Layfet

The Democractic Republic of Layfet

Flag of Layfet
Flag
Great Seal of Layfet
Great Seal
Motto: A republica pro populous
(Latin: A republic for its people)
Layfet, with its major roads and areas marked
Layfet, with its major roads and areas marked
CapitalTonnes
Largest cityAlexandria
Recognised national languagesEnglish, Spanish
Recognised regional languagesFrench, Hogganese, Kental, Koharuese
Demonym(s)Layfetian
Government
Spencer Hastings (U)
• Deputy Executive Minister
Francisco Lascano-Bravo (U)
• Speaker of the House
Debbie Collings (U)
• President of the Senate
Erick Smith (U)
• Chief Justice
Esther Rodriguez
Legislaturebicameral
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence 
from the West-Protisean Trade Company,  Kentalis
• Declaration
August 14th, 1718
• Constitution
October 10th, 1724
• Fragmentation
April 9th, 1948
• Restoration
June 19th, 1964
Area
• Total
536,441 km2 (207,121 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 estimate
10,846,200
HDI (2015)0.949
very high
CurrencyLibfray (LIB)
Time zoneUTC+9
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sidethe right
Calling code+042
ISO 3166 codeLAY
Internet TLD.lay

The Democratic Republic of Layfet (DRL), commonly known as Layfet or the Layfetian Republic, is a country located in Meredonne. It consists of seven states, two self-governing districts, and five domestic-dependent nations (native reservations). It is considered a medium sized country at over 207,000 square miles and has a population of nearly 11 million. The capital and largest city is Tonnes.

The ancient Avadian civilization ruled Layfet from antiquity until around the mid-1500s when trade merchants, explores, pirates, and other groups migrated from across Anteria to the area which eventually led collapse the of the civilization. The West-Protisean Trade Company of Kentalis then became the dominant organization in the area by 1630 and in 1638 formed the Trade Colony of Layfet, along with three other trade colonies which it ruled until these colonial citizens sought to create their own countries and eventually declared independence and the creation of four new nations. The Democratic Republic of Layfet emerged from the Layfetian Revolution (1718-1724) and began to dramatically reorganize itself to become a full-fledged state and develop its internal social and political affairs. Also during the 18th century, Layfet annexed two former trade colonies Kohharu and the Nina Islands as well as expand into the area now known as the Paisi Strip and became a merchant-naval based economy.

(19th century)

(20th century) (21st century)

Layfet is a federal republic and a representative democracy with three separate branches of government, including a bicameral legislature. It is a founding member of the ICARRUSS, IFA, IHF, WMF, and the International Court. It is also a part of numerous international organizations. It is considered a salad bowl of various different ethnic groups due in part because of its history of trade, immigration, and acceptance of other cultures. Layfet has also been described as a the "Hub of Diplomacy" for its impressive marks on world affairs and its generally peaceful foreign policy. The nation ranks high in international measures of economic freedom, reduced levels of perceived corruption, quality of life, quality of higher education, and human rights. It is a developed country, and continuously ranks high in measures of socioeconomic performance.

Etymology

The first known use of the name "Layfet" dates back to 1595, when it appeared on a West-Protisean Trade Company map that showed the name on what's now called the Avadian Peninsula. The exact origin of the name is unknown, but the name became common by 1610. A person from Layfet is known as a Layfetian.

History

See History of Layfet

Geography, Climate, and Environment

At over 207,000 square miles (536,127.539 km2), Layfet is considered a medium-sized country and is also of average size. It is located entirely in Meredonne and surrounded by several bodies of water including the Paisi Strait to the east, the Gulf of Layfet as part of the Aestas Sea to the west, Lake Nad to the northwest, and Lake Layfet to the north. Layfet is also surrounded by several nations of varying cultures. Layfet is home to many rivers and lakes, the longest river being the Nordic River (native name: Invii) and the largest lake entirely within Layfet being Merchant Lake (native name: Wamir).

Mount Honko, sitting at 11,753 ft (3,582 m)

Layfet's highest point is at the peak of Mount Honko, while its lowest point is at sea level.

The Keene Wetlands
The Desierto Blanco

Layfet has a mixture of subtropical, sea, sparse temperate, and desert climates where extreme conditions are either rare except during the hurricane season, however due to the effects of climate change, extreme weather is becoming more common. Temperature, historical have normally remain between forty degrees and ninety degrees Fahrenheit. Rain is very frequent in all seasons, and snow is often rare during winters, even if temperatures are frigid. The geographical latitude of Layfet near the Tropic of Cancer plays a role in its general climate.

