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Liidu Vabariik (Liidurian)
'"Me oleme ja jääme alati"
”We are and always will be“
Anthem: Our Homeland
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
• Union of Järvetasandik
|29 April 1087|
• Formation of the Sadamic League
|27 September 1093|
• Treaty of Silmadega
|13 June 1638|
• 1967 Constitution
|17 February 1967|
|59,203 km2 (22,858 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
• 2016 census
|19.3/km2 (50.0/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2016 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2016 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2016)|| 34.9|
|HDI (2016)|| 0.849|
|Currency||Liidurian mark (LDM)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (Central Asuran Time)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+2 (Central Asuran Daylight Time)|
|Date format||dd-mm-yyyy (CE)|
|ISO 3166 code||LI|
Liiduria (/laɪdʊəriɑː/; Liidurian: Liiduriik, pronounced /liːdʊriːk/), officially the Liidurian Republic (Liidurian: Liidu Vabariik), is a sovereign state located in northern Asura. It borders Aleia to the west and Elhazia to the south. Liiduria is a unitary semi-presidential republic consisting of thirteen traditional provinces and one territory, with a population of 17.4 million and an area of 59,203 square kilometres (22,858 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Idalinne, while other major urban centres include Baadrõl, Edressder, Tormiline and Kõrgorus.
Present-day Liiduria has been inhabited by modern humans since at least 19,000 BCE and is widely accepted to be the homeland of the Kalic peoples, who are ethnically and linguistically disparate from their Cataisuran neighbours. The region was first documented in the Via Aureum and maintained strong trade links with southern Asura during the Fiorentine era. Liiduria was made up of a number of petty kingdoms until the late 11th century, when incursions from Elhazia led to the Union of Järvetasandik, setting the first precedent for a single Liidurian nation-state – though it was to collapse only some decades later. However, the relative stability of the region at the end of the 11th century allowed for the creation of the Sadamic League in 1093, which later came to dominate trade in Liiduria.
By the end of the 16th century, the Sadamic League had extended its influence beyond Liiduria, and held sway over north Asuran trade as a whole. In 1638, however, the Treaty of Silmadega bound the lowland cities of Idalinne and Baadrõl into a union with the western cities of Kõrgorus and Säraloss, rivalling the strength of the League. The following year, the newly-formed Kingdom of Liiduria marched on the League capital of Edressder and subdued the Sadamic powerhouse. Thereafter, the League operated as a vassal of Liiduria and established a colonial presence in Majula, Savai, Arabekh, and Frigidarum.
The 19th century, and increasing centralisation across the world, forced an end to the period of Liidurian hegemony over commerce in northern Asura. Conflicts against the Lhedwin and Elhazia in the 1830s sent Liiduria into economic recession, and what remained of the League was officially dissolved in 1842 to fund financial recovery. In the First Great War, Liiduria fought on the side of the Grand Alliance and established a sphere of influence in Alemannia. The monarchy of Liiduria was abolished in 1913, and the institutions of the modern-day Liidurian Republic were established. Subsequently, Liidurian involvement in a number of conflicts including the Second Great War, and later the Liidurian-Akauroan War, cemented its position as an active participant on the global scale.
Contemporarily, Liiduria is a developed country and a full member of the Commonwealth of Democratic Nations, the Cyningburgh Pact for International Security and the Asuran Community. Liiduria exerts a substantial level of influence within the Gulf of Alemannia, while acting as a middle power on a global scale. It maintains a medium-sized and robust, primarily trade-oriented economy, with an increasingly prominent service sector and a history in arms manufacturing. Liiduria places very highly in a number of international rankings, including the Human Development Index and national happiness, while performing favourably in several others. Citizens of Liiduria are also afforded access to universal healthcare, free education and social equality.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
The name "Liiduria" directly derives from the Liidurian native form Liiduriik, an endonym comprised of the words liidu- (meaning union) and riik (meaning realm or country). The term was first referenced in the Union of Järvetasandik in 1087 and came into widespread usage amongst the majority of ethnic Liidurians by the 15th century, when the influence of feudalism in Asura began to decline and the idea of a Liidurian national identity was popularised.
Archaic humans may have inhabited Liiduria circa 120,000 BCE. The earliest known presence of modern humans Liiduria can be traced to approximately 19,000 years ago, when the end of the most recent glacial period made human habitation possible again.
