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Second Arcanstotskan Republic
Вторая Аканстатский Республика (Obshchiy-Yazk) Vtoraya Akanstatskiy Respublika
Motto: Свобода Процветание Братство (Obshchiy-Yazk) Svoboda Protsvetaniye Bratstvo
Liberty, Prosperity, Fraternity
Anthem: "Аканстатская, Будь ты всегда"
"Akanstatskaya, Bud' ty vsegda""Arcanstotska, May You Always Be"
|Recognised national languages||Aleman, Pekysko, Norsian, Mercanti, Prydanian, Goyanean|
|44.7% Drykkenist, 37.6% Irreligious (Atheistic/Agnostic), 12% Messianist (9.2% Orthodox Messianist, 1.8% Courantist, 0.6% Laurennist, 0.4% Other), 4.4% Shaddaist, 2.7% Mehrab, 0.2% Other|
|Demonym(s)||Arcanstotskan (Noun, adj.) Arcanstotskans (plural)|
|Government||Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic|
• Prime Minister
|Anton Yanovich Tsvetayev|
• Speaker of the National Assembly
• Chief Justice
|Chamber of Representatives|
Union between Kingdom of Kalinia and Ylkentic Tribes
• Kingdom of Arcanstotska
• Revolution of 1807
|8 October, 1807|
• First Arcanstotskan Republic
|9 October, 1807|
• Monarchy Restored
• Revolution of 1848
|19 August 1848|
• Second Arcanstotskan Republic
|2 August 1849|
• Current constitution
|2 August 1849|
|144,150 km2 (55,660 sq mi)|
• 2019 estimate
|376.7/km2 (975.6/sq mi)|
|$4.127 trillion (IBU)|
|$3.882 trillion (IBU)|
|Currency||Arcanstotskan Tula (ATU)|
|Driving side||right side|
Arcanstotska, officially the Second Arcanstotskan Republic (Obshchiy-Yazk: Вторая Аканстатский Республика, Obshchiy-Yazk Transliterated: Vtoraya Akanstatskiy Respublika), is a country located in Northern Craviter. Covering an area of 144,150 square kilometers (55,657 sq mi) it lies between the Phoenix Sea to the west and the Auburn Sea to the northeast. It borders Malor-Kanada and Norsia to the north and Highton to the south. Siloyev is the nation's current capital and second largest city. Other major urban areas include Ramelensk, Kariyevgrad, Kropolym, Stavrozniki, Liyev, Sirinsk, Grestin, and Klikhov.
INSERT BRIEF OVERVIEW OF HISTORY
Currently Arcanstotska is a federal semi-presidential constitutional republic led by a President as Head of State and a Prime Minister as Head of Government. With 54.3 million inhabitants across its 18 constituent provinces, it is the XXth most populous country on Craviter.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Early History
- 2.2 Bergum Rule
- 2.3 War for Independence, The Kingdom of Kalinia, & The Ylkentic Confederacy
- 2.4 Kingdom of Arcanstotska
- 2.5 Revolution of 1807
- 2.6 First Arcanstotskan Republic & Chevalier Wars
- 2.7 Restoration of the Monarchy & the Underground Republic
- 2.8 Revolution of 1848 & Arcanstotskan Civil War
- 2.9 Second Arcanstotskan Republic
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics & Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
The ylkentic peoples who migrated into Arcanstotska named the region "Aracasaskotus," meaning "Homeland of Peaks and Fields," referring to the mountainous terrain of the region and the valleys between. The word was translated by szlavs into Obshchiy-Yazk as "Akanstatskaya," which was then translated into Mercanti as "Arcanstotska."
The earliest archaeologically confirmed permanent human residence within the region that would eventually come to be Arcanstotska dates back to the arrival of the ylkentic peoples from the north in roughly 7,500 BCE. The ylkentic peoples settled in the Yulia Valley between the eastern Kurtenko mountain range and the western Tarkene mountain range. From there, the ylkentics expanded westward to the Phoenix Sea coast. Within the Yulia Valley, the largest Ylkentic settlements were centered around the Nabevsk River and Lake Tarasik, forming the first ylkentic civilizations.
