User:Aleia/Sandbox1

The Inostranic Kingdom
(Kingdom of Aleia)
Det Inostranske Storsariiket (Aleian)
(Storsariiket Alja)

Flag of Aleia
Flag
Motto: "Veost ne foreding"
"Eternity from Unity"
Anthem: "Aljansk Himne"
"Aleian Hymn"
Location of Aleia in Asura
Location of Aleia in Asura
Capital
and largest city
Oralienborg
Ethnic groups
(2013)
Aleian (72%), Newreyan (6%), Tavot (5%), Boran (2%), Liidurian (2%), Other (2%)
Demonym(s)Aleian
GovernmentConstitutional Monarchy (de jure)
Absolute Monarchy (de facto)
• Stasarina
Natalia I
• Prime Minister
Timofei Henrik Kalvel (NIS)
• President of the National Assembly
Anzhela Cecilie Feder (NIS)
LegislatureAleian Assembly
Unification
• Sclavic Migration from Catai
297 CE
• Inostranic Kingdom
AD 766
• Elenaborg Edict
31 May 1697
• July Revolution
27th July 1922
• Inostranyy Uprising
26th October 1962
Area
• Total
263,658 km2 (101,799 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 census
28,206,690
• Density
105/km2 (271.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)estimate
• Total
$701,915,405,300
• Per capita
$24,884
GDP (nominal)estimate
• Total
$914,912,196,840
• Per capita
$32,436
Gini (2014)49.7
high
HDI (2015)0.812
very high
CurrencySevast (S) (=100 Styn) (SEV)
Time zone+1
• Summer (DST)
+2
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+86
ISO 3166 codeALE
Internet TLD.ae

Aleia, officially The Inostranic Kingdom or Kingdom of Aleia, is the northernmost country in mainland West Asura in Aeia. Mainland Aleia occupies the northern tip of Asura, bordering Newrey, Miersa, Granica and Liiduria, whilst sharing maritime borders with Glanodel and Tyronova through the Lhedwin Channel and Gulf of Alemannia respectively. Aleia maintains control of islands in the Lhedwin Channel Northern Asuran Sea. In total, the 18 provinces of Aleia span 263,658 square kilometers and have a combined population of approximately 28.2 million. Aleia is referred to as a unitary sovereign and semi-constitutional monarchy. The government is located in the city of Oralienborg, which is also Aleia's most populous city.

Aleia as a unified entity first rose in the 8th century CE, as a common country for the Sclavic Ilanian and Lhedwinic Nyvan ethnicities. In the middle ages, repeated changes in the ruling dynasty promoted cultural change, until the House of Inostran became the ultimate rulers of Aleia in 1527. In Asura, Aleian territorial changes largely ended at the beginning of the 17th century after the Aleian-Commonwealth War. Industrialization of Aleia and Aleian colonization occurred at the end of the 18th century. Aleia briefly became a constitutional monarchy during the period 1922-1966. The Newreyan invasion of Aleia and subsequent Great Northern Asuran War caused large economic destruction in Aleia. The Aleian Civil War from 1962 to 1966 restored the absolute monarchy. Aleia experienced large economic growth during the late 20th century, a trend which continues in the present day.

The government of Aleia is a semi-constitutional monarchy, in which the royal family wields formal executive powers, although a legislative parliament exists. The monarch still is empowered with the rights of veto over all branches of government. Most of formal power is invested in the Inostran family. In addition to the elected branches of government, the Aleian political system is affected by the presence of a landed nobility. Political watch organizations often criticize the Aleian governmental system, in particular its oppressive acts. The current monarch is Natalia I, while the Prime Minister is Timofei Henrik Kalvel.

Aleia has a developed economy with a middle-income economy. The HDI places the country in the very high sector, though this assessment has come under scrutiny due to its failure to consider the inequalities in Aleia. With a Gini of 49.7, Aleia is the country with the highest wealth inequality in Asura. Aleia is a leading exporter of mineral and processed mineral products, with a growing Template:Tertiary sector. Aleian is the primary language spoken in Aleia, while its citizens have moderate second language proficiency.

Etymology

The name Aleia (Alja) was originally given by the Sclavic migrants from Catai, called the Ilans, who named the northern tip of Asura New Ilania. No name has been recorded prior to Aleia. While the actual origin of the name Ilan is unknown, it was already in use before the Sclavic migration in 209 BC, according to documents discovered on the Channel Ships that transported the Sclavs. The scientific paper “Old Sclavonia and its Mark on Aleia” released by Karl Eran in 1978 hypothesizes that the name comes from the ancient Sclavic word Ilni, meaning "noble". Eran does not specify exactly which ancient Sclavic language he has taken the word from, only its existence. A large majority of Aleian linguists have nevertheless accepted the plausibility of Eran’s claim, including the Etymological Association at the Inostranyy Institute. During the rule of the Stave family in the early middle ages, the Nyvan dialect of the royal family caused a shift in name from Ilania to Alja, which in Newreyan is written as Aleia. The new pronunciation became more popular among the nobles of the period, and has since then become the commonly accepted name of the country.

The official name of Aleia is The Inostranic Kingdom, in reference to the House of Inostran, which has been Aleia's royal dynasty since 1527 and is effectively the dominant governmental organ of the country. The name comes from the founder of both the dynasty and the country, Deley Inostran, who founded his dynasty in 766 CE.

An alternate name for both Aleia and Inostranic Kingdom is North Asura, owing to the country's geographical location in northern Asura.

Name Usage

In most situations, "Kingdom of Aleia" is used exclusively in place of "Inostranic Kingdom", including formal occasions. Currently, the official name is usually used only during the most formal instances, such as royal coronations and on passports. Even then, Kingdom of Aleia is often written alongside the official name. In daily language, "Aleia" is used due to its brevity.

"North Asura" was first used by Fiorentine traders c. 1 CE, when it was required for them to give a geographical description of their trading route. Throughout history, the name has been considered more neutral than simply "Aleia", since it encompasses all ethnic groups in the country rather than just Ilans. The name North Asuran Republic was used by communist forces during the Aleian Civil War, when they established an opposing state to the monarchy. The name is virtually never used in Aleian colloquial language, but has been used as a poetic name by artists in their works since the 17th century.

Geography

Aleia occupies the northern areas of western mainland Asura, including all land northwest of the Kylian Mountains. Aleia's territorial area, including all islands on its coast, occupy a total of 263,658 km2. Aleia's landmass occupies the area including and around the Tarkhen Mountains in a near-radial form. From the northernmost to southernmost point of Aleia (Normark Lighthouse in northern Aleia to Border Checkpoint 7) give a linear distance of approximately 1,200 km. Aleia borders Granica, Miersa, Newrey and Liiduria, while sharing a sea zone with countries in the Lhedwin Channel.

The continental landmass of Aleia was formed 400 million years ago through prehistoric volcanic activity. Both major mountain ranges in Aleia, the Tarkhen and Kylian Mountains, were largely generated 12,000 years ago by the Asuran Ice Age that dug into the then-high ground of northern Asura. Geologically, the ranges are composed of granite and gneiss, but also contain abnormally concentrated percentages of metals. They form one of the most recognizable geographical features of the country. The tallest peak in Aleia is Mount Tarkhen at 2,400 meter above sea level. The lowest point is the bottom of the Severno Bomb Crater at 307 meters below sea level, which also makes it the deepest land point in Asura. The lowest natural point is the Rim Depression in Pozhoden at 11 meters on average below sea level.

Three percent of Aleia is water. The country is connected to the ocean through the Gulf of Lhedwin and the Alemannic Gulf, as well as the north Asuran Sea. The longest river in Aleia is the Taiver river, followed closely by the Zem. The largest lake in Aleia, Lake Nevelagen, is the sixth largest inland freshwater body in Asura. The water in Aleia flows primarily into either the Gulf of Alemannia or the Lhedwin Channel. Aleia experiences 700 mm annual precipitation on average.

Climate

Like most countries in North Asura, the majority of Aleian areas fall under the humid temperate climate category. The northern areas of Aleia are characterized by boreal and subarctic climates, marked by mild summers and cold winters. Aleia experiences high summer temperatures on the coast of the Lhedwin Channel due to the presence of warm ocean streams from Rennekka. The average winter temperature throughout the country is -16.2oC, while 22oC is the average summer temperature. The record temperatures are -57.2oC (Kinstla, 1958) and 40.6oC (Stenlagen, 1970).

Of the 700 mm precipitation that Aleia experiences on average, 300 mm is snowfall during the winter. The area south of the Tarkhen Mountains experiences 30 days of snowfall on average, while the northern regions experience up to 60, primarily in the months December-March.

Biodiversity

The vegetation of Aleia is characterized by the presence of coniferous trees that grow in the boreal climate. Up to 70% of Aleian forested area is coniferous by nature. Natural populations of pine and spruce are found in the entirety of Aleia. While Aleia also has populations of deciduous trees, primarily elm and birch, their populations have been reduced due to sporadic outbreaks of Leidenese Elm disease. Twelve identified plant species are reported to be endemic to Aleia, most of them angiosperms.

Aleia has a diverse fauna. There are 113 recorded mammal species in Aleia. The Environmental and Ecological Research Institute in Midrasia (EERI) registers 184 species of birds regularly hatching in Aleia, but the actual number is likely to be much larger due to unobserved migration patterns of birds.

Both flora and fauna are threatened by Aleian industrial activities, including factory and mining pollution. In the 21st century, seven animal species have gone extinct in Aleia as a result of human activities according to the EERI. In 2001, the Aleian government began the Aleian National Conservation Campaign to promote the conservation of the ecosystem. The Taiver sturgeon, a fish endemic to Aleia which has become critically endangered due to pollution of the Taiver River, is promoted by the campaign as a symbol of animal species conservation. 17% of all Aleian forested area has been damaged by acid deposition, mainly in the form of sulfuric acid originating in industry.

History

Prehistory (4000 - 300 BCE)

According to archaeological findings, the earliest confirmed evidence of human activity in western Aleia can be traced back to 4000 BC. During the period 4000-800 BCE, the Channelbreakers from Lhedwin were the dominant culture in western Aleia during the prehistorical era. Findings from excavation sites, such as the Ruut Stones (set up as geographical markers) near Elenaborg, supports the theory that the culture may have migrated from Lhedwin to western Aleia during the period 7000-6000 BC. Other more minor cultures originating in eastern Asura also existed, but there is no evidence to their effect on the present population.

Nyvans and Ilans (300 BCE - 766 CE)

By the Aleian iron age (800-300 BC), the Channelbreaker culture had developed into the Nyvan culture. The first Nyvan settlements were established in western Aleia, which became known as Nyvania. The Nyvans had close cultural links to the Dalish people in Lhedwin. The Nyvan tribes that were established bore similarities to tribes on Lhedwin island and were ruled by chieftains often referred to as Jarls, with evidence of a warrior culture, although a cordial relationship has been disputed due to the presence of Crylantian raiding. The Nyvan culture remained dominant in Aleia until the 4th century BCE.

Nyvan dominance in northern Asura was disrupted by the arrival of the Sclavic Ilans in 297 CE from a currently unknown land in Dreyvisevich. The Sclavic migration was led by Chieftain Vladislav, who involved most of the ethnic group on the endeavor. Although a large number of Nyvan jarls allowed the Sclavs to settle in Aleia, the majority attempted to resist the new settlers, beginning a series of land disputes between the ethnic groups. By the mid-300s, it had become apparent to the Nyvans that any coordinated effort to resist the Ilanians would be unsuccessful. The Late Fiorentine Era saw Aleia split between the Nyvan tribes and Ilanian Delings (Domains, led by a Deley).

