List of Caldish monarchs

This is a list of Caldish monarchs of Caldia. It includes the ruling kings, queens, and regents of the Kingdom of Ghailles and the modern Caldish state. From 720 to present, there have been 64 monarchs, one Laird Regent, and one regency council.

Seven royal houses have held the Caldish Crown. The first was the house of Ní Daireann between 720 and 1802. It was succeeded by a cadet branch, the house of MacIconnich which has reigned for 778 years, the longest of any house. Three foreign houses have held the Caldish Crown: the Estmerish house of Bettencourt, the Ordennian house of Akesson, and the Gaullican house of Dejarlais. Currently, Kenneth IV of the house of MacIconnich-Sartoux reigns as the Caldish monarch.

Heraldry

Pre-historic and legendary monarchs

Records kept by Sotirian monks provide information about Caldish unification and the establishment of the Kingdom of Ghailles. While its exact date is known, names of pre-unification monarchs are found in foreign sources from as early as the sixth century. Caldish legends, chronicles, and stories from the Túatha Cycle provide accounts of Caldish dynasties and monarchs that date but centuries. The existence of many of these monarchs is the subject of debate as the content of these stories are often viewed with skepticism.

The title of High-King (Ard-Rí) or High-Queen (Ard-Ríon) are often attributed to these figures. In Caldish legendary stories, these titles indicate that an individual claimed to rule all of the Ghaillish lands. At the time, Caldia was divided into dozens of tribal confederacies known as túatha. Leaders of the High Túatha were often referred mistakenly to as King () or Queen ( Ríon) in foreign sources. The Túatha Cycle refers to them as a ruirí or ruiríon meaning "overking" and "overqueen".

Legendary monarchs include:

List of Caldish monarchs

House of Ní Daireann (720-1082)

The reign of Daireann Nic Aillán began in 720 and began what is referred to as the House of Ní Daireann. The royal house is a modern concept, first mentioned in a written source dating from the 16th century. The descendants of Daireann Nic Aillán were divided into several branches, forming around her children. The crown would transfer to a member of the royal sept, the direct relatives of the ruling monarch. This heir was chosen by the déisi, a council of the nobility. Monarchs reigned between Daireann Nic Aillán's death in 753 and 1082 are attributed to the House of Ní Daireann.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Daireann I
the Magnificent
10 June 720

13 February 753
100px 687 Torán
7 September 717
3 children
13 February 753
aged 66
Niamh I
the Fair
13 February 753

4 January 776
Krolowa Malgorzata Sambiria afT.jpeg 2 July 719 Rónán
24 April 735
1 child
4 January 776
aged 56
Ailbe I
the Foul
4 January 776

26 February 791
8 January 736 Saoirse
6 May 753
5 children
26 February 791
aged 55
Morcan I
the Great
26 February 791

4 September 823
11 June 751 Ruairi
8 December 770
2 children
4 September 823
aged 71
Morcan II
4 September 823

8 October 836
10 July 773 Piran
29 November 789
2 children
8 October 836
aged 63
Morcan III
the Unready
8 October 836

29 September 838
17 August 792 Miach
30 May 812
1 Child
29 September 838
aged 46
Lughaidh I
the Warrior
29 September 838

17 January 871
Aberdeen, William Wallace close-up - geograph.org.uk - 598093.jpg 1 February 819 Gráinne
1 January 835
9 Children
29 September 871
aged 52
Niamh II
17 January 871

4 April 878
Adela hlava.jpg 29 November 836 Abbán
4 August 841
3 Children
4 April 878
aged 42
Lughaidh II
the Barren
4 April 878

17 August 919
Alexander III statue, West door of St. Giles, Edinburgh.jpg 3 July 842 Breasal
26 June 863
No Children
17 August 919
aged 77
Daireann II
the Chosen
17 August 919

2 April 929
7 March 867
niece of Lughaidh II
Keefe
21 September 885
3 Children
2 April 929
aged 62
Morcan IV
2 April 929

28 October 936
5 August 887 Caoimhín
23 September 905
2 Children
28 October 936
aged 49
Niamh III
28 October 936

11 January 969
Adela hlava.jpg 3 June 906 Vaughn
1 November 927
4 Children
11 January 969
aged 62
Tomaisin I
the White
11 January 969

20 September 987
Robert the Bruce Statue, Stirling.JPG 22 April 929 Oona
14 August 948
6 Children
20 September 987
aged 58
Tomaisin II
the Wine-Bountiful
20 September 987

23 May 990
Constantine II of Scotland.jpg 17 March 949 Nessa
9 June 964
1 Child
23 May 993
aged 41
Ailbe II
the Wise
23 May 993

4 December 1042
Æðelflæd (British Library MS Cotton Claudius B VI, folio 14r).jpg 19 August 969 Seosamh
7 October 986
5 Children
4 December 1042
aged 73
Morcan V
4 December 1042

