People's Front for Democracy and Justice (Lemovicia)
|First leader||Eztebe Tolaregain|
|Final leader||Otxando Azcargorta|
|Banned||21 November, 1992|
|Political position||Right-wing politics|
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The People's Front for Democracy and Justice (Lemovician: Хері Демокразієн ета Юстізіярен Фронтеа, Herri Demokraziaren eta Justiziaren Frontea), or the PFDJ (ХДЮФ, HDJF) was a political party which governed the State of Lemovicia from its independence from Narozalica in 1979 until the first multi-party elections in 1992.
Established in 1974 by Eztebe Tolaregain as the Lemovician Cultural Alliance (Lemovician: Мендідунен аліанца култура, Mendidunen Aliantza Kulturala), it initially advocated for the promotion of Lemovician culture and the Lemovician language. However, due to the pro-Marolevic policies pursued by Vilem Gardos, this organization faced heavy scrutiny. After being banned in 1979 by the Narozalic authorities, it went underground, and played a substantial role in the Lemovician War of Independence when its leader, Eztebe Tolaregain issued a declaration of independence from Narozalica.
Following the end of the Lemovician War of Independence, Saroi Garnica became the de-facto leader, and by March 1980 effectively controlled the party. However, with the outbreak of the Lemovician Civil War, the role of the People's Front for Democracy and Justice waned in favor of the Lemovician Armed Forces to such a degree that the party barely existed by the signing of the Alikianos Accords. Despite a brief effort by Otxando Azcargorta to revitalize the party and compete in the 1992 elections, the party was denied registration, and was subsequently outright banned by November 1992.
The People's Front for Democracy and Justice has its origins with the Lemovician Cultural Alliance, established in 1974 by Eztebe Tolaregain. Established to promote the revitalization of the culture of the Lemovician people, the organization quickly came under the scrutiny of the provincial government and the national government, as the Narozalic government sought to maintain the dominance of the Marolevic population in the region, particularly Narodyns and Miersans over the Lemovicians.
During this period, members of the Lemovician Cultural Alliance began to be disillusioned with the Narozalic government under Vilem Gardos, as Gardos maintained and instituted policies which prioritized Marolevic culture over Lemovician culture, while doing little for the good of the ethnic Lemovician population of what was then the Malomiersan Province. While they never officially professed ethnic nationalism, most of its membership, including Tolaregain were sympathetic to the idea of ethnic nationalism, with Tolaregain saying in 1978 that "the influx of Miersans" into Lemovicia had "fatally weakened the Lemovician identity, and made it susceptible to colonization."
By early 1979, the Lemovician Cultural Alliance was banned by the authorities, and it was forced to move underground, due to the suspicions of the authorities that they were promoting Lemovician separatism from Narozalica. At this point, it began openly advocating for Lemovician independence, seeing it as the only way that Lemovicians would be able to "revitalize their own culture" in the face of Marolevic colonialism.
When the Sostava War broke out, tensions between the Miersan and Lemovician communities in Malomiersa began escalating, and by November 1979, Eztebe Tolaregain issued a unilateral declaration of independence after seizing power in Topagunea from the last Governor, (TBD). This led to the Lemovician War of Independence, fought between the newly-renamed People's Front for Democracy and Justice, who was led by Saroi Garnica, and the Narozalic government forces.
By the end of December, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice effectively had control over the former province of Malomiersa, but by this point, Saroi Garnica was the de-facto leader of the organization.
Saroi Garnica's tenure
By January 1980, Saroi Garnica became the leader of the People's Front for Democracy and Justice, and was selected by the party to be its nominee for the newly-established Presidency. As there were no other parties allowed to run under the Lemovician constitution, Garnica would be elected the following month with 98.6% of the vote for the presidential elections, while the People's Front was elected to 106 of the 110 seats in the National Assembly, with 86.3% of the vote.
On 1 March, he succeeded Eztebe Tolaregain as President, becoming the first official President of the Lemovician State. However, despite Garnica's military command, and him wielding substantial de-facto power since his decision to support the People's Front for Democracy and Justice against the Narozalic government, Garnica, although he proved to be an effective military commander, was an incompetent administrator.
However, by the end of the month, the Lemovician Civil War broke out between the Lemovician government led by Garnica, the Liberal Democratic forces led by Otxote Sasiambarrena, and the Miersan separatists led by Izydor Domzalski. This led to the party taking inspiration from the military government in Etruria, with the People's Front for Democracy and Justice effectively subsumed in terms of importance by the Lemovician Armed Forces, of whom Garnica was the commander-in-chief.
During the next twelve years, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice, although it continued to nominally exist, became irrelevant compared to the Lemovician armed forces, especially as martial law had been declared across Lemovicia. By the time of the signing of the Alikianos Accords, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice was said by the then-Vice-President Otxando Azcargorta to be little more than "several filing cabinets and the innermost circle of legislators" in the National Assembly.
Post-war and ban
Thus, at a party conference in August, Garnica handed leadership of the party to his former Vice-President, Otxando Azcargorta to run for the future Presidency, while Garnica sought to run for the reconstituted National Assembly. Azcargorta's bid for leadership was accepted, and he was placed at the head of the party list for their nominees for the Presidency.
When the new constitution was promulgated on 1 October, 1992, and an election date set for 1 November, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice attempted to register with the election authorities to run for the national elections. However, they refused to accept the party's registration, citing the abuses of power under their rule, and that if elected, they would violate the constitution.
After the elections, the party was officially banned "from operating in any part of the Lemovician State" on 21 November, 1992, with all the assets being seized by the state.
The People's Front for Democracy and Justice was, first and foremost, ethnic nationalist, advocating for a sovereign "Lemovician state," and for the expulsion of all Miersans, Narodyns, and Savaders from Lemovicia, in order to establish an "Lemovician-majority state." A faction within the People's Front for Democracy and Justice also expressed iirredentist views, advocating for the annexation of Lemovician-majority areas in neighbouring Slirnia and Minilov into the Lemovician State.
While the party was predominantly right-wing, advocating for social conservatism, there were factions advocating for more liberal social policies, although these factions were never close to power for most of the history of the People's Front for Democracy and Justice.
Economically, they were sympathetic to the idea of economic protectionism to ensure that Lemovicians would be able to control "their own economy in their own land," but due to the Lemovician Civil War, few of their economic policies were able to be implemented.