This article belongs to the lore of Aeia.

New Velacruz

Republic of New Velacruz

Republica de Nueva Velacruz
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Seal
Motto: Orden o Progreso
"Order or Progress"
Location of New Velacruz
CapitalQuittapahilla
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Velacruzean
GovernmentFederal Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic
Cárdenas Rendón
• Premier
Diderot Fernández
LegislatureGeneral Court
Senate
Assembly
Independence from Veleaz
• Autonomous Dominion
19 April 1746
• Declared Republic
30 December 1922
Area
• Total
523,185 km2 (202,003 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.3
Population
• 2016 estimate
42,981,000
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$359.52 billion
• Per capita
$18,645
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$139.76.73 billion
• Per capita
$9,856
Gini (2001)Positive decrease 36.9
medium
HDI (2018)Steady 0.684
medium
CurrencyNew Velacruz Florin (SDF)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Central Vestrim Time)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+55
Internet TLD.sd

New Velacruz, officially the Republic of New Velacruz (Veleazan República de Nueva Velacruz), is a country in South Vestrim, bordered by Motsvara to the north, the Columbian Sea in the south, Isolaprugna to the southeast, Koningsland to the southwest, and Liberimery to the south of Isolprunga. It has a population of around 42 million in a land area of 523,185 square kilometers (202,003 square miles). An estimated 4,147,666 people live in the capital and largest city, Quittapahilla with around 8 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.

The sovereign state of New Velacruz is a lower-middle-income representative democratic republic with a developing economy that includes agriculture, natural rubber, and fisheries, with at it's extremities untapped major oil deposits. It is governed as a democratic semi-presidential republic. One of the few megadiverse countries in the world, New Velacruz hosts many endemic plants and animals.

The area of modern New Velacruz once formed the core of the Hialeah civilization. Most of the country was conquered by Veleaz in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Velacruz. New Velacruz attained independence as a dominion of the Veleazan empire in 1741, and attained full independence on the 30th December 1922 As the Veleazan government severed all constitutional ties with it's dominions before it's collapse to the communist Red Guards. And since the overthrow of the old regime in Veleaz has been home to the Veleaz Government in Exile.

New Velacruz was facing a market liquidity crisis in 2006 due to a growing debt and budget deficit. By August 2008, the Treasury was having difficulty paying its obligations. Other challenges facing the country in its attempts to improve the economy by increasing foreign investment include a poor infrastructure and a need to improve public sector efficiency.

Etymology

The name Seda Dorada (Golden Silk) comes from the local term for the golden milkweed Asclepias curassavica, a flowering plant species of the milkweed genus native to the Columbian-Vestric tropics

History

Pre-colonial period

Much of New-Velacruz now inhabits the region of Mesaíovestriña and it's cultures. As a cultural area, Mesoamerica is defined by a mosaic of cultural traits developed and shared by its indigenous cultures. Beginning as early as 7000 BCE, the domestication of cacao, maize, beans, tomato, avocado, vanilla, squash and chili, as well as the turkey and dog, caused a transition from paleo-vestric hunter-gatherer tribal grouping to the organization of sedentary agricultural villages. In the subsequent Formative period, agriculture and cultural traits such as a complex mythological and religious tradition, a vigesimal numeric system, a complex calendric system, a tradition of ball playing, and a distinct architectural style, were diffused through the area. Also in this period, villages began to become socially stratified and develop into chiefdoms with the development of large ceremonial centers, interconnected by a network of trade routes for the exchange of luxury goods, such as obsidian, jade, cacao, cinnabar, Spondylus shells, hematite, and ceramics. While Mesaíovestriñan civilization did know of the wheel and basic metallurgy, neither of these technologies became culturally important.

Pyramid of the Rivers
"Frada Bagginó Sets Out to the North" (1540), by Orion Lee, oil on canvas, 1899

Veleazan colonization

Following the Spanish expedition of Alfonso Vestriña's voyages to the Americas, the Spanish sent many expeditions to the region, and they began their conquest of Hialeah territory in 1499. The various expeditions during this period is referred to as the Veleaz conquest (1499-1530), which collapsed the power structure of the Hialeah Civilization. Although not all parts of Mesaíovestriña were brought under control of the Veleaz Empire immediately, it was the most dramatic beginning of an inexorable process of conquest in Mesaíovestriña and incorporation that was completed in the mid-seventeenth century. Indigenous peoples did not disappear, although their numbers were greatly reduced in the sixteenth century by epidemic diseases brought by the Veleaz invaders. The occupation of Matitlan marked the beginning of the four-hundred-year colonial period and the imposition of Veleaz rule.