In the late Mesolithic period, Liiduria formed the epicentre of the Jahimees culture, which comprised most of northern Asura. Ceramics and fossilised animal hides from this time show evidence of the first written communication in forms of Proto-Kalic. [...] Most communities within this period spoke a form of Liiduro-Nausikaan (Valpa-Kallingi culture), which had developed separately from the Delic languages.
During classical antiquity, Liidurian society consisted of tribal agglomerations centred around hillforts. In this period, hillforts served as the main administrative and economic centre of a community, with the secondary function of a military fortification during times of conflict. At least 200 hillforts have been discovered in present-day Liiduria, with another 100 excavations that are presumed to have been hillforts or other similar structures. Many of these fortifications developed into motte-and-bailey castles during the middle ages, and some have survived as centres of government and power into the modern day, such as Säraloss Castle and the Valgärav Palace in Idalinne.
While never coming into direct, large-scale contact with the Fiorentine Empire or its predecessor states, Liidurian peoples were heavily involved in extensive trade with civilisations along the Asur as early as the 16th century BCE. The course of the ancient Goldway stretched as far as present-day Koredin, and served as the main method of contact between Liiduria and Southern Asura, where the use of amber in decorative items and as a symbol of social standing was highly valued. Correspondingly, the presence of Fiorentine items and cultural influences in ancient Liiduria has also been attributed to commerce along the route – notably, the introduction of Alydianism to the Liidurian populace is believed to have occurred during this period. There are claims that the presence of pre-Alydian fire worship amongst Liidurians of antiquity is evidence of undocumented cross-cultural contamination between Liiduria and the Varasdatid Empire several centuries beforehand, but historians generally dismiss these theories as unfounded.
Fiorentine historian Proculus Polybius is responsible for the oldest surviving comprehensive documentation of the Liidurian peoples in his Via Aureum, which written in 122 CE but was believed to have been destroyed during the Sack of Laterna in 482 CE. In the late 18th century, three surviving copies (one damaged beyond repair) were rediscovered in the city of Ardante, shedding light on early Liidurian history. The book describes several routes through present-day Midrasia, Veleaz, Elhazia and Liiduria taken to reach the amber mines, while also making a number of observations on pre-Alydian culture and beliefs in Liiduria. However, Polybius heavily cites texts that have not survived to the modern era and of which no substantial trace remains. As such, there is considerable debate amongst scholarly sources as to whether the information supplied by Polybius – who never actually traversed the Goldway, nor encountered persons of Liidurian origin – is accurate.
In the 5th century, the power of the Fiorentine Empire began to wane, and the protection it had afforded to merchants and travellers within its borders – as well as outside of them – was considerably lessened as a result. The Goldway became increasingly dangerous to traverse (eventually falling out of use entirely), and Liiduria was severed from the locations in southern Asura with which it had enjoyed a close commercial relationship. Some sources suggest that a large concentration of Liidurians emigrated beyond the borders of the collapsing Empire, but no trace remains of any presence they might have established.
Early Middle Ages
By the 6th century and the beginning of the middle ages, Liidurian tribal culture had begun a natural evolution towards larger and more prominent political entities. Traditionally, it is believed that the provinces of Liiduria were formed during this time, developing from the multitudinous counties of Late Antiquity. This coincided with the Alydianisation of southern Liiduria, and the eventual supplantation of Liidurian paganism as the dominant religion in the area.
Concurrently, along the northeastern coast, the polities that would come to form the provinces of Paekallas and Sininelaius were heavily affected by loss of their trade relationship with the former Fiorentine Empire. In many cases, local populations had grown too great to be sustained by the limited resources; thus, Liidurian seafarers (which, until this point, had been restricted to coastal fishing and local trade) conducted raids in places as near as Baadrõl and Silmadega, and as far away as Weteria and Newrey.
The first castles were established in the mid-11th century in Piirimaa to serve as a deterrent to the rising threat of Elhazian domains to the south. Over time, the practice spread further north into Suurmets and Mägismaa, who protected the highlands from the Inostranic Kingdom; and eventually to the cities along the eastern coast, where the rapidly-growing economy necessitated protection from nearby competitors.
Late Middle Ages
Early Modern Period
Late Modern Period
Much of Liiduria's foreign policy is shaped by its membership in the Cyningburgh Pact for International Security, of which it has been a member since its formation in 1923.
Energy and infrastructure
Science and technology
Largest cities or towns in Liiduria
Liiduriiku rahvuslik loendus 2016