Nahlia

Democratic People's Arab Republic of Nahlia

جمهورية نحليا‎ الشعبية الديمقراطية‎
Jumhuriat Nahalia Alshaebiat Aldiymuqratia
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Motto: 
  • الله ، الوطن ، الحرية
  • Allah , Alwatan , Alhuriya
  • God, homeland, freedom
Anthem: 
  • الله أكبر
  • Allahu Akbar
  • Allah is the Greatest
Area controlled by Nahlia shown in green
Area controlled by Nahlia shown in green
Capital
and largest city
Rajha
Official languagesArabic
National languageArabic
Demonym(s)Nahlian/Nahli
GovernmentUnitary Islamic socialist Republic
• Supreme Councilor
Asad al-Akbari
• Deputy Councilor
Musheer el-Tahir
LegislatureGrand National People's Assembly
Establishment
• Kingdom founded
16 April 1808
• Independance from the Arthurista
25 February 1860
• Republic declared
14 June 1976
• Current Constitution
5 October 1995
Area
• Total
367,856 km2 (142,030 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 estimate
86,723,778
• 2006 census
78,227,013[1]
• Density
235.8/km2 (610.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.232 trillion
• Per capita
$14,210
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$243.271 billion
• Per capita
$2,805
Gini (2007)45.76
medium
HDI (2007)Increase 0.489
low
CurrencyNahli Dinars (NHD)
Date formatdd.mm.yy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+467
ISO 3166 codeNHL
Internet TLD.nh

Nahlia (Arabic: نحليا‎‎, Nahalia), officially known as the Democratic People's Arab Republic of Nahlia (Arabic: جمهورية نحليا‎ الشعبية الديمقراطية‎, Jumhuriat Nahalia Alshaebiat Aldiymuqratia), is a sovereign state in North Scipia on the Periclean coast, Nahlia is bordered to the northeast by Talakh, to the southeast by Marad, to the northwest by Abalessa, to the west by Yisrael to the south by Intermaria and to the north by the Periclean Sea where it shares a maritime border with Fakolana. The capital is Rajha. Ancient Nahlia has known many empires and dynasties. Nahlia is considered the holy land for Muslims, as it possesses some of the holiest places in Islam, Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Al-Muqada) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Al-Qura). In the Islamic era, Nahlia was the seat of the first Islamic Caliphates that rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Nahlia, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory (from Intermaria in west to modern day Marad in east) in a matter of decades. Nahlia soon became a more politically peripheral region of the Muslim world as the focus shifted to the vast and newly conquered lands.

At its greatest extent, the Umayyad Caliphate (861–1050) covered million people and kilometres making it one of the largest empires in history in both area and proportion of the world's population. Following a series of military setbacks against the Latin Empire expansion of the Caliphate was halted and later pushed back by the rise of the Tarsan Autocracy, The Muzaffar dynasty was later absorbed, nominally becoming a de facto Arthuristan protectorate in 1830 after Commonwealth forces helped restore the countries finances following a series of debts and revolutionary Islamic riots. Following the new treaty between the nations.

Modern Nahlia dates back to 1830 when it gained nominal independence from the Caliphate as a self-styled Imperial Monarchy. The de facto protectorate was established with Arthurista after the Treaty of Bascha was signed in which a local Arthuristan garrison was invited to maintain political stability. The Arthuristan government then embarked on a programme of long-term investment within the country developing it into a regional commercial and trading destination. Despite the promise of full independence in the years ahead, Arthuristan military occupation of Nahlia continued, and as a result ever-increasing nationalist discontent over the occupation, foreign influence, royal corruption, incompetence, political repressions and unrest. Which led many Nahlians into believing that the monarchy was just an instrument of Arthuristan colonialism. Following a popular military coup in 1976, Nahlia expelled Arthuristan soldiers and bureaucrats and ended Arthuristan occupation, nationalised the Arthuristan-held industries, exiled Emir Aziz al-Khalidi and his family, and declared itself an Islamic socialist republic. Subsequent international sanctions, embargos led to periods of social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Yisrael and the breakaway region of Abalessa. In 1978, Nahlia signed the Holitz Agreement ending the First Abalessian War and defacto recognising Abalessa. The country continues to face challenges from religious fundamentalism, terrorism, political unrest, and economic underdevelopment.

