Layfet

The Democratic Republic of Layfet

Flag of Layfet
Flag
Motto: A republica pro populous
(Latin: a republic for its people)
Anthem: Independence of the Republic
Location of Layfet within Ventismar indicated with red circle, Layfet's territories are boxed in red
Location of Layfet within Ventismar indicated with red circle, Layfet's territories are boxed in red
CapitalNordipolica
LargestTonnes
Official languagesNone at Federal Level
Recognised national languagesLayfetian English, Layfetian French, and Golwynian French
Demonym(s)Layfetian
Governmentfederal constitutional republic
• Executive Minister
Susan Polster
• Deputy Executive Minister
Fraiser K. Krane
• Speaker of the House
Rodrigo L. Lane-Bravo
• Chief Justice
John D. Mallory
LegislatureCongress
Senate
House of Representatives
Established 
from the Federal Kingdom of Capsland
• Declared
5 November 1717
• Recognized
1 October 1723
• Fragmented
9 April 1948
• Restored
22 May 1964
Area
• Total
28,311 km2 (10,931 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 estimate
4,310,500
HDI (2015)0.90
very high
CurrencyLibfray (LIF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Albionian Time ABT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (Daylight Spending Time Observed)
Layfetian Territories do not follow DST
Date formatmm-dd-yyyy
Driving sidethe right
Calling code+42
ISO 3166 codeLAY
Internet TLD.lay

The Democratic Republic of Layfet, commonly known as Layfet or the Layfetian Republic, is a country comprising seven states on eight islands (collectively known as the Goldwynian Archipelago, which along with the Capslandian Islands make up the Albion Isles) with one major self-governing territory, a possession, and a joint sovereign territory. At 10,931 sq mi (28,311 km2), Layfet is one of Sunalaya's smallest countries by total area. With a population of more than 4 million people, it is also one of the least populous countries. The capital is Nordipolica, and the most populous city is Tonnes. The eight states are considered part of Ventismar in the northern hemisphere bordering Capsland to the west. Layfet also holds the most westerly point on the continent. The Layfetian territories and possessions scattered throughout the Divergian Ocean. In all, Layfet and its territories stretch across four official time zones. The moderately unifying geography, climate, and wildlife of the country make it one of the world's least diverse countries.

Paleo-Ventismarians migrated from Lindenholt to the Albion Isles and the Goldwynian Archipelago at least 20,000 years ago and eventually become the ancient Avadian civilization which lasted until the Garddrin Conquests of the early 6th century. From then on, the archipelago would be controlled by various Albion based-states until 1723 following the Layfetian War of Independence, numerous disputes between the Cappo-Linden and the local governments of the islands led to this conflict, which began in 1717. A constitution was adopted in 1723, which guarantees many fundamental civil liberties and establishes the rules of the Layfetian government. Layfet then became embarked on a vigorous economic expansion in agriculture throughout the remainder of the 18th century. The early 19th century saw the nation acquiring new territories, adopting native tribes into their civilization, and gradually improving technologically by means of the Industrial Revolution and transforming into a largely industrial economy by 1855.

During the second half of the 19th century, Layfet continued its major economic change that resulted in a large economic boom and had shifted towards a radical social change dubbed progressivism, dominated by socialist and social welfare thought. By the end of the century, Layfet was now able to begin participating on the world stage and thus saw its isolationist period end. However, the 20th century saw setbacks in Layfet, as the economic boom from the Industrial Revolution was wearing off and the beginning of the First Great War (Sunalaya), Layfet saw itself occupied by Capsland. Capsland occupied the country through the Second Great War (Sunalaya). Following the wars, Layfet found itself in a bloody Civil Warthat tore the nation apart until it finally ended in 1964, afterwards began the era of reconstruction which lasted until 1970. After reconstruction, Layfet began to grow as a major diplomatic powerhouse and joined the United Sunalayan Assembly. Layfet had also become more politically left and aligned itself with the communist bloc, for which it received economic aid. Following the short Grey Wolf Crisis betwen 1980-83, Layfet abolished its military and focused on transforming its economy from and industrial one to that of a service based economy, in which since the early 2000s, Layfet has been seen as a tech giant. Layfet joined the Ventismar Union in 2019, That same year, it also left the United Sunalayan Assembly over a diplomatic dispute.