After the succesful conquests of Mesaíovestriña, the Veleaz crown established the Viceroyalty of New Velacruz as the local government to the Kingdom of New Velacruz, the political organization divided the viceroyalty into governorships and captaincies general, resembling the modern states of New Velacruz. This system of captaincies and generalships would survive for 2 centuries until the reforms post the Colorado War.

Colorado war

After the disastrous Mydro-Commonwealth Wars of the 1700’s. The Veleazan empire levied harsh taxes on the region of what is now Mora, and to a lesser extent Seda Dorada to pay off the damages suffered during the conflict. The taxes severely damaged the Mora economy, and the taxes were rarely paid, resulting in a surge of smuggling, bribery, and intimidation of customs officials. Resulting protests being levied against the imperial authorities by the local-governors and general population. After their requests where either ignored or denied. A colonial revolts.

The various indigenous rebellions in the colonial era were often to throw off crown rule, but they were not an independence movement as such. However, during the war of independence, issues at the local level in rural areas constituted what one historian has called "the other rebellion." Vestrim-born Veleazans in New Veracruz developed a special understanding and ties to their New World homeland, what has been seen the formation of Creole patriotism. They did not, however, pursue political independence from Veleaz until the Mydro-Commonwealth Wars and defeat of Veleaz destabilized the monarchy. So when the Veleazan empire levied harsh taxes against the colonies, many local-born elites saw it as their duty in some part to resist the government.

Painting of Alejándro at the Siege of San Diecarita

Elías de Manzanares, a priest and member of a group of educated native-born Veleazans in Guastazicia, hosted secret gatherings in his home made up many of the native-colonial elites in Mora to discuss whether it was better to obey or to revolt against a tyrannical government, as he defined the Veleaz colonial government in Mora. Famed military leader Tomás de la Cruz was among the attendees. In 1737 Tomás concluded that a revolt was needed because of injustices against the poor of Mora.

The Viceroy learned of this conspiracy and declared martial law across the entire colony and dissolved all local-authorities. After the conspirators learned of this development they issued a circular letter to the other cities and towns urging them to coordinate resistance. Tomás rode across Mora rallying as many patriot militias as would support their cause. Due to the divisions of the east and west of the colony by sea. The Mora revolt never reached New Velacruz as much as it did in Mora. The Viceroy had blockaded the straits between the colonies with the Veracruz Flotilla which isolated what existed of the Eastern revolt from the resources of the west.

Mora was declared in a state of rebellion in February 1738 and the Veleaz garrison received orders to disarm the rebels and arrest their leaders. However the swiftness of the response of the rebels in a remarkable forced march from the interior to the Colonial capital of La Isabella caught the loyalists off guard, but were unable to prevent them retreating into the local fortress through a strong rear-guard action. The rebels laid siege to the city, but without a sufficient amount of cannons, couldn't seal the bay from loyalist supplies and force the quick victory they bargained on.

Independence

After the decisive defeat of the Colorado army at the battle of el-Jalachor the revolutionary forces were brought to the negotiating table. The people and government of the loyalist colonies of east New-Velacruz were worn out and anxious with the colonial-government with the way the war was managed, and the casualties sustained, and were more than weary of supporting terms that would push them further into Asuran-control. The revolutionary forces as well; would not settle for anything less than autonomy for the whole colony. The colonies of what would become Seda-Dorada, indignant over the actions of their brother colonies wouldn't accept any agreement that would put them subject to La Isabellan rulers and staunchly protested for a partition of the colony considering this payment for their staunch loyalty against siblings.

The revolutionary party at the conference were infuriated at this plan of partition, their entire goal of the war was unity and independence of all of New-Velacruz. But the new reality of their situation set in, and eventually forced the revolutionaries to agree to terms, and on the 19th of April, 1746, the Quittapahillan Treaty was signed officially dissolving the colony of New-Velacruz and establishing the dominions of New-Velacruz. Effectively ending the absolutist reign of the "First" Veleazan Empire, and in return saw the rise of the more liberal approach of the "Second" Veleazan Empire.

Geography

A field of yellow wildflowers
Panorama of mountains near Pairegai

New Velacruz is a country in South Vestrim, bordered by Motsvara to the north, the Columbian Sea in the south, Isolaprugna to the southeast, Koningsland to the southwest, and Liberimery to the south of Isolprunga. The country may properly be divided in two parts. The mainland; a large peninsular connecting to mainland Vestrim, and the major island Grand Jagua. Mainland New Velacruz consists of many woodlands and prarie especially in the south especially in the areas of Trinileapa. In the north around Joxha and Inland San Saran is where many of the mountains are found which feed the various rivers that feed into the Columbian Sea. The eastern coasts consist of long beach-land, with mangroves and bayou at the mouths of rivers.