Among the largest of these civilizations was the Huipe Nation and the Ketah Nation which resided on opposing ends of the Yulia Valley. Disputes over religion and trade as well as conflicting philosophical ideas led to a rivalry which would last for centuries. The two tribes entered into a period of geopolitical competition with the goal of establishing dominance over the region. By around 4,800 BCE the Yulia Valley was split between the two empires and their tributaries. Ketah efforts to expand beyond the Kurtenko mountains ended in failure while Huipe expeditions beyond the Tarkene mountains had been far more successful. The lands west of the Kurtenko mountains was home to more fertile soils and greater opportunity for trade, so the Huipe named this region "Thesasikanotus," or "New Home." The Huipe king, Amo the Brilliant and Understanding, moved his capital to this new land from the Yulia Valley.
By 4,500 BCE tensions between the Hiupe and the Ketah empires were high after a Huipe princess was kidnapped by the Ketah and forced into the Ketah king's harem. A war between the two erupted which saw a Huipe victory. A total of seventeen wars were fought between the Huipe and the Ketah between the end of the first war and the arrival of the Kalins. Ultimately, neither power was able to eliminate the other's influence and power within the valley.
The arrival of the szlavic Kalins in the 5th Century CE began a slow process of ending ylkentic regional dominance. With the Kalins came Messianism and steel weapons among many other things.
War for Independence, The Kingdom of Kalinia, & The Ylkentic Confederacy
Kingdom of Arcanstotska
In 1272, the Kingdom of Kalinia and the Ylkentic Confederacy united into the Kingdom of Arcanstotska after Kalinian and Ylkentic royalty were married. This resulted in the founding of the House of Aksakov. The early decades of Arcanstotska's existence were marked by political instability and intrigue as various noble houses attempted to wrestle control of the country away from the House of Aksakov. By the 1310's, the Aksakovs had managed to solidify their control over the nation.
The reign of King Alexei II "The Magnificent" (1531 - 1564) saw many transformative changes to Arcanstotskan society. Inspired by renaissance ideas of the time, Alexei II was at the helm of major reforms in Arcanstotskan government and law as well as the Arcanstotskan Cultural Revolution which saw an explosion of art, architecture, poetry, music and more. This also led to the more widespread acceptance of a common Arcanstotskan national and cultural identity as traditional Kalinian and Ylkentic styles of various forms of the arts began to merge. He also attempted to foster greater religious tolerance within the nation, as there was still a great deal of religious violence between Messianists and Drykkenists within the country. Alexei II did away with The Bloody Code, a legal code within the country which punished over 250 crimes with death by various methods of execution. He replaced it with The Alexeian Code which reduced the number of crimes punishable by death and used hanging as a standard method of execution.
Alexei II died on July 4, 1564. He was succeeded by his son, Boris IV, who continued his father's works in revolutionizing Arcanstotska. Reigning from 1564 to 1602, Boris IV took particular interest in the sciences and constructed the Royal Academy of the Sciences in Siloyev. He openly corresponded with scientific thinkers such as Aleksandr Baburin and Yuri Zakharova.
Revolution of 1807
By 1710, liberal ideas had begun to emerge in lower and middle class society. These ideas were suppressed by Arcanstotskan monarchs, however, and many liberal circles were forced to gather exclusively in secret. In 1792, Queen Alexandria I was coronated as Queen of Arcanstotska after a coup against her liberal-minded husband, King Isaak I. She immediately began a campaign to shut down known liberal groups. Alexandria I was a devout Orthodox Messianist and made a series of laws which made forbidden any religious faith seldom Orthodox Messianism. These religious restrictions sparked a wave of Drykkenist rebellions, riots, and protests which were put down by the Royal Army. She ignored a famine in 1799 caused by bad harvests and rising bread costs.
