List of political parties in the Federal Republic of Brazil

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This article is a list of the active political parties in the Federal Republic of Brazil. The country is a highly factionalized multi-party democracy. Since the establishment of the republic, no party has been able to effectively govern Brazil without the need for a coalition.

Overview

During the Empire of Brazil (1822-1889), politics were mostly bipartisan. The Conservative and Liberal parties dominated politics, but other parties did exist during the period. Some of those minor parties would rise to prominence, such as the Progressive League in the 1860s or the Paulista Republican Party - the latter being one of the most successful republican movement in Brazil and the main actor behind the fall of the Brazilian monarchy.

During the Old Republic (1889-1927), there weren't any national parties. Instead, each state had its own parties which competed at national elections. The Brazilian Civil War of 1927 brought an end to Coffee and Milk Politics, kicking off mass movements in Brazil which last to this very day. As a result, most state parties ceased to exist, although some still are rather succesful, such as the Constitutionalist Party of São Paulo and the Gaucho Republican Party.

Brazilian politics used to be very volatile until the decade of 1970. The Economic Crisis of 1973 killed off several smaller parties through mergers, leading to the rise of the National Popular Front, a centrist and nationalist party that opposed the National Democratic Union. Since 1980, the National Popular Front has dominated politics. Out of the last 42 years, the party has ruled Brazil for 30 years, being interrupted by the National Democratic Union in the decade of 1990 and the Brazilian Communist Party in 2008-12. As of January 2022, there are 27 parties represented in the Federal Parliament, with many other parties represented in local legislatures.

Parties Represented in the Federal Parliament

Party logo Party name Leader Founded Seats in the
Federal Senate
Seats in the
Chamber of Deputies
Governors Ideology
Fpn.png National Popular Front
Frente Popular Nacional
IngridSantos.jpg
Ingrid Winckler Santos
1977
16 / 90
102 / 578
6 / 30
PTB(1945) simbolo.png Brazilian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
Sergioabreu.jpg
Antônio Pontes Modesto
1938
10 / 90
58 / 578
3 / 30
Simbolo udn.png National Democratic Union
União Democrática Nacional
Mendesouto.png
Valdemir Mendes Souto
1936
8 / 90
50 / 578
4 / 30
PSD(1945) simbolo.png Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democratico
Camila Rojas Valderrama.jpg
Larissa Alves de Araújo
1942
9 / 90
48 / 578
3 / 30
Partidoliberal.png Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
Maurizio Carrara daticamera 2018.jpg
Maurílio Motta Grossi
1931
6 / 90
41 / 578
1 / 30
Logo of Ação Integralista Brasileira original version.svg Brazilian Integralist Action
Ação Integralista Brasileira
Paulius Saudargas.jpeg
Henrique Neres Honório
1932
6 / 90
38 / 578
2 / 30
PCB logo.svg Brazilian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Brasileiro
Camila Antonia Amaranta Vallejo Dowling (2018).jpg
Patricia Santana Vilela
1922
8 / 90
36 / 578
1 / 30
Legitimistas.png National Legitimist Legion
Legião Legitimista Nacional
John Brassard - 2019 (47899551081) (cropped).jpg
Fernando Sobral Fortunato
1965
3 / 90
35 / 578
0 / 30
NationaLabouristParty.png National Labour Party
Partido Nacional Trabalhista
20170316 Klaus Fuerlinger M77 1.jpg
Walter Jung Schwarz
1956
2 / 90
27 / 578
1 / 30
PSP(1956) simbolo.png Social Progressive Party
Partido Social Progressista
Reymundo.png
Mauro Carlos de Barros
1945
3 / 90
22 / 578
2 / 30
PDC logotipo.png Christian Democratic Party
Partido Democrata Cristão
Celso Delgado.jpg
Gilberto Rinaldi Carmona
1951
4 / 90
19 / 578
2 / 30
PSBOld.png Brazilian Socialist Party
Partido Socialista Brasileiro
Informal meeting of ministers for foreign affairs (Gymnich). Arrivals Augusto Santos Silva (36284887033) (cropped).jpg
Moisés Galindo Eleutério
1929
3 / 90
15 / 578
3 / 30
PartidoRepublicanoBrazil.png Republican Party
Partido Republicano
Marthapvhhh.jpg
Simone Cardoso Crisóstomo
1927
2 / 90
14 / 578
0 / 30
CDPlogo.png Proletarian Defense Front
Frente de Defesa Proletária
Alfredo Pacheco (2021) (cropped).jpg
Manoel Viana Nunes
1932
0 / 90
10 / 578
0 / 30
ALNlogo.svg National Liberator Alliance
Aliança Libertadora Nacional
Fernando Villavicencio (cropped).jpg
Cláudio de Oliveira Toscano
1973
1 / 90
9 / 578
0 / 30
Logotipo COB.jpg Brazilian Workers' Confederation
Confederação Operária Brasileira
Deputado Federal Waldenor Pereira.jpg
Adailton Passos Sodré
1906
2 / 90
8 / 578
0 / 30
PVdoB.png Green Party of Brazil
Partido Verde do Brasil
Nicolas Démoulin.jpg
Roberto Martins Amorim
1989
1 / 90
8 / 578
1 / 30
Gorro frigio1.svg Liberator Party
Partido Libertador
Lisa Rahming.png
Jéssica da Silva Moreira
1928
3 / 90
7 / 578
1 / 30
Umb.png Brazilian Maximalist Union
União Maximalista Brasileira
JKruk 20120714 ANDRZEJ SZEJNA IMG 9406.jpg
Eduardo Garcia Dubinski
1936
0 / 90
6 / 578
0 / 30
ConstitutionalistsSaoPaulo.png Constitutionalist Party
Partido Constitucionalista
(Teodoro García Egea) Comité Ejecutivo Autonómico PP Madrid. 2018. (44906293944) (cropped).jpg
Felipe Müller Ferreira
1932
0 / 90
5 / 578
0 / 30
GauchoRepublicanParty.png Gaucho Republican Party
Partido Republicano Gaúcho
Florence Brenzikofer (2019).jpg
Elizabete Almeida Metz
1929
1 / 90
5 / 578
0 / 30
Braziliandemocraticparty.png Brazilian Democratic Party
Partido Democrático Brasileiro
Wilson Santiago 4nov2011.jpg
Edilson de Sá Aguiar
1992
1 / 90
4 / 578
0 / 30
MineiroLiberalParty.png Mineiro Liberal Democratic Party
Partido Liberal Democrata Mineiro
Diego Andrade em abril de 2019.jpg
Fabiano Câmara de Arruda
1930
0 / 90
4 / 578
0 / 30
WorkersCentralUnionlogo.png Workers' Central Union
União Central dos Trabalhadores
(Pau Marí-Klose) 20181024 2227 Seminario EAPN (30598337237) (cropped).jpg
Guilherme Telles Veiga
1972
0 / 90
3 / 578
0 / 30
Piratpartiet.svg Pirate Party of Brazil
Partido Pirata do Brasil
Official portrait of Bim Afolami MP crop 2.jpg
Joel Souza Vieira
2012
0 / 90
2 / 578
0 / 30
BrazilianTechnocracy.png Brazilian Technocratic Party
Partido Tecnocrata Brasileiro
Rubens Otoni.jpg
Jerônimo Barcellos Freire
2005
1 / 90
1 / 578
0 / 30
Reorganizationleague.png National Reorganization League
Liga de Reorganização Nacional
Koob, Markus-1730.jpg
Hélio Moretti Bachmann
2010
0 / 90
1 / 578
0 / 30