Kingdom of Aleia (766-1627)

The Aleian kingdom was unified in 766 by Deley Inostran, after the Vefs River War. He established the House of Inostran. The capital was founded at Inostranyy. He acquired the loyalty of the Nyvan lords, although they still retained power as vassals. Aleia as a unitary entity was recognized at the Thinga agreement in x, which bore the implication that the Nyvans would not secede from the Aleian Kingdom. Trúathi was introduced as a religion, and quickly became the dominant religion of western Aleia.

The middle ages in Aleia were primarily dominated by the Realm Dispute. In 1031, House Inostran was toppled by the Nyvan Stave family. Inge Stave became the first Nyvan king after exiling the Inostran King Fyodor III. The era saw the Aleian throne repeatedly shift between Ilanian House Inostran and various Nyvan families (primarily the Stave family). The conflict rested on both cultural differences as well as religious between Alydianism and Trúathi (several Nyvan families were Trúathi), but can also be attributed to historical rivalries between noble families. A consequence of the conflict was the migration of Nyvans and Ilanians across Aleia, partially homogenizing each other.

Ruslan I ended the Realm Dispute when he defeated the Stave family, permanently restoring the Aleian monarchy to House Inostran. He carried out the expulsion of the largest Nyvan families from Aleia, whilst securing the loyalty of the rest. During the latter years of Ruslan's reign, large efforts to centralize the Aleian state were made, including the implementation of realm peace in X. The size of the nobility was reduced, primarily through land reclamation from Nyvan nobles. As a result, power over Aleian affairs had become increasingly concentrated in the monarchy by the end of the 16th century.

Elena I signed the Elenaborg Edict in 1691, which sought to unite the Nyvans and Ilans as a unitary group. The edict contained cultural adjustments intended to homogenzie the population completely, although most of the articles favored the Nyvans. The treaty is widely considered as the largest step in the creation of the Aleian identity. The Aleian language was finished in 1672 as a lead-up to the treaty. The late 17th century was also the period of largest Aleian territorial expansion. The southern states Borania and Tavotia were annexed during the 1670s. Aleian victory in the Aleian-Commonwealth war in 1680 enabled the annexation of Sten and Grensfel provinces from Newrey. As part of ongoing centralization efforts, roughly half of all trading offices were reclaimed from the Sadamic League. The rest remained under Sadamic control until mid-19th century.

Modern Aleia (1700-Present)

Aleia began to industrialize at the end of the 18th century, following the examples of tir Lhaeraidd. The first factories were built along the Taiver river in 1795. Industrialization in Aleia occured relatively quickly compared to rest of Asura, being quickened by improvements in metallurgy and ore refining. As a result, the 19th century became the period of largest demographic and economic growth in Aleia. Aleia also participated in the colonial race with other Asuran countries, claiming colonies in Ashihara that remained under Aleia control until 1941. During the Great War 1895-1899, Aleia was cordial to the concordat, but ultimately did not participate in direct warfare. The Lotric Peace treaties did not address Aleia. The end of the 19th century saw a massive economic downturn, as well as a series of famines. The popularity of the Aleian monarchy to drop.

Clamor for reform among the populace resulted Aleia’s transition into a constitutional monarchy in 1922 through the Vastoch Conspiracy. The first democratic elections took place in 1924, with Aleian Revolutionaries (AR) leader Alexei Elenberg elected as Prime Minister. The change marked the beginning of Elenbergian Aleia. Monarchist fervor still remained strong within the deeply-ingrained Aleian nobility. During the late 1920’s, most of the Aleian populace were loyal to three factions: The Democratic Aleian Revolutionaries (AR); the communists, led by the Communist Party of Aleia (CPA) and the monarchist New Inostranic Society (NIS). The three factions frequently vied for power during elections, and incidents between them occurred regularly. The enmities were temporarily suppressed by the outbreak of the Great Northern Asuran War in 1935 against Newrey. During the war, Newrey occupied one third of Aleia territory and regularly conducted air campaigns that traumatized the Aleian populace. In the Treaty of Lillehavn in 1941, which ended the war, Aleia was subjected to major occupation, which made reconstruction in Aleia difficult. The most serious consequence may still have been that it damaged the trust of the people in the AR.

The post-war decades saw the popularity of the democratic government drop even further. Although the AR remained in power throughout the 1940s and 50s, partly through the compromises made by Prime Minister Hans Lisser, the NIS and CPA began to gain popular support at an increasing rate. The climax was reached after the 1962 elections, when the AR was expected to form a government with the NIS, which had become the second most popular party. Instead of negotiating with the monarchists, the AR instead collaborated with the CPA. The move by the AR was seen by the monarchist as a serious snub and served as the catalyst for the Aleian Civil War. The Aleian Civil War, between the monarchists and the communists, lasted until 1966 when the monarchists were victorious. The aftermath of the wear saw the absolute monarchy restored to King Konstantin II, but certain democratic aspects were retained, such as elections. In the post-civil war period, Konstantin II instituted a series of economic reforms to secure the loyalty of the people, which resulted in economic growth in Aleia throughout the rest of the 20th century.

Natalia I succeeded Konstantin II as monarch in 1983. Most of Konstantin II’s policies were followed through at the turn of the century. The late 20th century saw increased democratic features. The arrest of Fyodor Handerssen in 2014 provoked international criticism.

Administration

Aleia is a semi-constitutional monarchy and unitary state. All sectors of the government act according to the constitutions of 1924 and 1968. The current government was elected in 2018. Natalia I is the monarch of Aleia, while Timofei Henrik Kalvel is the Prime Minister. The government structure is effectively split into two parts, named the Representative and the Noble administrations. The Representative apparatuses are composed of democratically elected people, whereas the Noble administration is formed by members of the Aleian nobility. The Representative administration is largely in control of the administration, although the Noble administration retains roles such as veto of legislation. The current monarch is Queen Natalia I, and the Prime Minister has since 2014 been Timofei Henrik Kalvel. The party New Inostranic Society (NIS) has been in power since 1966.

