Third Namo-Luziycan War
|Third Namo-Luziycan War|
|Part of Namo-Luziycan War, Esquarian Cold War|
Namorese tanks heading towards the Luziycan border during the war
Knights of St. Luther
Template:Country data Peitoa
|Commanders and leaders|
Peter Ashmaev †
|Casualties and losses|
773 killed by enemy action|
71 non-hostile deaths
892 wounded in action
Total: 844 killed
300 killed (Luziycan claim)|
1,243 killed (Namorese claim)
27 Knights members killed
|23x15px 4 Vyvlanders died in Namorese bombings of Syfmion|
Template:Campaignbox Namo-Luziycan Wars The Third Namo-Luziycan War, known in Namor for a time as the War of Defensive Counterattack against Luziyca (Namorese: Фантои Лузейика Чивеи Джинджан tr. Fantoi Luzeyika Chivei Jinjan) was a month-long military conflict between the People's Republic of Namor and the Christian Republic of Luziyca that started on June 4, 1996 (NMR 2336) and officially ended July 1, 1996, lasting a total of three weeks and six days.
War broke out after a skirmish broke out in the highly-defended Namo-Luziycan border, where Luziycan troops crossed the Namorese border and killed several unarmed Namorese civilians on June 2, sparking outrage in Namor. President-General Kong Jo answered by declaring a state of war between Namor and Luziyca two days later in June 4, citing it as a "war of defensive counterattack" against "Luziycan aggression." Namorese Liberation Army forces launched a ground incursion into eastern Luziyca as well as the Luziycan-controlled territories of Nantai. The conflict quickly escalated and spilled over to Vyvland, where the Namorese initiated airstrikes against Luziycan bases in Syfmion, a move that was widely condemned. Later in the war, a standoff between Namorese and Luziycan navies in the Haddock Sea led to fears of a nuclear attack.
Diplomatic efforts to end the war began as early as July 28 in the Geadish capital city of Da Hegner, where Namorese and Luziycan officials negotiated a ceasefire. After successive days of negotiations, both governments announced an end to the war on July 1. Namorese forces pulled out of Luziyca and the standoff in the Haddock Sea ended.
Both countries have since declared victory, with Bethlehem claiming it had repelled the Namorese offensive and Namo claiming it had met its objectives of decimating Luziyca's military capabilities.
The Third Namo-Luziycan War is believed to have broke out due to a layer of problems and historical conflict between the two countries.
In the First Namo-Luziycan War, modern Luziyca defeated Namor, which at the time was ruled by the Hào dynasty, and forced Namor to sign the Treaty of Tatra which ceded the territories of Txotai (Oteki) and Nantai to Luziyca.
Luziyca refused to recognize the People's Republic and supported Republican loyalists and other anti-Liberationist forces. Liberationist Namor, in turn, viewed Luziyca to be the head of a regional imperialist bloc. Both countries clashed indirectly in the Txotai War, when Luziyca supported and armed Otekian separatists.
Relations soured further in the 1990s. Namorese officials were especially worried over the intentions of some Luziycan politicians to start a policy of containment against Namor.
At approximately 2:00 am Namo Time (1:00 am Luziyca Time) of June 2, 1996, Luziycan soldiers from the 2nd Brigade, Pustinia Regiment crossed the Namo-Luziycan border and attacked a Namorese border village called Vulan in West Namor. The intrusion resulted in a clash in which 16 Namorese (15 of them civilians) and two Luziycan soldiers were killed.
The "Vulan Massacre" sparked widespread anger in Namor, where both the government and citizens demanded that Luziyca apologize for the attack and hold its soldiers responsible. President-General Kong Jo called the killings "intentional, premeditated and unjustifiable act of aggression" and warned of greater consequences if Luziyca refused to apologize. But Namorese demands were met by a refusal by Luziycan President William Mishnev to punish Luziycan soldiers involved in the incident; Mishnev called the killings "tragic," but added that "we cannot hand over perpetrators to a nation which has human rights violations about as bad as that of Katranjiev during the rule of Huankun Chen, especially over the actions on some poorly demarcated line." Congress authorized the imposition of martial law in Luziyca's eastern border regions.
Many Namorese regarded the Luziycan reaction as insincere and inadequate, increasing calls for military action. Unsatisfied with Bethlehem's response, on June 4 the Namorese Central Council voted near-unanimously to authorize military action against Luziyca. President-General Kong subsequently ordered the Namorese Liberation Army to begin ground offensives.
