 codeKJV
Internet TLD.kj

Katranjiev (Arabic: Катранияжиф, Katraniajif, Katranjian: Катранджиев, Katranjiev, Lec: Катрәнә, Katrënë) is a country located on the continent of Borea in Esquarium, with a population of around twenty-four million people, and covering 330,838 square kilometers in area. Katranjiev is bordered to the northwest by Milenka, to the north by Lecia, to the east by the TBC, and to the south by TBC, and abuts the Gulf of Gelyevich to the west. Its capital is Krasimir, but its largest city is Desislav, with Bizuwiha and Zukòwò also being prominent cities in the country.

It was first settled by homo ergaster, with the earliest settlements dating to around 8000 BCE. The first civilization in Katranjiev were the Kléwërny culture, which ruled Katranjiev from around 1100 BCE to 600 BCE, and then were succeeded by the Arénowo culture, which ruled until around 200 BCE. It was then taken over by the Genida in the southeast, and Argilians, with these civilizations maintained until around the 500s CE, the Neo-Sepcan Empire conquered the Argilians and brought in Vitrian settlers, and then conquered the Genida Empire, although the Vitrians lost a subsequent invasion by Arab tribes from present-day Mazaristan.

In 723 CE, Vaclav I declared himself the King of Katranjiev, and his descendants ruled as the House of Krasimir until 1273, when they were ousted by the House of Desislav. While they were displaced by the House of Talnakh, and the House of Talnakh-Desislav, the House of Desislav firmly retook control of Katranjiev in 1419, and have continued to rule Katranjiev to this day, although it became a constitutional monarchy in 1884.

Etymology

Katranjiev comes from "katrandzhia," standing for one who works at a tar pit (or katran in Katranjian). The name literally means "son of a katrandzhia," or son of someone who works at a tar pit.

It is believed that the tar pit was located at Vrakos Island, as there is the Vrakos Tar Pit in the northwest of the island, and the chronicles dating back to Vaclav I's war with Vrakos does mention a civilian recovering his army's horses when they got stuck at the tar pit. Legend says that Vaclav asked the person recovering the name of the pit, so to advise other soldiers to avoid the area, but he was confused and replied with "Katranjiev." Vaclav seemingly accepted that answer, and thus not only used it when communicating to other armies, but also took the name back with him to Krasimir, and adopted it as the name of the realm.

History

Prehistory

It is believed that the first known evidence of human life in Katranjiev was a homo ergaster from around 1 million years ago near Vetovo in Krasimir. The earliest known settlements in present-day Katranjiev date to around 8,000 years ago. Around the same time, agriculture became prevalent in Katranjiev.

Like neighboring Lecia, the Kléwërny culture inhabited eastern Katranjiev between 1100 BCE and 600 BCE, when the Arénowo culture took over, and ruled until around the 200s BCE.

First civilizations

Ruins of Mekabiru

Following the collapse of the Arénowo culture, two civilizations rose roughly independently at around the same time.

Southern Katranjiev was taken over by the Genida, who spoke Old Genida. Around 140 BCE, Arogewi united the Genida to create the Genida Empire, with its capital at Mekabiru, near present-day Mekbiru. During the Genida Empire, they developed a polytheistic religion, a writing system, and a legal system.

Milenkan invasion and rule

some guy conquered it, in 19 CE, it becomes part of the Milenkan Empire, over the coming centuries, it becomes Slavified, and Genida Empire is reduced to a shell of its former self

(TBC)

In 615 CE, Krasimiran lord Momchil the Brave launched a war against the Genida Empire following a devastating raid conducted by the Genida people against Krasimir. His aim in the Genida-Sepcan War was to expand his lands and his territory, in order to increase his position within the Neo-Sepcan Empire. Thus, over the next thirty-seven years, the Genida Empire attempted to fight back against the forces of Momchil the Brave, and his son, Vladislav, until by 652 CE, Vladislav the Conqueror seized the capital of the Genida, Mekabiru, and took the last Emperor of the Genida, Yemechtewagi hostage. Following this seizure, he forced Yemechtewagi to surrender his land to his forces, in exchange for his freedom. When he did so, Yemechtewagi was taken to Desislav, with the intention of being given to the Neo-Sepcan Emperor as a gift.

However, Vladislav's rule over the Genida was short-lived, as by 659 CE, Arab tribes from neighboring Mazaristan took over the land and named it al-Hawd (Standard Arabic: الحوض, Katranjian Arabic: Алхавд). While in 673 CE, Vladislav did retake the land from the Arabs, he decided that because of the bravery of the Arabs, that the Arabs shall be "allowed to maintain their religion, language, and customs," provided that they swear fealty to him and his heirs.

After Vladislav's death, his son, Ludmil, became Lord of Krasimir. Under Ludmil's rule, he sought to expand his realm to "the lands of the deserters." To this end, in 681 CE, he launched the first of many wars between Lecia and Katranjiev, as he sought to take present-day Sekhessia from the Second Chiefdom of the Lecs.

While the war ended in failure, the war helped increase Ludmil's position among the lords of what would become Katranjiev. By the time Ludmil died in 707 CE, and was succeeded by his son, Vaclav, as Lord of Krasimir, many of the lords have submitted themselves before him, except for the Lord of Vrakos.

Because of his increasing position in Katranjiev, Vaclav felt a need to unite "all the lords in my realm" under him. Thus, in 721 CE, he waged a war against Vrakos to get the island to submit to his rule. Despite heavy losses on both sides, by 723 CE, he was able to get the Lord of Vrakos to swear fealty to him.

Early medieval era

A preserved medieval village in Krasimir's outskirts

After having conquered Vrakos, Vaclav I decided to make himself King of Katranjiev. In an elaborate ceremony, he declared himself the King, and pledged to be "forever loyal" to the Neo-Sepcan Empire. Following this ceremony, Vaclav I reorganized the administrative system of Katranjiev by establishing duchies, and granting his allies ducal titles over specific areas. At the same time, Vaclav I helped solidify sualny within Katranjiev.

When Vaclav I died in 759, his son ascended the throne as Vaclav II. Under his reign, Katranjian began to flourish as a spoken language, and among the Slavs, it was widely adopted by local Slavic peoples, especially the nobility who previously spoke Literary Vitrian. He did much to help the people, such as after a fire in 779 in Krasimir, he ordered that it be rebuilt with a huge emphasis on stonework and aesthetic beauty.

After Vaclav II's death in 801, his son, Vaclav III became isolationist. Shutting himself out from foreign culture, he forbade Argilian from being spoken, and required the few Sepcans living in Katranjiev to adopt Katranjian or Arabic. However, in AD 815, Vaclav III was killed following a dispute with his wife. His son was an infant, so the wife assumed the title of Queen, as Sofia I. She initially ruled as regent, but in AD 830, when Vaclav IV of Katranjiev was of age, Sofia I kept a strong grip on power and declared herself King. She reopened up to the outside world and permitted Argilian. However, in 834, Vaclav IV fled Krasimir and declared his capital to be in Sudak, splitting the country into two parts. In response, Sofia sent an army to defeat Vaclav IV, but it backfired: many sided with him and marched on Krasimir. Finally, in 838, Sofia I was killed and Vaclav IV was crowned as the rightful King.

Under Vaclav IV, he kept his mother's policies regarding culture, but instituted Salic law to prevent a crisis that happened again. However, as he reigned, he kept the powers of the Dukes in check and increased the influence of the Ahurist faith. However, some Dukes began militarizing, especially along the "granichna" (marchland) with Lecia. Thus, in 846, Vaclav IV issued the Royal Edict of TBC required that dukes if they conquered "territory one third the size of their duchy or larger, they must give that territory to their second son still alive: if none can be found, it must be given to the nearest male relative," mainly to eliminate threats against Krasimir. In 851, Vaclav IV would die, and his son, Vaclav V took power.