Layfet's climate tends to be more dry in the south, particularly in the State of Leonom, which contains the largest desert in the country called the Desierto Blanco (english: The White Desert)

Climate data for Tonnes (1996–2016 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
28.6
(83.5)
32.0
(89.6)
25.6
(78.1)
30.4
(86.7)
29.0
(84.2)
31.0
(87.8)
27.0
(80.6)
29.0
(84.2)
27.0
(80.6)
29.3
(84.7)
29.0
(84.2)
33.0
(91.4)
Average high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70)
21.5
(70.7)
22.2
(72)
22.3
(72.1)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
15.6
(60.1)
15.5
(59.9)
15.6
(60.1)
15.6
(60.1)
15.5
(59.9)
15.5
(59.9)
15.9
(60.6)
15.9
(60.6)
15.7
(60.3)
15.5
(59.9)
15.5
(59.9)
15.6
(60.1)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
10.1
(50.2)
10.1
(50.2)
10.2
(50.4)
10.1
(50.2)
9.8
(49.6)
9.4
(48.9)
9.6
(49.3)
9.4
(48.9)
9.5
(49.1)
9.6
(49.3)
9.7
(49.5)
9.8
(49.6)
Record low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.7
(40.5)
5.1
(41.2)
5.3
(41.5)
2.5
(36.5)
3.0
(37.4)
3.0
(37.4)
2.2
(36)
3.4
(38.1)
4.2
(39.6)
2.5
(36.5)
2.5
(36.5)
2.2
(36)
Precipitation mm (inches) 82.5
(3.248)
111.0
(4.37)
146.6
(5.772)
171.2
(6.74)
105.5
(4.154)
39.5
(1.555)
21.5
(0.846)
27.7
(1.091)
68.9
(2.713)
114.9
(4.524)
108.5
(4.272)
100.4
(3.953)
1,098.2
(43.236)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10 11 15 15 13 7 5 5 11 14 11 11 128
Mean monthly sunshine hours 197 140 122 136 164 189 249 256 196 177 197 215 2,238
Source: info.lay/en/weather/tonnesclimate
The Layfetian Sea Eagle

Wildlife and conservation

Layfet is a highly diverse country containing a fair amount of native species: about 2,700 species of vascular plants and more than 560 species of flowering plants. Layfet is also home to 98 unique mammal species, 56 unique bird species, 145 unique reptile species, and 60 unique amphibian species, as well as about 15,000 unique insect species.

There are 17 national parks and over 200 other federal, state, and city managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas. Altogether, the government owns about 50% of the country's total land area, mostly in the northeast and south. Most of this land is protected, though some is leased for oil and gas drilling, mining, logging, or cattle ranching, and about .20% is used for military purposes. Most of this land falls under the jurisdiction of either the Land Management Bureau, National and Federal Park Bureau, or the Land Conservation Service, all under the Department of the Interior.

Environmental issues include debates on how to tackle climate change, dealing with pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation. Layfet has entered into numerous climate agreements with various other countries.

Demographics

Population

The National Census Bureau officially estimated the country's population to be 10,846,200 as of July 1, 2020.

Language

English (specifically, Layfet English) and Spanish (specifically, Layfet Spanish) are the de facto national languages of the nation. Although there is no official language at the federal level, however English and Spanish along with French, Hogganese, Kental, and Koharuese all have been recognized as regional languages. English and Spanish are spoken across the nation, however English tends to be more prominent along the west, northwest, and northeast, Spanish in the south, Kohharu in the north, Kental in the east and the Paisi Strip, and Hogganese in the Nina Islands. According to the Layfetian Census Bureau, around 68 percent of households spoke only English at home.

The most widely taught foreign languages in Layfets, in terms of enrollment numbers from kindergarten through university undergraduate education in order, are Ereskaneese, German, Russian, Sebric, Kiyortzani, Arabic, Gassasinian and Bisveni.

Religion

There are no mentions of religion in the Layfetian Constitution, instead, freedom to practice any religion is protected by The Freedom of Religion Act of 1725, the very first act passed by the Layfetian Congress.

