Kingdom of Mathrabumi
मतभूमि का साम्राज्य
Motto: "Hare Krishin!"
Royal anthem: March of the Divine Prince
|Official languages||Marathi |
|Ethnic groups||Marathi people 86% |
|Government||Unitary Krishin Way Theocracy|
|360,515 km2 (139,196 sq mi)|
• 2018 estimate
• 2015 census
|240.84/km2 (623.8/sq mi)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2018)|| .45|
|Date format||yyyy.mm.dd KY|
The Kingdom of Mathrabumi (Marathi: मतभूमि का साम्राज्य; Transliteration: Mātr̥bhūmīcē Rājya) or just Mathrabumi is a theocracy in Kylaris, located in the West of Coius. To the east Mathrabumi has a land border with Subarna, and lies closest to Senria to the west by sea. It is seen a regional power in Hyndana, and a rising great power in Kylaris with a growing economy and powerful modernizing army. Mathrabumi has an authoritarian government with totalitarian tendencies, following a unique ideology known as the Krishin Way that has often been compared to national functionalism. In spite of this the has democractic elements, mostly borrowed from Estmere. Mathrabumi's ideology has been a point of particular interest due to it's syncretic nature among Hyndnanaologists.
The climate of Mathrabumi is tropical wet and dry, with a long dry season, and short monsoon season lasting several months. The land is mostly flat, made up of fertile agricultural plains. Around 25% of the population live on the dense Sirand Delta, a river delta that is known as the core of the nation. Most of the population lives and farms on the Krishin and Tanguna River leading to the Sirand Delta. This region with a low elevation is flood prone during monsoon months, controlling these remains a challenge for local authorities, modern impressive damming projects have helped reduce the impact of flooding. Mathrabumi is a major producer of crops such as rice, and lentils.
Mathrabumi has a strong, fast growing economy with a nominal GDP of 2tn dollars, and an impressive GDP per capita of 23k. The Mathran economy once seen as a basket case, has turned itself into a major economic power since the National Reform, privatising inefficient temple trusts, ending strict regulations, and cultivating new small business, and massive conglomerates. The result has been the Miracle on the Krishin River, Mathrabumi turning into a high income country, with advanced cities, companies and infrastructure. With little natural resources the Mathran economy is based primarily on secondary, tertiary, and quaternary sectors. The country has developed large multinational conglomerates with assets all over the world. The economy is highly unequal with a high GINI, and great divides exist between the capital and countryside. The state is much more involved with the economy than in other countries, with finance being state controlled and Four Year Plans released. The Mathran economy is dominated by massive conglomerates who are world leaders in their fields.
The history of the modern Mathrabumian state began when Estmere colonized Hyndana (details added later). The Estmereish created two colonial states that was controlled by the Estmere Colonial Governance of Hyndana ruled by a corrupt nobility. Famine was endemic during this period, and farmers were taxed heavily. The nascent Mathrabumian industry was burned to the ground, ensuring a very low standard of living for the people. Religion grew during this period to cope with the atrocities of colonialism, and many cult like societies formed with the colonial repression, including the National Society for Krishin Consciousness, which began in 1880 following the failed Mathrabumi Rebellion of 1872. The society called for the removal of the Estmerish colonial government to build a new dharmatic society based on Krishin. It gained support from all sections of the populace, and engaged with Occultist and National Functionalist theorists to help define it's philosophy.
The Society led the independence war in the 30s and won the civil war against the Estmerish. The new regime set out to build a pure society, based on the Arthashastra. A vast network of spies was created, still in existence today, known as the SPS. The spies conducted purges against opposition to the theocratic government, and "unholy" persons. The state took away former land holdings from the colonial government, and redistributed them to the peasantry, killing many landholders, many of these reforms were reversed during the reform period. The nascent bourgeois was capped through the new Licenes of Krishna system, which set heavy regulations on enterprise, as well as red tape in the interests of setting up a corporatist economy based on agriculture and self sufficiency.