Gran Jagua is a large volcanic island, one of the largest in Aeia. Equally recognized for it's alluvial regions however, which includes low swamp lands, coastal marshlands and beaches, and barrier islands. And while the fertile volcanic soil makes it preferable to agriculture, the rough terrain and tropical flora on the island makes large-scale industrial farming impractical without large expenses on behalf of the state.

Climate

New Velacruz has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). It has long, hot, humid summers and short, mild winters. The subtropical characteristics of the state are due in large part to the influence of the Gulf of Quecuba. The combined effect of the warm Gulf waters, northern rain shadow, and low latitude create the mild subtropical climate New Velacruz is known for.

Rain is frequent throughout the year, although the summer is slightly wetter than the rest of the year. There is a dip in precipitation in October. Southern New Velacruz receives far more copious rainfall, especially during the winter months. Summers in New Velacruz have had high temperatures from mid-June to mid-September averaging 90 °F (32 °C) or more, and overnight lows averaging above 70 °F (22 °C).

In the summer, the extreme maximum temperature is much warmer in the south than in the north, with temperatures near the Gulf of Quecuba occasionally reaching 100 °F (38 °C), although temperatures above 95 °F (35 °C) are commonplace. In southern New Velacruz, the temperatures can reach above 105 °F (41 °C) in the summer. While in the east with the slightly milder Columbian sea causing milder summers.

Temperatures are generally warm in the winter in the southern part of the mainland, with highs around Quittapahilla, Coatebador, the rest of south New Velacruz, and the Gulf of Quecuba averaging 66 °F (19 °C). The northern part of the state is mildly cool in the winter, with highs averaging 59 °F (15 °C). The overnight lows in the winter average well above freezing throughout the state, with 46 °F (8 °C) the average near the Gulf and an average low of 37 °F (3 °C) in the winter in the northern part of the state.

New Velacruz gets some cold fronts, which frequently drop the temperatures below 20 °F (−8 °C) in the northern part of the state, but almost never do so in the southern part of the state. Snow is rare near the Gulf of Quecuba, although residents in the northern parts of the state might receive snowfall, it is still rare. New Velacruz's highest recorded temperature is 114 °F (46 °C) in Plain Chichizonte on August 10, 1939, while the coldest recorded temperature is −16 °F (−27 °C) at Tucion on February 13, 1899.

Climate data for New Velacruz
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
29
(84)
26
(79)
22
(72)
17
(63)
13
(55)
21
(70)
Source: Columbian Geological Association

Demographics

Free woman of color with mixed-race daughter; late 18th-century collage painting, Quittapahilla.
Velacruz Students

More than 99.2% of Velacruzeans speak Veleaz; several native languages, a Creole languages, and Velacruz Sign Language are also spoken in the country. Midrasian has official status in the archipelago of Samanique. New Velacruz hosts many refugees, mainly from smaller Columbian nations. As a result of that and illegal immigration, an estimated 3-5% (1,289,430–2,149,050) of the New Velacruz population is made up of people born outside of New-Velacruz. Some of these people migrate for seasonal work opportunities and then return to their country.

Ethnoracial Groups

New Velacruz's population is ethnically diverse and the 2016 estimates put New Velacruz's population at 42,981,000. The largest ethnic group (as of 2010) are native born whites, who are the descendants of Veleazans colonists, and constitute about 48% of the population. The mixed race population is the second largest at 31% made up of either Castizo or Mestizos Native New Velacruzns, the Hialeah, account for 9% of the current population. The mostly rural Montubio population of of Trinileapa, who might be classified as Pardo account for 4.1% of the population. The black Majul-Doradans and Arabekh-Doradans is a minority population (7%) in New Velacruz, that includes the Mulattos and zambos, and are largely based in the Gran Jagua and Ruboroso states and to a lesser degree in the predominantly Mestizo areas of Coastal New Velacruz. In the Highland mountains where a predominantly Mestizo, white and Hialeah population exist, the black presence is almost non-existent except for a small community in the Pairengai.

Culture

Due to cultural syncretism, the culture and customs of the New Velacruz people have a Asuran cultural basis, influenced by both Majulan, Arabekh and native Hialeah elements, the republic of New Velacruz has a highly Asuran influenced culture amongst countries in Veleaz-Colonized Vestrim. Colonial institutions in the colonial era were able to appropriate various cultures and traditions of free-slaves and asuran-migrants successfully into a unique endogenous culture.

Many national symbols, both objects and themes, have arisen from New Velacruz's diverse cultural traditions and aim to represent what New Velacruz, and the Velacruzean people, have in common. Cultural expressions in New Velacruz are promoted by the government through the Ministry of Culture.

