List of premiers of Xiaodong

The Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong has had 30 premiers since the posts creation in 1882.

List

  Nonpartisan
  Military
  Constitutionalist Party
  Nationalist Party
  Republican Party
  Peasants and Workers' Party
  Xiaodong Regeneration Society
  Constitutional Protection Society
  Concordance Democratic Party
  National Association for Progress
  Righteous Harmony Association
  Society for Restoring Benevolence

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Days Political Party
HXS seal.png Premier of the Heavenly Xiaodongese Empire HXS seal.png
1 Lihongzhang Shanghai Baoji Studio Portrait (Volkenkunde Museum, Utrecht, Netherlands).jpg Prince
Yao Shusheng
尧书生

(1829–1895)
12rd May 1882 16th November 1885 3 years, 6 months and 4 days Nonpartisan
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2 Yuan Shikai as governor of shandong.jpg General
Zhang Haodong
张皓东

(1845-1923)
16th November 1885 12th January 1890 4 years, 1 month and 27 days Military
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(1) Li Hung-Chang, c. 1896.jpg Prince
Yao Shusheng
尧书生

(1829–1895)
12th January 1890 24th March 1893 3 years, 2 months and 12 days Nonpartisan
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3 Wu Tingfang2.jpg Duke
Hu Jianying
胡剑英

(1834–1906)
12th January 1893 3rd June 1895 2 years, 2 months and 10 days Nonpartisan
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(1) Li Hung-Chang, c. 1896.jpg Prince
Yao Shusheng
尧书生

(1829–1895)
3rd June 1895 16th April 1897† 1 year, 10 months and 13 days Nonpartisan
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(2) Yuan Shikai as governor of shandong.jpg General
Zhang Haodong
张皓东

(1845-1923)
16th April 1897 6th June 1903 6 years, 1 month and 21 days Military
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4 趙秉鈞 (cropped).jpg General
He Zuoxiang
和作祥

(1845-1923)
6th June 1903 22nd October 1905 2 years, 4 months and 13 days Military
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5 Zhang Xun2.jpg General
Mao Zhaojian
毛昭谏

(1843-1908)
22nd October 1905 7th September 1906 10 months and 16 days Military
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6 Kang Yu-wei cph.3a36142.jpg Duke
Zhang Qisun
张企孙

(1834–1906)
7th September 1906 25th June 1911 4 years, 9 months and 18 days Nonpartisan
Considered to be a progressive in royalist politics, Zhang was surprisingly appointed by the newly-enthroned Qingzhuo Emperor as a change from the conservative militarism of his predecessors. Zhang intended to increase the power of the National Assembly relative to both the monarchy and the military. He was opposed to the expansion of the Xiaodongese Empire in favour of promoting cordial relations with Euclean nations but during his term the First Sakata Incident saw Xiaodong expand into Senria. Zhang resigned in 1911 after feeling that the imperial system was unreformable.
(5) Zhang Xun2.jpg General
Mao Zhaojian
毛昭谏

(1843-1908)
25th June 1911 13th October 1914 3 years, 3 months and 18 days Military
A former military officer, Mao during his term promoted the continued strong rule of the imperial house often acting more akin to a chief bureaucrat then premier. In response to the Great Collapse Mao was seen to be slow to provide economic relief and was dismissed from office in 1914 after his budget was rejected twice by the National Assembly.
7 Wellington Koo cph.3a44362.jpg Cao Ghuozhang
曹国璋

(1842-1900)
13th October 1915 27th May 1916 8 months and 14 days Nonpartisan
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(5) Zhang Xun2.jpg General
Mao Zhaojian
毛昭谏

(1843-1908)
27th May 1916 20th April 1917 9 months and 24 days Military
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8 Zheng Xiaoxu2.JPG Duke
Long Zhengxin
龙增新

(1845-1923)
20th April 1917 17th Feburary 1919 1 year, 9 months and 28 days Nonpartisan
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9 Hu Weide 1917.jpg Baron
Kai Panming
凯盘铭