The Parliament of Aleia is the Aleian Assembly, located in Oralienborg. It consists of 200 members of parliament elected from the individual provinces, being representative of the population of each province. It votes on legislation brought up by the Aleian people. Members of the Assembly are elected every four years, the election being held in 2018. The Assembly is led by the Speaker of the Assembly, currently held by Anzhela Cecilie Feder, who was elected to the position in 2010. Historically, the Assembly has hosted various majority-parties but is in present times dominated by the New Inostranic Society.

Administrative Divisions

Aleia has six basic administrative divisions based on geographical locations called regions. The six regions are divided into 18 provinces, and further into 403 districts. The canton, the subdivision of the district, is the smallest division. In addition to provinces, there are also noble domains, which are administered by the Nobility. Virtually all government framework is structured according to the Representative provinces. In addition to mainland possessions, the Aleian government has also laid claim to Sortarkfarerland in Frigidarum, but this claim is not recognized by fellow countries in Aeia or any intergovernmental organization.

Military

The Aleian Armed Forces (Riiksvernet) is the military wing of Aleia. The armed forces are divided into the army, navy, air force and the special forces. Every member of the armed forces pledges allegiance to the monarch and the state. As of 2019, approximately 100 000 people serve in the armed forces. At most, the number of personnel can be raised to 600 000, which is in the event of a complete mobilization.

The Aleian military is not active in any domestic or international conflict. The Aleian navy has 84 active vessels. The Aleian Navy conducts regular patrols in the northern ocean. The last major conflict involving Aleia were the Great Northern Asuran War and the Aleian Civil War. All military activities are controlled by the Aleian Ministry of Defense. Most military equipment is produced by domestic companies such as AleiWehr and Ruut, but there is a long-standing weapon trading agreement with the CDN. 33% of Aleian arms (mostly tanks and aircraft) are reported to be imported from the CDN, primarily Newrey and Midrasia.

It has been speculated by Aleian whistle-blowers that the Aleian military possesses chemical weapons of mass destruction, but this has not been confirmed by any observers. Observers have noticed the likelihood of test sites in old mines in the Tarkhen Mountains. The Aleian government has denied all allegations, stating that there are no plans to produce chemical weapons.

Economy

Aleia has a developed and moderately large economy. In 2016, the nominal GDP of Aleia was at an estimated $914,912,196,840, with $32,436 per capita. With a Gini of 60, Aleia ranks as the country in Asura with highest income disparity. The Aleian Central bank, founded in 1820, is responsible for maintaining Aleia's official currency, the Aleian Sevast. Aleia is a major exporter of minerals, gemstones, timber and heavy machinery, especially transport equipment. The Aleian economy was opened up to foreign investment during the 1970s, and as such foreign investors are present in Aleia. The secondary sector is the dominant place of work in Aleia, but western Aleia has experienced a sharp increase in people working in the service sector since 2000. Most of Aleia's largest companies are private, although notable exceptions exist.

The Aleian Economic Exclusive Zone reaches two km outside of the Aleian coast.

A large disparity in economic assets between northern and southern Aleia has existed since the 1960s; in 2015, Vesterland province in western Aleia had an average GDP per capita of $41,000, while Tavotia province had only $12,000, which gives a 341.7% disparity. The difference primarily originated during the period of the economic reforms of the 1970s, when a large focus was placed on the northern provinces in order to compete with the Lhedwinic countries west of Aleia, while the southern provinces did not experience an equally high level of development. Despite the clear difference in wealth, the government has not made a clear statement nor a plan that addresses the situation, and international organizations occasionally state that the Aleian government is ignoring the issue. Gentrification is a major issue in Aleia, especially in Nyvania and New Ilania. Several districts have experienced a high increase in living costs, and have so become homeless.

Aleia's primary trade partners are the members of the Lhedwinic Council (although Aleia is not a member itself) and Newrey. Substantial trading with Liiduria and Alemannia also occurs.

Approximately 5% government expenditures are subsidized by the nobility, which in turn gains profits from their own private companies operating in Aeia.

Industry

Much of Aleia's economy is concentrated in the secondary industrial sector. 47% of Aleia's GDP output is centered around industry. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector has rapidly increased since the beginning of the 21st century.

The most common products rolled out from Aleian factories are transport equipment, industrial machinery, food products, steel and other processed minerals. Most of the manufacturing industry is centered around the industrial area of the East Belt, but a significant portion is also located in the Grens. The manufactoring sector of the two regions combined make up 71% of Aleia's manufacturing jobs. Aleia imports little raw material from other countries in Aeia and relies mostly on domestic production. Most industrial products are exported to Aleia's main trade partners. Manufactoring companies such as Ilav, Belt and Mach Aleia are headquartered in Aleia.

The industrial sector is gradually being replaced by the tertiary sector. The Aleian Industrial Machine Union reported in 2017 that 800 jobs were outsourced from Aleia to foreign countries, primarily in Arabekh. As a result, the number of people employed in the manufactoring sector is decreasing.

An increasing focus is being placed on expanding the Aleian tertiary sector. Banking, real estate and information technoogy are the sectors that have seen the largest increase in nominal GDP output since 2015. As of 2019, the service industry is responsible for 49% of Aleia's GDP output.

Mining

Mining has formed a substantial part of Aleian economy since the Fiorentine Era. Traditionally, Aleian mining activities have been located in the Tarkhen Range, where roughly two thirds of Aleia's 783 mines lay. The remaining mines are for the most part located in the Kylian mountains, most of which were opened in the period 1990-2002. Both mountain ranges are reported to contain some of Aeia's largest untapped mineral deposits. An estimated 33,400 people were directly employed in the mining industry in 2012. Common Aleian mining products include gold, iron, coal and gemstones. Most products are exported to Asuran countries, primarily Crylante, and mining exports account for 35% of Aleia's total export revenue. Some products such as iron are also transferred to the Aleian metal processing industry in East Belt. In addition to the Tarkhen and Kylian mines, amber is produced in rivers of the Koredin Province in eastern Aleia. The mining company Alemin controls most Aleian mines (46%), followed by the Kylmin (24%) and The Timoeiyan (20%). Alemin is the most valuable company in Aleia. Several Aleian towns, such as Severno, have been built up around the mining industry.