Nahlia is a member of the Association for Islamic Cooperation, the Periclean Forum, and the Forum of Economic Development. Islam is the official religion of Nahlia and Arabic is its official language. Nahlia has a population of over 86 million inhabitants and is a regional and middle power. The North Scipian country is one of the world's largest oil producer and exporters, controlling one of the world's largest oil reserves. As a result energy exports are the backbone of the economy. Nahlia has one of the largest militaries in Northwestern Scipia with a large defence budget and domestic defence industry; although most of Nahlia's weapons are still imported from abroad.

Etymology

The name Nahlia is unclear but is thought to derive from a term for the area in the country's south-east whose remains are now a protected site. Nahlia was mentioned in Old Arabian inscriptions as Nhalia. In Arabic literature, the term al-Nhalia includes much greater territory than that of the present day Nahlia. It stretches from southeast to present day Talakh. One etymology derives Nahlia from Nhlya‎, meaning "blessed fertile plains" in the now extinct tribal language.

History

Ancient history

There is evidence that human habitation in the Nahlia that dates back to about 125,000 years ago. It is now believed that the first modern humans to spread north across Scipia about 75,000 years ago. By the early 2nd century BC, the influence of Berber leaders in the hinterland grew and several large but loosely administered Berber kingdoms emerged. The high point of Berber civilization, unequalled until the coming of the more than a millennium later, was reached during the reign of X in the 2nd century BC. After X's death in 135 BC, the Berber kingdoms were divided and reunited several times when the remaining Berber territory was annexed to the Latin Empire.

Medieval period and rise of Islam (700-1617)

Shortly before the advent of Islam, apart from urban trading settlements (such as Al-Muqada and Al-Qura), much of what was to become Nahlia was populated by nomadic pastoral tribal societies. The Islamic prophet Muhammad, however, was born in Al-Muqada in about 771 A.D. In the early 8th century, Muhammad united the various tribes of the continent and created a single Islamic religious polity. Following his death in 832, his followers rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Nahlia, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory (from Intermaria in the west to modern day Marad in the east) in a matter of decades. Nahlia soon became a more politically peripheral region of the Muslim world as the focus shifted to the vast and newly conquered lands.

At its greatest extent, the Rashidun Caliphate (861–1050) covered million people and kilometres making it one of the largest empires in history in both area and proportion of the world's population. Arab dynasties, originating from modern-day Nahlia, founded the Rashidun (832–861), Umayyad (861–1050), Muzaffar (950–1617) and the Iskahdad (1009–1261) caliphates

Arthuristan intrusion (1700–1880)

By the reign of Muzaffar X, the Nahlian government, headed by the minister X, had become dependent on Arthurista for a healthy economy. Muzaffar X attempted to end this Belisarian dominance, while at the same time pursuing an aggressive domestic policy. Under Muzaffar X, a large number of domestically built projects were created in Nahlia. Because of his efforts to gain economic independence from the Belisarian powers, Muzaffar X became unpopular with many Arthuristan diplomats, who claimed that he was ruining Nahlia. However, the cost of these projects indebted made Nahlia increasingly reliant on Arthurista for both military and economic aid. Muzaffar X made no effort to reconcile with the Belisarian powers, who made efforts to removing him from power and gaining control of Nahlia.