On October 4, 1807, a protest in Siloyev organized by an Orthodox Priest, Fr. Dmitriy, was fired upon by Royal Army soldiers at Alexandria's command in the plaza of the Royal Palace. By now, many liberal revolutionary circles had been gathering in secret and planning an overthrow of the monarchy. Following what would become known as the First Palace Plaza Massacre, these revolutionary groups sprung into action under Royal Army commander Stanislav Stepanovich Vedenin. Vedenin lead an armed march on the city and forced Alexandria I to abdicate on October 8. On October 9, Vedenin declared himself Consul of the Republic, the abolition of the Arcanstotskan monarchy, and the creation of the First Arcanstotskan Republic.
First Arcanstotskan Republic & Chevalier Wars
After becoming Consul, Vedenin passed numerous laws which alleviated the famine and abolished the Arcanstotskan aristocracy. He ordered the creation of a new secular state religion, the Church of Reason, despite promises of religious freedom to religious minorities such as Shaddaists and Drykkenists. Vedenin had also promised a new Arcanstotskan democracy and a constitution to reinforce such a government, though he would continue to hold onto dictatorial powers until his death.
On June 4, 1810, Drykkenist, Messianist, and Shaddaist communities across the First Republic began to organize protests against the enforcement of the Church of Reason. Additionally, political opponents and former followers began demanding the establishment of democracy and the adoption of a constitution. These protests were fired upon by units of Vedenin's National Revolutionary Guard. Messianist churches, Shaddaist synagogues, and Drykkenist temples across the nation were burned down and replaced with Churches of Reason. Political opponents and those who didn't conform to the new state religion were killed or were held in ghettos under the watch of the National Revolutionary Guard.
The nation aligned itself with the Callisean Republic in the Wars of the Callisean Republic. Under Vedenin, Arcanstotskan armies joined with Chevalier in his conquests of northern Craviter. After the combined forces of Arcanstotska and Callise were forced to retreat from Prydania in 1818, Coalition armies entered Arcanstotska and laid siege to Siloyev, aided by monarchist rebels. Vedenin was killed in battle and his generals formally capitulated on WIP. The monarchy was restored in Arcanstotska on WIP, with Arcanstotska thereafter switching sides in the conflict.
Restoration of the Monarchy & the Underground Republic
Following the capitulation of the First Republic, the House of Aksakov was returned to a restored Arcanstotskan throne. Alexei III, son of the late Queen Alexandria I, was made King of Arcanstotska. The religious and political persecution many had endured under Vedenin and his First Republic convinced many that monarchy was preferable to republicanism, and with the coronation of Alexei III on WIP, 1818, many were hopeful that his reign would see a return to the prosperity seen under Alexei II or Boris V.
Following the defeat of Callise in 1819, Alexei III banned liberal-minded gatherings, ordered that the practice of and conversion to Orthodox Messianism be mandatory, banned any and all newspaper publications which did not have his personal approval, and created the Nablyudateli, or Watchers, which was a secret police force intended to suppress opposition to his reign. He spent massive amounts of the treasury on lavish parties for himself and other members of the restored Arcanstotskan aristocracy. Alexei III refused to spend money on modernizing Arcanstotskan industry or infrastructure. When famine struck Arcanstotska in 1827 following a series of bad harvests and inflation, the King ignored the situation.
Alexei III's policies, which in the eyes of many bore such a great resemblance of Alexandria I or Vedenin, had led many to turn back to republican ideals. Socialists, liberals, syndicalists, anti-monarchical conservatives, communists, among many others, at first began as separate secret movements. Over time these groups began to unite under a common republican cause; a massive secretive underground organization which called itself "the Underground Republic," led by a council of lawyers, judges, journalists, and sympathetic military officers called "the Circle."
As the Nablyudateli grew increasingly lazy over the years, the Underground Republic began to organize peaceful protests across the nation calling for Alexei III to fulfill his royal responsibility's to his people's safety and prosperity.
Revolution of 1848 & Arcanstotskan Civil War
On August 18, 1848, a protest secretly organized by the Underground Republic was gunned down by the Royal Guard. Riots broke out across the capital city over the following days. Royal Army regiments loyal to the Underground Republic stormed various government buildings throughout Siloyev, including the Royal Palace. Alexei III was captured by republicans and later executed alongside his wife and three children. The republican soldiers, under the orders of colonel Sergei Kariyev, began to break up the rioting in Siloyev which had caused considerable damage to the city. Kariyev, by then the unofficial leader of the Underground Republic - declared the creation of a provisional republican government on August 24.