In 2018, Aleian gold mines excavated 102,700 kg gold, the highest per capita number in Aeia. 27,000,000 kg iron were also produced, as well as 135 billion kg coal. Aleian mines also produce an undisclosed amount of the precious gemstones emerald and sapphire. The mineral output has been on stable levels since the 20th century, as tight quotas have been reinforced by the government. Aleian gold is used in the production of the Tarkhen Crown, which constitutes 47% of the global gold coin market. Additional output is generated by unregistered miners, who scavenge in abandoned mines, although the exact value has been difficult to estimate.

Since the late 20th century, debates have arisen regarding the environmental concerns surrounding Aleian mining, encouraging the government to place restrictions on activities. The Aeian Health Organization declared through their 2012 report that the quality of Tarkhen river was "poor, as the concentrations of most pollutants were 15 times higher than the AHO standard". Environmental concerns have caused neighboring countries to impose higher tariffs on Aleian goods, with some private entities boycotting Aleian products entirely. In 2015, the Aleian government tightened waste management criteria related to the industry. The safety of the mines has also come into question, due to the physical and chemical hazards affecting workers. 72 mining-related accidents were reported in 2018, of which 9 were fatal. The working conditions of Aleian mines vary heavily depending on safety and wages, and the role as an Aleian miner is frequently reported to be 3D work.

Tourism

Tourism makes up a considerable part of the Aleian economy. The industry saw rapid growth after the end of the Aleian Civil War in 1966, as a part an effort to attract foreign attention and to bolster national income. Six million tourists visited Aleia in 2017, contributing $11,000,000,000 to the year's incomes. Aleia is regularly visited by tourists from Lhedwin and southern Asura who, according to the Aleian Bureau of Tourism, spend most of their time at the country's WECO heritage sites. 5.8% of the country's domestic households rely on tourism.

Public Policy

In line with the welfare reforms of 1970, the Aleian welfare system has been modeled to resemble the Lhedwinic Model. As of 2019, welfare spending accounts for 16.9% of Aleia's yearly GDP, which is a 103.2% increase since 2000. However, 40% of welfare expenditures are paid for by the Aleian nobility, including the royal family. Aleia spent 6.2% of its yearly GDP in 2013 to provide equal education. 12.3% of the GDP is used for healthcare services, which is semi-universal. Aleian welfare is the responsibility of the Aleian Ministry of Social Affairs.

The taxation system of Aleia implements a relative tax rate for all citizens. The taxation percentage varies from 9% to 30% of a person's income depending on their total yearly income. As of 2019, As of 2013, the Aleian Customs Institution has set the import tax at 20%. The sales tax for general goods lies at 22.4%, with notable exceptions being food (12.5%) and addictive substances (25%).

Unionization is not mandatory for Aleian workers, but labor unions exist for most professions. 64.9% of Aleian workers were unionized in 2017. The unemployment rate in 2019 was 9.4%.

Infrastructure

Aleian infrastructure is varied in quality and quantity. Relative to Aeia, Aleian infrastructure is well developed, but relative to Asura, particularly neighboring countries, Aleia is lagging behind. Still, all basic physical systems are available to the majority of Aleia's population.

Energy

Approximately two thirds of energy consumed in Aleia is produced within the country. The energy use is enabled by importing from neighboring Asuran countries. Aleia is an importer in both electricity and key fuels. Coal is found in large deposits in the Tarkhen and Kylian mountains, and is dominant domestic energy source (58%), followed by natural gas (19%), hydroelectric power (13%) wind power (5%) and other sources. In the 21st century, the Aleian government has financed efforts to create and promote sources of renewable energy, especially hydroelectricity and wind power. Plans to construct nuclear power plants have been suggested since the late 20th century, but have as of 2019 not come into fruition. The Aleian power grid covers 91% of all registered households.

Aleia is dependent on other countries for the supply of oil and natural gas. In petroleum, Aleia's largest trade partner is Navack. The Aleian market is connected to Navish offshore oil fields through crude oil pipes in the Lhedwin Channel that originate in Stenlagen. Secondary trade partners include Midrasia and Onza.

Water Supply and Sanitation

Potable water supply is largely the responsibility of local district authorities.

Annual rainfall varies significantly in Aleia. Whereas rainfall occurs frequently enough for water to be in excess in mountainous regions, predominantly Tarkhen and Kylia, urban and lowland areas are often at risk of a water deficit. The Aleian water pipe system distributes water from areas with high precipitation and water area across all regions.

Water pollution has become a noted problem in Aleia. Acid deposition and lake eutrophication due to industry has polluted several sources of water. Remote districts often lack necessary facilities to treat wastewater. Both factors have led to outbreaks of disease and damage to local biodiversity. Authorities of troubled districts have since the beginning of the 2010s been given additional funding by the government to resolve the issue through construction of water purification facilities and clean-up projects.

Transport

There are approximately 88,000 km of roads in Aleia, of which 340 are expressways. Due to low maintenance efforts, the quality of Aleian roads is variable.

Aleia has 137 airports, of which 30 host commercial passenger flights. The largest airport is Oralienborg International Airport, followed by Elena-Vesterland International Airport. In 2017, 17 million passenger movements were registered throughout Aleian airports. Aleiair is Aleia's flag carrier. The main cargo airport is Vaha International Airport.