Imperial State of Nahalya (1830–1976)

Modern Nahlia dates back to 1830 when it gained nominal independence from the caliphate as a self-styled Imperial Monarchy. The de facto protectorate was established with Arthurista after the Treaty of Bascha was signed in which a local Arthuristan garrison was invited to maintain political stability. The Arthuristan government then embarked on a programme of long-term investment within the country developing it into a regional commercial and trading destination. Despite the promise of full independence in the years ahead, Arthuristan military occupation of Nahlia continued, and as a result ever-increasing nationalist discontent over the occupation, foreign influence, royal corruption, incompetence, political repressions and unrest.

Republic (1976–present)

File:Abdul Qayyoom al-Masih.jpg
General Abdul Qayyoom al-Masih the Revolutionary leader of National Liberation Front Officers Movement and first Supreme Councillor of Nahlia.

Following the 1976 Revolution by the National Liberation Front Officers Movement, the rule of Nahlia passed to military hands. On 14 June 1976, the Democratic People's Arab Republic of Nahlia was declared, with General Abdul Qayyoom al-Masih as the first Supreme Councillor of the Revolutionary Republic and Major Ahmed al-Abadi Deputy Supreme Councillor. The Democratic People's Arab Republic of Nahlia (Arabic: جمهورية نحليا‎ الشعبية الديمقراطية‎, Jumhuriat Nahalia Alshaebiat Aldiymuqratia), was the official name of Nahlia from the abolition of the Imperial State of Nahalya in 1976. The declaration of the Republic followed the Nahlian Revolution of 1976, prompted by the unpopularity of Emir Aziz al-Khalidi, who was seen as corrupt, incompetent, and a puppet of Arthurista, coupled with the growing unrest against the oppressive use of his secret police, who were used to crush all forms of political and religious opposition.

The immediate nationwide uprisings against the new government began with the 1976 Copts rebellion and the Berber uprisings, along with the uprisings in Abalessa and Rahihr and other areas. Over the next several years, most of these uprisings were subdued in a violent manner by the new Socialist Islamic government. The new government began purging itself of capitalist or non-Islamist political opposition, as well as of those Islamists who were not considered radical enough. Subsequently, all political parties were amalgamated into the National Liberation Front, which became the only legal party. The one-party government based on scientific socialism and Islamic tenets. The National Liberation Front was an attempt to reconcile the official state ideology with the official state religion by adapting Marxist precepts to local circumstances. Emphasis was placed on the Muslim principles of social progress, equality and justice, which the government argued formed the core of scientific socialism and its own accent on self-sufficiency, public participation and popular control, as well as direct ownership of the means of production. While the National Liberation Front encouraged private investment on a limited scale, the administration's overall direction was essentially socialist. The Democratic People's Arab Republic of Nahlia established close ties with the Rietumimark, the People's Republic of Estoni, and also establishing ties with the Enlightened Republic of Tsurushima and Bahktar Workers' Republic. The major communist powers assisted in the building of the Nahlia's armed forces, economy and socialist models.

Attempts to wipe out most of the uprising and rebellions against the new state were successful however the large concentration of Copts minorities in the fertile mountainous region of Abalessa were harder to contain. The First Abalessian War, also known as the Abalessian War of Independence, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Copts nationalist and self-determination movements in what was then Abalessian region of Nahlia during the 1976 Copts genocide, following a radical military takeover of Nahlia. It resulted in the independence and creation of the Emirates of Abalessa. The war officially started on November 8 1977, and ended with a ceasefire on January 3 1978, resulting in the Holitz Agreement which ended the conflict and Nahlia defacto recognised Abalessa's independence in 1978. The conflict resulted from political, economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions and the displacement of civilian populations resulting from the war would have long-term consequences. It was also notable for a short-lived Arthuristan, Yisraeli and Tarsan military intervention on behalf of Abalessa. Nahlia also received military assistance from Rietumimark and Estoni becoming the communist pact's closest ally in Scipia and one of the best-armed nations of the region as a result of massive military aid, chiefly from Rietumimark, Estoni and massive development of domestic industries.