Layfet is largely irreligious and according the the National Census Bureau, only 11.3% of Layfetians identify themselves as religious, 59.6% identify as atheists, and 29.1% identify as agnostic. Judaism and Hinduism are two religions that have migrated to Layfet from other countries, while Lotu e Faavavau, and Paxism, Selfism originated in Layfet. Of those who are religious, around 43% practice Judaism, 37% practice Hinduism, 12% practice Paxism, 8% practice Selfism, and less than 1% practice Lotu e Faavavau.

The three Layfetian religions have differing origins and beliefs. Lotu e Faavavau is a traditional Hogganese religion, Paxism, when taking its root in Latin translates to "Peace" combines ideas of non-violence, internal peace, and a complex code of rules as a way to achieve self-enlightment and fulfillment. Selfism is the practice that the "self" is the most important being in the universe, due to the threat of Nihilism, so thus only the "self" can determine what is good and what is evil .

Health

The Department of Health and Human Services reported that Layfetians had an average life expectancy at birth of 82.35 years in 2020 (78.3 years for men and 86.4 years for women).

Increasing obesity in Layfet but improvements in health and longevity contributed to the country's static life expectancy. Obesity rates have risen significantly in the last 50 years. Approximately one-fifth of the adult population is obese and an additional fifth is overweight. Obesity-related type 2 diabetes is considered epidemic by health care professionals.

In 2020, coronary artery disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and traffic accidents caused the most years of life lost in Layfet. Low back pain, depression, musculoskeletal disorders, neck pain, and anxiety caused the most years lost to disability. The most harmful risk factors were poor diet, obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, physical inactivity, and alcohol use. Alzheimer's disease, drug abuse, kidney disease, cancer, and falls caused the most additional years of life lost over their age-adjusted 1990 per-capita rates. Layfetian teenage pregnancy and abortion rates are substantially high.

Government-funded health care coverage is available to all citizens.

Education

Public education is operated by state and local governments and regulated by the Department of Education through regulation. In most places, children are required to attend school from the age of six or seven (generally, kindergarten or first grade) until they turn 18 (generally bringing them through twelfth grade, the end of high school); some states allow students to leave school at 16 or 17. Private schools are banned, but just over 6% of children are homeschooled.

Layfet has several higher level institutions including, which include the:
Costa Este College, Costa Este
Higham State University, Higham Junction
Mirvain State University, Tranquility City
Nina Islands District College, Tel'caim
Rahles State University, Clarkson
Twin Cities University, Tonnes
Weneria City College, Weneria
University of Albin, Noridpolica
University of Cartwright, Cartwright
University of Epinay, Port Epinay
University of Kohharu, Kohharu City
University of Leonom, Las Cielo
University of Thentar, Brokeridge
University of Windsor, Windsor
and the flagship, land grant university - the University of Layfet. The University of Layfet is primarily centered in Alexandria, but has extensions across the nation.

Government and Politics

See List of federal agencies in Layfet
See List of Dumb Laws in Layfet

Layfet is a federal republic of seven states, two autonomous districts, and several native land reservations. It is one of the world's oldest surviving federations. It is a federal republic and a representative democracy. In the Layfetian system, citizens are usually subject to three levels of government: federal, state, and local. The local government's duties are commonly split between county/county-equivalents and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district.

The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states and districts. It protects the right to the writ of habeas corpus. The Constitution has only been amended once, with the amendment giving the native nations representation in the Senate as if they acted together as a single state. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided. The principle of judicial review is contained in the Constitution and exercised by the Supreme Court.

The federal government comprises three branches:

Legislative: The quadcamberal Congress, made up of the higher house - the Senate, and the House of Representatives (for the states), the Assembly (for Kohharu), the Council of Charters (for the Nina Islands), together they make federal law, declars war, approve treaties, have the power of the purse, and the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government. Executive: The Executive Minister is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to congressional override), and appoints the members of the Cabinet (subject to Senate approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies. Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the president with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.

The House of Representatives has 325 voting members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among the states by population. Each state then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment. The districts are not subject to laws that originate in the House, instead the districts have their own lower legislative houses who pass bills. These bills are then sent to the Senate.

The Senate has 100 members with each state, district, and the native nations as a whole having 10 senators, elected at-large to five-year terms.