(1853-1922)
17th Feburary 1919 5th August 1920 1 year, 5 months and 19 days Nonpartisan
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10 Feng Guozhang6 (cropped).jpg General
Zhao Hongjun
赵鴻鈞

(1853-1922)
5th August 1920 26th July 1923 2 years, 11 months and 21 days Military
Taking power during the Jiayin uprising, Zhao attempted to monopolise power around himself acting as a balancing factor between more conservative forces and radicals in the military. However the Shanrong Emperor, who was himself sympathetic to the radical military factors, saw Zhao as an opportunist and had him forcibly retired in 1923 in a purge of his supporters.
11 Wu Peifu4.jpg Ren Xilian
任锡联

(1860-1938)
26th July 1923 14th April 1933 9 years, 8 months and 19 days Military
The leader of the radical faction of the army, Ren played a key part in the militarisation of Xiaodong prior to the Great War and promoted expansionist and racist policies in the empire. He led Xiaodong into the Great War where he and army chief of staff Yao Fuzhang formed a de facto military dictatorship under the approval of the emperor. In 1930 he consolidated power further by replacing Yao as chief of staff and thereby being head of both the civilian government and the army - however he fell from power in 1933 after the death of the emperor.
12 Shi Renshu.jpg Shi Renshu
石壬叔

(1860-1938)
14th April 1933 16th November 1934 1 year, 7 months and 2 days Military
Appointed to replace Ren, Shi was seen as a weak figure who had little control over the military nor the newly enthroned Taiyi Emperor. He was involved in the defence of Xiaodong during the Senrian invasion but resigned in 1934 after the capture of Baiqiao.
13 徐世昌.jpg Meng Jianing
梦佳宁

(1860-1938)
16th November 1934 15th January 1935 1 month and 30 days Constitutionalist Party
Appointed following the fall of Baiqiao, Meng was seen as a representative of a wave of republican and pro-peace sentiment in the country. In 1935 Meng was able to persuade the Taiyi Emperor to abdicate ending the monarchy and becoming Xiaodong's first president, subsequently ordering the surrender of Xiaodong to the Grand Alliance.
State of Xiaodong CoA.png Premier of the Republic of Xiaodong State of Xiaodong CoA.png
(7) Wellington Koo 1945.jpg Cao Ghuozhang
曹国璋

(1842-1900)
15th January 1935 23rd May 1935 4 months and 8 days Constitutionalist Party
Reappointed to the premiership as the most prominent opposition figure to the former dictatorship Cao formally signed both the constitution of the republic and the Treaty of Keisi. The latter's signing saw a wave of destabilisation and political protest leading to a snap election which saw Cao's Constitutionalist party decisively defeated.
14 Liang Qichao portrait.jpg Xu Dongwu
许动物

(1884–1948)
23rd May 1935 14th November 1935 5 months and 22 days Nationalist Party
The leader of the treaty revisionists in the National Assembly Xu unsuccessfully attempted to renegotiate the Treaty of Keisi with the allied powers in order to blunt the growth of the Army of National Salvation. He resigned however after the forces of the popular general Lu Keqian staged the Corrective Revolution and his attempt at treaty renegotiation floundering in the face of Senrian objections.
15 Lin Sen.jpg Zhang Mingshu
張銘樞

(1877–1944)
14th November 1935 6th August 1936 8 months and 23 days Nationalist Party
Appointed to head an all party cabinet, Zhang soon faced a massive social and political crisis as the civil war worsened and the republican government saw large military setbacks. He stepped down from the office after being elected president in August 1936 when president Meng resigned from the post.
(7) Wellington Koo 1945.jpg Cao Ghuozhang
曹国璋

(1842-1900)
6th August 1936 17th July 1937 11 months and 3 days Constitutionalist Party
Returning to office to head a minority government with only presidential approval, Cao failed to reinvigorate the republican government and oversaw a worsening of the civil war. His government collapsed after general Qin was able to assemble together a new government.
16 Li Yuan-hung.jpg General
Qin Xinyi
秦心衣