Following loss of its close ally Marad to the military take over 1980 and failure of the Second Abalessian War to make any progress, Nahlia, war-torn and full of debt saw a rise of internal instability culminating in the 1993 Coup d’etat, which saw Islamist factions with support of the military, overthrow former Supreme Councilor Abdul Qayyoom al-Masih who had been in power since the revolution. This led to a reapproach with its neighbour Intermaria, where ties have improved significantly between the two Islamic nation especially following the Great Awakening in Marad 2001, which has led to a trilateral building of ties and economic development between the three nations.

Government and politics

Nahlia operates a unique political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy. After a popular military coup in 1976, the radical Revolutionary National Liberation Front gained support and then created a government based on ideas of Islamic socialism, scientific socialism, Nahlian nationalism and pan-Scipian Islam into its ideology. The core ideology rejects both capitalism and representative democracy. Instead, it proposes a type of direct democracy which allows direct political participation for all adult citizens. How this operates in actual practice is the unelected supervisory Islamic council to overviews the Grand National People's Assembly and the Supreme Councillor would effectively have an absolute rule as the primary decision maker of the body. Emphasis was placed on the Muslim principles of social progress, equality and justice, which the government argued formed the core of scientific socialism and its own accent on self-sufficiency, public participation and popular control as well as direct ownership of the means of production. As part of Nahlia socialist policies, major industries and farms were nationalized, including banks, insurance companies and oil distribution farms. While private investment on a limited scale was encouraged, the administration's overall direction is essentially socialist. The constitution prescribes universal suffrage and education was paid for through general taxation. The National Liberation Front also wanted to combat the strict social restrictions that had been imposed on women by the previous regime, establishing the Revolutionary Women's Formation to encourage reform. A law was introduced affirming equality of the sexes and insisting on wage parity. A law was passed criminalizing the marriage of any females under the age of sixteen and ensuring that a woman's consent was a necessary prerequisite for a marriage.

Legislature

All legislative and executive authority was vested in the Grand National People's Assembly. Which is a unicameral body comprising 330 members elected for five-year terms. It drafts legislation, ratifies international treaties, and approves the national budget. This body, however, delegated most of its important authority to its Supreme Councillor and General Secretariat and to the Grand National People's Assembly. Asad al-Akbari, as Supreme Councillor of the Supreme People's Islamic Council, remained the primary decision maker. In turn, all adults had the right and duty to participate in the deliberation of their local People's Assembly, whose decisions were passed up to the Grand National People's Assembly for consideration and implementation as national policy. The People's Assemblies were, in theory, the repository of ultimate political authority and decision making, embodying what National Liberation Front termed direct "people's power".

All parliamentary candidates and all legislation from the assembly must be approved by the Supreme People's Islamic Council. The Supreme People's Islamic Council comprises twelve jurists, including six appointed by the Supreme Councillor. Others are elected by the Parliament, from among the jurists nominated by the Head of the Judiciary. The Council interprets the constitution and may veto the Parliament. If a law is deemed incompatible with the constitution or Sharia (Islamic law), it is referred back to the Parliament for revision. The Council serves as an advisory body to the Supreme Councillor, making it one of the most powerful governing bodies in the country.

In addition to the existing local People's Assemblies, there is a set of further supervisory Revolutionary Islamic Committees that are assigned the task of "absolute Islamic revolutionary supervision of people's power"; that is, they are to guide the people's committees, "raise the general level of political consciousness and devotion to revolutionary and Islamic ideals". In practice, it has been claimed that the Revolutionary Islamic Committees function as a way to survey the population and repress any religious or political opposition to governments autocratic rule. Yisraeli sources claim up to 20% of Nalians worked in surveillance for these committees, a proportion of informants on par with many oppressive dictatorships. The government denies these claims.

