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Plus ultra (Solarian)
Esta Tierra que Defendemos (Marchenian)
"This Land We Defend"
and largest city
|Recognised national languages||Estmerish, Gaullican|
|Recognised regional languages||Séí-shikʼéí, Gegokim, Úuchmáa, Yajä'i, Zapoyan, Vespasian|
|Ethnic groups |
|50.9% Mestís |
|Government||Federal parliamentary republic under an executive presidency|
|Juan Esteban Molina|
• Colonization and settlement by SPANIARDS
• 2015 census
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|Date format||dd-mm-yyyy CE|
Marchenia, known officially as the Marchenian Republic (Marchenian: República Marcheniana), the Republic of Marchenia, or the Marchenian Fourth Republic is a sovereign nation located in Asteria Superior. It borders Halland and Chistovodia to the north, Vinalia to the east, and Eldmark and XXXX to the south. The country is subdivided into TBD states, with a further TBD associated states with limited autonomy, taking up an overall land area of XXXX km2 (XXXX sqmi) Marchenia is the XXth largest country in the Asterias and the XXth largest in the world. Its population of 77,895,231 makes it the XXth largest in the world by population. A federal parliamentary republic under an executive presidency, the country's political, social, and economic center resides in the city of Gualencia, while other cities such as Ávigona, Andasca, and Pohuela make up other major economic and population centers in the country. The nation is ethnically diverse, being split between ethnic Eucleans--predominantly SPAINIARDS, Estmerish, Gaullicans, and Vespasians--indigenous, Bahian, and mestizo ancestry.
Native Asterians inhabited the region for thousands of years prior to Euclean colonization, migrating south from modern-day Cassier, Halland, and Chistovodia sometime around 10,000 BCE with the first permanent settlements being established around 5,000 BCE. This time period was dominated less by unified indigenous empires, as seen elsewhere in the world, and more by tribal confederacies supported by a web of alliances with various tribes and clans subordinate to the primary groups. Assim Asteris, as part of the Caldish expedition to the New World, first discovered the region and charted its coast in 1488. SPANIARD explorers, led by Audres de Marchena established the first colonial settlements shortly thereafter. Colonization occurred unevenly with many colonies being under the control of private companies, SPANIARD nobility, and rich merchant guilds. This would lead to occasional inter-colonial conflict between various factions. These low-intensity conflicts would come to an end in 1615 when the SPANISH monarchy, seeking to assert greater control over its colonial holdings, would promulgate the Writ of Union and unify the region into a cohesive entity for the first time. This territory, the Viceroyalty of New !SPAIN, would ultimately be ceded to Gaullica in the aftermath of the Gilded Wars in 1721. Gaullica's policies of Gaullicanization, taxation, and authoritarian administration would sow the seeds of significant unrest. This unrest would ultimately see the region declare unilateral independence as part of the United Colonies in the wider Asterian War of Secession. The region would gain full independence and sovereignty following the Treaty of Vicalvi, initially seeking union with modern-day Halland. These efforts would fail, and the two regions would ultimately choose to go their separate ways that same year.
The early years of the republic would be dominated by land-owning, agricultural, and mercantile interests, including those of slave-owners. This would see the country come under the control of an aristo-oligarchic political class which would come to dominate the government. Bouyed by agricultural and mineral exports, largely procured via enslavement, this period would be known as the time of the First Republic. Liberalizing reforms around the turn of the 19th-century, including the abolition of slavery, would see expanded access to politics by a significant portion of the population. This sudden upsurge in political activity, in addition to societal changes due to industrialization, would lead to a great deal of political chaos throughout the country. This chaos would result in the military exercising governing control over the country at numerous periods, though liberal democracy was always ultimately maintained. This period would come to be known as the period of the Second Republic. The Second Republican period would end with Marchenia's sudden involvement in the Great War, which would also briefly pause the country's political uncertainty. An emergency national unity government would see ultimate victory in the conflict before ultimately beginning to break down shortly thereafter. The failure of politicians to reach a political solution, with civil war seemingly on the horizon, would see the military overthrow the civilian government and install a civic-military dictatorship that would lead the country throughout the Great Game. Known as the Third Republic, this period would be marked by martial rule, repression against perceived opponents of the regime, and a foreign policy geared towards securing the continued stability of the government. The military would cede political authority back to civilian control in 1989 following a series of student protests that would ultimately spark the Marigold Revolution.
The economy is largely post-industrial, though there is still significant industrial capacity within the country. It's primary industries are financial services, energy production, agriculture, logging, and mining. Marchenia is a member of the Community of Nations, the North Vehemens Organization, International Trade Organization and Global Institute for Fiscal Affairs.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics and Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture