Nuxica

Republic of Nuxica

República de Nuxic (Floren)
Flag of
Flag
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Llibertat - Treball - Cultura"
Liberty - Work - Culture
Location of the Republic of Nuxica (green) in Asteria Superior (grey)
Location of the Republic of Nuxica (green) in Asteria Superior (grey)
CapitalSant Picano
Largest cityCarútagua
Official languagesFloren, Lusitan
Recognised national languagesÚuchmáa, Yajä'i, Zapoyan
Ethnic groups
57.9% Mestís
18.5% Indígenes
15.6% Euclean
8.0% Other
Demonym(s)Nuxican
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential multi-party parliamentary republic
• President
Zacarías Figueroa
Florencio Resende
LegislatureParliament
House of Peers
House of Commons
Independence from the Gaullican Empire
• Declared
1764
1768
1771
1772
• Republic
1865
Population
• 2015 census
77,895,231
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$2.37 trillion
HDI (2018)0.79
high

The Republic of Nuxica (Floren: República de Nuxic; Lusitan: República do Nuxíca) is a nation located in Asteria Superior. It borders Lorcania, Cassier, and Chervolesia to the north, Duquesne to the east, Marirana and Eldmark to the south, and the Vehemens Ocean via Andradas's Bay to the west. It has a total population of 77,895,231 with it's capital city being Sant Picano. It's largest city is that of Carútagua. The nation is ethnically diverse, being split between Euclean, indigenous, Bahian, and mestizo ancestry.

Like many other nations in the region, Nuxica has been inhabited for thousands of years, with the Yáaxitaan, Nojoch, and later the Meyaletuns achieving dominance over the region. The Meyaletuns, in particular, succeeded in creating a cohesive nation-state that would reign for hundreds of years. Though first discovered by Assim Asteris in 1488, the region was colonized by Floren explorers from Remana, Ciradila, Sarcus, and other powerful city-states in the mid 16th-century, who collectively defeated the Meyaletuns and established the colony of Nou Remana in 1554. Other Florenic powers would also establish colonies in the region, leading to low-scale conflict over competing boundaries. The region would be unified by decree of Nèstor I, becoming a dominion of the Floren Empire in 1709. The region would remain loyal to Florena during the Pereramonic Wars, being ceded to Gaullica at the conclusion of the conflict. Anti-Gaullican sentiments, authoritarian administration, high taxation, along with a sharp rise in republican ideals, lead the region to seek independence as part of the United Colonies in 1764, joining the larger Asterian War of Secession. The resulting Treaty of Vicalvi granted the region its independence as part of the United Colonies in 1771. However the unity of the United Colonies faltered shortly thereafter, with the northern region separating by the end of the year, creating the first independent Nuxican nation state since the 16th-century.

The region would reunify under the aristocratic and oligarchic Nuxican Confederacy in 1772, buoyed by its vast agricultural exports as well as its continued practice of Bahian slavery. The region also embarked on a series of expeditions to the east in order to expand its borders, culminating in the Expeditionary Wars. Discontent with the established societal order, rising mestizo nationalism, authoritarianism, and unrest amongst the Bahian slave population led to the five-year Nuxican Civil War. The war resulted in the dissolution of the confederacy and the subsequent establishment of a liberal unitary parliamentary republic.

Though initially staunchly economically liberal and corporatist in nature the politics of the republic gradually became more secular and socialist, creating a slow boil of discontent amongst the largely conservative armed forces, large national corporations, and Solarian Catholic masses. This discontent hit a fever pitch upon the election of the social democratic National Worker's Party (PNT) to government. Economic shortfalls coupled by the collapse of their coalition and a looming vote of no confidence caused the PNT government to secretly reach out to the syndicalist National Confederation of Labor for support. Fearing the rise of a radical leftist government, the military -- backed by the Church and corporations -- executed a coup d'etat on Christmas Eve 1927 and installed Gen. Juan Sebastián García as leader. Known as the Nou Ordre, the military junta would guide Nuxica through the Great War -- during which it was invaded by neighboring Marirana, later partially occupying the nation -- as well as the turbulent years following. The junta also used the nation's powerful status in the Asterias in order to suppress left-wing movements throughout the two continents. The junta ceded power to civilian authorities following a popular uprising in 1989.

Nuxica is a unitary semi-presidential multi-party parliamentary republic comprised of seventeen provinces. The economy is largely post-industrial, though there is still significant industrial capacity within the country. It's primary industries are financial services, energy production, agriculture, logging, and mining. Nuxica is a member of the Community of Nations, the JDF, ITO and GIFA.

Etymology

The name for the region is believed by most historians to come from the Úuchmáa phrase "great heaven" or "nuxi' ka'anal". Historical records from the voyages of Assim Asteris highly suggest that the native tribes of the region seemed refer to the region as such, and subsequent records from the journals of both Miguel Andradas and Pròsper Girabal confirm this. The region was, however, known as "Nou Remana," or New Remana, prior to its independence as part of the United Colonies. The region was renamed "Nuxica," an romanization of the Úuchmáa phrase, following the failure of the United Colonies to form a united government and the name has been in continual use since that time.