The Executive Minister of Layfet serves a five-year term and may be elected to the office more than once and is elected by direct, popular vote. The Supreme Court, led by the chief justice of Layfet, has nine members, who serve for life.

Political Divisions

The seven states and two districts are the principal political divisions in the country. Each state holds jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory, where it shares sovereignty with the federal government. They are subdivided into counties or county-equivalents and further divided into municipalities. Layfet also observes tribal sovereignty of the native Layfetian nations to a limited degree, as it does with the states' sovereignty. Native Layfetians are citizens and tribal lands are subject to the jurisdiction of Congress and the federal courts. Like the states/districts they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the states/districts, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency. Layfet also has one overseas territory - the Arbiter Islands

States

Flag Name Code Capitol Governor Population
StateofAlbinLayfetFlag.png State of Albin AB Nordipolica Terrance Jones TBA
StateofEpinayLayfetFlag.png State of Epinay EP Weneria Brenda Harris TBA
Higham.PNG State of Higham HG Higham City Michael Peterson TBA
Leonom.png State of Leonom LM Costa Este Rodrigo Leon TBA
StateofMirvainLayfetFlag.png State of Mirvain MV Maracachot Victoria Johnson TBA
StateofRahlesLayfetFlag.jpg State of Rahles RH Layfet City David Swenson TBA
Thentar.PNG State of Thentar TN Kirksville Austin Williams TBA

Districts

Flag Name Code Capitol Leader Population
Flag of Kohharu.png The District of Kohharu KH Kohharu City Prime Minister Moto Horikiri TBA
Flag of the Nina Islands.png The District of the Nina Islands NI Tel'caim President Akaysha Parker 18,727

Domestic-Dependent Naitons

Also called Tribal Lands, Reservations, or Native Nations

Name Code Capitol Leader Members
The Nation of Avadia AV Avadia Chief Pacha TBA
The Republic of Cata CT Cataland President Sanni Ravo TBA
The Tribe of Hogga HG Tel'caim Chief Um'a Na'sa TBA
The Nation of Inavida IV Linamanaro Chief Narocha TBA
The Republic of Natashi NT Natashi Prime Minister Watase Hachigoro TBA
The Lands of the Oharu OH Oharu Chief Ikehata TBA

Cities

Parties and Elections

Layfet has operated under a multi-party system for most of its history but is usually dominated by only two major parties. For elective offices at most levels, state-administered primary elections choose the major party nominees for subsequent general elections. Since the general election of 1839, the major parties have been the Progressive Party, founded in 1837, and the Liberal Party, founded in 1841. In recent years, the Union Party, found in 1984 has seen rising success. Currently, the longest still active party in Layfet is the Conservative Party, which was founded in 1810. Since the end of Civil War, six Executive Minister have been from the Progressive Party while four have been from other parties.

In Layfetian political culture, the Progressive Party is considered to be the "far-left" party, with the Union Party considered to be "left," the Liberal Party being "center-left," the Conservative Party being "center-right," and the Capitalist Party being the "far-right" party.

Unionist Spencer Hastings, the winner of the 2020 ministership election, is serving as the 39th Executive Minister of Layfet.

Makeup of Congress

Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Layfetian government, and is made up of two chambers: the Senate with 100 members, 10 from each state, district, and the domestic-dependent nations as a whole and the House of Representatives with 325 members each representing around 33,800 people (The lower chamber). Both houses are located at the capitol building in Tonnes.

Out of the Senate's 100 members, 44 are from the Union Party, 26 are from the Progressive Party, 13 are from the Liberal Party, 11 are from the Conservative Party, and 6 are from the Capitalist Party. Out of the House's 325 members, 97 are from the Union Party, 88 are from the Progressive Party, 66 are from the Liberal Party, 49 are from the Conservative Party, and 25 are from the Capitalist Party.

Foreign Relations

SEE Foreign Relations of Layfet

Foreign Military Presence

Layfet is home seven foreign-housed military bases. Five of Kentalis and two of Vultesia, with talks of a third for Vultesia in the works since 2010.

Layfet invited Kentalis to host military bases shortly after the Great War. All five Kentalian bases were built and began operations in the 1930s. Built near major Layfetian cities including Kagami, Layfet City, River Fork, and Tranquility City. Taylor Naval Base near Coste Esta was renovated and expanded upon to include a port for Kentalis. All five were abandoned between 1951 and 1966 due in part because of both the Layfetian Civil War and the Kentalian Civil war. Kentalis returned to reoccupy the bases between 1971 and 1984.

