Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics
Motto: Long Live Eothasia!
Anthem: Long Live Eothasia
|Recognised national languages||English|
|Government||Federal presidential socialist republic|
|Legislature||Supreme Soviet Parliament|
|House of the Realm|
• End of the Peninsular War
|January 17, 1672 C.E.|
• Unification Day
|April 14, 1681 C.E.|
• Current constitution
|April 14, 1913 C.E.|
|853,009 km2 (329,349 sq mi)|
• 2020 census
|129.35/km2 (335.0/sq mi)|
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Eothasi pound ruby|
The Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics, also alternatively referred to as the Grand Republic or simply Eothasia, is a federal presidential socialist republic composed of seven semi-autonomous territorial divisions named Popular Republics, as well as one federal district (the capital city of Valtoria). The Union is a sizable nation at just over eight hundred thousand square kilometers and with a population numbering roughly 110 million. The country occupies a peninsula and is surrounded to the south by the Bay of Isa and, farther south, the Ocean of Sorrow. To the east is the Ocean of Reneria; in the north, the Bay of Elvira and the Ocean of Deris; to the west, the Ocean of Cylësen. In the centre of the peninsula there is a large gulf, known as the Sea of Auriel.
The Union’s different members were largely known for their isolation to the outside world, preferring to interact amongst themselves — including through war — than interact with the rest of civilisation in anything other than trade. This was set for future change, however, after Duvaineth’s ascension to the throne of the Aterni Empire following its conquests in what is now known as the Peninsular War. Though the United Eothasi Kingdoms did little to cement that change, it laid the groundwork for the establishment of the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics, which would significantly change its foreign policy, especially in support of socialist revolutions around the globe.
Today, the Union is a member of the international community and is well-known for its preference of non-violence and diplomacy to settle disputes. Its once large colonial empire, established during the end of the United Eothasi Kingdoms and greatly expanded upon during the first half of the 20th Century under the rule of King Messner III and Queen Valeria V has since been fully decolonised, becoming a loose alliance of territories known today as the UESR.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government
- 6 Military
- 7 Law Enforcement
- 8 Economy
- 9 Education
- 10 Culture
It is unclear where the term “Eothasia” first emerges, although it has been found that it appears several hundred years prior to the creation of the first entity to occupy the entirety of the territory known as Eothasia today. The first registered appearance of the name is from -21:25, in an epic written by famous classical novelist and poet Fidena. However, historical accounts of her works and their popularity within Eothasi societies at the time indicate that it was unlikely she was the first to coin the name, rather implying she utilised a common phrase to refer to those inhabiting those territories.
Some scholarly studies have (inconclusively) concluded that the term Eothasia originates from Volsini, today one of the seven Popular Republics of the Union. It is believed that Volsini named the continent this way after its leader, Eothomas, who first led Volsini armies onto the mainland and began conquering what would eventually become the First Volsini Empire. This is uncertain, as it is believed that certain texts found prior to the ascension of Eothomas to the Volsini crown already mention this continent, despite their authenticity having been brought into question multiple times.
The recorded history of the dozens of kingdoms and empires that spanned the Eothasi territory is rich most notably in war and violence. Tales of glorious conquests of national foes are explicitly depicted in elaborate monuments erected in a variety of different locations, such as those in Iluma, the capital of Volsini, which vividly show the conquests of the First, Second, and Third Volsini Empires, or the ruins of ancient cities in modern-day Venza, carefully preserved as national landmarks. Though the Second Volsini Empire was the first to span from the eastern coast to the western coast (and the Antizoni Empire the first from north to south), to date the entirety of the continent has been in control of a single nation only twice with the conquer of the subcontinent of the Aterni Empire and the United Eothasi Kingdoms, which later evolved into the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics.
Historical data for the region goes back as far as 35,191 years Before the Common Era. This is when humans were first detected to exist in and around the regions of what is now known as Eothasia. It is unclear from where these humans came, exactly, although it is assumed that they travelled from some other continent through an available landbridge.
The prehistoric Eothasi were largely a nomadic civilisation, with intense organisational structures amongst their tribes based on the merits of the individuals. Hunters, gatherers, and foragers were not separated by gender or other arbitrary features, but rather, but the individual skills young Eothasi demonstrated. This level of meritocratic organisational structure is key to understanding prehistoric Eothasi, as it was from this that they managed to gather, hunt, and feed the large populations that their tribes usually entailed.
There was very little technological progress recorded on the continent throughout this period until roughly 4500 years Before the Common Era. It is in this period that the Neolithic Revolution first arrived in Eothasia, and radically changed the way in which the Eothasi lived. The widespread discovery of agriculture on the continent allowed the tribes to settle in key locations with fertile soil and brought about the increased meritocratic specialisation of the Eothasi populations, which grew exponentially.
The Neolithic Revolution not only increased Eothasi populations and trade, creating communities where there had previously been hunting groups roaming the land, but it also brought about the first inklings of written language and the first known civilisation, settled near the modern city of Odiria, in Antizon, known only as the Essë. Finally, the Neolithic brought about the beginning of what is known today as the Bronze Age.