Layfet is a founding member of the United Intelligence Network, International Sunalayan Football Association, International Effort for De-Militarization, Sunalayan Astronomical Union, and the Organization of Island States. It entered into a currency union with Librira and Kohharu in 2017. It is a member of the Ventismar Union and other international organizations. Layfet a highly developed country despite being a small economy by comparison to the rest of the continent. The Layfetian economy is also often considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services, technological and software development, and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains present mostly through the production of automobiles, shipping, and aeronautical companies. By comparison by percentage to its total economy, Layfet is the world's largest importer.

A multicultural country, Layfet is seen as a destination for many refugees and is getting increasingly diverse with relatively little income and wealth disparities, continues to rank very high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, satisfaction, and worker productivity. It is a leading political, cultural, and scientific force internationally despite not having a military though Capsland provides for the nation's defense.

Etymology

In antiquity, the archipelago that would become Layfet was originally called the Avadian Archipelago, named so for the native Avadian Civilization that lived on the islands until around 500 CE. From then on the islands were conqured by the Garddrinians and thus simply called "the isles of the south" until being colonized and conquered by the state of Goldwyn in 612 CE then became known as the Goldwynian Archipelago which is what the islands are called today with in the larger Albionian Isles.

The political entities that were on the Goldwynian Archipelgo went by many names. The first of such as Avadia. Garddrin simply absorbed the islands as part of their territory. Goldwyn established the basis of which five of the islands got their current names - Cata Island, Mirvain Island, Leone Island, New Goldwyn Island, and Epinay Island. The other three islands were known as Rhode Island, Bona Island, and Mascar Island at the time. Goldwyn organized these islands into three poltical territories. Epinay Island simply got absorbed into Goldwyn. Cata Island and Mirvain Island became the territory of Cataland. Leone Island became the territory of Leone, while Rhode Island, Bona Island, Mascar Island and New Goldwyn Island became West Goldwyn. In 1115, after Capsland annexed and conquered Goldwyn, they reorganized the archipelago into two entities - The Western Reaches (Leone, Cata, and Mirvain Islands) and Bona-Mascar (Bona, Mascar, Rhode, New Goldwyn Islands.) Epinay Island stayed part of Goldwyn until 1137 when it was added to Bona-Mascar. In 1218, Bona-Mascar was renamed Higham. In 1241, Bona Island was renamed Higham Island (its current name). In 1296, Mascar Island was renamed Parcel Island (its current name). In 1310 the Western Reaches and Higham were joined together into West Goldwyn, with the exception of Epinay and Parcel Islands which became Epinay. In 1314, Epinay was annexed by West Goldwyn in which it remained as such until Layfet gained its independence.

After independence, Rhode island was renamed New Rhode Island. The islands (with the exception of New Rhode and Parcel islands) would then become their own territories. Epinay Island became the state of Epinay, New Goldwyn Island became the state of New Goldwynia, Higham Island became the state of Higham, New Rhode and Parcel islands became the state of New Rhode, Leone Island became the state of Albion, Mirvain Island became the state of Mirvain, and lastly Cata Island became the state of Cataland.

The original origin of the term Layfet is unknown but many believe it originates with Paul Layfonette, a Capslandian noble who was the first Duke of West Goldwyn. The term was first used in 1375 by a local trading post shop and began appearing elsewhere, becoming a name that locals of the archipelago began using to refer to themselves. The term was outlawed in 1423. It regained popularity in the late 1600s to argue for independence of the country.

The first draft of the Declaration of independence declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the Democratic Republic of Layfet". The final version did not have that sentence, however the final version of Layfet's constitution did.

The short form "Layfet" is considered officially standard. Other common forms are the "DRL", the "Goldwynian Archupeligo", and "The Layfetian Republic". Colloquial names are the "Island States" or "Lay", "Our land of Lay" is a name popular in poetry and songs of the late 18th century.

A citizen of Layfet is an "Layfetian". "Avadian" is used, but is more often incredibly rare.