Upper and Lower York
The first Namorese ground offensive began on the morning of June 5 in the northeastern Luziycan states of Upper York and Lower York. The strength of this particular Namorese force was smaller compared to forces fighting elsewhere; most troops attacking Upper York were local militia stationed in Txotai, with regular soldiers making up a small minority.
The Namorese attacked the border town of Frontiersburg, which served as the headquarters of the Otekian government-in-exile and the Knights of Saint Luther. As it knew of the outbreak of war beforehand, the OGIE evacuated Frontiersburg hours before the Namorese intrusion, but several Otekian militants stayed behind to confront the Namorese. The Namorese caused major damage to Frontiersburg's infrastructure; they burned several offices belonging to the OGIE, alleged training camps of the Knights, and the building of the OGIE's congress-in-exile. Peter Ashmaev, commander of the Knights, was killed in the attacks, but his second-hand man and appointed heir Breuvi Chikmurdof was traveling in Gijirokastra at the time of the Namorese declaration of war and avoided fighting and capture. There were isolated reports of Namorese attacks on Otekian exiles attempting to flee Frontiersburg without confirmed casualties. By the evening of June 6, the Namorese had occupied a large part of Frontiersburg, and no further advances were made. Outside of Frontiersburg, the NLA attacked and occupied the towns of Hudson, Upper York, and Lower York (the town within the state of the same name).
The next day, the Ministry of Defense proclaimed that its objective of inflicting "irreparable damage" upon the Knights leadership had been met. Namorese troops left Frontiersburg and returned to Namor. No offensives were launched against Upper or Lower York for the rest of the war.
As the offensive in Upper and Lower York was ongoing, the Namorese Liberation Army (NLA) launched a bigger offensive, this time in the disputed territory of Nantai.
Initially, attacks on Nantai were restricted to missile attacks and artillery shelling at Luziycan military bases and airports. The ground offensive didn't begin until June 5, when Namorese troops crossed the border, aiming to capture the cities of Kenyen, Venha, Hihang and West Po'ai. While the NLA did head straight for the first three cities, it circumvented the Central Avenue Port of Entry, hoping to occupy the areas west of West Po'ai so that it could ultimately lay siege on that part of the divided city.
The offensive was met with limited success, mostly as a result of the area already being strongly fortified by Luziycan forces. Soon, the offensive stalled and changed into a state of attrition. It would remain that way until July 1, when the war ended and the NLA pulled out of Nantai.
Lazar, Pustinia and Voshkod
Namorese forces quickly occupied the towns of Lana, Pamlyra and Glasov, but made no significant gains beyond these two areas. In Voshkod especially, there was intense fighting between Namorese and Luziycan troops. Fierce Luziycan resistance prevented Namorese forces from reaching the state capital of Salavat and the eastern banks of the Sprska Sea. The NLA reported facing opposition from armed locals who were assisting the Luziycan military.
Luziycan, Namorese and third party sources all confirm that the war took the most devastating toll in the three states. Up to 500 of the 844 killed on the Namorese side were fighting in the three states.
Airstrikes on Syfmion
On June 7, the Liberation Army announced its intention to attack Syfmion, Vyvland The bombing campaigns in Syfmion was code-named "Operation Uproot the Haddock Sea (Баха Синдонг)", and would become highly controversial both within and outside of Namor. Military commanders said that there was a "large chance" that the Luziycan base in Syfmion would pose a threat to Namor.
From June 8 to the end of the war, Namorese aircraft were making bombing runs on Syfmion, attacking tens of Luziycan sorties per day. Most of them were targeted at military installations, planes, garrisons or anything that looked suspicious to Namorese pilots. One Namorese MAD-7 bomber was shot down and crashed in the Haddock Sea, while a Namorese T-10 helicopter was shot down near the island of Greetmion.
The Ministry of Defense listed the protection of civilians as its "number one priority" when conducting airstrikes. It issued warnings to civilian populations in both countries through the dropping of leaflets and radio broadcasts. However, this did not prevent the airstrikes from leading to civilian deaths - four Vyvlander citizens died from the strikes.
The Vyvlander government at the time, led by Anhelm Ferog, was opposed to the bombing of Syfmion, arguing that it breached Vyvland's neutrality in the war and could cause serious harm to Vyvlander citizens who lived or worked on the island. The events were very destabilising for the government, who were forced to re-evaluate positions on relations with Luziyca and Namor, with many on the right wing arguing for an alliance with Luziyca or partial severance of ties with Namor. In the end, disagreements over the war caused Ferog's precarious grand coalition to fall apart.