The first well-known civilisation in Eothasia was that of the Essë. They occupied lands in the central northern portion of the nation, near the modern city of Odiria. The Essën civilisation expanded from the vast green plains that surrounded them, flourishing under the new agricultural techniques discovered in the Neolithic Revolution. It is believed that the Essë first arose in the 57th Ialë B.U., and it is suggested that they lasted several hundred years, at least until the 34th Ialë B.U. They were first discovered in the early 3rd Ialë by famed archaeologist Vivian Maroto. Evidence suggests that the Essë’s collapse was brought about by the conquest of other, more powerful civilisations.
After the fall of the Essë, dozens of civilisations began to emerge across the continent. Some, much like their earlier counterparts, settled and became traders and promoted the first commercial partnerships on the continent. Others were far more violent and established their dominance over other civilisations through war and conquest.
The most important civilisation to emerge following the fall of the Essë was the Tatamolan civilisation, in the 25th Ialë B.U., settled in the plains of Eothasia, with their capital erected slightly over two hundred kilometers east of the modern city of Viladell. They wrested control over much of Eothasia from other, smaller groups through force, wielding notable military strength against them. They were the first civilisation of somewhat notable size, spanning from their capital in the desert to the shores of Newdell to their north, as far west as Viladell and as far east as the Marsier Rift, which today forms the border between Marsier and Espinar.
Despite their strength and size, however, by the 24th Ialë B.U., the civilisation began a steep decline until it was finally conquered by smaller groups in the early 23th Ialë B.U. This new Ialë was characterised by the beginning of the new Era of Antiquity.
Era of Antiquity
The Era of Antiquity, as it is commonly referred to, was intricately marked by a number of important civilisations as well as the continents first imperial powers. These include civilisations such as the First Volsini Empire, which was the first imperial power, the Antizoni Empire, which spanned from the northern coast to the southern coast, the Second Volsini Empire, which spanned from west to east, and lastly, the Aterni Empire, which became the longest lasting empire in Eothasi history. Other notable powers include the Third Volsini Empire (which was the shortest lived of the three), the Empire of Venza, and the various republics that confederated in Elvira.
First Volsini Empire
The First Volsini Empire originated in the city of Iluma, the capital of the Empire and the modern capital of the Popular Republics of Volsini. The civilisation first emerged in the 23rdh Ialë B.U., although the cities that incorporated the empire had existed for at least another hundred years prior. Under the rule of Empress Arnola, these cities were bound together in the continent’s first empire.
Records show that these cities first established a confederation and, initially, maintained their own governance and internal security forces, as well as their own treasuries. However, they all made contributions to a united military, agreed trade with one another, and became intrinsically linked. However, Iluma—because of its considerable size in comparison to the rest of the cities prior to the confederation—was viewed as the strongest. This was most fervently realised under Empress Arnola, who imprisoned the entirety of the united army and marched her own into each of the city states, conquering them all swiftly. Within just a short set of years, she had conquered the entirety of Volsini. Though it is implied she had plans to eventually begin conquering the surrounding areas and invade the kingdom of Santarrejo, she was killed by her son, Eothomas, before she was able to realise her plans.
Within the first year of being ascended as emperor, Volsini military forces began conquering new lands, most notably the islands to the north and east of Iluma. Over the following decade, the Volsini military continued its military campaigns, conquering much of what is now eastern Venza and the southern tips of Marsier. The Volsini conquests were swift, and before the end of the 13th Ialë B.U., controlled most of modern-day Espinar, the eastern half of Venza and all its surrounding islands, and had made inroads into Marsier.
The First Volsini Empire collapsed after the death of Eothomas, who was felled in battle during the First Siege of Torrevilla. Though there had been much tension in Volsini since the late 14th Ialë B.U., it had largely been suppressed by Eothomas and his armies, whilst others were silenced by the riches arriving from the eastern conquests. His death was followed by a marked increase in insurrectionist activity, which culminated in the murder of Eothomas’ heir apparent during his coronation. This event sparked a civil war, and troops were recalled from Volsini holdings, leaving behind only token garrisons, which were then themselves conquered by liberationists in the occupied territories.
The civil war continued for at least two decades, and at its end, all cities lay in ruin, most intensely of which was Iluma, the first imperial capital, which had been under siege for nearly four years before the war ended.
The Antizoni Empire emerged following the collapse of the First Volsini Empire from the Kingdom of Odiria. Prior to its expansionist period, it spanned from the city of Odiria in the east across to the Norcrestan regions; all of this would be maintained in the Antizoni Empire, as would a path through the centre of the land to Venza and occupying parts of Volsini. It was the first empire in the history of the continent to span from north to south.
To its south, the weakened states that had been occupied by the First Volsini Empire were left in ruin by the revolutionary conflict that sprouted from the death of Emperor Eothomas. Even before the public murder of Duinenor, the Kingdom of Odiria began minor conquests into Marsier, starting with the island of Amafiel. When civil war broke in Volsini, a full invasion began and swept down the entire peninsula. The conquest was brisk, and before the end of the decade, Antizon territory had been almost doubled.
The Antizoni Empire achieved its maximum extension under Empress Allethia. By then, the nation had become the single-most powerful empire on the continent and was unrivalled in military project, economic strength and political influence. Its courts held dignitaries from dozens of smaller kingdoms seeking clemency from their strongest neighbour. Its strategic geographical location made it impossible for continental trade to flow without coming into contact with the Antizon tariff authorities, whether it be through land or at sea.
