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The Democratic Republic of Layfet
Motto: A republica pro populous
(Latin: a republic for its people)
Anthem: Tribute to the Republic
Location of Layfet within Ventismar indicated with red circle, Layfet's territories are boxed in red
|Official languages||None at Federal Level|
|Recognised national languages||Layfetian English, Layfetian French, and Golwynian French|
|Government||federal constitutional republic|
• Executive Minister
• Deputy Executive Minister
|Fraiser K. Krane|
• Speaker of the House
|Rodrigo L. Lane-Bravo|
• Chief Justice
|John D. Mallory|
|House of Representatives|
from the Federal Kingdom of Capsland
|5 November 1717|
|1 October 1723|
|9 April 1948|
|22 May 1964|
|28,311 km2 (10,931 sq mi)|
• 2017 estimate
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Albionian Time ABT)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+1 (Daylight Spending Time Observed)|
|Layfetian Territories do not follow DST|
|Driving side||the right|
|ISO 3166 code||LAY|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography and Climate
- 3 History
- 3.1 Prehistoric Layfet
- 3.2 Avadian Period
- 3.3 Garddrin Conquests
- 3.4 Early Goldwynian Period
- 3.5 Late Goldwynian Period
- 3.6 Middle Ages
- 3.7 Age of Reformation and Further Capslandian Rule
- 3.8 Cappo-Linden Union and Independence
- 3.9 The New Republic
- 3.10 Enlightenment and Layfet's Silver Age
- 3.11 Layfet's Golden Period and Imperialism
- 3.12 The Rhodeve Collapse
- 3.13 Progressive Layfet
- 3.14 The Industrial Revolution
- 3.15 Turn of the Century
- 3.16 Occupation and the World Wars
- 3.17 The Layfetian Civil War
- 4 =Reconstruction
- 5 Geography, climate, and environment
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Government and politics
- 8 Law enforcement and crime
- 9 Economy
- 10 Science and technology
- 11 Infrastructure
- 12 Culture
- 13 See also
Geography and Climate
Early Goldwynian Period
Late Goldwynian Period
Age of Reformation and Further Capslandian Rule
Cappo-Linden Union and Independence
The New Republic
Enlightenment and Layfet's Silver Age
Layfet's Golden Period and Imperialism
The Rhodeve Collapse
The Industrial Revolution
Turn of the Century
Occupation and the World Wars
The Layfetian Civil War
The Cold War
Entering the World Stage
The Libfray, the VU and Contemporary Layfet
Geography, climate, and environment
Government and politics
Parties and elections
Law enforcement and crime
Income, poverty and wealth
Science and technology
The Layfetian energy market is one of the smallest in the world, however it is also one of the fastest growing and emerging markets due to rapid increased demand in the last few years. In 2005, 40% of this energy came from hydroelectric power, 23% from oil, and 22% from coal. The remainder was supplied by all other energy sources. 60% of the Layfetian Energy Market is controlled by foreign energy companies and states, with the majority coming from the Ventismarian Union and Kiez. Layfet imports 100% of its petroleum, as such the burden on the consumer is subsidized by the government. As of 2019, Layfet imports 38% of its oil from Kiez, 34% from Rhodevus, 14% from Rezua, 7% from Ophioneus, and 7% from the Ventismarian Union. For decades, nuclear power has played a limited role relative to many other developed countries, in part because of public perception, however in 2015, several applications for new nuclear plants were filed to reduce Layfetian dependence on foreign powers. Layfet's global contribution to climate change was less than 2% as of 2018.
Water supply and sanitation
Issues that affect water supply in Layfet include water scarcity and pollution. While access to water is view as a fundamental right thanks to the Water Rights Act of 1967, several regulations are in place to protect Layfet's small amount of natural fresh water sources. Pollution of these sources are not an issue thanks to Layfetian infrastructure that encourages water recycling and cleaning, however, vast amounts of pollutants find themselves in the Lutetian Ocean and the Capslandian Sea.Increased variability and intensity of rainfall as a result of climate change is expected to produce droughts for the first time in Layfet, with potentially serious consequences for water supply and for pollution.
Layfet is home to many cultures and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values due in part to being at "the gateway" to Ventismar, being conquered and influenced by several states, colonial ambitions, and massive immigration from all parts of the world. Mainstream Layfetian culture is a Western culture largely derived from the traditions of Ventismarian immigrants and Capsland in particular. More recent immigration from Corentia and especially Ophion has added to a cultural mix. Core American culture was established by Capslandian settlers shaped by the frontier settlement process, with the traits derived passed down to descendants and transmitted to immigrants through assimilation. Layfetians have traditionally been characterized by a strong work ethic, compassion, and individualism within unity, including a unifying belief in equality for all. Layfetians also tend to emphasize liberty, equality, collective property, democracy, rule of law, and justice.