Office Incumbent
Supreme Councilor Asad al-Akbari
Deputy Councilor Musheer el-Tahir
Minister of Presidential Affairs and Public Administration Suhail al-Saleem
Minister of Local Government Ameen el-Rahmani
Minister of Trade and Industry Majdi el-Abdul
Minister of Finance and Development Planning Bishr al-Hussein
Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture Aabdeen el-Shakir
Minister of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources Daif el-Malik
Minister of Infrastructure, Science and Technology Aasim al-Habib
Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Abyad al-Jafri
Minister of Agriculture Sabaah el-Muhammed
Minister of Works and Transport Abdul Wahaab el-Rabbani
Minister of Labour and Home Affairs Saqr al-Salah
Minister of Health Farhaan el-Dia
Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Uqbah al-Hamidi
Minister of Environment, Wildlife and Tourism Anas el-Omer
Minister of Education and Skills Development Wajdi el-Sadiq
Minister of Lands and Housing Furqaan al-Matin

Foreign relations and military

The Nahlian People's National Armed Forces (NPNAF) is headed by a Chief of Staff who reports to the Minister of Defence. There are three divisions—the Army (NPA), Navy (NPN), and Air Force (NPAF) and elite Nahlian Republican Guard (NRG). The NPNAF has an estimated strength of 520,342 active personnel and 693,790 million reserve personnel with total combined estimated strength of 1,214,132. The Nahlian government supports the military activities of its allies with military and financial aid. The bulk of military equipment still includes Arthuristan-manufactured weapons and machinery but since the 1976 Coup, to overcome foreign embargoes, the Nahlia government has developed its own military industry, produced its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, missiles, submarines, military vessels, missile destroyer, radar systems, helicopters, and fighter planes.

The Nahlian government's officially stated goal is to establish a new world order based on world peace, global collective security, and justice. Since the time of the 1976 Coup, Nahlia's foreign relations have often been portrayed as being based on two strategic principles; eliminating outside influences in the region, and pursuing extensive diplomatic contacts with developing and non-aligned countries. As a result Nahlia's foreign policy has become increasingly pragmatic. Yet its foreign policy is inextricably linked with its Islamic and socialist allies which play a key role in supporting its struggles for majority rule. While relations with neighbouring Yisrael, and Abalessa remain fractured and strained with the threat of conflict constant there have been real efforts of peace with the 19XX accords. Relations with Arthurista, the former colonial power, continue to be important because Arthuristan investors play a visible role in Nalia's economy. Despite religious and political differences Nahlia maintains strong ties with Marad and Intermaria and builts on Pan-Islamic relations through the Association for Islamic Cooperation. Nahlia has a robust relationship with Nekor which along with the Ecclesiastical State helped mediate the end of the First Abalessian War through the Holitz Agreement.

Administrative divisions

Map Province Capital
Template:Nahlia Labelled Map
Al-Rajhan Rajha
Rahihr Bascha
Al-Muqataeat Al-Muqada
Alqarya Al-Qura
Al-Suhul Takhechent
Al-Hajabila Awjila
Khafer Nasiah
Setdju Halabo
Al-Mastumah Jencha
Ubadames Tandor

Nahlia has a centralised government and is divided into ten provinces, — Al-Rajhan, Rahihr, Al-Muqataeat, Alqarya, Al-Suhul, Al-Hajabila, Khafer, Setdju, Al-Mastumah and Ubadames. Each of these ten provinces is administered by an appointed deputy minister. Each province is subdivided into several districts. Each province has a provincial capital from where official business is usually carried out.

Geography

Nahlia is a coastal country in Northern Scipia, with a dry arid climate, and consists mostly of high plateaus with some fertile hills and mountains, dissected by river valleys and large southern desert plains and oil fields.

Climate

The climate of Nahlia is generally consisted of a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters, modified by elevation. But most of the in-land country is an arid desert climate. The terrain in the northeast is mountainous, which, moving southeast, gives way to a hot, dry central plain. The south is semiarid and merges into the large desert oil fields. Nahlia is faced with recurring droughts, and severe storms are rare in this region.