It was the Antizoni Empire that beat down the rebellious republic in Elvira and established puppet states, and threatened Aterni with invasion if it did not withdraw military forces from the Bay of Isa and permitted free travel for all Antizon warships. In every sense of the word, the Antizoni Empire became the continental hegemony.
And so, it is especially shocking to historical scholars that the Antizoni Empire’s downfall came in less than five years. Very little data exists on the exact circumstances that led to the weakening of the Antizoni border, but what is known for certain is that the city of Norcrest was ransacked and by-then-abdicated Empress Allethia and her successor, Empress Vestelle, were beheaded in the city plaza, as per the tales collected in various poets’ works in the following decades.
Current theories on the fall of the Antizoni Empire centre on its military. Given the size of the empire, the Antizoni population was alarmingly small; as such, the military was also of reduced proportions. The Antizoni Empire attempted to circumvent this issue by the conscription of young children from occupied cities of their empire, but even then their military was unable to cope with the large military demands of a country of their size.
Though there is no data—neither from the Antizoni Empire nor from Volsini—it is unlikely to be a coincidence that the fall of the Antizoni Empire coincided with the rapid emergence of the Second Volsini Empire. Some theories, working in conjunction with how thinly spread the Antizoni Empire’s military forces truly were, state that it is likely that the Second Volsini Empire funded and equipped revolutionary forces in Antizon hoping to weaken their forces enough to conquer the remains with ease. This then explains that not a decade after the fall of Norcrest, Volsini forces occupied the city.
Despite this, the Antizoni Empire is the third longest-lasting empire in the history of Eothasia, after the Second Volsini Empire and the Aterni Empire.
United Eothasi Kingdoms
In 1674, Emperor Séverine was in ill health. He had been bedridden for weeks and was having trouble coordinating the governance of the country. Finding this unworthy of the Aterni Empire, Emperor Séverine abdicated in his daughter, then Crown Princess Duvaineth, so that she took the throne early and began ruling in his stead. It did not, however, assist him in his fight; in June of that year, after being terribly sick for more than four months, he finally passed away.
The first few years of Duvaineth’s rule were rather quiet. It wasn’t until December of 1678 that, during a public speech in the capital city from the balcony of the Imperial Palace —and which would later be read in thousands of public squares across the land— she saw it unfit to maintain the institution in the way that it had been thus far, ruling over the exterior territories instead of ruling alongside them. As such, she restructured the Aterni Empire into the United Eothasi Kingdoms, becoming the first time that the country was represented as a whole of Eothasia, instead of just Aterni. Despite this, Aterni, Antizon, and Venza were still considered the core states and other territories were not represented in the creation of a new flag.
This was met with great enthusiasm from thousands of people across the land, mostly in the east, which had been the most oppressed and secluded regions of the Aterni Empire after the Peninsular War. They hoped that, with this, they would be able to break away from the Aterni Empire to form their own government. Their fears were soon realised when Duvaineth roared against their independence thoughts, leaving quite clear that the growing kingdom would unite all of Eothasia, and not just “parts and pieces”.
However, there was also a general sentiment of agreement. Despite the fact that the United Eothasi Kingdoms would not be the democracy it is today —only those with a minimum amount of lands would be able to vote, for instance, until 1833— many people saw it as a most welcome step forward. This was largely the contrary for citizens of the Aterni Empire proper, who believed that all of Eothasia was theirs to control, as well as many nobles, who saw their preferences over nobles from the east taken away. However, though some attempted to plot against the Empress, nothing ever came of it.
On April the 14th, 1681, the United Eothasi Kingdoms was declared and Duvaineth herself gave a speech in front of the Imperial Palace in Valtoria. She went on to complete her reign, abdicating in favour of her son, King Cyrille, in 1717.
Declaration of a Republic and Revolutionary Era
The Union of Eothasi Republics was a short-lived project that attempted to reorganise Eothasia into a republic. Considering that its roots in monarchism were illegitimate, many soldiers of the army undertook a coup d’etat which eventually led to the murder of the incumbent monarch, King Siegmund, and a military junta took over the country. They called themselves the Union of Eothasi Republics, but were anything but, instead actively working against the people’s freedom and liberties.
Established in 1901, it was already a useless project in 1912. An enormous social movement —founded and staunchly defended by socialist Priscilla Poriér— took to the streets in the summer of 1912, demanding retaking the control of the State and pushing a socialist revolution. Many of those that had fought in 1901 were no longer in the military or were in government; the vast majority of the army had become fervently socialist and supported the social movements against some elements of the national police, such as the now defunct “Legionnaires,” who protected the Union of Eothasi Republics. However, in December of 1912, the entirety of the military junta fled the country. Initially running to trade partner Azadistan, the exact location of where they holed up is unknown.
With the military junta defeated and the Legionnaires without political support, Priscilla rapidly climbed and declared the end of the Union of Eothasi Republics, stating that members of the civil society would participate in forming a new constitution by and for the people. Returning to the tradition of April the 14th, the Constituent Assembly finally approved the Popular Constitution in 1913 on that date.