Vaclav V was the last major King to play a huge part in early sovereign history, with him deregulating defense to the Duchies and giving them autonomy except monetary affairs and a "tithe" paid to the crown every ten years, of 1/10th of the profits each Duchy made in the past decade. At the same time, he quietly ceased paying tribute to the declining Neo-Sepcan Empire. After his death in 882, Vaclav VI ascended the throne, but he only functioned as King of Katranjiev when needed: otherwise, he was more of the Duke of Krasimir. His successors maintained a "hands-off" attitude to ruling Katranjiev.

Later medieval era

By 1108, Vaclav XI took the throne, and reasserted royal authority. With the eastern duchies slowly planning on attempting to take over parts of Mazaristan, he increased the tithe to 1/5th of all profits in the past five years, and changed the Royal Edict of TBC so restrict existing duchies from adding more than one half of their existing area for the new territory, meaning that if a duchy conquered an area ten times the size of its original area, that area will be a separate Duchy. At the same time, the new rules bankrupted many Duchies, resulting in a reduction of Duchies from seventy to twenty, and the rise of the influence of the Apostol family who ruled the Duchy of Desislav. By 1137, he died with no clear successor: he had no son, but he had a daughter who was married to a Duke from the Apostol family, but since their descendants weren't considered legitimate, it passed to his nephew, Vaclav XII.

The duke, Todor Apostol responded by refusing to pay tithes, and invaded its neighbors, stopping at the pass leading into Krasimir. He then declared himself King Apostol I, again dividing Katranjiev into two Kingdoms. Todor and Vaclav XII would wage war on each other, though it was stalemated, and thus, in 1149, they both signed a treaty of "temporary separation," allowing both to keep their titles as Kings of Katranjiev, and send delegations to other nations, but otherwise were basically sovereign nations separated largely by the Frura Mountains.

The truce would last until 1268, when Vaclav XVI attempted to depose Nikolai Apostol, then the claimed King of Katranjiev by invading the southeast. While Vaclav XVI made huge gains at first, his army suffered from a lack of morale, and after a decisive defeat in Albena, Nikolai's forces advanced past the mountains and eventually surrounded the northern capital of Krasimir. In 1273, Nikolai's forces ousted Vaclav XVI, and Nikolai tore the 1149 treaty, and declared himself King Apostol I of Katranjiev.

Under the reign of Apostol I, political unity was restored, and (TBC). While he was both Duke of Desislav and of Krasimir, he reduced the amount of suvalny and only the "marchland duchies" were permitted to keep their traditions and privileges. He even gave the marchland duchies incentives to take the north and the east: the Duchy of Talnakh gained influence as a result, taking some land in present-day Mazaristan, albeit slowly to avoid violating the Royal Edict of TBC. By 1289, Apostol I died and his son, Apostol II took the throne. Apostol II moved the capital to Desislav, primarily to move the capital to his main stronghold. Unfortunately, in 1293, the Duke of Talnakh did exactly what Todor Apostol did, but instead turned the tables: Duke Vladimir of Talnakh took over Krasimir and declared himself Vladimir I of Katranjiev. To make things complicated, in 1306, both died of the plague, and their sons, Apostol III and Vladimir II fought, albeit stalemating. Finally, they came to a peace treaty where they agreed to name a daughter of Vladimir II as King, in exchange for her marrying the Apostols, and a substantial sum of money. This agreement would mark the end of the medieval era in Katranjiev.

Anagenisi

Vidyo Bachev and his daughter

As a result of the agreement between the two claimants to the throne, Sofia II took power in 1309, marrying Apostol III's son. The capital was moved back to Krasimir, but was under a joint regency of her father and father-in-law. When she turned 15 in 1315, she became Kral in her own right, and under her rule, she encouraged more conquests, especially with regard to Mazaristan. At the same time, she sought to improve Katranjiev's economic position, especially regarding trade on the Gulf of Gelyevich.

After her death in 1372, her son was to choose either Apostol, Vladimir, or Vaclav, and he chose Vaclav XVII of Katranjiev (or Vaclav the Terrible), out of spite of the grandparents. Vaclav the Terrible revoked the rights of the duchies and purged many opponents of the monarchy, including many Dukes. He centralized the army, and the bureaucracy. Vaclav XVII however in his later years was obsessed with the morbid, and Vaclav XVII was stabbed to death twenty-seven times in 1407, leaving the throne to his grandson, Vaclav XVIII.

Vaclav XVIII was noted as the "most learned fool among the Ahurists" since he issued edicts on numerous subjects, but was incompetent in ruling. He eased the treatment and restored the rights revoked by his father, but by 1413, he was declared mentally unstable by his son, and locked in an oubliette, where he died of starvation. His son, Vaclav XIX attempted to centralize the system, but he was killed by nobles in 1419. His direct relatives were killed as well, and an election was held to select a new King.

In 1420, Apostol IV of Katranjiev was elected King by the nobility, and he responded by increasing military defense and bolstering them along the marchlands. He gave some more rights to the nobles, even though it was antithetical to his beliefs for a united Katranjiev. Thus, he balanced the interests of the nobles and his interest to see a united Katranjiev. In 1439, Apostol IV began investing in the arts and began to encourage education by sending teachers to teach the merchants how to read. However, in 1453, Apostol IV died of the plague, and his son took the throne.

The plague killed about 55% of the population, mostly in the northern plain, but also on the trade route to Desislav. The new King, Apostol V responded by temporarily moving the capital to the high-altitude Gorbachev and in 1459, with the literacy levels rising, he opened the Royal University of Krasimir, the country's first university with the intent to rival St. Anthony's Academy in Bethlehem.

In 1463, he moved the capital back to Krasimir, and Apostol V was invested in the needs of the population. Thus, in 1468, he called an estates-general (Katranjian: Събрание на благородниците и обикновените хора, Subranie i blagorodnitsite i obiknovenite khora, lit. Assembly of Nobles and Commoners) with 100 clergy, 100 nobility, and 100 commoners, each with one vote, to give a "suitable amount of power to the King, while leaving some for the nobility." They all approved with 3-0 to do so, and thus, he delegated mundane tasks to all but marchland duchies, which kept their original rights: mainly salutes, honors, and arbitrating disputes between landowners, commoners, and criminals. In 1484, Apostol V would die, and his grandson, Apostol VI took power as King.

Under Apostol VI, he continued his father's wish for centralization and needs: he was the first to deliberately travel around the country, mainly to observe how ordinary people lived and see the complaints, touring it from 1485-1489. In 1489 after he returned, he instituted legislation that would abolish serfdom, but the nobility threatened to kill him unless if he held another estates-general. Thus, in 1490, it was held and the legislation was defeated 2-1. The King hammered out a compromise though, requiring that "the lords treat the serfs as well as they do the freedmen," approved by all three estates. In 1493, he once again toured the country, and after returning in 1497, he concluded that their grievances were mostly met. In 1506, he began to commission paintings and build a new palace, though he remained sympathetic to the needs of the poor. Finally, in 1516, Apostol VI would die of tuberculosis.

Apostol VII continued the policies, and toured from his coronation to 1522, but began seeing a new problem as more people (TBC). Thus, in 1523, he declared that all those following "schismatic sects of the national religion" were to be punished, but the Religious Edict of 582 also declared that "all Rzekobogist adherents shall have the right to practice their religion openly and be protected with the same rights as their Ahurist brethren."
The Religious Edict of 582, while supported by Lecs was opposed by (TBC), of which many people, mainly Luziycans have converted. Thus, while Apostol VII attempted to lure artists to Katranjiev, he was massing his forces to quell TBC rebellions. Apostol VII began attacking TBC and the Duke of Talnakh, Paul Talnakh who by then converted to TBC responded by attempting to overthrow Apostol VII. Paul took Krasimir, and Apostol VII fled to Desislav. Paul declared himself King Pavlov, but by 1528, the loyalist Katranjian armies defeated King Pavlov and executed him. To punish the Duchy of Talnakh and to prevent it from being too influential, in 1532, he signed a treaty in Krasimir splitting Talnakh into two: the southern part would be subject to Mazaristan, and the Duchy of Talnakh which remained Katranjian.