On October 2, Duke Seveliy of Gorbunov announced his attention to restore the Kingdom of Arcanstotska with himself as King in the Koretsk Declaration. Over the course of the following weeks, sporadic skirmishes broke out across the Yulia Valley. Republican and monarchist forces clashed for the first time in the First Battle of Liyev on November 26, resulting in a monarchist victory. The monarchists continued to win a string of victories, pushing all the way to the city of Aleski on December 22.
The Battle of Aleski lasted for three days and resulted in a disastrous defeat for the monarchists. After the battle, Gorbunov was forced to retreat back to Liyev. After losing Liyev on March 13, 1849, Gorbunov officially surrendered to the republicans, bringing the Arcanstotskan Civil War to a close.
Second Arcanstotskan Republic
In the months after Gorbunov's surrender, Kariyev oversaw the constitutional negotiations, debates, and compromises which both solidified the new republican government and brought the various groups of the republican faction together and preventing a second civil war immediately after the defeat of the monarchists. The Constitution of the Second Arcanstotskan Republic was officially and unanimously adopted by the National Constitutional Convention on August 2, 1849, with the Second Arcanstotskan Republic officially proclaimed on the same day. Kariyev would serve as the nation's first president until 1859.
Both Kariyev and his successor, Fyodor Khalski, spearheaded numerous national reforms which were aimed at national industrialization and modernization.
After Fyodor Khalski died in office in 1867, Vice President Igor Fomenkov become president. Under his leadership, the old policies of Vedenin seemed to make a revival, such as state-enforced atheism and suppression of political opponents. In 1868, Fomenkov was impeached for violating the Constitution's guarantees of political and religious freedoms. Dmitriy Sakharov would become president and spend the next year reversing Fomenkov's policies and further reducing the powers of the executive branch in the hope that it would prevent what he termed as "a third Vedenin."
In 1869, Artemiy Eristov became president after a highly controversial election campaign. Eristov was a Drykkenist running for national office in a traditionally Orthodox Messianist nation. Though his campaign and followers came to blows with Arcanstotskan conservative circles, his new Labor & Liberty Party and its policies were popular across the nation.
Politics & Government
Arcanstotska is a federal semi-presidential constitutional republic divided into three separate branches of government. Each branch is restricted by an enshrined system of checks and balances which prohibit any governmental office or branch from becoming powerful enough to threaten democratic authority.
- Legislative: the bicameral National Assembly made up of the Senate (which represents the nation's constituent states) and the Chamber of Representatives (which represents the people directly). The Senate is comprised of 36 seats (two for each constituency) and the Chamber of Representatives is comprised of 543 seats, with one seat equating to 100,000 people. The National Assembly has the responsibility to adopt federal law, declare war, approve of and propose treaties, and power of impeachment over the Prime Minister and President.
- Executive: the President acts as Head of State and is responsible for representing the nation in matters such as foreign relations, while the matters of governance fall within the responsibilities of the Prime Minister who is accountable to the National Assembly. The Executive Branch also encompasses the National Executive Council, made up of heads of the ??? federal executive departments such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Health & Human Services, the Ministry of the Defense, and the Ministry of the Treasury. It is the responsibility of the National Executive Council to advise the Prime Minister on decisions when they relate to the Councilors' respective departments.
- Judicial: the National Constitutional Court, the National Supreme Court, and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the National Assembly with Presidential recommendation, have the responsibility of reviewing laws and overturning laws they deem unconstitutional.
The President of the Second Arcanstotskan Republic (referred to as the POTSAR) is elected directly by the people via the popular vote for a maximum of two consecutive five-year terms, after which he/she will no longer be capable of serving any more terms in office. The President acts as head-of-state and is responsible for special national representational duties and calling the National Assembly to order. The President is also responsible for representing Arcanstotska to the international community both at home and abroad.