From then, the first elections were celebrated in July of 1913, though these were for an interim period, as it was stated in norm (though not law) that elections would always be on the 1st of January of the corresponding year. As such, Priscilla was voted as interim president both in July of 1913 and as the first Federal President of the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics on January 1st, 1914, alongside the validated King Messner III.
The Eothasi government is the national government of the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics. It is composed of seven Popular Republics, and a federal district in which the nation’s capital of Valtoria resides. It has a clear division of power in legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with power vested by the Eothasi Constitution in the Soviet Parliament, the Council of Governance, and the Eothasi Judiciary, respectively. Additionally, each branch can create a number of committees, departments, and sub-courts to carry out their duties.
Apart from the federal government in Valtoria, the government is also partitioned into more local levels: the Vexians, the Province States, and the Popular Republics.
Soviet Councils act as the local governments of cities, towns and other smaller territorial organisations that form a part of the larger Communes. These Soviet Councils come chosen by the population of the area it governs, and is the administrative and logistical representation of the People in these areas. The sizes of Soviet Councils may vary greatly, but are usually less than 100 representatives in the chambers.
The Soviet Councils select, in accordance with the limitations placed over them by their Commune or Popular Republic, if it exists, the number of years between one election and another. The longest of these is the Soviet Council of Valtoria, which is set to six years between elections; meanwhile, the shortest is the Soviet Council of Vallenfell, which elects every four years. These Soviet Councils are elected via proportional representation using a modified Sainte-Laguë method until all seats are filled.
However, unlike in other countries, the Soviet Councils must maintain Citizen Assemblies at least once per quarter (unless extreme restrictions apply, such as the case of pandemics or situations of national emergency). These Citizen Assemblies work to integrate the average citizen of the municipality governed by the Soviet Council in order to ensure that the representative actions of the citizens are being undertaken in a manner truthful to their desires and interests. The Citizen Assemblies are carried out in specialised buildings that must be built within the municipality, and oftentimes will not be able to fit all of the citizens in the city (such is the case of larger cities, such as in Valtoria or Lithandril). However, this is coordinated via the registration to participate in the Assembly using myriad methods, such as the online platforms, presenting oneself at an office of the municipality for manual registration, etc. In this way, the Citizen Assemblies may be organised in order to maximise the space available and handle as many topics as possible.
This registration period lasts for fourteen days and is done a month prior to the start of the Citizen Assembly. This is to ensure that the Order of the Day for the five-day period in which the assembly takes place can be prepared. Should there be more topics that cannot be covered in the allotted time period, the Citizen Assembly must be extended until all topics can be addressed. This is also the case in the event that there are fewer topics than the days permitted; in these instances, the Citizen Assembly may end sooner.
The Soviet Council does not have a set leader. Every month, a different member of the Council will assume general proceedings of the Council for that month, and will switch upon the end of their term. Thus, the Soviet Council itself acts as both a legislative and executive body, with the local administration being a separate, independent identity. In order to implement any and all executive measures, however, the Soviet Council must provide approval. It is for this reason that the Soviet Council reunions are often painstakingly long, taking up a majority of the day though with various breaks spread throughout, and requiring intense concentration in order to carry out the Soviet Council’s duties.
Popular Republics & Communes
The Popular Republics and the Communes are the two largest territorial entities into which the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics is organised. The first level are the Communes, which act as the set collection of municipalities in a territory. These Communes are then collected into the Popular Republics, which handle, administer and address larger regional concerns. They each have their own sets of competences from those handed to Popular Republics by the federal Government. These are detailed in their Statutes, which cannot be modified without the approval of the Soviet Parliament.
There are presently 28 Communes across the entirety of the UESR. In these, political parties may participate and undergo debates at a large provincial level, in order to handle and coordinate the efforts of the municipalities over which they govern. The Communes do have a separate executive government led by a Communal President, unlike the Soviet Councils, and act as a point of reference for the municipalities below. Furthermore, each of these 28 bodies are the ones represented in the Union Council, the upper house of the Soviet Parliament.
Above them, there are seven Popular Republics and one Federal State (Valtoria), which act as the largest territorial body of the UESR that is semi-autonomous from the federal Government. These Popular Republics also have an executive government, led by an Exarch, and are the deputy legislative body of their territories, superseded exclusively by the federal Government in Valtoria in the cases in which their Statutes allow.
The House of the Realm is an uninominal constituency system. The entire country is divided into 650 constituencies; each constituency proposes one candidate to the House of the Realm, which will act as that constituencies’ particular representation in this body. There are currently ten political parties represented in the House of the Realm and seven in the Union Council. These are the: Labour Party, Socialist Party, Communist Party, People’s Party, Party for Social Democracy, Popular Party, Liberal Party, Liberal Democrats Party, National Party and the Unity Party. In the Union Council, the Liberal Party, Liberal Democrats Party, National Party and Unity Party all formed an electoral coalition, thus becoming the National Liberal Coalition. The parties of the Union Council are the: Labour Party, Socialist Party, Communism for Eothasia, People’s Party, Party for Social Democracy, Popular Party and the National Liberal Coalition. All of these parties, as per the electoral results they obtain and the number of seats given by the electoral system, obtain subsidies from the State for their organisation. Members of the House of the Realm are voted directly by the citizens of the country. These elections occur once every five years and the entirety of the House of the Realm is up for vote at the same time.