26 August 1054
28 January 988 Iobhar
15 May 1006
2 Children
26 August 1054
aged 66
Fiona I
26 August 1054

9 March 1078
Matilda Scotland.jpg 4 March 1007 Gaeth
19 April 1024
4 Children
9 March 1078
aged 71
Ailbe III
9 March 1078

14 June 1082
Anne Kiev.jpg 6 February 1025 Maelache
29 August 1042
1 Child
14 June 1082
aged 57

House of MacIconnich (1082-1253)

Coinneach succeeded to the throne as the nephew of Ailbe III. In 1080, he usurped power and established himself as heir designate and Laird Regent. Upon the death of his sickly aunt, the House of MacIconnich held the Caldish Crown.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Coinneach I
the Amorous
14 June 1082

3 May 1112
The Bruce - geograph.org.uk - 1198185.jpg 10 October 1043 Teagan
27 September 1069
No Children
3 May 1112
aged 68
Medb I
3 May 1112

7 April 1135
28 February 1072
niece of Coinneach I
Padraig
16 June August
3 Children
3 May 1112
aged 63
Fiona II
7 April 1135

19 October 1159
Madrid - Jardines de Isabel La Católica, Monumento a Isabel La Católica 4.JPG


Niamh IV
19 October 1159

27 February 1160
Aleanor of Aqutaine and Henri II 1.jpg


Tomaisin III
27 February 1160

15 April 1204
RoberttheBruce.jpg


Morcan VI
the Golden
15 April 1204

7 June 1219
100px


Alastar
the Great
15 April 1219

20 March 1231
100px 28 February 1184 Natalie of Caltarania
18 May 1205
3 Children
20 March 1231
(aged 47)
Morcan VII
7 June 1231

12 August 1233
100px 14 June 1206
daughter of Alastar
Richard of Tyke
25 April 1224
No Children
12 August 1233
(aged 27)
Sionann
the Usurper

12 August 1233

21 May 1335
100px 4 April 1207
son of Alastar
Bridget of Iona
10 August 1225
1 Child
21 May 1235
(aged 28)
Natalie
the Noble

21 May 1235

29 January 1248
100px 8 January 1187
wife of Alastar
Alastar
18 May 1205
3 Children
29 January 1248
(aged 61)
Fiona III
29 January 1248

12 February 1250
100px daughter of Alastar


Morcan VIII
7 November 1250

19 December 1254
Catherine de Valois (1401-1437).jpg


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House of Bettencourt (1253-1361)

The first Bettencourt monarch, William I, emerged as the strongest claimant to the throne after a succession crisis broke out in the aftermath of Morcan VIII's death. Morcan, whose children all died in their youth, died without a direct issue, from which heirs were traditionally chosen. Her unexpected death came before she named an heir designate, resulting in infighting among the royal family. An interregnum was soon established during which the Guardians of the Realm oversaw the succession dispute. The Earl of Holyhead, The Earl of Benbaun, and the Archbishop of Spálgleann, who served as the three guardians, decided that Morcan's nephew, William Bettencourt of Estmere, had the strongest claim. William was the son of Morcan's late sister, Fiona. His status as a Verique noble influenced the decisions of the two Fitzgeralds, who themselves descended from the Verique. The fondness many held for the Estmerish-born Queen Natalie also made him a popular candidate. He was only eleven years old and was in Estmere at the time of his selection. As such the guardians maintained their positions until William came of age in 1258.

William was the first of five Bettencourt monarchs. Upon the birth of his first son, William II, the house was Ghaillisized as MacWilliam. Numerous Estmerish reforms were issued during the reign of the Bettencourts. More royal burghs were issued, taxation was made more efficient, and . There were no anti-popes set up by the Bettencourt monarchs, breaking with a long line of anti-popes set up by the native houses which preceded them. Relations with the papacy were improved and cognatic primogeniture hereditary law was introduced. The abandonment of tanistry brought stability but angered many of the Ghaillish nobles who preferred the native system. The unexpected death of William III in 1359 left the six year old William IV on the throne. Discontent led by the MacIconnichs, who had been out of power since the arrival of William I, spread throughout much of the kingdom and a brief uprising saw Coinneach II sack and seize the throne for himself. William IV and the Bettencourts were executed by Coinneach II and the royal line of the house went extinct.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
William I
30 January 1254

24 July 1298
King Edward III (retouched).jpg


William II
24 July 1298

18 March 1306
King Henry I.jpg


Margaret
18 March 1306

2 August 1342
Flemish School - Lille - Margaret of Dampierre.jpg


William III
2 August 1342

11 November 1359
Richard II of England.png


William IV
11 November 1359

28 November 1361
Richard of Shrewsbury.jpg


House of MacIconnich (restored first time) (1361-1457)

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Coinneach II
28 November 1361