Mathrabumi in these early years dealt with the creation of new states in Hyndana, especially Subarna. While at first the revolutionary regime was popular, it began to wane as massive corruption set in by the clergy weakening the economy, and the nation consistently failed in it's conflicts with Subarna. A new King came into power by the 1960s, King Poddar, who appointed Peshwa Nitin Palekar, a developmentalist, to carry out major reforms. Nitin carried out a coup and purged much of the clergy, as well as rewritting the constitution. Nitin began a major restructuring of the economy to restore the king's power and conduct major modernization. The new economic policy saw restrictions and red tape on enterprises were removed, land acquisition was simplified, and the former strict labor laws were removed. These reforms led to the Angre Temple Incident in Sirand in the late 80s, caused by discontent from the breakdown of the national social safety net, the corruption and collusion between state and business, "degenerate" art, and finally the loss of the clergies power and influence. A political struggle developed between two Peshwas, in which Narendra Pawgi was victorious. Pawgi a more traditional hardliner began a clampdown in the 90s, which saw a widespread purge of non Krishin faiths, other deviations of the Krishinava faith, liberal and socialist organizations.
- 1 History
- 1.1 The Kulkarni Dynasty
- 1.2 First Interactions With Europeans
- 1.3 Mathra Trading Corporation
- 1.4 Expansions of the Kulkarni
- 1.5 The First Spice Wars
- 1.6 Colonial Governate
- 1.7 War of Independence
- 1.8 Reign of King Ganapuli I
- 1.9 Reign of Ganapuli II
- 1.10 Reign of Ganapuli III
- 2 Geography
- 3 Politics and Government
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
The Kulkarni Dynasty
First Interactions With Europeans
Mathra Trading Corporation
Expansions of the Kulkarni
The First Spice Wars
War of Independence
Reign of King Ganapuli I
After more then a decade of brutal civil war in 1942 the National Society for Krishin Consciousness finally negotiated a peace treaty with the Estemerish. The Estemerish worn out from a near decade of civil war began a rapid departure, quickly evacuating all Estmereish citizens in the former colony. With the full departure of Estemerish forces, the leader of the Society, Ram Ganapuli was declared Maharaja, or King of the new kingdom. The Society quickly moved to centralize the disparate Holy Orders, previously under various gurus and godmen. After a few months as the government engaged in forceful negotiations with local gurus, priests, and government commissaries the Societies Holy Orders were centralized into a single military force, the Imperial Armed Forces. Politicians in Sirand hoping to consolidate their power escalated communal riots, leading to hundreds of thousands of deaths.
This initial period was marred with heavy social tension, with the a massive power vacuum emerging. Communalism had become widespread all over the kingdom, not helped by the existence of radical gurus and politicians calling for a "cleansing of the old colonial society". Attacks were commonplace against former zamindars, liberals, republicans, and communists. As a populist leader Ram Ganapuli only exacerbated this tension in his speeches, calling to "defend the gains of the revolution", and to "cleanse the nation of Irfanic elements". The Constitution signed in 1944 caused civil unrest among communists and liberals, who felt they had been completely left out of the independent Marathan state. The unrest grew so great that by 1945 the Assembly of the Mathra People passed a law calling for land reform to assist the peasantry and allowed "defenders of the Raja" to scout out 'disloyal persons' who might threaten the reform. In the government itself divisions had become huge, with many different factions forming and no clear line pursued. In order to hold onto power Ram Ganapuli launched the so called Campaign of Purity.
The Campaign of Purity
Launched in April 25th of 1945, a massive campaign was launched by the Mathran government to "cleanse the pure Krishinava culture of all colonial remnants". Thousands of communists, and liberals were detained by radicals, students would skip school to join in mass rallies, and the Irfanics who had been detained were shot and their bodies burned or left in unmarked graves. The Mathran government to this day has refused to release sites, or allow excavations for these mass graves although a limited amount of compensation was given in the 70s as part of the detente with Estmere and Senria.
