Nahlaya

Imperial State of Nahlaya

امبراطورية النهضة‎
Ambratwryt Alnahda
Motto: 
  • الله ، الوطن ، الحرية
  • Allah , Alwatan , Alhuriya
  • God, homeland, freedom
Anthem: 
  • الله أكبر
  • Allahu Akbar
  • Allah is the Greatest
Area controlled by Nahlaya shown in green
Area controlled by Nahlaya shown in green
Capital
and largest city
Rajha
Official languagesArabic
National languageArabic
Demonym(s)Nahlayian/Nahli
GovernmentUnitary Islamic socialist Republic
• Emir
Aziz al-Khalidi
• Deputy Emir
Ahad al-Khalidi
• Prime Minister
Khaleefa al-Arafat
LegislatureGrand National People's Assembly
Establishment
• Kingdom founded
16 April 1808
• Independance from the Arthurista
25 February 1860
• Current Constitution
10 May 1963
Area
• Total
367,856 km2 (142,030 sq mi)
Population
• 1975 estimate
25,723,778
• 1974 census
24,085,973
• Density
235.8/km2 (610.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)1975 estimate
• Total
$270.404 billion
• Per capita
$10,510
GDP (nominal)1975 estimate
• Total
$53.394 billion
• Per capita
$2,075
Gini (1975)61.76
very high
HDI (1975)Increase 0.386
low
CurrencyNahlayai Dinars (NHD)
Date formatdd.mm.yy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+467
ISO 3166 codeNHL
Internet TLD.nh

Nahlaya (Arabic: نحليا‎‎, Nahalia), officially known as the Imperial State of Nahlaya (Arabic: امبراطورية النهضة‎‎, Ambratwryt Alnahda), was a sovereign state in North Scipia on the Periclean coast, Nahlaya bordered to the northeast by Talakh, to the southeast by Marad, to the northwest by Fakolana, to the west by Yisrael, to south Intermaria, and to the north by the Periclean Sea. The capital was Rajha. Ancient Nahlaya was known many empires and dynasties. Nahlaya was considered the holy land for Muslims, as it possessed some of the holiest places in Islam, Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Al-Muqada) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Al-Qura). In the Islamic era, Nahlaya was the seat of the first Islamic Caliphates that rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Nahlaya, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory (from Intermaria in west to modern day Marad in east) in a matter of decades. Nahlaya soon became a more politically peripheral region of the Muslim world as the focus shifted to the vast and newly conquered lands.

Following a popular military coup in 1976, Nahlaya expelled Arthuristan soldiers and bureaucrats and ended Arthuristan occupation, nationalised the Arthuristan-held industries, exiled Emir Aziz al-Khalidi and his family, and declared itself an Islamic socialist republic, officially ending the thousands of years reign of monarchies. Subsequent international sanctions, embargos led to periods of social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Yisrael and the breakaway region of Abalessa. In 1978, Nahlia signed the Holitz Agreement ending the First Abalessian War and defacto recognising Abalessa. The country continues to face challenges from religious fundamentalism, terrorism, political unrest, and economic underdevelopment.

Nahlaya was a member of the Periclean Forum, and the Forum of Economic Development. Islam was the official religion of Nahlaya and Arabic was its official language. Nahlaya was a regional and middle power. The North Scipian country was one of the world's largest oil producer and exporters, controlling one of the world's largest oil reserves. As a result energy exports were the backbone of the economy.

Etymology

The name Nahlaya is unclear but is thought to derive from a term for the area in the country's south-east whose remains are now a protected site. Nahlia was mentioned in Old Arabian inscriptions as Nhalia. In Arabic literature, the term al-Nhalia includes much greater territory than that of the present day Nahlaya. It stretches from southeast to present day Talakh. One etymology derives Nahlia from Nhlya‎, meaning "blessed fertile plains" in the now extinct tribal language.

History

Ancient history

There is evidence that human habitation in the Nahlaya that dates back to about 125,000 years ago. It is now believed that the first modern humans to spread north across Scipia about 75,000 years ago. By the early 2nd century BC, the influence of Berber leaders in the hinterland grew and several large but loosely administered Berber kingdoms emerged. The high point of Berber civilization, unequalled until the coming of the more than a millennium later, was reached during the reign of X in the 2nd century BC. After X's death in 135 BC, the Berber kingdoms were divided and reunited several times when the remaining Berber territory was annexed to the Latin Empire.