14 December 1377
King Edward IV.jpg


Séamus I
14 December 1377

4 August 1395
James IV King of Scotland.jpg


Morcan IX
the Horrid
4 August 1395

23 March 1397
Margaret Beaufort, by follower of Maynard Waynwyk;.jpg


Séamus II
the Just
23 March 1397

21 October 1426
Henry VI of England.png


Fiona V
21 October 1426

30 January 1443
Margaret Tudor.jpg


Fiona VI
30 January 1443

24 July 1457
100px


House of Mac Cellacháin (1458-1459)

An outbreak of smallpox in 1457 killed both Fiona VI and her tanist, causing a succession crisis. An inclusive meeting of the déisi saw no candidate secure enough support to become tanist and in turn monarch. A regency council was formed as factions of the MacIconnich family began skirmishing with one another. Hoping to prevent a civil war, the council petitioned the Ordennian king to serve as an arbitrator. Edward VI chose Còiseam of the cadet Mac Cellacháin branch of the MacIconnich dynasty. Còiseam was married to Edward's sister and was easily influenced by the Ordennian king. His rule lasted last than a year before he named Edward as Laird Regent and abdicated.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Còiseam
1458

3 December 1459
Gerald Fitzgerald 9th Earl of Kildare 2.JPG 12 December 1425 Ingrid of Raglan
1442
1 child
25 November 1473
aged 48

House of Akesson (1457-1489)

Having initially been invited to serve as an arbitrator in a secession dispute, Edward became Laird Regent of Caldia following Còiseam's abdication. Under his rule, Caldia became a de facto vassal of Ordennia. His rule faced a revolt from Caldish nobles in 1465 that was successfully repressed. Anti-Ordennian sentiments continued to linger and many of the nobles wished for a return to native rule following the suspension of the déisi. Resistance continued and the Caldish War for Independence began in 1486. Medb II was crowned queen and led the revolt against Ordennian rule. Edward died in 1489 and his son sued for peace, ending the rule of the House of Akesson.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Edward VI of Ordennia
Laird Regent of Caldia
1 January 1459

15 June 1489
Erik I, 1382-1459, hertig av Pommern konung av Danmark Norge och Sverige - Nationalmuseum - 15058.tif (1413-04-19)19 April 1413 Elisa of Osea
5 children
15 June 1489(1489-06-15) (aged 76)

House of MacIconnich (restored second time) (1489-1649)

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Maeve II
27 November 1489

27 November 1507
Margaret of Sweden (1536) by Johan Baptista van Uther.jpg


Séamus III
27 November 1507

18 July 1535
Henry7England.jpg


Ellen I
the Saint
18 July 1535

24 March 1582
Mary Queen of Scots by Federico Zuccari or Alonso Sánchez Coello.jpg


Mary I
24 March 1582

8 May 1604
Hans Eworth called Mary Fitzalan Duchess of Norfolk.jpg


Fiona VI
8 May 1604
-
23 April 1628
John De Critz Anne of Denmark 1605.jpg


Maeve III
23 April 1628

2 February 1649
HenriettaMariavonFrankreich.jpg


House of Dejarlais (1649-1651)

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
John
the Papist
2 February 1649

30 January 1651
King Charles I after original by van Dyck.jpg


House of MacIconnich (restored third time) (1651-2002)

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Rory I
the Restorer
30 January 1671

19 August 1678
King James II by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg


Fiona VII
19 August 1678

13 February 1689
Mary of Modena by William Wissig.jpg


Mary II
13 February 1689

8 March 1702
W. Wissing Mary Stuart.jpg


Rory II
8 March 1702

1 August 1714
King William III of England, (1650-1702) (lighter).jpg


Lauren
1 August 1714

26 April 1729
Maria Klementyna Sobieska (1702-1735).jpg


Rory III
26 April 1729

25 October 1760
Prince James Francis Edward Stuart by Alexis Simon Belle.jpg


Kenneth III
25 October 1760

31 January 1788
Lost Portrait of Charles Edward Stuart.jpg


Mary III
31 January 1788

18 August 1820
Maria Theresia11.jpg


Fiona VIII
18 August 1820

29 January 1837
Beechey, William - Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen - NPG 1533.jpg


Elton I
29 January 1837

18 September 1882
Edward vii england.jpg


James IV
18 September 1882

29 October 1907
Anders Zorn - Prins Eugen 1910.jpg


Mary IV
29 October 1907

11 December 1926
Maud, Queen of Norway.jpg


Ellen II
the Beloved
11 December 1926

6 February 2002
Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother portrait.jpg 4 August 1907 Philippe of Sartoux
26 April 1930
4 children
30 March 2002
(aged 95)

House of MacIconnich-Sartoux​ (2002-)

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Elton II
6 February 2002

5 August 2010
Albert II.jpg 19 February 1932

Living
(age 84)
Kenneth IV
5 August 2010

present
KennethIV.jpeg 11 October 1991 Prince Robert, Duke of Clane
24 October 2015
Living
(age 26)