Layfetian cuisine is the heritage of cooking traditions, practices, and dishes that has its routes in Ventismar and Rhodevus. Although Capsland has arguably the largest influence that make up much of Layfet's rich indigenous culinary traditions, strong influences have come from other parts of the world and have been absorbed into mainstream Layfetian food culture. Due to Layfet's geographical separation however, local unique dishes have risen, mostly notable ceviche (composed of chunks of raw sea bass, marinated in freshly squeezed key lime or bitter orange juice, with sliced onions, chili peppers, salt and pepper.), which was created by the ancient Avadian Civilization and carried over into the small Layfetian states and eventually Goldwyn and Capsland. Ceviche has widespread international appeal today.
In medieval times Layfetian agriculture and animal breeding produced a wide variety of food to local villages, however the people of the Goldwynian Archipelago mostly relied on fish, preparing it in many ways like ceviche. Capslandian practices like meat and savoury herb stewing techniques migrated to the archipelago before the practice became common in Ventismar. After its independence and increase in trade with Rhodevus, many of its cooking traditions seeped into Layfetian cooking, transforming it into a unique pallet more distant from that of Capsland. The famous chef Antone Deckard experimented heavily during this time, leading to the creation of Pisco, a unique Layfetian brandy. Wheat is the primary cereal grain with about three-quarters of grain products made of wheat flour and many dishes use ingredients homegrown such as turkey, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, among others.
Well-known traditional Layfetian dishes include full breakfast, sandwhiches and wraps, the Christmas dinner, roast, steak, shepherd's pie, and among other things like fried chicken, pizza, rice dishes, salad, fish. People in Layfet, however, eat a wide variety of foods based on the cuisines of other parts of the world.
It remains unknown if the ancient Avadian civilization had a writing system as none of the surviving pieces from that era have any indications of primitive writing or symbols. However, research is still being done and archaeologists are hopeful that more evidence can be found.
Distinct Goldwynian Archipelago/Layfetian Island literature can be traced back to the Middle Ages with the works of writers such as Walter Wallers and Edmond Indelson. Well-known authors from the island from then until the 17th century include include John Allans, Fred Scrilliens, David Latgate and Arthur Milson. The collections of island folk tales published by the Milson became widespread following the Goldwynian conquests. Brendan Fassride gathered and codified various works from all over the islands at the point and translated them into French, grounding them in history and making them more available. General English and French Work, a dictionary and reference guide, was published in 1438. It later inspired the Goldwynian Archipelago General Almanac, first published in 1475 and the Goldwynian Archipelago Collection of Various Works, first published in 1479. The GAGA was discontinued in 1710, but the GACVW, now over 450 volumes, continues to be updated every 10 years. Influential authors of the 17th century include Kennith Mann, Thomas Hearse, Theodore Alheimer, George Cons, and Paul Prods, many of which included more folk tales an non-fiction works. The West Golwyn Book Fair (now the New Goldwynian Book Fair) is one of the most important in the world for international deals and trading, with a tradition spanning over 325 years. The Epinay Book Fair also retains a major position in Ventismar.
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, Layfetian literature continued to take most of its cues from Capsland, however writers such as Nathaniel Brisbane, Sally Fairfax, Brendan Spencers, and Quinn Westerns established a distinctive Layfetian literary voice. Alexandre Vane, Sara Hannes, and Emily Beard established themselves as Layfet's most distinct early poets. Gustave Bachelot, Claude Geiger, and Clara LaRue, Joshua Lawerence, and Norbert Blanchet became major figures in the century's second half. Natalie Dembélé and Fabien Cuvillier, virtually unknown during their lifetimes, are now recognized as an essential Layfetian authors. In the 20th century, Evelyn Hall and Jonas Ashford dominated the literature scene. Today, famous authors include Kaden Smith, Lorzeno Forroa, George McKinson, Alexis Tallmadge, and Carla Marchal.
Some of Layfet's most famous works other then those already mentioned include The Layers (1374), Spice of the Ages (1410), On the Peculiarity of Heavenly Objects (1438), The Interpretations of the World's Systems (1542), Exploring and Colonial Aspirations (1550), The travels of John Nordi (1685), Tribute (1714), Edidnac (1745), The Ghost of the Past Ages (1787), Nina's Legend (1814), The Count of Monne Criso (1845), The Iron Warrior (1864), The Great Man (1888), At the Trade (1899), The Fair at Layfet City (1910), Basic Trust (1955), The Adventures of the Last Vigilante (1974), Law's Last Stand (1981) and Into the Holy Grail (1990).