History

Pre-History

Ruins of a Meyaletun city, near modern day Atejachel.

Human habitation was first recorded in Nuxica roughly around 11,000 to 12,000 BCE, when hunter-gatherers Native Asterians moved south from the area around modern-day Lake Taquetapa and settled in the foothills of the Macayne mountains in modern-day Jiquichuapa, Anavador, and Floretan provinces. Two different groups would come to settle in the region, the Yajä'i and Úuchmáa, with most tribes coming from these groups.

Tribes began to settle inland along the river Tepulas, eventually developing agriculture around maize, beans, various squashes, and chili peppers by 7,000 BCE. By 5,000 BCE, the people of the regions began to form large permanent settlements, began writing codified laws, formed a central religion, and developed a hierarchical society. The first recorded large scale civilization in the region was that of the Yaaxitaan, who created numerous cities and religious sites throughout the region, around 4,000 BCE. The Yaaxitaan were based primarily around the city of Xamaniqinqu, and from there began absorbing neighboring tribes into their Empire. Around this time other tribes also began developing their own empires, particularly the Nojochs who centered around the city of Chicahua.

The Yaaxitaan Empire began to decline by 2,000 BCE, being overtaken and later subsumed into the Nojochi Empire by 1,500 BCE. Most of the cultural traditions of the Yaaxitaan were also absorbed into the Nojochi culture and their religion adapted to fit into the existing mythology. The Nojochi Empire is believed to have incorporated the practice of human sacrifice into their religion, building massive pyramids, statues, monuments, and religious complexes throughout the regions under their control. They also constructed the first man-made canals, and introduced irrigation to the region.

The Nojochs were themselves conquered by the Meyaletuns by 200 BCE. Like the Yaaxitaan, much of the Nojoch culture and religion were absorbed into the larger Meyaletun culture. The Meyaletun Empire was the first to completely control the lands of modern-day Nuxica, largely via conflict and forcing subservient tribes to play fealty. They founded the city of Usucuilta, which would serve as both the administrative and religious center of their empire. The city was constructed, reconstructed, and expanded for over a thousand years, reaching its final size in 1179 CE. The Meyaletun Empire reached its height around this period, a height which would last until 1450 CE.

The death of the ruling emperor, Colop-U-Uichikin, without an heir in 1475 led for many within the imperial court to vie for the throne of the empire. This infighting, which also took religious significance, created massive rifts within the imperial government. Escalating into a civil war, the conflict wracked the land and greatly diminished the ability of the government to counter outside threats. The war ended in 1483, when the nobleman Xibalba seized power. The region was visited by Assim Asterias in 1488 and 1489 as part of his exploration of the Asterias, though besides meeting some tribes along the coast it is unknown how this affected the empire. Xibalba died in 1505, and was succeeded by his brother Xumucane. Xumucane imposed many reforms, such as codified taxes, an update of the existing laws, and developed an official bureaucratic structure to the empire. He died in 1543, and was succeeded by his son Ixmucane.

Colonization and Early History (1554-1XXX)

In 1553 the Duke of Remana, Leodogari II, ordered the explorer and navigator Miguel Andradas i Santmartí and Prosper Girabal i Formiguera to explore the western coastline of Asteria Superior for the purposes of potentially establishing a colony and trading post there, which would enable the Duchy to expand its reach to the Asterias and reap the wealth thought to lie within. Other colonies such as Nuovo Poveglia along with those created by Caldia, Estmere, and Ordennya had seen broad success, and Leodogari sought to discover land that Remana could claim as its own.

Ships under the command of Girabal and Andradas landed upon the shores of the modern-day Andradas' Bay, near the modern day city of Veciana, in 1554 with a force of five hundred men. There they founded the settlement of Nou Veciana. They met with several native tribes around this time, and began to trade for sugar, beads, pottery, gold, and jewelry with them. They also began enslaving many of the tribes they met, should they not have the goods Andradas sought or information about the "heavenly land." Word of the arrival of the explorers quickly spread throughout the Meyaletun Empire, eventually reaching the court of Meyaletun Emperor Ixmucane in the city of Usucuilta, near the modern-day city of Sant Picano. He extended an invitation to the newcomers to come to the capital, seeking to meet them firsthand and absorb the new "tribe," requesting they pay fealty to his empire. He was also unsure of their nature, whether they be "gods of light" (Úuchmáa: yuumtsilo'ob le sáasilo' ) or "gods of the underworld" (Úuchmáa: yuumtsilo'ob le metnalo' ). Believing that he had found the way to the heavenly land mentioned to him, Andradas accepted the invitation and left Girabal in charge of the new settlement.