After the treaty, Apostol VII, having dealt with the TBC problem, returned to ruling day-to-day, and with the Anagenisi, he encouraged more learning, and discussion. He tolerated lese majeste against himself and permitted criticism of his politics, including the war, but he forbade TBC. In 1528, having recovered, the capital returned to Krasimir, and he toured the country again. Both times, he published reports stating the conditions of the peasantry. Then in 1536, he toured one last time, but he died in Trifonov (present-day Baicheng) in 1541 from alcohol poisoning.

Grandson Apostol VIII would take power, under the regency of his mother, Sofia of Krasimir until 1552. In 1552, he was able to rule by himself, and he immediately toured all of Katranjiev like his predecessors have done, and published another report in 1557 after returning back to Krasimir. In 1567, he repealed the Royal Edict of TBC that regulated the size of the duchies, and implemented the Royal Edict of 626, which abolished what is left of special rights for all ranks below duke except for their title, but giving them a stipend. In addition, a salt tax was implemented, at a tax suitable to the King, mainly to fund centralization and the stipends. The other marchland duchies were greatly reduced in rights except defense.

In 1570, he once again toured the Kingdom, and when he returned in 1575, he published another report on the needs of the government. Notably, in 1576, he published a document that provided a budget for the maintenance of the Kingdom, showing an apparent surplus of 300,000 zalot. In 1583, Apostol VIII negotiated a new treaty that gave the entire castle to the Barony of Talnakh in exchange for the right to transport and another treaty with Veresk so to have a single village be a fishing port.

In 1593, the King set the number of Duchies to twenty, and in 1595, conducted the first nationwide census. The results in 1597 were compiled into the Sobstvenost i zemyata (Katranjian: собственост и земята, meaning land ownership) book which compiled 62,592 landowners, of which only 4,108 owned land greater than "one section" (i.e. 2.5 square km). The "dependents" list comprised about 93,459 people, and the peasantry list had 81,953 freemen and 114,696 serfs, plus 591 slaves and 6,014 criminals. As well, there were 19,444 merchants, thus, when combined, they all add up to 378,749 people, with the largest city being Desislav at 31,593 people (12,194 merchants, 3,341 landowners, 12,033 dependents of landowners, 4,005 freemen, and 20 slaves), with the runner-up being Krasimir at 11,403 people (6,492 merchants, 1,042 landowners, 3,821 dependents of landowners, 133 criminals, 411 freemen and 44 serfs), combined only having about 11% of the population.

In 1604, Apostol VIII toured the country for the last time, and published a report in 1609, but died in 1610 of old age.

Enlightenment

In 1610, his grandson, Apostol IX took the throne. During his reign, Desislav became a major port city, as did Roga, and Albena, due to the combination of trade along the West Borean trade routes, and the development of transoceanic trade with countries from as far as Aurega. In 1622, he toured Katranjiev and published a report in 1627 of the standards of the peasants and nobles. In 1633, a tidal wave devastated the western coast of Katranjiev, with over 3,000 lives lost, though Desislav was only slightly damaged with 20 people from there killed, due to the rebuilding efforts of Apostol IX. However, unlike Desislav, Apostol IX refused to fund construction efforts of the cities, stating that the "True Lord destroyed these towns because He was displeased with the sins that have been occurring in these towns, unlike Desislav which have followed God."

This response triggered a peasant revolt in 1634, led by Sasho from Albena. Sasho declared himself King Deyan of Katranjiev, and sought to march to Katranjiev. He called on the help of (TBC) to support him, but they sent their own forces to back Apostol IX. In 1635, at the Battle of Krasimir, Apostol IX barely defeated the rebels, and Sasho managed to escape. As punishment, he reinstated the taxes on the southern duchies, except the city of Desislav. The increased taxes only motivated Sasho to lead yet another rebellion, this time backed by the Duke of Deyan, Oleks Deyan in 1640, and after taking all the land south of Karpati Mountains, he managed to cross them and take Krasimir, forcing Apostol IX to flee to the city of Predplanina in 1641. During the brief reign of King Deyan, he held an Estates-General which almost immediately instead of a creation of a permanent Parliament resulted in a majority voting for Apostol IX to return to power. When Apostol IX returned in 1643, he executed Sasho, and temporarily split up the Duchy of Deyan into Severna-Deyan and Yuzhna-Deyan, and also declared that "should the Duchy be united, Chavdar shall be the new capital, not Albena." The Duke was also executed in 1645, and in 1647, he once again toured the country. In 1649, Apostol IX was brutally slain in Albena by angry civilians resentful for the crackdown of the rebellion and his refusal to rebuild the town.

Since he had no son, it passed to his nephew, who took the throne as Apostol X. In 1651, he reunited the Duchy of Deyan but kept the capital in Chavdar, in accordance to his uncle's wishes. Nonetheless, he finally extended funding to rebuilding Roga, Albena, and other towns, as well as lowering the tax burden on merchants. In 1652, he toured the Kingdom to investigate the situation of the peasants and the Empire. After his return in 1658, he published a report and a budget showing a surplus of 600,000 zalots in the treasury. In 1663, he began to invite scientists to reside in Krasimir. In 1670, Apostol X decided to embark on a Golyamo tour (Katranjian: Голямо, lit. great), to traverse the entire country, not just to find out how the peasants are doing, but to experience the local cultures. After spending a decade visiting every town and village in the country, he returned and published a book describing the variations of Katranjian culture, from the "peoples of the littoral," to the "desert peoples in Genida" and the Katranjians in and around the mountains, with each section outlining the subcultures and which towns they were most prevalent, releasing the massive compendium in 1682, describing the languages, customs, variations, staple foods, religions, population, and even how they perceive authority (the total population was 512,491 people, but didn't describe their structure). In 1688, an avalanche devastated parts of Krasimir, but the King quickly funded the reconstruction of the city into a grander city, shaping its modern day appearance. In 1692, he began conceptualizing plans for a "wagonway from Desislav to Krasimir" that he hoped would "cut travel time to only a month." 20 miles of it were laid from Desislav to a nearby town (32 km), but the nobles convinced him that it was a waste of money, and the project was abandoned, albeit not before it became a popular attraction, reducing commute times to only two hours from a day or two. In 1695, Apostol X began to invest in mining, and by 1700, the seeds of the Industrial Revolution have took hold in Katranjiev, with the first cities to industrialize being Krasimir and Desislav. In 1702, Apostol X made a tour of the country, seeking another Golyamo Tour, but in 1710, he died in his sleep in Sudak.

Prokudin Palace, seen in 1921

His great-grandson, Apostol XI was just 4, so his mother ruled as regent. In 1711, she declared herself Queen Sofia III (Sofia the Morbid), but officially, she was still a regent. As a widow, she wore black and was obsessed with the morbid, often ordering impalements and hangings for her own amusement, while abusing her son to the point of "severe mental and physical damage," according to the nobles. By 1719, the nobles had enough of her behavior and the Dukes of Talnakh, Durvo, and Lovets agreed to execute Sofia III and implement their own regency for his own safety.

In 1721, at the age of 15, Apostol XI ascended the throne, but years of constant abuse meant that he was not able to make crucial decisions. Thus, the three Dukes convinced him to make him only Duke of Krasimir, and pass the title of Duke of Desislav to his cousin. In 1722, Apostol XI toured the country, and he was quickly dubbed "detekral" or "child king" for his childish demeanor, taking delight in things that "amused the young." A doctor that was by his side stated that "he was so abused by his mother that he has basically become a child in mind, though adult in body," and also noted the "flat face that looks like a spitting image of a Namorman." He didn't have a clear idea of what was right and what was wrong, resulting in the Triarchy making important decisions. Notably, when he returned to Krasimir in 1730, the Triarchs wrote a report based on the testimony of the doctor on his tour, and in 1732, they decided to build a palace for the King's pleasure near one of his favorite spots: on the slope of a mountain surrounded by forests, resembling an old castle, completing the Prokudin Palace by 1740. In 1743, it was said "his mental age was about five or six, while he was physically thirty-seven years of age." Apostol XI often invited children to play with him at his hillside palace, where he resided more often than at Krasimir Castle, which he hated.

In 1748, he decided to tour the country again, with the subjects appreciating him. After a report was written by the doctor, when he returned in 1756, Apostol XI was officially placed under a regency under Apostol's doctor, Dr. Nadezhda, whose family lived most of the time in the palace. In 1758, he was strangled to death while playing with some children at the Prokudin Palace, and his cousin's son took power as King Zhivkov.

Industrial revolution

Katranjian factory, 1872

Zhivkov's first act as King of Katranjiev was to reduce taxes on the merchants. In 1761, he attempted to reduce the hold of the guilds, but he was forced to hold an Estates General, where it was voted 2-1 to keep the guilds. Despite that, he curbed their influence and permitted substantial industrialization.

By 1770, Desislav became an industrial city, and Zhivkov embarked on another tour. Like that of his great-great-grandfather, Apostol X, he took ten years to visit, and published another book similar to that in 1784, describing the ways of the peoples of Katranjiev, similar to the "Golyamo" book, and listing the population at 801,492 people. It listed Desislav as the largest, at 101,851 people with Krasimir the second largest at 78,391 people, and to some extent also replicated the Land Ownership Book of 1597 but with updated information, albeit it was less detailed than the original book.

In 1788, Zhivkov began printing paper money for zalots and the ten srebumi piece (the zalot was divided into 20 srebumi, 1 srebro was divided into 12 chasti, with 1 chast divided into 4 treski/tresk), while keeping coins for the rest, mainly to reduce cost. In 1790, he issued an Edict regulating the usage of Latin and issued the first major standard of Katranjian, mainly that the "official text to be used in documents is to come from the dialect spoken in Krasimir," and instituted a decree which required that "all published books must be written in Cyrillic. In 1792, Zhivkov began to improve the "roads" between towns which were at the time just dirt paths, and by 1800, most of the strategic routes (i.e. direct) had become cobblestone save for those crossing the Karpati Mountains as result of Zhivkov's plans to improve the roads, and in 1806, he introduced a government mail service, although private carriers still were allowed to serve "personal mail." In 1812, King Zhivkov died from old age.

His son, Apostol XII took office, and invested in experimental railroad technology. Thus, he built a wagonway to Iliev, reducing travel times from a week to a day. At the same time, many mining guilds started to expand their search with more and more modern technologies, mainly to find coal, gold and copper, and invested in railway technology. By the end of the 1810s, many wagonways/railways were being built, and industrialization had increased. During the 1820s and 1830s, innovation had increased, and standard of living initially rose. At the same time, romantic nationalism began to appear, with many advocating a "Greater Katranjiev" with control of Sekhessia, as well as parts of Mazaristan adjacent to Katranjiev. In 1840, a song embodying the ideals of Katranjiev was performed and it was adopted as the royal anthem. By 1842, many of the wagonways have converted to the steam engine, and in 1845, a new line from Krasimir to Desislav was built, shortening travel times from several weeks to three days. In 1848, the first telegraph network was laid between Desislav and Krasimir, and by 1851, it was connected to Bethlehem's system.

In 1854, Apostol XII implemented a network of state schools, serving from Kindergarten to Grade 6 with the intent of mass-education, and the following year, all Katranjian male children were required to attend school: whether state or private. State schools were only permitted to teach in Katranjian and were to depict its history in a positive light.

In 1868, he abolished serfdom and released all serfs. In 1870, the first true census since 1595 was conducted, showing a population of 1,314,596 people, with Desislav having 214,002 people, and Krasimir having 155,302 people. In 1875, Apostol XII declared war on Lecia to take control of Sekhessia: after two years of fighting, Katranjiev gained control of Sekhessia, and its resources, including gold, which helped attract immigrants from West Borea and Aurega.

By 1880, Katranjiev's population had risen to 1,591,490 people, with Desislav being at 239,592 people, and Krasimir at 223,594 people. Apostol XII died in 1883 of old age in his sleep.

Constitutional monarchy

In 1883, King Apostol XIII took power, and embarked on massive reforms. In 1884, he convened an Estates-General, doubling the Third Estate so it formed half of the Estates-General and giving each member one vote instead of each estate. Most importantly, he ordered that they all meet together instead of separate rooms, making the session the first one since 1641 (under usurper Oleg) or in 1490 (under Apostol VI). The King proposed reforms, to permanently keep an estates-general under the Parliament with two houses: the National Assembly and the Royal Assembly. An elected Prime Minister would be chosen by all male citizens over the age of 21, and most importantly forced all the Duchies to implement legislatures similar to that. Passing 625-575, mostly from the Third Estate, the King devolved much of his power and erased virtually much of the remaining powers of the Dukes, including that of the marchlands, which he felt were no longer needed.

Thus, in 1885, a new constitution was implemented, providing suffrage to men over 21, formally abolishing all the remaining rights and privileges of the Katranjian nobility, save for an annual stipend from the state, titles and land, and ended the feudal system in Katranjiev. Those powers were to be delegated to the legislatures of both the country and duchy, including a 150-seat National Assembly, thus requiring a census every 10 years in a year ending with a zero. Thus, the first PM, Dragan Tsankov was elected on a non-partisan platform. Under Tsankov's rule, he expanded compulsory education from Kindergarten to Grade 8 and modelled it closely on the Luziycan system. He was re-elected in 1890, and the economy remained prosperous, thus resulting in his re-election in 1895.

However, Tsankov died in 1896 from tubercolosis, and elections were held. Those elections saw Miro Karapetrov of the Conservatives win. Under his brief time in office, he formally supported Luziyca in the Namo-Luziycan War and mended ties with Luziyca. However, Miro Karapetrov was arrested and charged on charges of homosexuality in 1898. He was removed from office, and was replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Radoslav Mladenov, although the scandal was enough to bring the Conservative government down in 1900, with a vote of no confidence after a controversial budget.

In 1900, PM Leonid Simeonov became PM, the first from the Liberal Party. In 1902, women over the age of 30 were given the vote, and by 1904, Katranjiev was prospering economically. He won the 1905 election, and in 1906, officially permitted "any and all" religions, superseding the Edict of 1523 that outlawed all religions but Rodnewiary and Ahurism. The following year, the earlier road network built by Zhivkov began to be improved to be safe for motor traffic, with the first car officially licensed in 1907, as well as a road linking Desislav with Krasimir, completed in 1909. In 1908, Katranjiev bribed Hào officials in the area immediately to the east of Katranjiev to be placed "under the protection of Katranjiev" due to rumors of an "impending" republican revolution against the Hào dynasty in Namor. In 1910, Simeonov retired from politics and another Liberal candidate won.

In 1910, Yuri Sokolov won, and in 1911, a post office system was officially started. The next year, a welfare system began, and in 1913, he saw living standards rise. However, in 1913, Apostol XIII died of a stroke, and his son, Apostol XIV took power and became the King of Katranjiev. That same year, Katranjiev annexed the far-eastern duchies, and incorporated the area into Katranjiev. Yuri Sokolov improved the economy and during that time, Glodzhevo became a major rival port city to Desislav. By 1914, the region had been completely divided up into duchies.