History

Geography, climate, and environment

The land area of Ventismarian Layfet is approximately 10,931 square miles (28,311 km2), with the island territories land areas being negligible. The main Layfetian (or Goldwynian) archipelago is made up of eight islands, with the largest island being Epinay with the state of the same name also being the largest state. The islands from west to east are Cata Island, Mirvain Island, Leone Island, Higham Island, New Rhode Island, Parcell Island, New Goldwyn Island, and Epinay Island. The archipelago is located in the northeast Lutetian Ocean as part of the Albionian Isles bordering Capsland with the Island of Cata having the most western point of the Ventismarian continent, with Layfet's territories scattered across the Divergian Ocean. Layfet is the world's third smallest country ranking behind the Nina Islands and the Eastern North Islands.

The coast of the eastern Lutetian seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests, rolling hills, and several mountains, the tallest of which is Mt. Nordi which stands at 13,796 feet. Most of these mountains were formed out of ancient, now dead Volcanos. Layfet, with its small size and low geographic variety is contained of one climate type - continental.

The Layfetian ecology isn't diverse including only about 1,000 species of vascular plants, around 200 mammal species, 320 bird species, 70 reptile species, and 30 amphibian species and bout 20,000 insect species. The Layfetian Silver Fox is the national animal of the country, and is an enduring symbol of the country itself.

There are five national parks, five national preserves, and hundreds of other federal, state, and city managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas. Most of the country is protected land, though some is leased for oil and gas drilling, mining, logging, or cattle ranching.

Environmental issues have been on the national agenda since 1900. Environmental controversies include debates on renewable energy, pollution, logging and deforestation, and global warming. The Environmental Management Agency (EMA) and the Department of Layfet State Affairs (DLSA) handle most government controlled land.

Demographics

Population

The Layfetian Census Service estimated the country's population to be 4,310,500 as of July 1, 2019,. The Layfetian population over quadrupled since 1800, from around 2 million in 1800, 3.3 million in 1900, hitting 4 million in 2010. Layfet is one of the only major industrialized nations in which large population increases are not projected with population reaching replacement level with only net gains of population happening from immigration happening primarily from Ventismar and Dogmana. Despite its small size, Layfet has a very diverse population with ancestry groups from all over the world, the largest of which is Capslandian Layfetians (which includes Garddrin, Goldwynian, and Capslandian) followed by Linden Layfetians, Rhodeve Layfetians, Rezuan Layfetians, Aznazian Layfetians, Umbrellan Layfetians, and Layfetians of other or mixed ethnicities. White Layfetians (mostly Ventismarian) are the largest racial group with Koharuese Layfetians being the country's largest racial minority. In 2010, the Layfetian population included an estimated 450,000 people with some Native (Avadian) ancestry. Outside of New Goldwynia and Mirvain, the most common ancestry in each state is of Capslandian origin other than Goldwynian. Goldwynian is the most common ancestry of New Goldwynia and Mirvain. With Hogganse being the most common ancestry of the territory of Montay Atoll, and Athbaskan being the most common ancestry of the joint-sovereign territory of Anthros Atoll.

A 2017 Nordipolica Post poll concluded that 14 percent of adult Layfetians identified as LGBTQ+. The highest percentage came from the state of Albion (19 percent), while the lowest state was Catalan at 1 percent.

More Layfetians live in urban areas (including suburbs) then of those reside in rural areas. Just less then half of all Layfetians live in five cities each having populations of over 100,000. Two of these cities are considered "World Cities" and have populations of over 500,000. Layfet has two clusters of cities known as Extended Metropolitan Zones, the first being the Northern Epinay Extended Metro Zone (Made up of the Nordipolica Metro and Tonnes Metro) and the second being the Great Valley Extended Metro Zone (Which includes the Wenneria Metro Zone and surrounding communites). There are six metropolitan areas and seven micropolitan ares. The fastest growing city in Layfet is New Haven thanks to the future Epinay-Goldwyn Tunnel

See: [List of the largest cities in Layfet]

Language

English (Layfetian English) and French (Layfetian French) are the de facto national languages as there is no official languages at the federal level. In 2010, 70 percent of the population aged five years and older, spoke both languages. The next most spoken languages are German, Revon, Russian, Italian, Kohharuese, and Hogganese. Both Hogganese and English are official languages in the Montay Atoll, by territory law. Catalan is the only official state language (English). Layfet mandates all official government documents be available in English, French, and German. The most widely taught foreign language in Layfet is Revon, followed by German and Hogganese.