Relations between Ixmucane and Andradas' explorers were initially described as positive, with Andradas seeking to cement trade ties with Ixmucane's realm. However, issues soon arose. Upon being told that the lands of his empire had been claimed by Andradas on behalf of the Duchy of Remana, Ixmucane was reportedly enraged. Andradas also outright refused to pay tribute, as well as claimed that the emperor must submit to Catholicism and give up the native religion as a whole. As this was occurring, Andradas' men were looting much of Usucuilta, taking any valuable they could steal. This included many religious artifacts, which angered any Usucuiltans Having decided that Andradas and his men were "gods of the underworld" (Úuchmáa: yuumtsilo'ob le metnalo'), Ixmucane ordered that the conqueridors be expelled from the city within a day and never to return to the empire. Around this time Andradas took Ixmucane hostage and ordered him to quell the population of Usucuilta, which had by this time grown into a mob and forced Andredas' men to take shelter in Ixmucane's imperial compound, and ensure them safe passage out of the city. The mob instead began to riot and attack both Ixmucane and Andradas' men. The ensuing battle, known as the Battle of Usucuilta, marked the beginning of Floren conquest of the Meyaletun Empire. Ixmucane was killed, and Andradas and his men were forced to flee the city under a barrage of arrows, spears, and rocks. Over a hundred conquistadors were killed, and Andradas fled back to Veciana. Though the Meyaletuns attacked the city many times, they were unable to take the settlement.

Andradas flees Usucuilta in 'The Sad Night.'

Reinforcements from Remana arrived the next year. These forces, numbering between two and three thousand fighting men, met with Andradas's men, who had been under siege for a year, and began pushing west from the settlement back towards Usucuilta. This group would come to be known as the Army of Gold following the sacking of Usucuilta. Conquistadors from Ciradila, Lusitana, Sarcus, and Demora landed in the region in 1555 and also began establishing settlements along the coast. These forces, along with the Army of Gold, would attack numerous Meyaletun cities, oftentimes with the support of tribes chafing under the Meyaletun rule. This, along with an epidemic of smallpox, influenza, plague, and other Euclean diseases caused the complete collapse of the Meyaletun Empire by 1600.

The dissolution of the empire caused a massive power vacuum in the region, as many tribes broke away to form their own localized governments. Many conflicts were fought, both among the natives as well as among the Euclean colonizers, over competing boundaries.

Nou Remana and Gaullican Domination (1XXX-1760)

War for Independence and United Colonies (1764-1771)

GAULLICANNAME surrenders his army to Marshal Amadeu Juarez following the Battle of Gualacúa Valley.

The ceding of Nou Remana in the Treaty of Savona led to an immediate and drastic break between the Floren-speaking population of Nuxica and the new Gaullican authorities. Rising tensions between the Floren aristocracy and the newly-founded Gaullican ascendancy reached new heights following the 1763 Guadarca massacre and subsequent imposition of the Intolerable Taxes and Unbearable Acts, a set of laws (known collectively as the Despotic Edicts that sought to secure the power of a new Gaullican noble class within the region as a whole. The laws, which mandated the use of Gaullican in government affairs, made radical reforms to the judiciary that benefitted Gaullican nationals, imposed higher taxes upon the region above those passed in the wake of the Pereramonic Wars, heavily restricted the ability for merchants and traders to "cooperate with those nations outside of the Gaullican sphere," and heavily taxed regional trade, were seen as highly restrictive and lead to significant dissatisfaction unrest amongst the population and upper classes. In addition, the rise of republican ideals in the colony, largely spun from the ideals and policies of Nèstor I, lead to the creation of many secret societies and republican organizations seeking to make the region an independent state through whatever means available, primary of which being La Trinitat and La Congregacio.

The unrest facing the region reached a fever pitch following the Guadarca massacre, in which a protest by Nou Remanans against the Despotic Edicts led to Gaullican soldiers firing into the crowd -- killing 12, though event generally seen as the breaking point by most historians came in the form of the Kindalk massacre in the Lorcanian territory of Sheah. Word of the massacre, which was nearly identical to the Guadarca massacre a year prior, rapidly spread amongst the colonies by word of mouth and led to citizens in the Florentan Province to take up arms and drive out the local Gaullican garrison from the region.

Confederacy and Independent States Period (1772-1811)

Typical plantation in Floretan Province, circa 1855.

La Reconsolidació and First Republican Era (1812-1914)

Rebel foot soldiers and military defectors erecting a barricade during the First Battle of Sant Picano.

Revolution, Great War, and Emergency Government (1915-1949)

Nuxican soldiers move to engage Mariranan infantry during the Battle of Tatoto.

La Suautadura and the Asterian War (1950-1980)

Guerilla fighters for the FLNCO take a smoke break after attacking a military base in Suran Province, 1985.

Decline and Fall of the Junta and Contemporary Period (1980-Present)

Soldiers prepare to return to their barracks during the Dahlia Revolution.

Geography

Climate

Environment

Politics and Government

Military

Foreign Relations

Economy

Energy

Industry

Infrastructure

Transport

Demographics

Education

Religion

Culture

Music and Art

Cuisine

Sports