The Diablada, dance primeval, typical and main of Carnival of Bótoa

New Velacruzhas a rich folklore. Its regional folk music is distinctive and varied. The "devil dances" at the annual carnival of Bótoa are one of the great folkloric events of South America, as is the lesser known carnival at Quillacollo. The best known of the various festivals found in the country is the "Carnaval de Bótoa", which has been named as a "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity", as proclaimed by WECO in April 2005. Music and sport are of great importance in the Velacruz culture, with Merengue and Bachata as the national dance and music, and baseball as the favorite sport.

Education

In 2008, following WECO standards, New Vealcruz was declared free of illiteracy.

Primary education is regulated by the Ministry of Education, with education being a right of all citizens and youth in New Velacruz.

Preschool education is organized in different cycles and serves the 2–4 age group and the 4–6 age group. Preschool education is not mandatory except for the last year. Basic education is compulsory and serves the population of the 6–14 age group. Secondary education is not compulsory, although it is the duty of the state to offer it for free. It caters to the 14–18 age group and is organized in a common core of four years and three modes of two years of study that are offered in three different options: general or academic, vocational (industrial, agricultural, and services), and artistic.

The higher education system consists of institutes and universities. The institutes offer courses of a higher technical level. The universities offer technical careers, undergraduate and graduate; these are regulated by the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology. New Vealcruz has public and private universities. Among them: Universidad Autónoma Isidre Cervántez UAIC – La Isabella, founded in 1892.

Government and Politics

Casa de Rubí is the official home and principal workplace of the Governor-General of New Velacruz.

The 1983 Constitution is the highest legal authority in the country. New Veracruz has a democratic and representative government, whose bodies are:

  1. The Executive Branch, headed by the Governor-General of the Republic, who is elected by direct vote and remains in office for 10 years. He can be elected to for two terms. The Governor-General has a Cabinet of Ministers whom he appoints, and is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.
  2. The Legislative Branch, called New Velacruz's General Court (bicameral), consisting of the Senate (upper house) and Assembly (lower house).
  3. The Judiciary, headed by the Supreme Court, which is composed of 15 judges, one of them being elected as President of the Judiciary.
Capitolio Nacional, seat of the General Court.

The Governor-General is directly elected under universal adult suffrage for a 10-year term. It is intended that the Governor-General would rule in conjunction with the General Court (legislature) and that his emergency powers would be exercised only in extraordinary circumstances, but the political instability of the current post Junta period, and a paralysing factionalism in the legislature, means that the president comes to occupy a position of considerable power.

The prime-minister is established by the constitution, which stipulates that the Governor-General must appoint as Premier the person most likely to command the confidence of the Assembly.

Administrative divisions

The Republic of New Velacruz is divided into 17 states and one territory Buten. The capital Quitapahilla is located in San Saran.

Foreign Affairs

Silencito Palace houses the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The foreign affairs of New Velacruz are headed by the Governor-General, as head of state, and managed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. New Velacruz has diplomatic missions in all continents.

New Velacruz pursues an independent foreign policy. New Velacruz's major diplomatic interests are regional security and increasingly, regional development and anti-piracy and smuggling.

New Velacruz takes a large role in the Pan-Vestric organization the Vestric Forum, as one of the founding members. The government of New Velacruz regularly advocates on maritime protection laws within the Forum.

Military

New Velacruzian Naval Infantry during Exercise Long Tide 1992

The executive branch of government is responsible for managing the defense of New Velacruz, with the Governor-General commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The Ministry of Defence exercises day-to-day control of the military and the New Velacruz National Police, answering primarily to the premier and the General-Court. New Velacruz has 270,114 active military personnel. And in 2016 3.4% of the country's GDP went towards military expenditure.

The New Velacruzean military is divided into three branches: the National Army of New Velacruz; the Air force New Velacruz; and the Navy New Velacruz. The National Police functions as a gendarmerie, operating independently from the military as the law enforcement agency for the entire country.

The National Army is formed by corps, regiments, special brigades and special units. The New Velacruzean Navy; by the Naval Infantry, the Naval Force of the Colombian and the Naval Force of Cecuba, New Velacruz Coast Guards and Naval Aviation. The Air Force by 15 air units. The National Police has a presence in all states. The territory of Butén and maintains a voluntary citizen militia.

Economy

Signed in 1989, orignally the Velacruz-Zamoros Agreement of Free Trade (VZAFT), now the Vestric Common Market is a free-trade agreement primarily between the states of the Vestric Forum. The treaty is aimed at promoting free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency among its members.