Vultesia has been Layfet's longest continuous military ally and supplier, being an ally and supplier from the Layfetian Revolution until today and as such Layfet invited Vultesia to host a military airfield near the Keene Wetlands in 1972 following the civil war and later an army base near Windsor in 1991. Current talks for hosting a Vultesian Naval Base in the Paisi Strip have been ongoing since 2010.

In 1996, separate from individual defense treaties, Kentalis, Layfet, and Vultesia, signed the Compact for the Mutual Defense of Layfet which is an agreement that gives Kentalis and Vultesia the guaranteed right to have military bases in Layfet and excludes Layfet from inviting other foreign powers from building bases in exchange for Kentalis and Vultesia working together to provide for and be responsible for the nation's defense.

Government Finance

Taxation in the Layfet is progressive, and is levied at the federal, state, and local government levels. This includes taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates, and gifts, as well as various fees. Taxation in Layfet is based on residency. In 2010 taxes collected by federal, state and municipal governments amounted to 36.8% of GDP.

Military

The Executive Minister is the commander-in-chief of the Layfetian Armed Forces and appoints its leaders, the secretary of defense and the Joint Chief of Staff. The Department of Defense administers two of the three service branches, which are made up of the Army and the Navy. The Coast Guard, also a branch of the armed forces, is normally administered by the Department of Justice in peacetime, but can be transferred to the Department of Defense in wartime. In 2021, The Department of Defense reported that 482 personal on active duty, with 120 currently deployed in a combat zone in an effort to restore the previous government of Vescarium. The Reserves and National Guard personal are reported to be 508 and 4,021 respectively. The Department of Defense also employs about 1,100 civilians, not including contractors. The largest branch of the Layfetian Armed Forces is the Army with a total of 4,672 members (including the National Guard) while the Navy has 339 personal.

The Army is made up of three components, one active, one reserve, and the National Guard. The active component is mostly purposed to engage in operations in foreign territory and trains when not in use. The reserve component is at home, ready to reinforce the active component. The Reserves also maintains one of two Layfet's domestically owned Army bases - Fort Tallmadge (near the Twin Cities). The National Guards is mostly purposed to engage in operations in Layfet and her territories and cannot be deployed outside the country. They currently are stationed as various local faculties or the National Guard base - Fort Clark (near Cartwright). Currently, a large number of the National Guard is stationed to defend international organization sites in Cartwright.

The Navy is composed of two components, one active and one reserve and operate in a similar but not exact function as the Army's. Layfet shares a Navy Base with Kentalis (see above section) - Taylor Naval Base (near Coste Esta).

Law Enforcement and Crime

Law enforcement in Layfet is primarily the responsibility of local police departments and sheriff's offices, with state police providing broader services. Federal agencies such as the National Investigation Agency (NIA) and the National Marshals have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing federal courts' rulings and federal laws. State courts conduct most criminal trials while federal courts handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts. Layfet has a low documented incarceration rate, due in part to its highly funded rehabilitation and social service program. Capital punishment is banned by the Layfetian Consitution.

Economy

Income, Poverty, and Wealth

Layfet ranks very high for food affordability and overall food security. Wealth is generally evenly spread with the the richest 10% of the adult population possess around only 33% of the country's household wealth, while the bottom half possess around 45%. The richest Layfetian is John Asters, CEO of the Telrenz Motor Company.20.[431]

Major Corporations and State Owned Industry

Major State owned corporations include: The Layfetian Postal Service, National Radio Service, Layfet Rail, National Broadcasting Service, among others.

Major private corporations include: National Telecoms, Layfet Air, Telrenz Motor Corporation, General Stores, National Coffee Co., Gerichs-Pratt Communications Inc, Grand Chocolate and Coffee Company, Komatsu Electric and Utilities Corp., Leon Engineering, Prybourne Group, Metro Broadcasting Company, Air Aestas, Eastern Airways, Paisi Airlines, Aestas Cars, KMW, among others.