Vast amounts of culture was destroyed in this period with Mathran students, and soldiers destroying colonial or Islamic buildings within the country. Important Estemerish libraries went up in flames and mosques were destroyed with their stones going into future temples. "Deviant anti Krishin" sects of Krishinava were also targeted with many important scriptures burned. The culture was ripe to be remade for the vision that Ganapuli I had in mind. He also launched numerous purges to cement his power. Rival political parties and leaders were purged, or turned into puppet opposition parties, the media fell under the control of the society, and most civil servants joined the society in order to prove their loyalty. Most historians believe the Campaign was the turning point that allowed Mathrabumi to become a single party state, and solidify National Functionalist rule.
While the Campaign caused mass destruction and chaos in a country already ravaged by civil war, it also had positive affects. The campaign saw the end of feudal privileges in Mathrabumi with colonial era landlords deposed of their lands and privileges, princes and aristocrats killed in mass peasantry violence, an end to inefficient Estmereish tradition, and land reform which allowed Mathran peasants to own their land. After 3 years of revolutionary violence the campaign was brought down when Ganapuli had appointed a new Peshwa, Yash Arondekar. Peshwa Yash Arondekar would start the rebuilding of the country, which after years of civil war as well as communalist violence had been nearly destroyed.
First Subarnan War
Revitalization of the Hindu Nation
In a speech by 1948 Yash said "the glorious Hindu nation has been cleansed of colonial elements, now the task is to rebuild the nation". The Governments line changed significantly towards reconstruction. During this period the government began a practice of sending students and officials to the countryside to engage in work which continues to this day. The nation's railway system was rebuilt, mass electrification programs started up, schools and universities built, and a system of clinics established. Living standards during this period increased, although the massive destruction from independence meant Mathrabumi was still an extremely poor and impoverished country. The country's professional bureaucracy also began to take shape during this period with former civil servants rehabilitated, and new officials trained. The Mathra crown looked towards nearby Xiaodong, implementing civil service exams and a system of impersonal promotions based on legalism.
Reign of Ganapuli II
Second Subarnan War
The Ganapuli Restoration
Marathi New Economic Policy
Politcal and Social Changes
Third Subarnan War
Coian Economic Crisis
Reign of Ganapuli III
Politics and Government
Inspired by Estmere the country has a bicameral legislature, although the King has the power of veto, ability to propose laws, and appoint ministers. The two houses are the House of the People, the only democratically elected body at the national level, and House of the Experts. The presiding officer for both is Peshwa, the King's first minister, who, while directly elected, must be confirmed by the King and selected as a Candidate by the House of the Experts. For a law to be passed in Mathrabumi one of the houses needs to be able to get a simple majority, and have both the Peshwa and king approve it.
Mathrabumi borrows a significant amount of it's judicial system from Estmere, although there are differences. Judges are selected differently from much of Kylaris, being directly elected from a pool of candidates for a term of 10 years in both civil and family courts. Judges must be a part of the National Society of Krishin Consciousness with recommendations from gurus. The country uses a mixture of civil and common law, with law seen as a method of having an individual fulfill his rightful dharma. Mathran courts are seen by human rights organizations as far from independent, although in general they operate on Estmereish principles.
Liberal individualism and liberal ideas of human rights are strongly rejected in the Kingdom, with focus on the collective and the fulfillment of the people's needs of "ek ghur, koop chavval, aur ek acchi parivaar", the party defines the root of human rights as simply the ability to perform dharma to the family, self, and nation. This alternate focus led to Mathrabumi building an extensive social safety net with free universal healthcare, state housing, food rationing systems, etc as well as a focus on maintaining the nuclear family with the government in more recent times hosting couple meetups, and offering free daycare for infants. The government operates many charitable organizations, and all youth are required to perform service in these at age 18. Another consequence unfortunately is that freedom of speech and freedom of religion is nearly nonexistent in Mathrabumi, with non Hindu places of worship only open for foreign expats, and journalists tightly suppressed.