Layfetian English gets its roots from Capslandian English, but years diverging cultural identities have made some notable differences and variations between types of phrases, words, etc. Layfetian French has its origins in Goldwynian French, however it draws many inspirations from Rhodeve French.

Government and politics

Layfet is one of the world's oldest republics being 301 years old. It is a representative collective democracy, in which the rule of the lower classes the basis for law with representation from the upper classes is also presented. The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the Layfetian Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. Layfet is considered to one of the world's least corrupt governments despite it also being a highly mismanaged one.

Layfetian's are subject to three levels of government: federal, state, and local. The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district The federal government comprises three branches:

The House of Representatives has 192 voting members, each representing a city/district for a five year term. House seats are apportioned among the cities equally so each city gets one vote. The Montay Atoll and the Anthros Atoll have one non-voting member of the house. The Senate has 35 members with each state having five senators, elected to five-year terms. The Executive Minister is elected by direct vote and The Supreme Court, led by the Chief Justice of Layfet, has 11 members, who serve for 40 years.

The state governments are structured in a roughly similar fashion except for Cataland which doesn't vote for its Govenor directly but by the mayor of its cities.

The original text of the Layfetian establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states as well as forming the central basis of individual rights. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided.

Political divisions

The Democratic Republic of Layfet is a federal republic of seven states, two territories and one joint-sovereign territory, a leased territory, and permanent enclave. The states (Albin, Cataland, Epinay, Higham, Mirvain, New Goldwynia, and New Rhode) are the principal administrative districts in the country which divided into a subdivisions city and that cities district. The two territories (Hallis Atoll and Montay Atoll) are scattered in the Divergan Ocean. Anthros Atoll is held in a joint-sovereign territory status with Makenzie and Athabaska, Layfet also leases a small part of Hart Point dubbed "Little Layfet" from Makenzie and Athabaska. Layfet's last territory is a permanent enclave that contains the Willow Rose Launch Center in the Nina Islands. Citizenship is granted at birth in all states and all major territories except the Willow Rose Launch Center enclave.[390]

Parties and elections

Layfet has operated under a three-party system for most of its history. For elective offices at most levels, state-administered primary elections choose the major party nominees for subsequent general elections. Since the reformation of Layfet in 1964, the major parties have been the Progressive Party, the Union Party, and the Capitalist Party.

In political culture, the center-right Capitalist Party is considered "conservative", the center-left Union Party is considered "liberal", and the far left Progressive Party is considered "communist/socialist" Cataland, Mirvain, and Higham tend to be more conservative states, while New Goldwynia, Albin, and New Rhode tend to be more centrist states, with Epinay being highly liberal.

Progressive Susan Polster, who took over after Edmond Dantes resigned, is serving as the current Executive Minister of Layfet. Progressive control both houses of congress. The next election is for October 2nd, 2019.

Foreign relations

Layfet has a long established structure of foreign relations dating back to its independence. It was one of the first members of the United Sunalayan Assembly, a founding member of the United Intelligence Network, International Sunalayan Football Association, International Effort for De-Militarization, Sunalayan Astronomical Union, and the Organization of Island States. And is a member of many other international organizations including the Ventismar Union. Both Tonnes and Nordipolica are considered hubs for diplomatic efforts around the world. The Tonnes Diplomatic Tower, which was previously the building for the UIN, is a center for nation's diplomatic staff to meet on neutral ground. Almost all countries (with the exception of several Corentian nations) have embassies on Nordipolica's Embassy Row with many of those nations also have monuments or gardens dedicated to their relations with Layfet. Likewise, nearly all nations host Layfet diplomatic missions.

Layfet's closest allies are the nations of the VU, Rhodevus, Kiez, Kohharu, and Librira, sharing a monetary with the latter two and strong ties with Rezua, Nina Islands, and Desarena.