In April 1915, Grigor Nadezhda of the Conservative party won the election. In 1917, Grigor implemented a free K-12 education system and supported literacy programs for the Katranjian language which he said was "the greatest language that mankind has ever witnessed. If more speak and write in this marvelous tongue, then the world shall be better off."

Grigor Nadezhda won the 1920 election by a landslide, and throughout the early 1920s it became a major trade hub. In 1923, Grigor created a non-partisan civil service. In 1925, Nadezhda retired from politics and another Conservative candidate, Ilarion Boyanov became Prime Minister.

Ilarion Boyanov continued Grigor's policies, and by the late 1920s, oil was first struck in the Gulf of Gelyevich, which resulted in great wealth for Katranjiev. However, he died from a stroke and was succeeded by Samuil Li, who called for snap elections.

Marion Daskalov was elected. While he provided oil and financial support to the allies, and set up defense, he decided to improve the conditions of the poor. Universal healthcare was introduced in 1930, and a public housing program began. However, he was voted out in 1933 for a controversial budget.

The Conservatives won again, with Ognyan Simeonov (son of Leonid Simeonov) becoming the fourth prime minister. Ognyan ceased the expansion of the welfare state, but because of its popularity could not be dismantled. In 1935, he lowered the minimum voting age to 20. This helped Ognyan win a second term in 1938. During his second term, Ognyan sought to rebuild relations with Lecia, and to ensure a "friendly neighbor" policy in a belief that it would prevent Lecia from waging future wars against Katranjiev. To this end, he relaxed restrictions on trade with Lecia, and sought to cooperate with the Lecian monarchy to preserve its grip on power.

However, this policy proved unpopular among the Katranjian majority, and Ogynan lost the 1943 election to the first ethnic Arab Prime Minister, Amir Daherov of the Liberal Party, in a minority government.

Rising tensions

Smoke rises after a terrorist attack in Zukòwò, 1970

Amir Daherov sought to create a "multicultural Katranjiev," saying in 1945 that "my country must be a haven where all people have the right to practice their beliefs and culture freely, without fear of persecution by any group." To this end, Daherov attempted to institute an official policy of multiculturalism. However, this led to a vote of no confidence against Daherov's government by Ognyan Simeon. However, this backfired for Ognyan, as Daherov managed to persuade people of the necessity for a "multicultural Katranjiev," and arguing that this would help benefit Katranjiev's economy.

Thus, with a second term secured, Amir Daherov was able to implement a policy of official multiculturalism in 1945. At the same time, he sought to create a welfare state, with the intention to "integrate all peoples into a melting pot to improve Katranjiev." The establishment of a "cradle-to-grave" welfare state proved popular, allowing him to win a third term in 1950, and a fourth term in 1955. During this time, the national economy grew, and the standard of living rose for most Katranjians.

However, in the late 1950s, separatist movements began emerging in Sekhessia, with two major movements emerging: the left-wing Lecian Liberation Army, which sought to reunite Sekhessia with Lecia, and the right-wing TBD, which sought to establish an independent Sekhessian state based on the principles of Rodnewiary.

While the government initially ignored these movements, following the establishment of the Lecian Workers Republic in 1959, relations between Lecia and Katranjiev quickly chilled, as Katranjiev continued to recognize the Lecian monarchy, and took in around around a hundred thousand refugees. This helped increase tensions between the Katranjian government and the Lecian governments, with relations severed by the summer of 1960.

At this point, Daherov retired from politics, and was succeeded by ethnic Katranjian Vezenko Radulov. Under Vezenko Radulov's tenure, he sought to control the situation in Sekhessia, as he felt that the separatist groups in Sekhessia were a threat to Katranjiev's status as a multicultural country, and also feared that the successes of the revolution in Lecia would inspire separatists to "launch a violent campaign of terror" like in Lecia.

Thus, in 1962, Radulov's government passed the National Security Act which banned all organizations with an "aim to undermine Katranjiev's territorial integrity," and also banned organizations which sought "to promote the interests of one ethnicity to the exclusion of all others" from operating in Katranjiev, with Vezenko Radulov justifying the bans as "necessary to prevent the collapse of the social order in Sekhessia."

This move outraged many Lecs, while TBD and the Lecian Liberation Army began to commit more violent acts, primarily targeting non-Lecs, and institutions associated with the "occupational authorities" of Sekhessia. Thus, it would mark the beginning of The Sorrows, as the situation deteriorated further and further. However, this action helped Radulov secure a second term in 1965. However, in the late 1960s, economic growth slowed due to increasing terrorism, not only in Sekhessia, but in the rest of Katranjiev.

On February 26, 1969, on the tenth anniversary of the end of the Second Lecian Revolution, an attempted coup d'etat was launched against the Katranjian government by various Lecian organizations. Radulov and the Parliament were taken hostage inside the Parliament building in Krasimir, while the royal family barely escaped to Vetovo, thereby beginning the Kan Crisis, named by the fact it started in the month of Kan in the Ahurist calendar. The coalition of Lecs issued two demands to the King: the repeal of the National Security Act of 1962, and the "complete and total independence" of the Sekhessian panhandle.

That evening in Vetovo, King Apostol XIV rejected the demands, stating that "Katranjiev is not a country where violence shall prevail. By using violence against our government and our country, the Lec mobs have forfeited the right to issue demands." Thus, he instituted martial law, suspended the Katranjian constitution, and ordered the Royal Katranjian Armed Forces to "end the crisis by any means possible."

The Lecs responded by executing Prime Minister Radulov, as well as many non-Lec members of the National Assembly representing Sekhessian constituencies. As well, cells in Sekhessia waged attacks against non-Lecs and institutions associated with them and the Katranjian government.

Thus, by the start of March, units of the Royal Katranjian Armed Forces began to restore law and order in Sekhessia, initially prioritizing the ducal capital of Zukòwò, as much of the violence took place within Zukòwò, while other units started to besiege the Parliament Building in Krasimir in an effort to get the hostage-takers to release the hostages. Over the next few weeks, the position of the terrorists weakened, partially due to these efforts made by the Katranjian government, but also because of infighting between factions aligned with Lecia, and factions demanding Sekhessian independence as a "Rodnewiarist state."

The Kan Crisis came to an end on March 22, 1969, when a daring raid by commandos from the Royal Katranjian Army managed to free most of the hostages, while order was restored to Sekhessia, as most of the hideouts of the terrorist organizations were raided and destroyed.

Following the end of the Kan crisis, a national unity government was established on March 24th, 1969, with the King appointing Miloslav Odravsky (Miłosłôw Òdrawski), an ethnic Lec as Prime Minister. Under Odravsky's tenure, he instituted policies which included establishing new processing centers in the Genida Desert where suspected terrorists would be relocated, and new refugees processed to assess whether their claims were legitimate. However, this policy angered many Lecs, while many Katranjians, while supportive of these policies, feared that he would use his position to support terrorists. Thus, during his tenure, he was subject to sixteen assassination attempts.

This contributed to Odravsky's decision to not run in the 1970 elections, combined with his severe unpopularity among huge swaths of the population. Thus, after only fourteen months in office, he was succeeded by Liberal Andrei Cherganski. Odravsky would be murdered in 1971 during an armed robbery.

Following his election in 1970, Cherganski ceased the practice of relocating suspected terrorists to the processing centers, as he feared that it would radicalize the newly-arrived refugees from Lecia into joining these organizations. At the same time, Cherganski sought to restore investor confidence in Katranjiev, stating in 1971 that "the recent instability poses a threat to our economy, and our standard of living." Thus, under Cherganski's first term, he instituted policies such as reducing the size of the welfare state, reducing regulations, and at the same time invested heavily into the Katranjian military and in "developing police forces" to effectively protect businesses and civilians from terrorism.

