Primary components of Domianism
Domianism branched off from broad socialist thought through the writings of Czésłôw Domiana in the late 19th century, and often is seen as a radicalized version of democratic socialism. A main component of Domianism is pacifism, as the ideology rejects all fighting in any cases, and sees war as creating inequality in the world and strife among the working class.
Domianism often falls under the label of democratic socialism, although Domianists are often more radical and believe that workers' collective rights overcome all, even the state. In terms of the economy, Domianism stresses heavily on the morality of work, abandoning capitalism as an unethical system, supporting worker communes and collective industry instead. Workers, under a Domianist system, are engaged in the economic process democratically, with the workers of the industry having majority control over the industry in order to form a safe and equitable society. Unlike in most socialist and communist ideologies, Domianism tends to focus of rural rather than urban workers, although both are considered equal and in need of liberation from bourgeois society.
In early Domianist thought, nationalism was not commented on and varied according to person, due to its founder Txèsüòv Domiana being both a Lec nationalist and anti-war advocate. Since the 1960's, Domianist scholars placed Domianist thought as anti-nationalist, with Domianist scholar and writer Marie Couronne stating that "Domianist thought rejects the concept of race, nationality, and other constructs that divide the proletariat".
Domianist views on class struggle stem from its connections with socialism, and tend to follow orthodox Marxist views. Domianists believe that a revolution of the proletariat against the ruling bourgeoisie must happen to achieve full equality in society, but believe that this revolution must be and will be pacifistic in approach. In terms of the working class's relation to the state, most Domianists state that a Domianist-ruled nation must be handled directly by the workers themselves as a democratic state, as Txèsüòv Domiana states, "What is a true republic of the worker if it does not benefit those workers and allows them to speak?"
Different schools of Domianism hold various stances on certain issues, although in most issues their stances are along the same line.
Most Domianist schools view democracy as necessary for class equality. Although it rejects liberal democracy as "engaging in capitalist degeneracy and enslaving the working class", Domianists are heavily democratic, although they espouse views aligning closer with direct democracy then most democratic states in the modern world. One Domianist school, the Ricerians, reject democratic rule and promote a more authoritarian angle, although they have been stigmatized in academic and activist areas since the 1980's.
Domianism endorses secularism and the total separation of religion and state. Some schools, such as the Ricerians and the Old Domianists promote atheism, although the majority of Domianists view secularism and agnosticism as sufficient.
Czésłôw Domiana did not comment on LGBT rights in the early years of Domianism, and a well-known stance on the matter did not emerge until the 1960's, when Domianists began to criticize and view societal issues as well as economic and political ones. Since then, LGBT rights have been a cornerstone of multiple Domianist organizations, and the fight for the LGBT community is seen as a step towards what Domianists call "full equality".
Womens' rights have been a cornerstone of Domianism since its earliest writings, and Domianist feminism, a sub-branch of socialist feminism, is considered one of the most active and influential areas of the Domianist movement. Domianism views that women will not be fully freed from societal oppression until the revolution of the proletariat, in which, as Txèsüòv Domiana writes "the women, as second-class citizens and one of many oppressed, will rise up against the patriarchal society in which the bourgeoisie enforces and will fight for their equality and the equality of men who suffer from the same oppressors."