The Prime Minister of the Second Arcanstotskan Republic (referred to as the PMOTSAR) acts as Arcanstotska's head-of-government. The Prime Minister is selected from among the members of the largest party or coalition of parties every five years following the General Elections. After a candidate for Prime Minister is selected by the leading party, a national poll is established via which the general population may approve or disapprove of the candidate. If the candidate wins a majority of public approval then he/she is sworn in as Prime Minister. If not, then the leading party or coalition must choose another from among themselves as candidate for Prime Minister.
The National Fiscal Council of Arcanstotska is an independent fiscal oversight body tasked by the National Assembly to oversee the state budget process in Arcanstotska and to "create and maintain the discipline, transparency, and long-term sustainability of fiscal policy and to foster the long-term competitiveness of Arcanstotska through fiscal means." If the federal government makes an unbalanced budget or commits to risky spending, the National Fiscal Council can intervene.
The National Assembly operates on a multi-party system, and a political party must meet a membership requirement of 100,000 people in order to receive a seat in parliament.
Since the 1950's the leading political parties have been the liberal National Fraternity Party, the democratic socialist Labor & Liberty Party, and the conservative Traditional Union of Arcanstotska. Other notable parties include the Syndicalist Front, the progressive Peace & Love Party, the National Green Party, the Union of Arcanstotskan Communists, and the right-wing populist Arcanstotska First League.
There are three types of constituent entities within Arcanstotska:
- Federal Provinces - each federal province within Arcanstotska (of which there are ten) has its own constitution and provincial legislature and are further divided into smaller provincial counties, the representatives of whom participate in the provincial legislatures.
- Cities of National Importance - each city of national importance (of which there are two: Siloyev and Ramelensk) has its own charter and municipal legislature. These cities are further divided into municipal districts.
- Tribal Administrations - each tribal administration is a semi-autonomous ylkentic tribal constituency, of which there are six. Each of them are left to govern themselves with greater autonomy and are able to choose their own tribal systems of government so long as they abide by national law.
Arcanstotska's military, the Arcanstotskan Armed Forces, is comprised of three primary branches; the Army (with special forces SSO), the Navy, and the Air Force. There are also two independent arms of service; the National Guard and the Military Police. The total number of service members across the Armed Forces in 2019 totaled 1.08 million across all service branches (??? active duty, ??? in reserve). In absolute terms, Arcanstotska's military expenditure is equal to WIP billion IBU, roughly WIP% of the nation's GDP and WIP in the world. In times of peace, the Armed Forces fall under the authority of the Minister of Defense, however, in times of war, the Armed Forces instead fall under the command of the Prime Minister.
The Arcanstotskan Armed Forces is a completely voluntary force in peacetime, though conscription may occur in times of war.
Infrastructure & Transport
External Trade & Investment
Science & Technology
According to the 2019 General Census, 37.6% of Arcanstotskans identify themselves as irreligious (atheist or agnostic), 34.6% identify themselves as Messianist (87.9% Orthodox Messianist, 8.3% Courantist, 3.8% Laurennist), 12% identify themselves as Drykkenists, 4.4% identify as Shaddaists, 2.7% as Mehrabs, and 0.2% as other faiths.
A distinctly Arcanstotskan culture began to develop over the course of several millennia as szlavic and ylkentic traditions began to meld together. Over the course of time, Arcanstotskan culture began to be influenced by surrounding cultural groups such as Alemans and Bayardi, all in both secular and religious manner. Arcanstotska is well known for such folk festival traditions as Longest Night (celebrated on the winter solstice, which includes traditions such as folk music and dancing, feasting, drinking, and festivals) and traditional Drykkenist traditional festivals such as WIP.
Music & Dance
Literature & Philosophy
Arcanstotskan traditional cuisine has an emphasis on healthy and natural ingredients such as vegetables, whole fruits, lean meats, and whole grains. The tradition of eating healthy ties into Drykkenist beliefs regarding healthy eating habits which were adopted by Messianist szlavs over time.