Cherganski won a second term in 1975, and intended to continue on his policies, but was killed in a car bombing attack in Desislav while en route to address the ducal legislature of Desislav in January 1976. His successor, Deputy Prime Minister Fidan Manev called an election, which was won by Blazhe Hristov.

During Hristov's first term, he continued his predecessor's economic policies. At the same time, he argued that "having a permanent military presence in Sekhessia not only is a drain on the economy, it further cements the notion that we are an occupying power." Thus, Blazhe Hristov sought to reduce Katranjiev's military presence in Sekhessia, without comprising national security.

This helped Katranjiev to receive economic growth, but in 1980, the Recession of 1980 struck Katranjiev, which caused a recession in Katranjiev, and caused the unemployment rate to triple from 2.5% in 1979, to 7.5% in 1980. This greatly affected the economy, as one of the big three banks of Katranjiev, Iztochna Banka declared bankruptcy, and the largest bank, Banka Krasimir, teetering on bankruptcy. Hristov and his government responded by granting bailouts to the major banks of Katranjiev, and passed regulations which would prevent another crisis from arising.

These swift actions helped the unemployment rate to be reduced to 6.2% by 1981, which helped Blazhe Hristov obtain a second term. During his second term, he stabilized the Katranjian financial system, and sought to make Katranjiev be seen as a "safe country" to do business in. However, in 1983, he was forced to retire due to a diagnosis of lung cancer, although by that time, unemployment rate had fallen to 4.5%.

Contemporary era

Prime Minister Paul Grigoryev, 2008

In the 1983 elections, he was succeeded by Andrei Karavelov. Andrei Karavelov continued his predecessor's economic policies. The following year, Katranjiev exited the recession, as the economy had entered a recovery, while unemployment had fallen to around 3.1%. Karavelov sought to increase international cooperation with other countries, especially with Conitia and Nordania, and became interested in the development of what would become the Esquarian Community. At the same time, he continued his predecessor's policies of making Katranjiev a safe country to do business in, while effective policing and counter-terrorist strategies have reduced terrorist attacks from their highs in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

This all contributed to Karavelov securing a second term in 1988. During his second term, he oversaw Katranjiev becoming a member of the Esquarian Community in 1990, having signed the Treaty of the Esquarian Community. At the same time, Andrei Karavelov continued to maintain his economic policies, and began investing in the internet. It would help him win a third term in 1993, but Karavelov died of a heart attack in 1995.

He was succeeded by Iliev Popov, who called a snap general election, but lost to Liberal candidate Paul Grigoryev was elected. Paul increased relations with other nations and increased trade with other countries. The economy kept growing, although it started to slow down. During his first term, he expanded the welfare state, allowing him to win a second term in 2000.

However, on July 21, 2001, Apostol XIV died at the age of 106 from thyroid cancer. His grandson, Apostol XV became King, and it was hailed for being an orderly transition. By 2004, the National Energy Program saw an investment in solar and wind power, reducing their dependence on petroleum in the Gulf of Gelyevich. In 2005, Grigoryev won again, becoming the first Prime Minister to serve three terms in Katranjiev. The NEP continued, and by 2008, 45% of electricity was produced by renewable energy compared to 3% in 2003. In 2010, Grigoryev was voted out of power.

With that, Viktor Kahut was elected from the Conservative Party. (TBC). Kahut called an election in 2014, and was voted out in a general election in May, bringing in Liberal leader Magarit Ogynan as the new Prime Minister, making her the first female Prime Minister in Katranjian history.

In July 2015, Apostol XV died, and was succeeded by his daughter, Elis. She became the first female monarch in nearly three hundred years.

Magarit Ogynan in 2017 introduced the single-transferable vote, and following its passage called a snap election, which saw her party tie with the Conservatives: the Conservative candidate, Elena Magdarov, formed a coalition with the far-right Katranjian Independence Party.

Geography

Zhivkov Beach
Section of beach near Zhivkov at sunset
Mt. Nashtoinik
The peak of Mt. Nashtoinik is 2,954 meters above mean sea level.

Katranjiev is a medium sized-country located in East Borea. It only has around three thousand kilometers of coastline, and as a consequence, only a few major port cities. It has an area of 330,838 square kilometers (127,737.266 square miles), and one of the denser countries in Esquarium with 23,903,392 people living in the country.

The Katranjian landscape can be divided into five regions: the densely populated Nizina plains (Katranjian: Низина) which are home to fertile soils as a result of its location among major river deltas, such as the longest river of the country, the Reka River, and is home to most of the population, with the largest city, Desislav, situated on the Reka delta.

North of the delta, the plains becomes drier and hotter, until it becomes the northern Kretszkebòwo Desert in Sekhessia, with populations largely concentrated along the coast, and the Motlawe River. The Kretszkebòwo Desert is home to significant deposits of bauxite and other aluminum ores.

To the east of the Nizina, are the Frura Mountains (Katranjian: Фрура планина, Frura planina, Arabic: Жибал ал-Васи, Jibal al-Wasi, Lec: Чəпикы, Czëpnéky), with the subranges being the Czëpnéky bordering Lecia to the north, and the Central Frura Mountains to the south, separated only by a mountain pass connecting Krasimir to the southernmost desert. The highest point in Katranjiev is Mount Nashtoinik, at 2,954 meters above sea level, located in the Frura Mountains.

To the south is the Genida Desert (Katranjian: Пустинята Генида, Pustinyata Genida, Arabic: Сахра Жанидаан, Sahra Janidaan). Although it is the least fertile part of the country, the Genida desert is home to an abundance of natural resources, such as phosphate, copper, and iron ore, which has led to an economic boom in the region.

Finally, to the west of the Nizina is Vrakos Island, which forms the entirety of the duchy of Vrakos. While the coasts are fertile, the mountain on the island is rocky, and cannot support agriculture.

Administrative divisions

Katranjiev is divided into twenty-two duchies (Arabic: алдавкия, aldawqia, Katranjian: прапороводство, praporovodstvo), Lec: вѫйевуцтвѫ, wòjewództwò). Prior to 1883 (and especially during the Middle Ages), the Duchies were essentially sovereign ruled by "khertsogs" (dukes), who only paid lip service to the King of Katranjiev, although over the centuries, their powers were reduced as power was centralized. By 1883, the power of the Dukes were reduced to only being ceremonial heads of the duchies, with "tori-ministeri" (premiers, literally second ministers with "purvi ministeri" standing for Prime Minister of Katranjiev or first minister) being heads of the Legislatures (zakonodatelna) and the head of the governing party. They were abolished in 1940, and replaced with communes, based on municipal borders and typical areas, but was restored in 1976 when the Liberationists were brought down.

Today, they are in charge of education, healthcare, sales taxes, additional welfare, and regulations (besides federal regulations). They share concurrent jurisdiction in justice, income taxation, policing, and transportation with the federal government. However, these regulations are not as loose as in Luziyca.

Below the duchies, there are also 1,418 municipalities, with one municipality (Rekagrad) being part of two duchies: Sokolov and Chenov.

Map Duchy Capital Population
Desislav Desislav 6,153,233
Genalzim Bizuwiha 2,941,683
Deyan Chavdar 1,936,507
Sekhessia Zukòwò 1,810,310
Iliev Iliev 1,421,883
Krasimir Krasimir 1,382,933
Sokolov Sokolov 923,211
Slava Tagan 886,600
Durvo y Lovets Predplanina 885,759
Chenov Todorov 828,130
Kamuk Nevyarno 720,281
Talnakh Talnakh 558,291
Solomon Smirnov 545,193
Maritsa Yuzhengrad 530,105
Antoni Igor 475,392
Iztokov Mishigi 454,201
Katran Roga 454,014
Chavdarov Kamen 319,503
Haralambi Evgeni 221,502
Genkov Genkov 153,391
Valeriev Prokhoda 153,207
Vrakos Ashfali 148,163

Infrastructure

Communications

Katranjiev has a modern telecommunications network, with 94.87% of all households having access to the internet as of 2015, with 90.2% of the total population being able to access broadband internet in the same year. In the same year, 95.7% of all residents have access to telephone service, with 84.6% having landline phones, and 92.7% having cell phones, with the government operating a telephone numbering system, with the international dialing code of +59. The largest telecommunications companies and internet service providers include Iztochen telekom, Natsionalen telefon, and Telekomiya i Tzako, with all of them being privately-run.