Meanwhile, the Union Council is a space for representatives of the different governments of the country. Each of the seven Popular Republics is divided into a number of provinces (named Communes) which total 27 between the seven of them, plus the state of Valtoria for a total of 28 represented states in the Union Council. Each of these communes selects three candidates to participate in the Union Council as councilors and represent the interests of their respective communes in the upper house of the legislative branch. As such, the Union Council consists of a total of 84 selected members; these members are selected by the government of the Popular Republic for which the commune pertains; as such, regions like Espinar have a total of only six representatives, Valtoria has three representatives, whereas Aterni has eighteen representatives and Venza another fifteen. For a further explanation, please visit Soviet Parliament.
It must be noted that the right to vote is obligatory in the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics. Any Eothasi (or foreigner in the case of local elections) must present themselves to vote at any and all elections, as it is considered a civic duty in the Union. Failing to comply with this is sanctioned by either a fine or a slightly higher percentage of withheld tax. Furthermore, the federal government has strongly pushed for the creation and maintenance of a civil society to integrate the people into the country’s governance, in allegiance with the various political parties of the State. In terms of the structure of the elections themselves, they are undertaken using ranked-choice voting to ensure maximum representation of the will of the People in the Parliament.
Powers of the Soviet Parliament
The Soviet Parliament have a number of important powers, with each house operating with different roles in these procedures. Though it should be noted that they are not all of the duties that are encompassed in the responsibilities of the Soviet Parliament, some are detailed in the following:
- Legislature. The Soviet Parliament is the key branch for the creation and passing of new laws in the Union. They must be approved by a simple majority in the chambers in order for the law to be approved, requiring the Governors’ signature. Should they veto the bill, the Soviet Parliament can choose to override the veto, requiring absolute majority.
- Approval of Cabinet of Ministries Members. Though it is not explicitly necessary (and, indeed, members can be appointed to the Council without approval), it is tradition for the Senate to vote and approve the appointments made by the Governors for Council members.
- Federalisation. Though theoretically an article exists within the Eothasi Constitution under which the Soviet Parliament assume control of all similar powers in all Popular Republics, habitually this is not undertaken; each Popular Republic is able to exercise their own powers over their jurisdiction (insofar as it does not contradict federal laws issued by the Soviet Parliament).
- Appointment and Impeachment. The Soviet Parliament are the bodies that ratify the ascension of a new Governor to the Council. Furthermore, it retains the right to impeach and remove any and all federal officers from government. The two chambers serve different functions for this process; the Soviet Parliament must first initiate and impeach the officer in question, and the Senate must then undergo a trial process under which the individual is removed from office if it so demands. The impeachment requires a majority in the Soviet Parliament, whilst removal from office requires 60% majority in the Senate. In the existence of the Union, no federal officer has been impeached or removed by the Soviet Parliament.
- Committees. The Soviet Parliament retains the right to create and establish committees and subcommittees for the undertaking of its duties, such as drafting legislation and policies, conducting investigations into national matters, etc. As of 3:55 A.U. (2036 C.E.), the number of committees operating under the Soviet Parliament supersedes two hundred.
The Primagisters are a set of up to one hundred noteworthy members of the Soviet Parliament that are selected to be potential candidates to replace a Governor in the event of one’s perishing. Officially, they hold no additional powers over their colleagues in the Soviet Parliament, and are habitual members in government. As such, they are permitted all the rights as well as the obligations of all members of the Soviet Parliament. The voting for primagisters is simple: there is a maximum of 100 members that are given this title. Upon one perishing (or in the event of there being vacancies and a particular member of the Soviet Parliament presents a petition to be promoted into the Primagisters), all members undergo a voting process.
In the event of one member perishing or the Soviet Parliament deciding to fill a vacancy (as it is habitual for there to be at least 90 primagisters in the Soviet Parliament at any given time), any (or all) members of the Soviet Parliament can present themselves for promotion into the group. In the event that the number of candidates supersedes 10, a voting process will be undertaken to determine the 10 members with the most support in the Soviet Parliament. A second vote will then be undertaken; if one single member obtains a minimum of 50% of the vote plus one (or above 40% with at least 10% advantage over the next candidate), they are admitted into the Primagisters. In the event this is not the case, the first two members will proceed to a third voting process in which one of the two must be triumphant.
In the event of a candidate presenting themselves to a vacancy of their own accord, the Soviet Parliament will hold a voting process that must secure at least 60% of the support of the Soviet Parliament in order to be admitted.
Council of Governance
The Council of Governance has been the executive branch of the Union since its establishment. It is composed of three different individuals, each appointed to the role in different ways and with different purposes, although the overarching purpose is to govern the country in its entirety. The first member of the Council of Governance is the Chairman. The Chairman acts as a political entity elected by the people in order to coordinate the governance of the country. The duty of the Chairman is to ensure that the laws are executed in a faithful manner, as well as protect and preserve the integrity of the Eothasi Constitution. The Chairman is directly voted by the people in general multi-phase elections throughout the country that take place every five years. In the event of a Chairman perishing, the Chancellor immediately occupies the office of Interim Chairman until the following tenth of December, when new elections must be called (unless this date is either less than thirty days or farther than one hundred days away of the Chancellor occupying the position of Chairman, in which case the election will take place three months [ninety days] its posterior). This is because the Regulations of the Chairman require that all elections take place on the tenth of December of each year in which elections are celebrated, so that the new Chairman can take office on the first of January of the following year.