Medieval period and rise of Islam (600-1717)

Arthuristan intrusion (1800–1880)

Imperial State of Nahalya (1830–1976)

Modern Nahlia dates back to 1830 when it gained nominal independence from the caliphate as a self-styled Imperial Monarchy. The de facto protectorate was established with Arthurista after the Treaty of Bascha was signed in which a local Arthuristan garrison was invited to maintain political stability. The Arthuristan government then embarked on a programme of long-term investment within the country developing it into a regional commercial and trading destination. Despite the promise of full independence in the years ahead, Arthuristan military occupation of Nahlia continued, and as a result ever-increasing nationalist discontent over the occupation, foreign influence, royal corruption, incompetence, political repressions and unrest.

Government and politics

Nahlaya was officially a constitutional although many characterised it as an absolute monarchy ruled by the al-Khalidi family. The al-Khalidi dynasty had been ruling Nahlaya since the family house was established in 1800s.

The Emir of Nahlaya was Aziz al-Khalidi , whose father handed power to him on 5 June 1953. The supreme chancellor had the exclusive power to appoint and remove the prime minister and cabinet ministers who, together, constitute the Council of Ministers, which was the supreme executive authority in the country. The Council of Ministers also initiated legislation. Laws and decrees proposed by the Council of Ministers were referred to the Advisory Council for discussion after which they are submitted to the Emir for ratification. A Consultative Assembly had limited legislative authority to draft and approve laws, but the Emir had final say on all matters.


Foreign relations and military

The Imperial Nahlayian Armed Forces (INAF) was headed by a Chief of Staff who reported to the Minister of Defence. There were three divisions—the Army (INA), Navy (INN), and Air Force (IPAF). The bulk of military equipment was Arthuristan-manufactured but the government had worked to develop its own military industry, producing its own tanks, armoured personnel carriers, missiles, submarines, military vessels, missile destroyers, radar systems, helicopters, and fighter planes.

One of the main anchors of the Nahlaya’s foreign policy has been building cooperation-based relations with all countries of the world. Yet its foreign policy is inextricably linked with Arthurista, as the Emir and the al-Khalidi family permanently allied themselves with the Arthurista by the Treaty of 1830, which they entered "Exclusivity Agreements" with the Arthurista putting them under Arthuristan protection. This was an unclear status which fell short of a formal protectorate but required Arthurista to defend them from external aggression in exchange for exclusive Arthurista rights in the state.

Administrative divisions

Map Province Capital
Template:Nahlia Labelled Map
Al-Rajhan Rajha
Rahihr Bascha
Al-Muqataeat Al-Muqada
Alqarya Al-Qura
Al-Suhul Takhechent
Al-Hajabila Awjila
Khafer Nasiah
Setdju Halabo
Al-Mastumah Jencha
Ubadames Tandor
Abalessa Qatara

Nahlaya had a centralised government and is divided into eleven provinces, — Al-Rajhan, Rahihr, Al-Muqataeat, Alqarya, Al-Suhul, Al-Hajabila, Khafer, Setdju, Al-Mastumah, Ubadames and Abalessa. Each of these ten provinces was administered by an appointed deputy minister. Each province was subdivided into several districts. Each province had a provincial capital from where official business was usually carried out.

Geography

Nahlaya was a coastal country in Northern Scipia, with a dry arid climate, and consists mostly of high plateaus with some fertile hills and mountains, dissected by river valleys and large southern desert plains and oil fields.

Climate

The climate of Nahlaya was generally consisted of a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters, modified by elevation. But most of the in-land country was an arid desert climate. The terrain in the northeast was mountainous, which, moving southeast, gives way to a hot, dry central plain. The south was semiarid and merges into the large desert oil fields. Nahlaya was faced with recurring droughts, and severe storms were rare in this region.

Economy

Overall, Nahlaya's economy had undergone a period of transformation in recent years, diversifying from resources based economy to an industrialised nation. Foreign investment had made it one of the fastest growing economies in Scipia. Although the country's economy has developed significantly, thanks to the rising earnings of the oil sector, Nahlaya still faces huge social, economic and corruption problems. Though the continued expansion in the future hinged on several major foreign investment projects, continued economic reform, and the revival of the agriculture, transportation, and tourism sectors. Major firms have begun to invest into Nahlaya as a means to counteract the expensive labour costs and increasing demand for products within Ajax.

Transport

Nahlaya had four international airports (Rajha, Bascha, Jencha and Takhechent), which served as hubs for Nahlaya Airways and are also served by a variety of foreign carriers. The majority of Nahlayian cargo was carried by Nahlaya Railways, which is planned to link up with new West Scipian Railway project. For a relatively underdeveloped country, Nahlaya's railway infrastructure is well maintained with many express services and modern trains.