Aleian ports serve as a layover for shipping routes between Alemannia and continental Asura. Port cities handling large cargo tonnage include Mezhen, Somersylen and Oralienborg. Nordrute, one of northern Asura's largest passenger ferry companies, is headquartered in Elenaborg. Ferries in the Lhedwin Channel connect Glanodel to Aleia.

Most cities maintain a developed urban transport system. Local bus lines exist in all districts. The subway system in Oralienborg has existed since 1920, the Elenaborg subway opened in 1954. Seven cities operate tram networks.

Rail Transport

15 000 km of functional railroads exist in Aleia. Rail transport is the most widely used form of long-distance passenger transport; the Aleian Railway Bureau registered 400 million train embarkments in 2018. Passenger rail is controlled by the Aleian Locomotive Department, a government-owned company.

Rail transport has been the preferred transport method for cargo since the late 19th century. The Tarkhen-Ailasten-Mezhen network (TAM) is the most trafficated cargo railroad in Aleia, due to its role of transporting mining products and agricultural produce from Tarkhen and Urkholm to the industrial areas and cargo depots in Pozhoden. The Aleian rail network is connected to Liiduria, Newrey and Glanodel.

In 2011, the Aleian Ministry of Transport began to execute plans to construct 800 km high-speed rail in Aleia, supplementing the 240 km already in place. As of 2019, 490 km of the plan has been laid, mostly in New Ilania and East Belt.

Communications

66% of Aleia's population have access to internet in their home. Infrastructure to support fiber internet is becoming increasingly more common in Aleia.

3G and 4G network coverage spans the country.

Demographics

According to the census carried out by the Aleian Bureau of Demographics in 2017, the population of Aleia was 28,206,690, with a decreasing birth rate. The average fertility per 2.08 woman, slightly below replacement-level fertility, while median age of the Aleian population was 39.3. The population density was 105 people per square kilometer. Areas with highest population density are located in the Oralienborg Capital Region, Elenaborg Metropolitan Area and Vaha Metropolitan Area.

Ethnic Aleians compromise 78% of Aleia's populations. Tavotians and Boranians are major minorities, while the largest foreign populations are Liidurians and Newreyans. Aleia received 78,000 migrants in 2017.

Language

Aleian is the official language of Aleia, as stipulated in the constitution. Per the constitution, Aleian is used in official documents, formal events and in the education system. It is also the national language, being spoken by the majority of the population as their first language. The Aleian Language Council is the national apparatus responsible for conventions of the Aleian language, as well as general language proficiency. Recognized minority langauages are Tavotian (spoken as first language 6% of Aleia's total population), Boranian (5%), Newreyan (5%) and Liidurian (3%) which are written in daily situation and are used in official documents in regions in which the languages are recognized.

The Aleian language is used in the education system. All people enrolled in the system are also required to learn Newreyan from the year they turn 8. In middle school, the teaching of a third language is also mandated. All recognized Aleian schools offer Midrasian and Standard Lhedwinic, whereas some schools also offer Liidurian or a specific Lhedwinic Language (Glanish, Navish, Lilledic). According to the Aleian Language Council, 70% of Aleia's population had moderate second language proficiency, while 21% were trilingual. The most common second languages were Newreyan, Liidurian, Midrasian and Glanish. Bilingualism throughout the Aleian regions varies from 89% in the Grens to 19% in Kylia.

Largest Cities

Religion

Modern religion in Aleia has throughout its history been heavily influenced by Tarkla Paganism, Alydianism and Trúathi. All three faiths have been part of Aleian society since the early middle ages. In the 21st century, the Aleian population has shifted significantly towards secularism, but 53% still report as adherents to an organized religion. 35.7% follow Alydianism, followed by Trúathi with 14.1%. The remaining 3.2% are classified as members of minority faiths. When participants of the 2015 Aleian Barometer Poll were asked if they "believed in some God, spirit or life force", 56% answered "Yes", 19% answered "No" and 25% "Unsure".

Tarkla paganism, which includes Aleian gods and traditional mythology linked to Aleian regions, has largely lostits status as a large-scale religion, but retains its place in the traditions of the Aleian population.

The Aleian state religious has often shifted throughout history. The Aleian constitution still espouses religious syncretism, upholding both Alydianism and Trúathi as the state religions. Members of Aleian royalty are expected to attend ceremonies for both faiths, including the coronation of new monarchs which occurs in the Inostranyy St.Alydian Cathedral and Elenaborg Catherdral of the Aleian Trúathi. Both religious groups have refused to comment on their stance on the constitutional article. Religion forms part of several political party agendas, particularly the Aleian Trúathists and the Alydian Party.

Aleia hosts nine Alydian dioceses. There are 1400 Trúathi churches in active use.

Health

Life expectancy in Aleia is 71.98 for men and 78.05 for women. The expectancy has increased steadily since the end of the Aleian Civil War in 1966. Infant mortality is 3.1 per 1000 live births.

The Aleian government offers subsidized public health care to all residents and citizens in Aleia. Public health care is under the administration of the Ministry of Health, while public health care centers are controlled on a regional basis. The Aleian health care system is divided between single-payer health care and private insurance systems. Expenses related to childbirth and emergencies are fully paid for by the state. Universal single-payer health care is in effect for all Aleian citizens and permanent residents under 18 and over 68. Fees that are not covered by the state are calculated based on the ability of the patient household to afford them, including considerations regarding savings, income and private insurance.

Most common causes of death in Aleia are heart disease and lung cancer, which combined makes up approximately 33% of all deaths.

Drug use in Aleia has become controversial in the 21st century. Alcohol abuse has been a recurring factor in drug-related illnesses. 20.9% of the Aleian population reported that they "used tobacco one time or more per week", which is the highest rate in Asura. The high percentage of smokers has been linked to increasing diagnoses of KOLS since 2000. Smoking has been banned at public indoor locations since 2007. Both medical and recreational cannabis is prohibited in Aleia, but laws in place are frequently circumvented by home-growing or imports from Glanodel.