In order for a candidate to be presented to the elections, they must be sponsored by at least one political party that has at least one seat in the Soviet Parliament. The elections then consist of potentially two phases. A first phase in which the citizenry votes for all five candidates; if the winning candidate obtains 50% of the vote or greater, they are immediately triumphant. If they obtain 40% of the vote with an advantage of at least 10% over the next most voted candidate, they also are triumphant. In any other case, the two most voted members will go into the second phase, in which the citizenry must vote between one of these two members to select the Chairman. The Chairman does not have any term limits.
The second member of the Council of Governance is the Chancellor. This representative is chosen by the syndicates bound by the National Syndicate Union, an organism of the State that cooperates with the syndicates that are the backbone of the structure of the country. These syndicates choose a representative amongst themselves and elect them as candidate for the Chancellorship of the UESR. This validation must occur in the same time period as general elections; as such, they will always be validate for every new government. As they represent the interests of the syndicates, they will have control over economic competences of the government and so, the selection of the head of the Ministries of Economy, Business and Industry, International Trade and Tourism, Work and Migration and Her Majesty’s Treasury require consensus between the Chairman and the Chancellor.
The third and last member of the Council of Governance is the Commissioner, which is chosen by absolute majority in the House of the Realm and Union Council and is to represent ‘opposition’ in the Council of Governance, and is also known as the Shadow Commissioner; furthermore, they are the leader of the Shadow Cabinet, a series of alternative cabinets under the Commissioner’s direction that draw alternative measures and counter-propose within the ministry, should it be necessary, as well as hold the Government accountable in the Parliament. Together, the three members are Head of Government of the Union.
Cabinet of Ministries
The daily enforcement and application of federal laws is in the hands of the federal ministries, such as that of the Foreign Office or Defence Ministry. These are created by the Council of Governance with specific jurisdictions, whether they be national or international. Currently, there are 16 ministries in this council, each representative selected exclusively by the Council of Governance (although frequently, there are recommendations by the Soviet Parliament).
Apart from these ministries, there are also independent agencies, such as the Soviet Stellar Initiative, the Secret Intelligence Service, and others.
Soviet Supreme Court
The Soviet Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in the Union. Established by the Popular Constitution, it has ultimate (and discretionary) appellate jurisdiction over federal and state court cases involving federal law. It is the final interpreter of federal law including the Popular Constitution. However, it does not have the power to decide non-justiciable political questions, and the enforcement arm of the judicial branch is, in fact, the executive branch of government.
According to the national statutes, the Supreme Court consists of eight associate justices to the Chief Justice of the Union, nominated by the reigning Governors and approved by the established Soviet Parliament. Once appointed, these justices have lifetime tenure, unless they retire, resign, or are ultimately deemed unfit to serve by the Soviet Parliament. Each justice has one vote, and it is unlikely to witness any number of cases in which the decisions taken are not unanimous, in accordance with their interpretation of the law.
The Supreme Court meets in the National Courthouse in Valtoria.
Flags of the Union
|Flag||Date in Use||Representative Role||Description|
|14th of April, 1913 - Present||National Flag of the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics||Full official version of the national flag. Appears on official documentation and monuments. Approved on the 14th of April of 1913, it has remained the solitary flag of the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics for over a century.|
|17th of June, 1676 - 14th of April, 1681 (Aterni Empire); 14th of April, 1681 - 8th of March, 1901 (United Eothasi Kingdoms); 8th of March, 1901 - 14th of April, 1913 (Union of Eothasi Republics); 14th of April, 1913 - Present (Federal State of Valtoria)||Flag of the Federal State of Valtoria||This was also the flag of the Aterni Empire under Empress Duvaineth, as well as the flag of the United Eothasi Kingdoms. Today, it occupies a status as the flag of the Federal State, and it is the only flag of the Republic lacking socialist symbology.|
|14th of April, 1913 - Present||Flag of the Popular Republic of Aterni||Flag of the Aterni Popular Republic. Three stripes of colours red, to signify the blood of Aternis spilled to reclaim the land as a federalised republic, yellow, to symbolise the wealth of the land and the justice in distributing this wealth amongst all its citizens, and purple, which represents the unity of all Aterni people under one flag. The star represents the trust given by the people to the socialist cause.|
|14th of April, 1913 - Present||Flag of the Popular Republic of Venza||Flag of the Venza Popular Republic. Blue and white stripes, which represent the valour and purity of the people of Venza, respectively. The red triangle represents liberty, equality and fraternity, whereas the red star is also a link to the socialist cause.|
|14th of April, 1913 - Present||Flag of the Popular Republic of Antizon||A simple red background, imitating the national flag, with a large star that represents the socialist cause.|
|14th of April, 1913 - Present||Flag of the Popular Republic of Volsini||Three stripes of black, red and gold, representing democratic and republican values in addition to the large seal of Volsini, which, with its interior symbology, represents the socialist and workers' cause. From the conception of the UESR to the 30th of October of 1915, this Popular Republic ruled over the territories of all of eastern Eothasia, including Marsier, Elvira and Espinar. On this date, all four republics were separated.|
|30th of October, 1915 - Present||Flag of the Popular Republic of Marsier||Blue, white, and red stripes representing liberty, fraternity and equality, with a red star in allusion to the socialist cause.|