Entering the Kingdom's complicated bureaucracy is quite difficult and requires passing the National Standardized Civil Service Exam, a very difficult exam that requires extensive knowledge in religious affairs, theory, philosophy, science, mathematics, and in more recent years technology related issues. With a civil service job in high demand these exams are extremely competitive and passing rates are usually very low. Being born into an aristocratic house is another way to enter the government. While in the past most state positions were hereditary, widespread corruption led most positions to be based on merit. The economy is corporatist, with the country's large industrial cartels, the state, and workers coordinating through the National Corporate Organization of Mathrabumi. This semi-public organization drafts national plans, upholds and drafts agreements between employers and laborers, and settles labor disputes. The state operates the All-Mathrabumi Trade Union--the only legal trade union in the country--to improve bargaining for workers. The economy is led by the National 4 Year Plan which is drafted through consultation between the workers, managerial class, citizens, local governments, and foreign businesses operating in the country. The plan creates economic objectives and allows long term economic development to take place.
Mathrabumi remains one of the few absolute monarchies in Kylaris, with the monarch seen as a "philosopher king". The Ayyangar family justifies it's rule through divine right with the Raja as Krishin's representation on Earth, and his "appointed protector of all Earthly beings". Mathrabumi borrows heavily from the Arthashastra in it's conception of the Raja. The King should be a "Saintly King" who "shall restrain the organs of sense; acquire wisdom by keeping company with the aged; see through his spies; establish safety and security by being ever active; maintain his subjects in the observance of their respective duties by exercising authority; keep up his personal discipline by receiving lessons in the sciences; and endear himself to the people by bringing them in contact with wealth and doing good to them". A King who falls to sin and lustfulness and no longer focuses on his duties will no longer have karma, and will "fall a prey either to the fury of his own subjects or to that of his enemies". The Saintly King is seen as coming from a highly family, and thus the position is hereditary with the previous king's children being eligible for monarch. A Council of Nobles will decide his successor after the death of the previous king with the activities checked by Royal Spies.
Since the King is seen as the Kingdom's representation from the spiritual world, he is the supreme authority with sovereignty emerging from him. The Maratha nation emerges from the King's soul, and for people to see moksha they must perform their duties to the King. The King must also perform his duties to the people following the Six Fold Policy, and be a wise King that follows the will of Krishin. The King must also care for his subjects, pursuing prudent policies that allows all his subjects greater prosperity.
Mathrabumi is a significant regional power due to it's status as the most powerful in Hyndana, and seen as an emerging Great power as it's economy steadily rises and military modernizes. Since the Ganapuli Restoration it has amassed a massive amount of both soft and hard power. It is associated with the Eastern Euclean Euclean Community sphere, having significant economic, military, and cultural links to the EC. The country enjoys a "special relationship" with Valentir and Senria, with the 3 countries being the founding members of the COMSED bloc.
Mathrabumi's foreign policy has gone through various shifts over the years, however, the goals have been consistent: defend Marathi territorial integrity; protection of Marathi interests from outside interference; allow Mathrabumi to have a stable and secure environment in order to improve living standards; reunification of Hyndana; and limiting the aggression of rival powers. The current foreign policy establishment works to do this in tandem with other more established powers, who can better protect Marathi interests. The country uses many means at it's disposal to carry out it's foreign policy goals including asymmetrical warfare, diplomatic efforts, geoeconomics, international aid, and multilateral cooperation. The country's foreign policy is pragmatic in nature, focusing little on the state's supposed ideological aims. As a result many see Mathrabumi as an "Estmerish" client state in foreign policy, furthering the ends of it's former colonizer. The foreign ministry has repeatedly debunked such claims stating the country acts independently on the basis of it's own interests.
Mathrabumi defends it's foreign policy through various means, most important of which is attempting to maintain a cordon throughout Hyndana through which Zorasani influence cannot penetrate and helping to contain Zorasani influence in Coius. The country has used a variety of economic, diplomatic, and political means towards this end, often utilizing Krishinava, or Satyist religious groups. The country has also put emphasis on maintaining it's trading routes, and gaining energy security through cooperation with Asterian nations, most importantly Valentir. The country also advocates multilateral solutions to international issues, and common economic development with the country investing billions in less developed and developing countries. Through various Krishinava missionary groups Mathrabumi is seen as one of the largest suppliers of humanitarian aid in Kylaris.