Postal services in Katranjiev are provided by the Kralska sluzhba za dostavka, which is operated as a crown corporation by the Katranjian government.

Education

A school in Desislav

In Katranjiev, the education system was modelled on the Luziycan education system. While it still follows the general principle, there have been some alterations to the general concept over the years, notably by changing the years in 1953 from "Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2..." to "Year 1, Year 2, Year 3..." to distance itself from Luziycan imperialism. The school year lasts from the first Monday of September to the last Friday of June, though it varies by duchy since they are in charge of education.

It has optional pre-kindergarten for children ages 3 to 5. On the year of the child's fifth birthday, children are required to enter a primary school with what would be Kindergarten in Luziyca being "Year 1." While they vary by duchy, after completing Year 5 (Grade 4), many enter intermediate schools, where they attend until finishing Year 9 (Grade 8). Afterwards, all students enter secondary school. When one turns 16, students can drop out, but most continue until Year 13 (Grade 12), when they take the Royal Academic Test. Those who pass can graduate, but if they fail, they must repeat Year 13.

After graduation, many students go on to university. Some of the most prestigious universities are the Royal University of Krasimir, located in Krasimir.

Healthcare

Katranjian healthcare has, since the early 1940s, been a universal healthcare system under the auspices of the All-Katranjiev Healthcare System, and is traditionally considered to be one of the most robust healthcare systems within Borea. There are 3.3 doctors per 1,000 people, and 5.2 nurses per 1,000 people, as well as 1.1 midwives per 1,000 people. The quality of most hospitals and clinics in Katranjiev are high by Borean standards.

Katranjians are well known for their long lifespans: the average life expectancy as of 2015 is 81.45 years (82.7 years for women, and 80.2 years for men), and is often attributed to their healthy eating habits, a tradition of physical activity, and the pleasant climate, especially in the western duchies.

Transportation

Highway in southern Katranjiev

Katranjiev has 22,000 km of highways and 563,222 km of paved roads altogether within Katranjiev, with the car being the dominant form of transportation in the country. The minimum age to drive in Katranjiev is 16, and all cars registered in Katranjiev must have valid license plates.

However, Katranjiev has a railroad network, with passenger rail services operated by Royal Katranjian Railways, with the most busy line being the "Tsentralna" high-speed rail line from Desislav to Krasimir. Its railroad network connects to Lecia, Mazaristan, and TBC, as well as road links towards these countries. There are also maritime transport, but river transport is generally only used for pleasure cruises, with the most important ferries between between Vrakos and the mainland. Most of the maritime transport for cargo usually is from and to the port of Desislav.

It has Katranjian Airlines as the country's flag carrier, based in Desislav, with its only domestic competitor based in the country being budget airline Mughamara, based in Bizuwiha.

Economy

Train loaded with phosphate at Nechiberi, Genalzim, 2012

Katranjiev's economy is a free market capitalist economy, with almost all of the economy dominated by the private sector. As of 2015, Katranjiev has a Nominal gross domestic product of $746,314,812,465, and a Nominal GDP per capita of $31,222.13, while with purchasing power parity, Katranjiev's total gross domestic product is at $802,876,452,819, while its GDP per capita is at $33,588.39.

Thirty-one percent of Katranjiev's economy is based off of the extraction of natural resources, primarily phosphate, iron ore, and copper from the Genida Desert, bauxite and other aluminum ores from Sekhessia, and petroleum and natural gas off the coast of the duchies of Katran, Solomon, and Durvo y Lovets. Major Katranjian companies involved in the extraction of resources include Sestri, and the Zaliva Neftnaya Kompaniya for petroleum and natural gas production, Genida fosfat for phosphate production, and Med i zhelyazo i Darwishi for the production of both copper and iron.

Another thirty-one percent of the Katranjian economy is due to its financial sector, with the three largest commercial banks and investment banks in the country being Banka Krasimir, Turgovska Banka, and the Nova Iztochna banka.

Twenty-nine percent of the Katranjian economy derives from other service sectors, with the largest sectors within the service sector being tourism, information technology, and fast foods. Tourism to Katranjiev alone is said to make up around 12%-15% of the Katranjian economy, with the most popular tourist destinations generally the beaches of Katranjiev, which has benefited hotel chains such as Yurgan. Information technology has been developed since the 1990s, with Desislav becoming a major technological hub. Fast food has contributed to the Katranjian economy, with Frederick's Fries being established and based in Desislav. Other areas, such as healthcare, make up less than 5% of the total economy.

Seven percent of the Katranjian economy is based off of manufacturing, which historically was a major portion of the economy, having peaked at around 60% of the total economy in 1952, before declining. Nowadays, most manufacturing is to produce equipment relating to resource extraction, either to be able to extract more resources, or to transport resources to their destinations.

The remaining two percent of the Katranjian economy is based off of agriculture. While it is a major producer of grapes and tobacco, with grapes being processed into Katranjian wines, with most of them for export, as well as most tobacco in particular being exported to other countries, most agricultural production is grains for domestic consumption.

Demographics

Largest cities

As of the 2015 census, Katranjiev has an urbanization rate of around ninety percent of the population, with 21,513,052 reporting to live in an urbanized area, defined as having at least 3,000 people, and with a minimum density of no lower than 300 persons per square kilometer.

As of the 2015 census, 7,766,687 people, or about 32.5% of the total population, live in the Desislav metropolitan area consisting of many cities, spanning parts of the duchies of Solomon, Slava, Deyan, Desislav, and Antoni.

The second largest metropolitan area is Bizuwiha, with 2,619,148 people, or 10.9% of the population living in the duchies of Genalzim, Chavdarov, and Kamuk.

The third largest metropolitan area of Katranjiev is Krasimir, with 2,470,566 people, or about 10.3% of the population living in an area spanning the duchies of Krasimir, Iliev, Genkov, and Chavdarov.

Thus, the top three metropolitan areas alone make up 53.7% of the total population, with 12,856,401 inhabiting the three areas.

Ethnic groups

Katranjiev is widely considered to be a multicultural country. As of the 2015 census, it has 23,903,392 people residing in its sixteen duchies, with 11,425,821 people (47.8% of the population) identifying as ethnic Katranjian, 8,573,433 (35.9% of the total population) identifying as Arabs, of which 857,811 are refugees or descendants of refugees from Mazaristan as a result of the ongoing Mazari Civil War, and 2,446,031 (10.2%) identifying as Lecs, of which 1,223,007 are either refugees or descended from refugees who fled Lecia following the creation of the Lecian Workers Republic.

1,458,107 (6.1%) are of other ethnic groups, with the largest immigrant groups in Katranjiev being Zesymnians, and Razarians.

Religion

Religiously, 8,844,255 people (37%) are Ahurists, followed by 8,127,153 people (34%) following Irfan. 1,912,271 people (8%) follow Rodnéwiary, and 1,673,237 people (7%) follow other religions, mainly TBC, TBC, and TBC. 14% of the national population are either agnostic or atheists, officially considered irreligious by the government.

Languages

The three official languages in Katranjiev are Katranjian, Arabic and Lec, all written in the Cyrilic alphabet.