Education and Science

The Aleian education system is well developed. The Aleian Ministry of Knowledge, the governing body for education, mandates 10 years of education for Aleian citizens. Obligatory education is divided into two stages: elementary school and middle school, which in total lasts from age 6 to age 16. Aleia has a literacy rate of 97.7% which despite being high in relation to Aeia, is one of the lowest rates in Asura. Illiteracy is concentrated in isolated regions, particularly Kylia, Tavotia and Borania.

Post-primary education is followed by either high school or vocational school. A normal high school course lasts three years, whereas a vocational course may vary from three to five years. The end of secondary education is marked by the Aleian exams, after which students receive both their diplomas and their matriculation allowances. Students of vocational schools receive certifications. High school graduation rate in 2016 was 77.5%, which has been similar to rates since the 1980s despite significant government investment in the education sector. Although significant resources are dedicated to the education sector, up 12.3% of all Aleian schools reported under-funding in 2017, particularly in southeast Aleia. The Aleian government has been criticized by Aeian Education for neglecting institutions in Tavotia and Borania province, while inappropriately supporting well-funded schools in northern regions. Private school are legal in Aleia and they often report better academic performance than public schools. From 1927-1995 there were also public Fiorentine Schools that selected elementary school pupils based on an entrance exam. This type of school was defunded in 1995 and banned in 1998.

There are 37 universities in Aleia. There are also vocational schools that offer tertiary degrees, as well as university colleges that host one-year courses. Aleia has the dubious status as the country in northern Asura that demands the highest university tuition fees, capped at $20,000, which is then reduced by a student's scholarships or government grants. 25.8% of the Aleian population age 18-70 have a tertiary degree.

Science has been part of Aleian tradition since the Asuran enlightenment. A majority of Aleia's scientific contributions are within geography and mining technology. Some contributions have also been made in transport, physics and mineral processing. Noted Aleian scientists include Jan Sorn, Sigrid Vester and Ivan Frederik Lyser.

Culture

Primary elements of Aleian culture come from Lhedwinic and Sclavic influences. Aleia is described as a cultural union of Lhedwin and Sclavonia. Newreyan, Liidurian, Alemannic and southern Asuran influences have throughout history also diversified Aleian traditions, often in specific regions due to Aleia's central location in northern Asura. In addition, Aleian culture has been shaped by initiatives taken to align with other Asuran cultures combined with efforts to retain historical traditions.

Aleian society has since its founding experienced major social divides.

Visual Arts

The first visual elements in Aleia were cave paintings that have been found in Nyvania. The paintings date back to the first migration from Lhedwin in 6000 BCE, and show local wildlife.

Visual art in Aleia can be vibrantly explored in works created in the 2nd millenium. Medieval artwork manifests itself in religious glass-work and paintings. National romantic art was created to support Aleian unification during the national romanticist era. During enlightenment Aleia, artists followed Asuran trends. In a period known as the Aleian neo-romanticism, national romantic art become the central focus of the 19th century, followed by the reactionary realist movement that lasted 1900-1920. The 1930s gave rise to naturalist painters such as Golevov and Borod. In Aleian visual arts, recurring motifs are depictions of Aleian daily life, Aleian nature and dramatic events in Aleian history. As a reaction to both the national romantic and realist movements, the modernist painters of the late 20th century broke off with depicting national entities, instead presenting works in which the human condition is the central piece. Aleian artists continue to produce works at a high volume, exploring a range of themes.

Aleian sculpting attempts to connect Aleian traditions with modern innovation. The materials typically involve rocks or metals, and are typically in line with Aleian metallurgic traditions. Critics note various Aleian sculptors such as Voroder, Frédéric Reuil and Varja Terese Geller.

Academic institutions that cater to visual arts in Aleia include the Gelander Insitute and the Aleian Academy of Arts.

Cuisine

Aleian cuisine is heavily influenced by Lhedwinic and Sclavic roots, and also from the traditional gastronomy of Aleia's neighbors. Poultry, fish, wheat, oats, berries and vegetables are some of the widely used ingredients in Aleian cuisine. Each of Aleia's six regions offers their distinct regional cuisine based on local produce and foreign influences. Aleians normally eat three meals; breakfast, lunch and dinner, of which only dinner is a hot meal.

Characteristic Aleian cuisine involves stews and soups, paired with servings of bread. Traditional Aleian dishes include beetroot soup, tomato soup, foxed salmon, sterlet with potatoes, skewered Spid and Trekhorn Bread. Aleian casseroles are similar to those of neighboring countries. Fors, an Aleian form of hors d'oeuvre originating in the Grens with Aleian and Newreyan influences, has been widely exported to foreign countries. Aleian lunch and dinner typically include bread with spreading and fruits.

Since the 20th century, foreign cuisine has become popularized in Aleia due to immigrant restaurants. Liidurian restaurants, which were initially opened in Koredin, have become common in major Aleian cities. Transcandarian fast food döner kebab chains are popular in Aleian cities.

Aleians have a widespread drinking culture. Ciders and spirits are commonly drunk during social gatherings. Beer is also brewed, but Aleian beer tends to be less popular than imported variants. Tea and coffee consumption has recently been popularized as a part of Asuran influences.

Literature

The earliest Aleian script is the Lhedwinic-language Lokver, which dates back to 200 BCE and was found in a sealed chest near Elenaborg. Proper Aleian literary tradition began with the writing of the eastern Sagas by Nyvan chroniclers. Sclavic texts in Sclavic script were brought to Aleia during the Ilan migration. Until the development of the Aleian language in the 17th century, Aleian literature was split between Sclavic and Lhedwinic languages, with Sclavic texts being in the majority.