Economy

Overall, Nahlia's economy has undergone a period of transformation in recent years, moving from the disarray caused by a quarter century of civil war to being the fastest growing economy in Scipia and one of the fastest in the Ajax. Although the country's economy has developed significantly since achieving political stability in XXXX, mainly thanks to the fast-rising earnings of the oil sector, Nahlia faces huge social, economic and corruption problems. These are in part a result of the almost continual state of internal conflict from the colonisation by Arthurista onwards, although the highest level of destruction and socio-economic damage took place after independence, which led to a long and brutal civil war. Only to become engaged in a prolonged conflict with neighbouring Yisrael in the Abalessa until 19XX. Since reforming from a socialist state own economy in XXXX to a market system, most state-owned enterprises have been privatised. Preparations for privatisation and liberalisation are underway for the remaining enterprises, including telecommunications, energy, ports, and railways. The government frequently selects a strategic foreign investor when privatising. Additionally, customs duties have been reduced, and customs management has been streamlined and reformed. Though the continued expansion in the future hinged on several major foreign investment projects, continued economic reform, and the revival of the agriculture, transportation, and tourism sectors. Major firms have begun to invest into Nahlia as a means to counteract the expensive labour costs and increasing demand for products within Ajax.

Transport

Nahlia has four international airports (Rajha, Bascha, Jencha and Takhechent), which serve as hubs for Nahli Air and are also served by a variety of foreign carriers. The majority of Nahlian cargo is carried by Nahlian Railways, which links up with West Scipian Railway. For a relatively underdeveloped country, Nahlia's railway infrastructure is well maintained with many express services and modern trains. The road network in Nahlia is 69,873 kilometres (43,417 miles) long, including 1,103 kilometres (685 miles) of expressways. The country also has 900 kilometres (560 miles) of navigable but not economically significant waterways.

Demographics

The population of Nahlia as of is estimated to be 86 million, Nahlians are an overall indigenous Berbers people, as well as Arabs, Levantine people, Phoenicians, Tarsan Latin, Assyrians, Arabs, Jewish, various Scipian tribal nomads, and Arthuristans. Despite the dominance of the Berber culture and ethnicity in Nahlia, the majority of Nahlian identify with an Arabic-based identity, especially after the Arab nationalism rising in the 20th century. Berbers and Berber-speaking Nahlian are divided into many groups with varying languages.

Language

The official language of Nahlia is Arabic. However, Berber is also used by a large majority of the population. Colloquial Nahlian Arabic is heavily infused with borrowings from Berber. Berber. has been recognized as a "national language" by the constitution. The Berber language, is taught and is partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of the country. There are plans to change the constitution that would make Berber an official language alongside Arabic.

Religion

Virtually all Nahlia citizens are Muslim (officially, all are), and almost all Nahlian residents are Muslim. Estimates of the Sufri population of Nahlia range between 75% and 80%, with 10–15% being Sunni and the remaining 5–10% being Shia Muslims. The official and dominant form of Sunni Islam in Nahlia is commonly known as Sufris, which was created as a result of one of the first schisms within the religion.

Christians and Jews have historically been able to practice their own religions openly in Nahlia. The society is tolerant, through social hierarchies do exist. In Sufri communities, the traditional Arab coffee is served to Muslims first, with Christians being served after the poor Muslims; in Sunni communities, Christian guests may actually be served even before the respected Muslim leaders and clerics. However, following the 1976 Revolution, restrictions on other faiths has been imposed. Nahlia still allows Christians to enter the country as foreign workers for temporary work, but does not allow them to practice their faith openly. The percentage of Nahlia citizens who are Christians is officially zero, as the regime forbids religious conversion from Islam (apostasy) and punishes it by death. There may be a significant fraction of atheists and agnostics in Nahlia, although apostasy is punishable by death, hence non-believers hardly ever come out.