Trade

Science and Technology

Layfet has been a civil technological and scientific leader in the world since the late 19th century. Methods for producing interchangeable parts were in part developed in the country by the Board of Technologies during the first half of the 19th century. This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the nation to have large-scale manufacturing. Factory electrification in the early 20th century and introduction of the assembly line and other labor-saving techniques created the system of mass production. In the 21st century, approximately half of research and development funding comes from the private sector. Layfet is a leader in the world for scientific research papers.

Famous inventions in Layfet include the swivel chair, the automobile, various different software applications, among others.

Layfet maintains the largest semi-permanent research station on the permanent ice located near the Anterian North Pole. The station, dubbed Arbiter Station is staffed by majority Layfetian scientists but also includes some from Gavrilia.

Infrastructure

Layfet currently has one megaproject: Skyward

Transportation

SEE Car Manufacturers of Anteria
SEE Skyward Corridor
SEE L-5
SEE L-15
SEE L-25
SEE L-35
SEE L-45
SEE L-55
SEE L-250

Energy

Energy production in Layfet is dominated by several corporations and one government entity. The Department of Energy's National Power Agency, Komatsu Electric and Utilities Corporation, Blink Energy Corporation, and Vada Power Corporation are the most dominate producers of power in the country. Around 66% of all electric power demand in Layfet is provided by the National Power Agency, 21% is provided by Komatsu, and the remaining 3% is divided between Blink, Vada, and various smaller other corporations.

Around 67% of Layfet's energy comes from natural non-renewable energy sources, of which around 71% is imported energy mostly from Kentalis, Krenya, and Vultesia. Layfet's remaining 33% energy comes from renewable sources, mostly in the form of solar.

Layfet is divided into two separate electric grids. The first being the Kohharu Electric Grid, which serves the District of Kohharu. The remainder of Layfet is connected to the larger Layfet-Moroavian Electric Grid, which also includes several islands off the coast of both nations.

Water

Layfetians are served by publicly owned water and sewer utilities. Public water systems, which serve more than 25 customers or 15 service connections, are regulated by the Department of the Interior's National Water Office and state/district agencies.

Culture

Literature

Layfetian literature took most of its early cues from the west, in particular places like Kentalis or New Sebronia, but has took on more of its own flair in the last 170 years. Writers such as Santiago Hernandez, Jonathan Noyes, Alice Tokenham, and Lance Casden established the beginnings of a distinctive literary voice. Fujiko Katagiri, Orge Gorwell, and Henry Markwall were major figures later; Morimasa Yogi, Franco Prats, Nicolás Tasis, Carter Newton, Melissa Mary, and Clark Reagan are today's most major figures.

Philosophy

Layfet has a long history of philosophical tradition since its creation. Layfet's first philosophical movements were Demoutopism, Formalism, and Enlightmentism. Other major Layfetian philosophical ideas include Honorism, Statism, and Pragmatism. Layfetians have also had history engaging in philosophical debate among a variety of topics at all levels of philosophical theory. The works of philosophers Oscar Cantor, Rena Jacobson, Nobuyoshi Kawamoto, Joben Arashiro, Johnathan Noyes, Pablo Zoido, Chiyo Ritsushima, Risu Edano, Elisa Zorita, Tyler Dore, Aubrey McIntosh, Pascual Carballar, and Jacob Boston, among others have been influential across the world.

Visual Art

Layfet has had an extensive visual arts scene since the mid-1800s with the Naturalism movement. Modernist art shocked the public and became the dominate style by 1920. Artists like Haley Simon, Kimberly Espinar, Madison Newman, and Rikiya Tsunematsu among others experimented with new, individualistic styles. Major artistic movements such as abstract expressionism and pop art developed largely in Layfet. The tide of modernism and then postmodernism has brought fame to Layfetian architects such as Arthur Conswillings, Karin Kogane, Israel Capmany, and Victoria Devetti. The nations has long been important in the modern artistic medium of photography, with major photographers including Iako Yoichi, Peter Phillips, Sally Mars, and Joshua O'Hare.

Food

Early settlers from the west and notably Kentalis were introduced by the Avadians to indigenous foods as differing types of turkeys, potatoes, corns, squashes, syrups, fish, alcohols, and other foods. They and later immigrants combined these with foods they had known, such as wheat, flour, beef, rice, noodles, tomatoes, etc. to create a wide variety of cuisine types. Influences from Kohharu, the Nina Islands, and foreign countries have also found their way into the Layfetian diet. Today, most Layfetian cuisine can be divided into four groups - Colonial, Kohharuese, Layfetian, and Leonomish.