During the Consolidation Era, literature in the newly developed Aleian language served as a method of uniting Ilans and Nyvans. Nationalism was a significant theme in texts of this era. Authors such as Anatol Alder and Sister Magdalena of Ailasten helped translate ancient texts into the modern language while also writing influential works that emphasized Aleian values. Sister Magdalena published Tarkla: Compilation of Aleian Tales in 1674, remains a widely read piece by scholars. Thomas Tambersætt, commonly considered the grand figure of Aleian literature, chronicled the royal House Inostran from 766 to 1708 in his collection "The Tarkhen House", which he published in 1723.

Development of Aleian literature reached its apex during the 19th century, which is known as the age of national romanticism in Aleian literature. Newfound Aleian power in Asura became the focus of literary works, in addition to the already existing awareness of the Aleian identity. By the end of the Great War, the age of national romanticism was over, and realist fiction became the dominant genre. Juri Anton Vit published the novel "The Palace" in 1906, about Aleian society during before the Great War. The novel is read as a social commentary on Aleian society. Post-modern Aleian literature have been defined by various figures, including Katla Yeleren, Liuda Sara Martane and Vanya Aler.

Music

Some evidence of a musical culture can be found in the form of petrified wood flutes uncovered in Ilania and religious chants, but otherwise music did not become widespread until the late middle ages. At that time, Aleian society appreciated foreign influences, notably Midrasian Baroque. The classical period was dominated by the Gelander Society, formed by students and composers of the Gelander Institute. Their music can be recognized by their use of flute and symphony ensembles, but also minimal use of the human voice. During the 19th century, offshoots of the Gelander Society influenced the transition to romantic music.

In modern times, Asuran pop music has become popular in Aleia, as evidenced by their high performance in Aleian music charts. Aleia has itself been the origin of renowned artists, such as Asuradance band Global X and Anna Ingrid Telane. Aleia has won the Aeiavision Song Contest twice, in 2012 and 2017. Rock, jazz, folk and trance have also attained success with Aleians.

Sports

Varied geographical features have led to Aleian sporting culture to become diverse. It is common for Aleians, regardless of age and gender, to practice one sport in daily life. A large majority of districts field a sporting association that host beginner courses and regular training for residents. Popular terrestrial sports include association football, handball, orienteering, badminton, track and field, climbing and hunting. The Aleian national football team has won the Copa Aeia once, in 2007, while Aleia hosted the 2011 edition of the same event. Aleia hosted the 2018 North Asuran Handball Cup. Severno hosts the yearly Mountain Cup, one of Aeia's highest and most challenging climbing tournaments.

Sailing in Aleia is tied to the historic Ilan migration and is a popular sport along the Aleian coastline. From 1999-2015, the Aleian national sailing crew held the world record for fastest completion of a 500 m course. The Ilan Round, a sailing event in which sailors travel from Oralienborg to the inner bay of Alemannia and back, is held annually in June. Other frequently practiced marine sports in Aleia include diving, kayaking and rowing.

As a result of Aleia being located in the boreal climate zone, winter sports are common. Cross-country skiing is a popular wintertime activity for northern Aleians, although Aleia has not yielded a notable professional performance. Sledding is the most common team sport. Speed and figure skating are widely appreciated in Aleian society and indoors ice rinks are a regular sight in Aleian settlements. Some famous Aleian figure skaters have been Fiona Sortarkfarer, Anna Ronja Gaulane, Lydian Henner and Natasha Ulrikke Sortast.

Metallurgy and Jeweling

Aleia, being a country with extensive mineral reserves, has developed smithing and jeweling to an ingrained part of its culture. The existence of jeweling and blacksmithing as a cultural component has been attested back to the Fiorentine Era. Both metallurgy and jeweling are considered forms of art in Aleia. There exists a regulatory body that controls the quality of Aleian jewelry, The Aleian Jewel Order, which has existed since 1701. The practice is especially widespread in Tarkhen, Nyvania and New Ilania. Simple jeweling is taught in primary school as part of arts & crafts courses. It is offered as an extracurricular course by several schools and hobby clubs.

Traditionally, jewels were considered a symbol of the nobility. Different jewel patterns often symbolized loyalty to specific noble families.

Metals and gems are used as mediums of art.

The Aleian Gemstone Exposition, one of Aeia's largest jewelry expositions, is hosted annually in Inostranyy by The Aleian Jewel Order. There are also minor expositions held in Elenaborg and Nevelagen.

National Holidays and Celebrations

The Aleian government maintains a list of recognized holidays. In addition to the table, the second week in February and second week in October are considered public holidays. Five weeks of holiday are mandated during the summer months.

Date Local name Name Observation Public Holiday
1 January Nyvår New Year's Day Beginning of the calendar year Yes
4 January Tellasden Day of Tellus Festival of Tellus, celebration of the birth of the new year Yes
22 February Nevelagenen The Nevelagen Commemoration of the Battle of Nevelagen Yes
1 March Preseraden Day of Praeses Festival of Praeses, appeal for guidance and good fortune No
1 April Soteráden Day of Soteria Festival of Soteria, celebration of fertility and motherhood No
31 May Ediktden Edict Day Aleian National Day, commemorating the Elenaborg Edict Yes
Variable during the summer solstice Musaden/Solhvervden Day of Muse Festival of Muse, celebration of artistry and culture No
Variable with the september equinox Aratorden Day of Arator Festival of Arator, celebration of harvest and labour No
2 September Evdokeden Day of Eudocia Festival of Eudocia, celebration of law and justice No
22 September Neveragende Neverag Armistice Day Remembrance day for the end of the Great Northern Asuran War No
1 October Astreden Day of Astreus Festival of Astreus, celebration of wisdom and learning No
26 October Revolutsionsden Revolution day Commemoration for the Inostranyy Uprising No
Variable, first Monday in December Horosden Day of Horus Festival of Horus, celebration of life and memorial for the dead Yes
22 December Endår Years' End Alydian-Trúathi celebration of the calendar year end Yes
24 December Juul Yuletide Trúathi winter festival Yes
28 December Horushvil Horus' Rest End of the Festival of Horus Yes
31 December Nyvårsaft New Year's Eve End of the calendar year Yes