The architecture of the Layfet, or West Goldwyn Style architecture, consists of an eclectic combination of architectural styles, ranging from those that predate the creation of the Layfet stemming from the various architecture styles of Albionian states like Capsland and Goldwyn as well as Rhodeve, Keizian, and Libriran architecture later in the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries. This includes much later styles like 21st century contemporary and neo-classical Ventismarian though Capslandian styles has remained the most influential. Each island fosters unique spins to styles and playing roles in how the overall style of Layfetian architecture looks like. Although there are prehistoric and classical structures still in Layfet dating back to the Avadian civilization, modern Layfetian architectural history effectively began with the first Goldwynian settlements in the mid 600s, and later in the 1100s when Capslandian settlers moved on the islands.
Throughout Layfet, secular architecture has dominated most buildings, except for those of Cataland, which invented unique religious symbolism into their buildings. Layfet also "borrows" many specific styles for specific buildings, one such example being the Department of Education building, which is modeled after the Kohharuese National Assembly Building. Beyond Layfet, the influence of mixed-Layfetian architecture is particularly strong in Anthros Atoll, the Nina Islands, and Desarena. A lesser extent of this influence has spread back to Capsland and the rest of the continent, Rhodevus, Librira, and Kohharu.
Music in Layfet has been traditionally associated with the music of Goldwyn since the mid 800s, however prior to that, Avadian and small Layfetian state traditions played a major role in the music of the time. Avadian traditions of music mixed with several Goldwynian styles which produced the instrument known as Ufla, which was assembled out of wood and rocks. It is still unknown at this time how the instrument was played as the remaining exhibits are incomplete.
After the Capslandian annexation of Goldwyn in 1115, the Avadian hybrid and Goldwynian styles were shunned and Capslandian settlers to Layfet introduced their styles to the island which dominated the musical scene across the islands for the next 500 years. The only noteworthy Goldwynian Archipelago based Composer of this time was Matthieu Gaumont who tried to blend Goldwynian, classical island state, and Capslandian styles in the early 1400s. Gaumont was assassinated by a rival composer Isaac Vaugeois.
Later during the early 1700s, Paul Yvies's work established him as the first major Layfetian composer in the classical tradition, even writing the Layfetian national anthem "Tribute to the Republic" which he was labeled an experimentalist due to his deviance from established classical music at the time. Later during the same century, Jacob Innness and Aster Martin created a distinctive Layfetian approach to classical composition, emanating Yvies. George Baker and Emmanuel Gicquel were later famous Layfetian composers. Viviane Lavigne was a female composer, although she went by the pen-name Benjamin Pasteur created some of the most famous Layfetian works of the early 19th century.
More rhythmic based composers started appearing during the late 19th century, while more modern lyrical music appearing in the Layfet in the early 20th century, with organized musical groups including the Islanders, the River Dreamboats, and the Shiny Girls. Musical development stopped during the occupation and civil war period but reemerged with John Bucky and Avery Rickson, who among other late-1960s pioneers, created Layfetian rock and roll. Rock bands such as the Spice, the Revolutionaries, and Warrior Tag are among the highest grossing Layfetian bands worldwide. In the 1970s, Edgar Harper developed Layfetian funk.
More recent Layfetian creations include developments in hip hop and neo-rock music with modern pop stars being Yulis Keys, Miranda Larousse, Alex Peterson, Halle Gene, Wallace Arthurs, and Quinn Levitt. William Gerichs, Treyson Bauchs, Maximilian Hunter are Layfet's most well known modern composers each having classical compositions and experience in film scoring.
Theater and Visual Art
Theater in Layfet dates back to classical Ventismarian theatrical tradition of antiquity, as both Goldwynian and Capslandian traditions had. However following Layfet's independence, Layfet eagerly tried to move in a different direction when it came to theater, often adopting more spectacle and non-liner plays and performances until the late 1800s when it returned it its Capslandian routes. Layfet's theater is still heavily influenced by the Capslandian theater standards and tradition, with most productions outside of Layfet coming from Capsland followed by the rest of Ventismar. The hub of the Layfetian theater scene is Nordipolica with its high theater divisions being called Topline. Many movie and television stars got their big break working in Topline productions. Outside Nordipolica, many cities like Layfet City and Estherton have professional regional or resident theater companies that produce their own seasons, with some works being produced regionally with hopes of eventually moving to Topline. Layfet (although notably the state of New Goldwynia) theater also has an active community theater culture, which relies mainly on local volunteers who may not be actively pursuing a theatrical career.
Many notable theater works of Layfet include Lost in the Stars of Your Eyes (1756), Our Independence (1789), Astonishment and Reconciliation (1801), Big Day in Little Wilsontown (1812), Ode to my Bankers (1863), Strife (1889), Deal with the Caps (1963), Bloodshed at Home (1970), The First Christmas (1971), and Spectral Wives (1973). Notable theater actors include David Links, Treyson McMeer, Sarah Wotton, Ashley Connersfield, Ethan Hunt, Victoria Hills, and Marcus Taylor.
It is known that the ancient Avadian civilization had something resembling Paleo-Ventismarian theater-esque scenes, but not much detail is known.