|30th of October, 1915 - Present||Flag of the Popular Republic of Elvira||Simple black and red background representing the struggle to reach a successful socialist revolution in which all peoples were represented, with the gear, star, and machete representing the socialist revolution and the fight that was necessary to bring about its existence.|
|30th of October, 1915 - Present||Flag of the Popular Republic of Espinar||A red stripe symbolising the blood spilled to liberate Espinar, and blue to represent the valour and strength of the Espinari people as a whole. The start represents the values of the socialist revolution and the unity with the rest of the Grand Republic.|
The Soviet armed forces are the services under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence for the protection and both the domestic and foreign interests of the nation as a whole. It is tasked with ensuring the territorial integrity of the Union as well as the protection of its citizens and residents from foreign and domestic threats. This does not only include operations against hostile foreign militaries or insurgent groups operating within or outside the Union, but also reacting in the event of great calamities, such as devastating natural disasters, crippling pandemics or other emergencies that put at risk the safety of the Eothasi citizenship that cannot be handled by standard local, provincial, republic or even other national organisms (such as the National Security Service and its National Guard regiment). The commander in chief of the Soviet military are the Council of Governance, which is to say the three members of the triumvirate that acts as Head of Government of the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics. Furthermore, the Government has an integrated organism dubbed the Chiefs of Staff Directive with which the Council of Governance is provided advice in the face of needing military deployments.
The Eothasi military is headquartered in the home building of the Ministry of Defence: the Auriel Defence Centre in Valtoria, the capital of the Union. This, however, is only the location where the Chiefs of Staff Directive work on a regular basis and where coordination between the different branches of the military take place. However, each branch has a base in accordance with its own field of operation that acts as its “headquarters,” in a manner of speaking. The Soviet Army operates out of Fort Melil, the largest ground military base in the country, whilst the People’s Air Force is based in Isa Air Force Base and the Navy (and its sub-branch, the Soviet Marines) operate out of Grozzo Harbour. The Defence Ministry is also in charge of the National Guard regiment of the National Security Service (which is, in its entirety, otherwise organised by the Home Office, except during wartime and in extreme necessities).
Given the considerably militaristic and imperialistic past of the Eothasi continent, the zealous defence of the armed forces and servicing the country in general is taken care of with enormous pride in the UESR, moreso in the modern day, in which the military is more for the international defence of Eothasi interests (including, when necessary, supporting socialist revolutions abroad). As such, military service in the Union has been established as compulsory, although the manner in which this is carried out is very specific. Individuals can freely enlist at the age of eighteen (or seventeen, in the event that they have express permission from their parents, tutors or guardians and have completed tertiary education) years of age. Mandatory levying, as it is called in the Union, begins after the end of tertiary education in the event that the individual in question does not have the intention (or otherwise fails to) inscribe into university.
The main difference between enlisting after tertiary education and being levied is the time; enlisted soldiers will undergo Professional Combat Training. This consists of approximately twenty-one weeks, after which soldiers are transferred to Specialised Individual Training, which can last anywhere from ten to forty weeks, depending on the chosen specialisation. Afterwards, they must serve a minimum of three years active service before being able to solicit their first transfer to the reserve forces of the military. Furthermore, there are no restrictions with regards to the location to which they can be deployed; they can be stationed on bases in the Homeland as well as bases in foreign territories allied with the Union or even deployed to combat theaters, should the need arise. In contrast, levied personnel undergo a Basic Combat Training regimen of only twelve weeks, after which they are transferred to General Individual Training that lasts another ten weeks in which they obtain general knowledge of the military and then proceed to Advanced Individual Training for another eight weeks. After their training is complete, they are transferred to active service for one year before being automatically retired (unless otherwise stipulated by the individual in question). They are not allowed to be deployed to any territory other than those directly under the jurisdiction of the Soviet government; in other words, they can only be deployed to bases in Eothasia itself or its colonies abroad.
Compulsory service can be waived in a number of circumstances, the most obvious being the individual in question having some form of physical or medical impediment that disallows their participation in military service. If this is not the case, military service can also be waived if the individual is attending university, as under no circumstances can military service interrupt education. Should the individual in question graduate university and find a job in their respective field (which they have to justify with the appropriate paperwork at the Bureau of Levied Military Service) within six months, they can definitively waive their service. Should they not find a job, they will be immediately required to present themselves to their nearest military recruitment station. Should the individual continue their education and complete a master or doctoral cycle, they can also definitively waive their service if they so request it; should they not, they will be levied, but go through PCT. Individuals that have completed university or doctoral education can also proceed to apply for Soviet officers academies.
Military spending in 3:37 rounded to just under US$281 billion, approximately 4,52% of the Eothasi GDP.
The economy of the Socialist UESR is the model of a socialised economy, where collectivism has taken the centrestage and private corporations with stockholders and exploitation of workers has all but been eliminated. With a gross domestic product rising above six trillion universal standard dollars, it is an extremely large economy, with a high productivity level, large labour force and strong currency value.
