1911 Sallian parliamentary election

1911 Sallian parliamentary election
27/01/1911

All 650 seats to the House of Commons of Sallia
326 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered8,410,971
Turnout7,964,092
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader James Cooper Arthur Chapman George Francois
Party Liberal Party Conservative Party Republican Party
Leader since 4 August 1899 8 August 1902 14 September 1910
Leader's seat Palling City of Swington Maxwell Bridge
Seats before 317 241 44
Seats won 318 236 45
Seat change +1 -5 +1
Popular vote 3,385,536 3,497,829 284,318
Percentage 42.51% 43.92% 3.57%

  Fourth party
 
Leader Arthur Davies
Party Labour Party
Leader since 9 April 1909
Leader's seat Mother Falls
Seats before 40
Seats won 43
Seat change +3
Popular vote 673,762
Percentage 8.46%

Prime Minister before election

James Cooper
Liberal Party

Prime Minister

Henry Brewer
Liberal Party

The 1911 Sallian parliamentary election took place on 27 January 1911. The 3rd Parliament of Sallia had been dissolved by the Liberal Party due to the ineffectiveness of the previous hung parliament. Unfortunately for the Liberals, this election presented almost identical results. A new minority government was soon formed, however, and the 4th Parliament of Sallia first met on 10 February 1911.

Campaign

Campaigning began following the dissolution of the 3rd Parliament of Sallia on 2 June 1910. The Conservatives campaigned mostly on economic issues, the Liberals campaigned on economic and social issues, the Republicans campaigned on changing the political system to a presidential one, and the Labour Party campaigned on social issues.

Opinion polls

Main article: Opinion polling for the 1911 Sallian parliamentary election

Endorsements

Newspaper Endorsement
The People's Paper Labour Party
The Daily News Conservative Party
The Daily Post Liberal Party

A famous front page was created on 2 January 1911 when the election was declared by the People's Paper with the title: "Here We Go Again".

Results

Seats

  • Liberal Party - 318 seats
  • Conservative Party - 236 seats
  • Republican Party - 45 seats
  • Labour Party - 43 seats
  • Independents and others - 8 seats
  • The Speaker of the House - 1 seat

Popular vote

  • Liberal Party - 3,385,536 (42.51%)
  • Conservative Party - 3,497,829 (43.92%)
  • Republican Party - 284,318 (3.57%)
  • Labour Party - 673,762 (8.46%)
  • Independents and others - 79,641 (1.0%)
  • The Speaker of the House - 43,006 (0.54%)

Aftermath

James Cooper immediately announced his resignation as the third Prime Minister of Sallia and Leader of the Liberal Party but announced he would remain Leader and Prime Minister until a new leader had been elected. The Leader of the Conservative Party, Arthur Chapman, resigned immediately after losing the second election in a row. Due to there being no Conservative leadership elections at this point, he immediately appointed his successor, Andrew Christian, on 1 February.

The Prime Minister James Cooper renewed his deal with the Labour Party, and formed a new minority government with their support. On 1 March, a new Liberal Leader, Henry Brewer, was elected. Cooper immediately resigned as Prime Minister, and Brewer became the fourth Prime Minister of Sallia. Under Brewer's leadership, the pact with the Labour Party worked very well.

When the First World War broke out in August 1914, Brewer immediately announced his intention to join it on the Allied side. Afterwards, he proposed a national government of all the political parties governing in the interests of the war and the interests of the people. With some persuasion, every party eventually joined the national government under Brewer's leadership, and the election organised for 1916 was postponed. At the conclusion of the war in November 1918, Brewer introduced a bill for an immediate parliamentary election on 27th January 1919.

Brewer announced his intention to continue the national government. The Conservative Party gave him their full support, as did the Republican Party. The Liberal Party, however, was split, and so Brewer formed the National Liberal Party during the election campaign in January 1919 and broke away from the main party. The main Liberal Party was soon back in the hands of James Cooper. A smaller split took place in the Labour Party, with 4 MPs forming the National Labour Party and standing for re-election under a national government.

The 4th Parliament of Sallia was dissolved on 2 January 1919.