Demographics

The population of Nahlaya as of is estimated to be over 25 million, Nahlayian were an overall indigenous Berbers people, as well as Arabs, Levantine people, Phoenicians, Tarsan Latin, Assyrians, Arabs, Jewish, various Scipian tribal nomads, and Arthuristans. Despite the dominance of the Berber culture and ethnicity in Nahlaya, the majority of Nahlayian identifed with an Arabic-based identity, especially after the Arab nationalism rising in the 20th century. Berbers and Berber-speaking Nahlayian were divided into many groups with varying languages.

Language

The official language of Nahlaya is Arabic. However, Berber is also used by a large majority of the population. Colloquial Nahlayian Arabic is heavily infused with borrowings from Berber. Berber. has been recognized as a "national language" by the constitution. The Berber language, is taught and is partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of the country. There are plans to change the constitution that would make Berber an official language alongside Arabic.

Religion

Virtually all Nahlayian citizens are Muslim (officially, all are), and almost all Nahlian residents are Muslim. The official and dominant form of Ibadi Islam in Nahlaya However, Christians and Jews have historically been able to practice their own religions openly in Nahlaya. The society is tolerant, through social hierarchies do exist. In Ibadi communities, the traditional Arab coffee is served to Muslims first, with Christians being served after the poor Muslims; in Sunni communities, Christian guests may actually be served even before the respected Muslim leaders and clerics. Nahlaya has a large population of Coptic Christians, Jewish communities.

Health

Today, Nahlaya had universal health care and despite persistent shortages of medical supplies, there was also an inadequate number of physicians. The government asserted that universal health care was a priority of state planning and progress was made in rural areas. Despite this medical care suffered from severe material shortages, poor facilities, poor provision of equipment, and the frequent absence of essential drugs. Given Nahlaya's young population, policy favours preventive health care and clinics over hospitals. In keeping with this policy, the government maintains an immunization program. However, poor sanitation and unclean water still cause tuberculosis, hepatitis, measles, typhoid fever, cholera and dysentery.

Education

School attendance was compulsory from ages six to the end of basic secondary education (normally at age 15), and all students, regardless of age or gender, wear school uniforms with the colour denoting grade level. Primary education lasts for six years, secondary education is divided into basic and pre-university education.

Higher education was provided by universities, higher institutes, higher pedagogical institutes, and higher polytechnic institutes. The Ministry of Higher Education operates a distance education program that provides regular afternoon and evening courses in rural areas for agricultural workers. Education had a strong political and ideological emphasis, and students progressing to higher education are expected to have a commitment to the goals of Nahlaya.

Culture

Nahlaya had centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived from Arab and Berber civilization. This culture has been heavily influenced by the Ibadi form of Islam, which arose in 20 years after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, predating both the Sunni and Shia denominations and now predominates in the country.

Cuisine

Nahlayian cuisine was rich and diverse. Cuisine varies from one region to another, according to seasonal vegetables. It can be prepared using meat, fish and vegetables. The cuisine uses cereals as the main products since they are always produced with abundance in the country. There is not a dish where cereals are not present.

However, it was in the medieval era when Rajha was the capital of the Muzaffar Caliphate that the Nahlayian kitchen reached its zenith. Today the cuisine of Nahlaya reflects this rich inheritance as well as strong influences from the culinary traditions of neighbouring Marad, Yisrael and the Greater Scipia area.

Some characteristic ingredients of Nahlayian cuisine include – vegetables such as aubergine, tomato, carrots, turnip, onion, zucchini, potato, cabbages, eggplant, garlic, peppers, cabbages, olives and chilli, cereals such as rice, bulgur wheat and barley, pulses and legumes such as lentils, chickpeas and cannellini, fruits such as dates, raisins, apricots, figs, grapes, melon, pomegranate and citrus fruits, especially lemon and lime.

Similarly with other countries of Northern Scipia, chicken and especially lamb are the favourite meats. Most dishes are served with traditional Nahlian flatbread which is the base of Nahlayian cuisine and eaten at many meals. A common and one of the most favourite dishes of Nahlian cuisine is couscous.

Sport

Various games have existed in Nahlaya since antiquity. For centuries people have played several games such as early variants of chess and to this day playing cards, checkers and chess games remain part of Nahlayian culture. Racing and rifle shooting are part of the cultural recreation of the Nahlians.

Sports and athletic exercises were among the most fundamental daily pursuits of the people in Ancient Nahlaya. The society attached special status to sportsmen who thanks to their physical strength and courage, defended their family and homeland when the need arose. They were welcomed everywhere with much enthusiasm, the people took much pride in their sportsmen and praised and admired them for their courageous deeds.

Today, the most popular sports in Nahlaya are football, basketball, and tennis. Many popular football teams are based in Rajha, Nasiah, Bascha, Jencha, etc. The Nahlayian national football team, known as the Zanatahs, are considered to be internationally competitive.

See also

References