Namor later compensated for civilian casualties caused by the airstrikes, but refused to accept the position that the strikes against Syfmion in particular were a breach of Vyvland's neutrality.
As the war was still progressing, on June 23 President-General Kong Jo ordered the Namorese Liberation Army Navy (NLAN) to send some of its ships to international waters in the Haddock Sea near Geadland, Luziyca and Vyvland to "forestall a possible Luziycan naval assault." Several destroyers belonging to the Namorese Yenfang Fleet were deployed to the sea.
Initially, the deployment of Namorese ships was considered unimportant as Kong's order came as Namorese airstrikes against nearby Syfmion were still ongoing. Kong himself said the deployment was "a precautionary measure to ensure that we have the upper hand in the sea." But the following day, Chorean newspaper the Isthmus Daily leaked documents from Namorese military sources that show the deployed ships carried nuclear weapons. When asked if this was true, the administration refused to comment. It wasn't until Luziyca responded by sending its own naval destroyers to the sea in June 25 when the Executive House admitted that Namorese ships were carrying "highly destructive weapons" and said both navies were engaged in a "tense standoff." Despite assurances from both Bethlehem and Namo that a nuclear crisis was avoidable, talk of a coming nuclear war became widespread.
Behind the scenes, Luziyca and Namor agreed through third parties Geadland and Katranjiev to hold negotiations regarding an end to the war. As a result, the naval standoff ended 56 hours after it began, with the NLAN returning to home port in June 27.
Immediately following the end of the Haddock Sea standoff, both governments began marathon negotiations held in the Victoria Hotel in the Geadish capital of Da Hegner. The negotiations were mediated primarily by Geadish and Katranjian officials, who both the Luziycans and Namorese regarded as being neutral in the conflict.
Details of the negotiation remain undisclosed, but on June 29 both governments announced a ceasefire - Namorese troops would pull out of Luziyca, with Luziycan authorities refraining from attacking Namorese forces as the withdrawal takes place. Both countries agreed to work on demarcating the border and prevent another conflict from taking place.
The Namorese withdrawal began as early as June 29, when the ceasefire was announced.
The NLA adopted a scorched earth tactic as it pulled out of Luziyca, destroying basic infrastructure such as highways and railroads. The Desert Wind line of the Luziycan railroad network was most badly affected by the destruction inflicted by the NLA; four stations and hundreds of kilometers of railroad were reportedly partially or entirely destroyed. This had some impact on the future of the line; the number of stations it had were permanently reduced and its Nantai section was discontinued. In addition to destroying railroads, the Namorese destroyed occupied government buildings, police stations and army bases. There were isolated incidents of Namorese soldiers seizing local livestock and taking them to Namor. According to later accounts published by Namorese troops who fought in the war, commanders often encouraged soldiers to "strip the enemy naked," meaning to take everything they could from the Luziycans and destroy anything they couldn't take before the withdrawal was complete. However, since negotiators of the ceasefire agreed to minimize collateral damage as much as possible during the withdrawal, little action was taken against the civilian population.
All Namorese units were out of Luziyca by July 1. That same day, both Luziyca and Namor declared victory in the war.
The Third Namo-Luziycan War drove already non-existent Namo-Luziycan relations even tenser. Even after the Da Hegner Agreement, both sides were still highly suspicious of each other's motives.
The war also caused some short-term economic impact on both countries. In Luziyca it destroyed much of the infrastructure in areas affected by the war, but soon it was back on the road to recovery, whereas in Namor many government-run industries as well as private companies had to divert their support for the troops.
On the Namorese side, 844 people were killed; 773 by enemy action and 71 by non-hostile deaths. 892 soldiers were wounded in action. The Ministry of Defense reported that 89 military vehicles were destroyed.
President-General Kong Jo declared the war to have ended in a Namorese victory, claiming that the Namorese military had "completed all of its objectives in the defensive counterattack." He added that because of the war, reunified Luziyca "will exercise its power with tremendous caution, knowing that the Namorese people are not to be easily trifled with." At the same time, he expressed regret about the civilian casualties caused by the Namorese bombings of Syfmion and promised to give compensation to the relatives of non-combatants killed "as soon as possible."
The war helped reduce the popularity of the anti-conscription movement in Namor, which prior to the war was gaining traction due to the popular belief that conscription was unnecessary. Before the war, individual districts determined their respective service requirements; whereas some districts required that citizens serve in the military for at least 6 months, others such as West Namor required that citizens serve for 12 months. After the war, Namo reimposed a national service requirement that mandated citizens must serve in the military for up to 15 months. Namo initiated a tougher crackdown on draft evasion and curtailed valid reasons for exemption from service.