Katranjian and Lec are both part of the Slavic language family, with Katranjian generally used in the western regions, while Lec is spoken in Sekhessia and northern Antoni.

Arabic is part of the Semitic language family, with the local dialect being related to Mazari Arabic, although due to its rule by Katranjians, it has absorbed a lot of Katranjian loanwords, and is generally written in the Cyrillic alphabet.

Politics

Monarchy

Katranjiev is a constitutional monarchy, having been governed by the House of Desislav continuously from 1273, with a few exceptions due to usurpers claiming the Katranjian throne. Since 2015, the current monarch has been Elis of Katranjiev, following the death of her father, Apostol XV on the 14th anniversary of the start of his reign from thyroid cancer.

The Katranjian Constitution forbids the monarch from proposing laws and/or decrees that have an "impact on the day to day operations of the country," except succession law, which the monarch is the only person to issue legislation regarding the succession law of the Katranjian royal family. Thus, the monarch is a figurehead, and is expected to serve as a representative of the nation. While the monarch of Katranjiev can refuse to grant assent to legislation, it is rare, and is only expected to be done in circumstances where there is an "imminent threat" to the democratic traditions of the country.

Legislature

File:NCKat.png
Composition of seats in the National Assembly as of the 2014 election

As a constitutional monarchy, Katranjiev has a unicameral legislature, the National Assembly.

From 1884 until 1981, it had a bicameral legislature known as the Parliament, comprising of the Royal Assembly, which functioned as an upper chamber, and the aforementioned National Assembly, which served as the lower chamber, but it was abolished via a constitutional amendment in 1977, which took effect in 1981.

Until 2017, Katranjiev used first past the post, but due to heavy demand by the populace, the government adopted single-transferable vote using the Hare quota.

The current Katranjian Prime Minister is Elena Magdarov of the Conservative Party of Katranjiev, who was elected in 2017 via single-transferable vote, and governs in a coalition with the Katranjian Independence Party. The official opposition is led by Yasen Dinev of the Liberal Party of Katranjiev.

Other parties, such as the Progressive Party of Katranjiev, The Left, and the Greens have seats in the National Assembly.

Judicial

Traditionally, the Kingdom of Katranjiev followed common law, and its judicial system has followed common law, as outlined in the fourth article of the first chapter of the Constitution of Katranjiev, with a system where summary offenses are tried by the ducal courts, indictable offense by federal courts, and hybrid offenses by both courts.

Policing is served by the ducal police forces, though the Ministry of Defense helps coordinate the police forces, and is in charge of counterterrorism units throughout the country.

Military

Soldiers practicing their skills in Sekhessia, 2011

The Royal Katranjian Armed Forces are divided into four branches: the Royal Katranjian Army, the Royal Katranjian Navy, the Royal Katranjian Air Force, and the Royal Katranjian Gendarmerie.

As of 2015, the Royal Katranjian Armed Forces only has 83,319 active members, with 166,638 reservists. Of the active members, 40,612 are part of the Gendarmerie, who primarily focus on counterterrorism, but also on stopping smuggling and trafficking. 32,173 active duty soldiers are part of the army, whose primary role is to not only deter invasions, but to also deal with crisis management, and participate in humanitarian missions. 6,527 active-duty members are part of the Katranjian Air Force, which mostly focuses on patrolling Katranjian airspace. The smallest branch of the Armed Forces, the Navy, only has 4,107 active duty members, with most of them patrolling Katranjian waters to deter Lecia from infringing on Katranjian waters, and is a brown-water navy.

Culture

Literature

Traditional Katranjian literature is generally steeped in epics and adventures. Only the 1700s did other topics begin to be more common, particularly political and religious pamphlets, which were spread by figures such as Zvezdelin Romanov and Habib ibn Abdallah.

From the 1930s to the 1970s, the Golden Age of Katranjian Literature saw a rise in romance, action and science fiction, as well as a renaissance in adventures and political books. Popular authors from this period included Varban Pramatarov, Ralitsa Ganeva, Ashraf Khaledov, and Kasper Gùrka.

Between the 1970s and the mid-2000s, the tastes of Katranjian readers changed, with escapist fiction becoming a predominant aspect of contemporary Katranjian literature, with thriller and spy novels becoming more popular. Popular authors from this period included Trayko Vasilev, Devesil Branimirov, Nazhima Zhelyaskova, Hanif Osmanov, and Manar Anwarov.

Since the mid-2000s, escapist fiction has declined in popularity, with apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction and tragicomedies becoming incredibly popular among the population.

Media

Katranjiev due to multiculturalism has a diverse media. The primary television network is the state-run KTV, which broadcasts in Arabic, Katranjian, and Lec. The government also operates Katranjian National Radio in these three languages.

The three major national newspapers are Slevdovatel (Katranjian), Al-Rasul (Arabic), and Sëchesczi pòczta (Lec). All three of the national newspapers are broadsheets. In addition, there are twenty-six other newspapers operating locally and only serving a given region. Tabloids have a rather poor reputation.

Sports

Golkolka, 2003

The three most popular sports in the nation are cycling, association football, and rugby union.

The Golkolka is a major cycling race held in the country, having been held continuously since 1909. It is not to the same calibre as the Grand Tours in Esquarium, but is often considered to be one of the major cycling competitions in the region, and one of the few major cycling competitions on the professional level where both men and women can compete side by side. Amateur cycling competitions are popular in the country.

Football is a major sport, with many professional clubs existing in the Royal Katranjian Football League, with the Premier League home to the best teams in the nation. Amateur clubs are popular, and can be found in nearly every town in the country.

The third most popular sport is rugby union, introduced by Auregans in the late 19th century. Known locally as poletopka (полетопка), many professional clubs exist in the Katranjian Poletopka League.

Cuisine

Katranjian yogurt

Katranjiev's cuisine has had quite a lot of influence, due to it being at the crossroads of Arab and Slavic cultures. Major foods that are popular nationally is the kiselo milyako, and kebabs. In the east, traditional Arabic foods such as kuzi, falafels, and guzodabo are widely consumed, while in the west, pita and baklava are heavily consumed. In the north, Lecian cuisine is widely consumed.

A common dessert consumed nationally is Garash cake, though lokum is especially common. Since the early 1900s, Katranjiev has had a high reputation for their sweets, especially chocolate, with one of the highest consumption rates of chocolate per year.

A beverage symbolic of Katranjiev is Chavdarov wine, usually consumed on special occasions such as weddings and birthdays, but in general, wine consumption is more common in the south than in the northern parts of the country, where beer is consumed.

However, with substantial immigration from West Borea and Aurega, foods such as podvarak have caught on among Katranjians.

Holidays

Below are a list of national holidays, often referred to as "statutory holidays."

Name Date Description
New Year's Day January 1 Celebrates the start of the new year
Dôwacka February 19 Celebrates the salvation of the Lecs from starvation
Ahurist New Year March 21 Celebration of the start of spring and start of the Ahurist year
Dzén Stwòrzenia April 14 Traditional Lecian new year
St. George's Day April 23 Feast day of patron saint St. George, considered to be national day
May Day May 1 Celebrates the achievements of laborers
Dzén Przëbëwac May 2 Celebrates the arrival of the Lecs
Den i plodorodieto June 21 Celebrates the start of summer
Memorial Day July 12 Commemorates the war dead in all wars fought by Katranjiev, held on the anniversary of the end of the Katranjian-Lec War in 1877
Dzén Pokuti August 10 Commemorates the repentance of the schismatics
Queen's Birthday August 26 Celebrates birthday of the Queen
Dzén Przëmierza September 7 Commemorates the covenant between Rzékobòg, Chief Bògùsłôw I, and the Lec people
Den i zhutvata September 21 Harvest festival and celebration of the start of autumn
Den i vsichki dushi October 25 Commemorates the dead
New Year's Eve December 31 Celebrates the end of the old year