Health

Today, Nahlia has centralised free health care system introduced in the 1980s using a hospital-based, capital-intensive model of curative care universal health care and despite persistent shortages of medical supplies, there is also an inadequate number of physicians. The socialist government asserts that universal health care is a priority of state planning and progress was made in rural areas. Despite the country is still dependant on large-scale imports of medicines, medical equipment and even nurses, paid for with oil export income, as a result medical care periodically suffers from severe material shortages and must contend with poor facilities, poor provision of equipment, and the frequent absence of essential drugs. Given Nahlia's young population, policy favours preventive health care and clinics over hospitals. In keeping with this policy, the government maintains an immunization program. However, poor sanitation and unclean water still cause tuberculosis, hepatitis, measles, typhoid fever, cholera and dysentery.

Education

Since the revolution has created an entirely state-operated system and banned private institutions. School attendance is compulsory from ages six to the end of basic secondary education (normally at age 15), and all students, regardless of age or gender, wear school uniforms with the colour denoting grade level. Primary education lasts for six years, secondary education is divided into basic and pre-university education.

Higher education is provided by universities, higher institutes, higher pedagogical institutes, and higher polytechnic institutes. The Ministry of Higher Education operates a distance education program that provides regular afternoon and evening courses in rural areas for agricultural workers. Education has a strong political and ideological emphasis, and students progressing to higher education are expected to have a commitment to the goals of Nahlia.

Culture

Nahlia has centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived from Arab and Berber civilization. This culture has been heavily influenced by the Sufris form of Islam, which arose in 20 years after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, predating both the Sunni and Shia denominations and now predominates in the country.

Cuisine

Nahlian cuisine is rich and diverse. Cuisine varies from one region to another, according to seasonal vegetables. It can be prepared using meat, fish and vegetables. The cuisine uses cereals as the main products since they are always produced with abundance in the country. There is not a dish where cereals are not present.

However, it was in the medieval era when Rajha was the capital of the Muzaffar Caliphate that the Nahlian kitchen reached its zenith. Today the cuisine of Nahlia reflects this rich inheritance as well as strong influences from the culinary traditions of neighbouring Marad, Yisrael and the Greater Scipia area.

Some characteristic ingredients of Nahlian cuisine include – vegetables such as aubergine, tomato, carrots, turnip, onion, zucchini, potato, cabbages, eggplant, garlic, peppers, cabbages, olives and chilli, cereals such as rice, bulgur wheat and barley, pulses and legumes such as lentils, chickpeas and cannellini, fruits such as dates, raisins, apricots, figs, grapes, melon, pomegranate and citrus fruits, especially lemon and lime.

Similarly with other countries of Northern Scipia, chicken and especially lamb are the favourite meats. Most dishes are served with traditional Nahlian flatbread which is the base of Nahlian cuisine and eaten at many meals. A common and one of the most favourite dishes of Nahlian cuisine is couscous.

Sport

Various games have existed in Nahlia since antiquity. For centuries people have played several games such as early variants of chess and to this day playing cards, checkers and chess games remain part of Nahlian culture. Racing and rifle shooting are part of the cultural recreation of the Nahlians.

Sports and athletic exercises were among the most fundamental daily pursuits of the people in Ancient Nahlia. The society attached special status to sportsmen who thanks to their physical strength and courage, defended their family and homeland when the need arose. They were welcomed everywhere with much enthusiasm, the people took much pride in their sportsmen and praised and admired them for their courageous deeds.

Today, the most popular sports in Nahlia are football, basketball, and tennis. Many popular football teams are based in Rajha, Nasiah, Bascha, Jencha, etc. The Nahlian national football team, known as the Zanatahs, are considered to be internationally competitive. The Youth National team Young Zanatahs won the Bronze Medal of the 2001 youth football tournament.

See also

References

  1. Population Count based on the 2006 Census Released". Nahli State Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 8 May, 2015.

External links