The Colonial food diet is a mixed blend of mostly Kentalian-based food and others brought over/invented by other trade merchants that settled Layfet (with the exception of settlers in Leonom). Thus, the colonial diet is found mostly along the eastern coast of Layfet and in the Twin Cities with dishes such as Layfetian Streffi, Lobster Bisque, Potaufeu, Merchanta, Slats, Tabroni, among others being the most popular.

The Kohharuese food diet uses traditional recipes and local ingredients. Seafood, rice, and noodles are traditional staples. Various Kohharuese curries, Wagasis, and ramen dishes, teriyakis, dumplings are so widely consumed across the entire country, the have begun to influence the other food diets. Kohharuese food restaurants are found across the country, but are mostly concentrated in Kohharu, the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, the northeast, around Lake Layfet and in Epinay.

The Layfetian basic diet includes dishes such as apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, macaroni and cheese, fries, pasta, among others. They can be found in every part of the country.

The Leonomish food diet blends influences from spanish-speaking trade merchants, Koharruese and native influences into a unique palate. Common dishes include Anticuchos, Burritos, Ceviche, Chaufa, Pachamanca, and Tacos, among others. Due to its rich reflection of local practices and ingredients, diverse ingredients, and cooking techniques, Leonomish food often considered the best Layfet has to offer and among the best type of palate in the world.

All types of alcohol and beverages can be found in Layfet such as coffee, juices, and milk, but as far as alcohol goes, Pisco and Schnapps is perhaps the most famous, as Pisco developed in the country and Layfetian Schnapps took a differing direction from others. Layfet was a pioneer in the fast-food and drive-through format.

Cartwright is considered one of the food capitols of the world given it's nickname as the "International City" as it tends to have a wide variety of restaurant selections with food from all corners of the globe.

Music

Among Layfet's earliest major composers was Layfetian Revolutionary War veteran, composer, and poet Kiyohira Soma who wrote the nation's national anthem. Other composers during the early days of the republic include Gerardo Berrocal, Qunicy Henderson, and Eliza Merchantcamp. Afterwards and into the late romantic area, composers such as Hideyoshi Kanagi and Foster Milton dominated the scene. Issac Carters was the most prominent composer shortly before the Civil War. Experimentalists such as Salomé Botín and Akihito Kodama created a distinctive Layfetian approach to classical composition during the era of reconstruction. Larry Barnes developed a new synthesis of popular and classical music during the 1990s. Nowadays, film composers dominate the scene and include Joshua Williams, Patrice Torrence, Noritada Suzukaze, Megu Ike, and Alexis González.

Rock bands such as the Elements, the Stallions, and Arrows are among the highest grossing in national sales. More recent Layfetians creations include hip hop, salsa, techno, and house music. Pop stars such as Luis Rodriguez, Zachary King, Michelle Jackson and Melissa Venegas have become global celebrities, as have contemporary musical artists such as Carter Polster, Isabela Moya, Rubén Beldad, Justin Wears, Laura Johnson, Torrance King, Lizz Grath, Katie Martinez, Ano Ogawa, Vivian Garrido, Nicole Pareja, and Amanda Abasto.

Cinema

Layfet's first commercial motion picture exhibition was given in Alexandria in 1901, since then, the nation's film industry has largely been based in and around Alexandria, although in the 21st century an increasing number of films are not made there, and film companies have been subject to the forces of globalization.

Sports

Football is the most popular spectator sport in the country, followed closely by motorsports.

Mass Media

Layfet has two major governmet-owned broadcasting services and two private broadcasting companies, the National Broadcasting Service (NBS), Kohharu Broadcasting Service (KBS), Metro Broadcasting Company (MBC), and the Southern Broadcasting Company (SBS). Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches. Layfetians also listen to a variety of radio programming, provided by services and companies like the National Radio Service (NRS), Eastern Radio Service (ERS), Paisi Radio Company (PRC), and the Newton-Packson Radio Company (NPC). Layfet has a total of 312 public and commercial radio stations. Most of these stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by the government. Much public radio broadcasting is supplied by NRS.

Well-known newspapers include the Tonnes Times, Cartwright Post, Layfet Daily News, Nordipolica Post, Nordipolica World, and the Kohharu Daily.

See Also

International Football Association

Eternal Links