The war indirectly resulted in a period of unrest in the Shanpein prefecture of Txotai, where ethnic Otekians protested the government decision to strip them of their right to exemption from compulsory military service. Security forces ended the violence with no concessions by Namo.
Namor shelved all serious plans of seeking rapprochement with Luziyca, maintaining that normalization of relations was only possible if Luziyca complied with the "Three Conditions" - recognize the PRN, return Nantai, and compensate for crimes committed in Vulan. These conditions remained unmet when the two countries finally normalized relations in 2013.
President William Mishnev proclaimed a victory, stating that "our chief objective has been achieved: we have fought to keep Namor from occupying our free and democratic nation. We have fought to preserve international borders, and we have won." Mishnev noted that "Namor shall need to respect territorial integrity," and urged that "they renounce their claims over Nantai," citing the resistance of Nantainese against Namorese during their offensive in Nantai, "before we can even restore relations [with Namor].
With the end of the war, Congress passed a ₤3.5 billion ($5.14 billion in 1996 dollars) program to rebuild the damaged infrastructure for Nantai alone, ₤5 billion ($7.14 billion in 1996 dollars) to help rebuild Lazar, Pustinia, and Voshkod, and ₤2 billion ($2.85 billion) to rebuild Upper York and Lower York from the devastation, in total adding up to ₤10.5 billion ($15 billion) program to rebuild the eastern states from the Third Namo-Luziycan War.
The war brought a massive wave of patriotism and support: enlistment rates surged dramatically during the war, and while conscription was considered, it was never implemented at any point. Due to the brief length of the war, the Luziycan economy was able to withstand the war, and there was not a lot of need to retool the economy for wartime purposes. The Luziycan economy would experience significant growth for the rest of the 1990s.
As a significant consequence of the war, the Namo-Luziycan barrier was constructed on the border (to accurately demarcate the border), completely closing the border with Namor and Luziyca. The existing border crossings were permanently shut for seventeen years until relations were normalized in 2013 under President Breuvi Shjoraski. It also increased its support for Peitoa's government and the OGIE.
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|Ainin||The Aininian Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemned the "war that threatened regional stability" and asked both sides to "find a diplomatic solution to the problem at hand". Parliament passed an informal resolution asking both sides to "maintain the peace".|
|23x15px Britanno||Britanno called on both sides to enter negotiations to resolve the crisis. Prime Minister John Hansmith said that both governments had a "duty to the people of Namor, Luziyca and Esquarium" to end the conflict. The government strongly condemned the Namorese bombings of Syfmion, with Foreign Minister Alexander Williamson referring to the attacks "a disgusting war crime". The war also helped to increase support for membership of the Northern Sea Defence Organisation in 2004.|
|Template:Country data Geadland||Geadland hosted negotiations between Namorese and Luziycan officials which led to the end of the war and an end to the nuclear missile crisis. Geadland formed closer military ties with Namor shortly after the war ended.|
|Katranjiev||Katranjian officials contributed to the negotiations. King Apostol XIV condemned the war, decrying it as a "senseless waste of human life," and strongly reaffirmed its neutrality.|
|23x15px Nevanmaa||Nevan government encouraged both sides to come to the negotiating table to find a peaceful solution to the crisis. Prime Minister Olavi Pohjanen warned that the conflict could escalate to "unseen proportions" if a solution was not found.|
|23x15px Vyvland||The Vyvlander government at the time, led by Anhelm Ferog, was especially opposed to the bombing of Syfmion, a Luziycan base on Vyvlander soil, arguing that it breached Vyvland's neutrality in the war and could cause serious harm to Vyvlander citizens who lived or worked on the island; at least four Vyvlander citizens were killed in the attacks. The government was forced to re-evaluate positions on relations with Luziyca and Namor, with many on the right wing arguing for an alliance with Luziyca or partial severance of ties with Namor. Ferog himself referred to Kong Jo as "a violent and merciless agressor who seems not to know his limits". In the end, disagreements over the war caused Ferog's precarious grand coalition to fall apart. The war also marked a swing in public opinion against Namor which continued to persist for a long time following the attacks on Syfmion.|
|23x15px West Cedarbrook||West Cedarbrook remained neutral throughout the war. The government of President Nelson Leibowitz urged a negotiated end of hostilities. The navy increased patrols in the far Central Ocean, concerned about any spread of fighting to the Luzyican territory of TBC.|