(1845-1923)
17th July 1937 14th November 1939 2 years, 3 months and 28 days Republican Party
The final chief of staff during the Great War and a controversial figure, Qin was able to persuade the president and National Assembly to grant him near-dictatorial powers to fight the civil war. Qin subsequently created a police state in republican areas whilst implementing harsh tactics against the Army of National Salvation. His pro-Grand Alliance foreign policy alongside his repressive internal policies and a worsening financial situation led to an implosion of the government's popularity and he was ousted by the National Assembly in November 1939.
(14) Liang Qichao portrait.jpg Xu Dongwu
许动物

(1884–1948)
14th November 1939 26th August 1940† 9 months and 12 days Nationalist Party
Reappointed as Premier as the most popular of the republican figures, Xu was able to persuade Senria to lift restrictions on the size of the Xiaodongese army in order to win the civil war. However a series of military defeats saw the government pushed further back and in August 1940 Xu committed suicide whilst still in office.
17 Hu Yingjiu.png General
Hu Yingjiu
胡英九

(1876–1943)
26th August 1940 13th October 1940 1 month and 17 days Military
Hu's appointment as Prime Minister also came with an appointment as commanding officer of the capital Baiqiao. Following a series of military defeats Hu declared Baiqaio an open city, resulting in Lu's forces to take the city and dissolve the Republic of Xiaodong.
Seal of Xiaodong.png Premier of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong Seal of Xiaodong.png
18 1950 Pang Dehuai going to Korea.jpg Rao Junzhao
饶军钊

(1877–1944)
13th October 1940 7th February 1942 1 year, 3 months and 25 days Peasants and Workers' Party
The leader of the Peasants and Workers' Party, Rao attempted as Premier to strengthen the socialists power relative to Lu Keqian's supporters. In 1942 cordial relations between the two factions broke down and Rao was subsequently dismissed and purged by Lu's supporters. .
19 Ma Renzhong general.png General
Zhou Hongkui
周鸿逵

(1886–1954)
7th February 1942 24th August 1947 5 years, 6 months and 17 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
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20 國共內戰時期周恩來.jpg Chen Xuechang
陳学昌

(1898-1974)
24th August 1947 20th November 1966 19 years, 2 months and 27 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
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21 Sun Fo - Hong Kong - HK - c1950 cs.jpg Lu Zhaohui
陆找回

(1904-1987)
20th November 1966 31st March 1970 3 years, 4 months and 11 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
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22 Chun Doo-hwan.png Shao Yuzhang
少愈长

(1910-1984)
31st March 1970 24th April 1977 7 years and 24 days Military
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23 Roh Tae-woo - cropped, 1988-October-21 02 (cropped).jpg Qian Xingwen
钱兴文

(1910-1984)
24th April 1977 17th January 1984 6 years, 8 months and 24 days Military
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24 Li Jingyao2.jpg Liao Congwu
廖从吾

(1910–1992)
17th January 1984 9th June 1988 4 years, 4 months and 23 days Constitutional Protection Society
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Zhao Ziyang-1.jpg Li Jingyao
俪竟要
(1922-2007)
9th June 1988 14th March 1993 4 years, 9 months and 5 days Constitutional Protection Society

Concordance Democratic Party
25
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26 Yuan Jiaxiang.png Yuan Jiaxiang
袁稼祥

(1926-1994)
14th March 1993 5th May 1994† 1 year, 1 month and 21 days Constitutional Protection Society
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27 Wang surong.jpg Mao Zhukang
毛竹康

(1925-2006)
5th May 1994 18th July 1997 3 years, 2 months and 13 days National Association for Progress
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Wen Jiabao (Cropped).jpg Han Guanzheng
汗官正

(1940-)
18th July 1997 30th March 2007 9 years, 8 months and 12 days National Association for Progress

Righteous Harmony Association
28
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29 Abe Shinzo.jpg Yuan Xiannian
远现年

(1952–)
30th March 2007 19th November 2016 9 years, 7 months and 20 days Righteous Harmony Association
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30 Li Keqiang (cropped).jpg Xi Yao-tong
夕瑶棠

(1955–)
19th November 2016 Incumbent 4 years and 11 days Society for Restoring Benevolence
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