In the visual arts, Layfetian painters like Albert Sanders and Timothy Hémery were important figures of the arts during the Ventismarian Renaissance with other figures like Peter Dane, Alfred Wathelet, and Juliette Bombelles making important contributions to Layfetian art history at that time. The Oceansaido Art Institute was a mid-19th-century movement in the tradition of Ventismarian naturalism and impressionism. The realist paintings of Jérémy Rousselot are now widely celebrated. Georgia O'Hare, Madison Newman, and others experimented with new, individualistic styles and led major artistic movements. Abstract expressionism was brought to Layfet with Vincent Amerian. Photography is also a major art form, with photographers like Hannah Johnson, Alan Dumont, Nathan Prendergast, and Kevin Spitfore being famous pioneers of the industry. Choreographers Issac Duncan and Liliane Vérany helped create modern Layfetian dance, while Emily Renz and Noel Pleimelding leading in ballet.
Oceansaido, a suburb of Tonnes is one the home of Layfetian motion picture production with most of Layfetian film studios in the city. The first film that came out of Layfet was Memories of the Boy on the Water (1935), after-which films depicting the history of Layfet became popular. The first fictional Layfetian film was Riders from the Sand Word (1938). Following Layfetian occupation and the civil war, Layfet's film production has exploded and while Layfetian films are not as worldwide as others, some films tend to do well international like The Final Legend (1970), Where I End (1974), Encom (1981), Back from the Past (1985), The Next Crime (1990), Revenge (1998), X (2000) and Nina (2018). The Layfetian public tends however to import more movies from Ventismar and Rhodevus then it consumes its own films. Layfet major film studios include Ocean Productions, 42 Studios, and Griffen Entertainment. Directors like William Franz-Graft and Austin Procter are Layfet's most famous directors.
Layfet's most famous actors in film of all time include John Wilbert, Ashley LaRue, Gabe Marcotte, Daniel Lawrence, Bill Tedson, Alex Calavichi, Scott Beccket, Stephan Issac, Hannah Demie, and Josh Cole.
All Layfetian films ever made are stored at the Layfetian Film Archive as part of the National Archive in Nordipolica.
Football is by several measures the most popular spectator sport in the country. It has two leagues - The LayLeague which covers professional football and the UniLeague which cover college football. Both Leagues are administered together by the International Sunalayan Football Association's regional Layfetian branch. Tennis has also been regarded as a national sport since the late 19th century, followed by ice hockey and basketball, each with their own professional and college leagues.These four major sports, when played professionally, each occupy a season at different but overlapping, times of the year.
In regards to the ISFA, Layfet is considered its founding member, winning several Men's and Women's World Cups since 1888. Layfet also currently hosts the ISFA's headquarters in Tonnes and the vast majority of the ISFA's employees are Layfetian. The Layfetian Women's Football Team is regarded as the best in the world since Layfet hosted and won the 2018 Women's World Cup. Layfet also hosted the 2018 Men's World Cup marking the first time any country has hosted both versions of the World Cup since Layfet did so before in 1888.
Layfet has never hosted any Sunalmpyic Games but is putting in a bid for the 2022 Winter Sunalympics, and as of 2019 Layfet has won less then 300 gold, silver, and bronze medals. Layfet also has a high participation in Motorsport including Rallycross and Autocross from both individuals and Corporations in which Layfet, behind Belantica, which has won the most World Motorsport Competitions.
The three major broadcasters in Layfet are the National Broadcasting Service (NBCS), Epinay Broadcasting Service (EBS), and the Islands Braodcasting Service (IBS) They are all commercial entities with mixed private and public ownership offering hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches from all over the world but the majority of which come from Capsland and Layfet itself. Layfetians also listen to radio programming, also largely commercial, on average just over three hours a day.
As of 2018, Layfet has radio stations had grown to 30 AM stations and 85 FM stations with 10 public radio stations. Most of these public stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by public funds. Much public-radio broadcasting is supplied by Layfetian Public Radio (LPR) its television counterpart being Layfetian Public Television (LPT), both created from the Public Radio and Television Act of 1971. In eastern Epinay, Capslandian radio broadcasting can sometimes be picked up and interfere with Layfetian radio broadcasting, in response the Epinay-Goldwyn Radio Commission was set up in 1971 to resolve these issues, with varying degrees of success.
Well-known newspapers include The Nordipolica Post, The Tonnes Times, and Layfet City Journal with hundreds of smaller newspaper entities across the islands. Major cities may also support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, and papers for local ethnic and social groups. In 1968, Nerdman, the comic book superhero of Island Comics, developed into an icon. Aside from web portals and search engines, the most popular websites are FacePage, YouView, IIWikipedia, eBuy, Amabuy, and Nwitter with the most popular apps being Flimflix, Photogram, and Snaplook.