Capsland exercises full international defense authority and responsibility for Layfet through the PALS Agreement, While Kiez and Belantica are responsible for the defense of Layfet's islands territories.

Government finance

Taxes in Layfet are levied at the federal, state, and local government levels. These include taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates and gifts, as well as various fees. Taxation in Layfet is based on citizenship, not residency. Both resident non-citizens and however pay a residency fee that is similar to an income tax. Layfetians living abroad only pay federal taxes.

Layfetian taxation are progressive, especially with federal income taxes. The top 10% paid 62.9% of total federal taxes in 2009, and the top 1%, with 13.4% of pre-tax national income, paid 22.3% of all taxes in the country.

The total national debt of Layfet was $7.241 trillion in 2010 and has the largest government debt as a % of GDP in the world.

Military

The Executive Minister is the commander-in-chief of the country's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the director of defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Layfetian Department of Defense administers the armed forces, including the Army, Navy, the Coast Guard, and Air Force. As of 1990 with the passing of the National Demilitarization Act, all armed forces has been placed under the jurisdiction of the Layfetian National Guard, and actively deployed forces are currently banned.

Capsland exercises full international defense authority and responsibility for Layfet's defense through the PALS Agreement, While Kiez and Belantica are responsible for the defense of Layfet's islands territories. Capsland controls 9 of the 10 Layfetian military bases in the country, with the last one being for Layfetian use. Capsland patrols regularly through Layfetian waters, and rapid response forces are available in Goldwyn.

In 2019, the armed forces had just over 11,000 personnel. The Department of Defense also employs around 5,000 civilians, not including contractors.

Military service is voluntary, though conscription may occur in wartime. Layfet still retains many tanks, aircraft, and naval ships, however must of Layfet's stockpile has been sold off throughout the years. Layfet maintains one aircraft carrier - the LS Forward Towards Progress. Which has been in service since 1982 but hasn't moved from the Wenneria Storage Docks since 2001. The military budget of the Layfet in 2011 was more than $1 million, which is one of the lowest budget of the world. 50% of the budget is spent on maintaining Layfet's current stockpile of weapons.

Layfet built 10 nuclear weapons during the cold war in 1981, but quickly turned them over to USJR in 1983. All of them were dismantled by 1985.

Law enforcement and crime

Law enforcement in Layfet is primarily the responsibility of local police departments and sheriff's offices, with state police providing broader services. The United Police Department (UPD) is the largest in the country and serves the Nordipolica Metropolitan Area. Federal agencies such as the National Investigations Agency (NIA) and the Layfetian Marshals Service have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing Layfetian federal courts' rulings and federal laws. At the federal level and in almost every state, a legal system operates on a common law. State courts conduct most criminal trials; federal courts handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts. Plea bargaining is very common; the vast majority of criminal cases in the country are settled by plea bargain rather than jury trial. In 2018, there were 23 murders which was 6 more than in 2017, the largest amount since 1991, with most forms of crime being low which the highest amount of crime being crimes involving money.

Capital punishment is illegal in all cases except for rape and murder, but no executions having taken place since 1984. The Layfetian has an incarcerated population of 3,870 people.

Economy

Income, poverty and wealth

Science and technology (WIP)

Layfet has been a leader in technological innovation and scientific research since the late 20th century.

Infrastructure

Transportation (WIP)

Personal transportation is dominated by automobiles and boats, which operate on a network of public roads and waterways with about 50% of personal vehicles are vans, SUVs, or light trucks. The average adult (accounting for all drivers and non-drivers) spends 55 minutes driving every day, traveling 39 miles.


Energy

Water supply and sanitation

Culture

Food

Literature, philosophy, and visual art

Music

Cinema

Sports

Mass media

The three major broadcasters in Layfetare the National Broadcasting Agency (NBA), Epinay Broadcasting System (EBS), and the Islands Broadcasting Service (IBS). The three major broadcast television networks are all commercial entities. Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches. Layfetians also listen to radio programming, also largely commercial, on average just over two-and-a-half hours a day.

Well-known newspapers include Nordipolica Post, Tonnes Times, and Layfet City Journal and all are privately owned.

See also

External links

References