The Eothasi economy is an extremely developed and advanced, high-income economy. The services sector, undoubtedly the largest in the country, contributes approximately 72% of the value of the gross domestic product. Most important amongst these services is the financial sector, which occupies almost a quarter of the services sector in Eothasia. Despite this, the agricultural and industrial centres of the country are not ignored; the aerospace, nautical and automobile industries also carry a significant weight, as does the entire agricultural sector, whose nationalisation was finalised in the early-to-mid 20th Century.
The most important aspect about the Eothasi economy —and that which, comparatively, makes it most noticeably different from other economies across the globe— is that the conception of company in accordance with capitalist economies, which is to say, that of joint-stock or single owner companies, is not permitted. All companies must be cooperatives, set up with a number of associates that each must put a minimum quantity of money as quota in order to form a part of the company. Furthermore, these partners are also the workers, in such a way that the dividends that would otherwise be rewarded to the owners of the company’s capital are redirected towards the workers.
However, the Eothasi economy also foresees the arrival of foreign companies into the environment, which would otherwise be difficult, given that many of these foreign companies will not necessarily follow the tendencies of collectivist economic policy. As such, the Eothasi economy only allows the incorporation of these companies in the event that the salary for each of the positions of said company matches the mode salary of the equivalent position in domestic companies of the same industry; furthermore, these workers must be given additional incentives, as well as stock market shares, which must be pacted with the Ministry of Economy, Business and Industry before the companies are allowed to expand into the UESR.
The only exception to this rule of the partners necessarily being quotas is by organisations of the Eothasi State. This includes the Soviet Bureau of Collectivist Entrepreneurship, under the Ministry of Economy, which not only grants subsidies to nascent cooperative companies, but also is capable of paying ‘quotas’ in companies in exchange for forming a part of the list of partners for a minimum of five years, extendable as per negotiations with the company in question. This also extends to other organisations of the State, such as the Ministry of Defence, the Soviet Home Office or People’s Treasury. As a subordinate institution to the State, the Bank of Eothasia acts as the central bank of the Eothasi economy, and has competences over monetary policy and other measures of economic interest.
The currency of the UESR is the soviet pound ruby, as it has been since the conception of the country in 1913. It is an extremely well-valued currency, which allows it to import foreign products at easier prices for local consumers and businesses, although it makes exporting domestically produced goods more difficult.
Despite the relatively recent history of the Union itself, the Eothasi economy dates much farther back. Industrialisation of the economy first took place during the 18th Century, in a time in which it could not be said that the Eothasi economy was particularly equal for all of its participants. In fact, the nature of the exploitation of the working class was far more than prevalent; it was bordering on feral, with subsistence wages reduced to the bare minimum and workers stretched to the very last minute of their capability without regards to their physical (or mental) health. This continued well into the 19th Century, which saw unprecedented growth of the Eothasi economy, although entirely centred on only a few of the agents and disregarding social benefits.
The coup d’etat that brought the Union of Eothasi Republics to power did little to change this status quo; the economy was still concentrated into a number of extremely large owners of capital which had accumulated their wealth over the decades. This was fomented, in fact, with the deregulation of economic and labour laws in the country that allowed further exploitation of the working class.
The true turning point was after the triumph of the socialist revolution in Eothasia. Massive fortunes were frozen in the country, unable to be taken abroad; nationalisation took place, with appropriate recompense for the owners of the companies, and through extensive taxing of the rich, the wealth they had accumulated was redistributed through society until a more equal footing was reached. Income equality skyrocketed, and new labour protection laws ensured that the working class would not be exploited, largely due to their very own input in the dealings of the companies themselves. This massive socialisation of the modes of production was the true triumph of the revolution, and did not end until the early 1930s, long after Priscilla Poriér had resigned as Chairman of the Union.
As the wealth was redistributed through the economy to the working class and equality was reached in terms of income, the Eothasi government slowly but surely began to release the industry it had nationalised, allowing them to be taken over by associations of working class people to establish cooperative companies, as had been dictated by its own internal legal framework. The largest companies —the ones considered multinationals, monopolistic in nature, and otherwise harmful to the status of income equality in the Union— were broken down into various smaller companies, each of which was assigned an ‘area’ of the country in which they would normally operate. Furthermore, after the collectivisation of the companies took place, the parliament approved a bill that set a maximum number of partners permitted in a company and heavily regulated mergers and acquisitions.
Despite these collectivisations, several industries considered essential services for the Eothasi people were kept nationalised. These included the following industries: the healthcare industry, as private healthcare is not permitted in the Union; the licence to construct homes and residential buildings, as state housing would be secured for all citizens and residents and it would be an exclusive competence of the State; the entire alimentary agricultural sector, which would be put to use with the exclusive purpose of feeding the Eothasi population; education, as private educational institutions would not be permitted except in extremely special circumstances approved by the Soviet government; arms manufacturing, as weapons exports are absolutely prohibited unless authorised by the Soviet government, which has never occurred since this prohibition was approved in 1927; and the utilities industry, as the State is the sole provider of water, electricity, gas and, since 2002, Internet. In addition to this, several other sectors are heavily regulated and intrinsically linked with the State, such as the retail industry or the pharmaceutical sector.
Today, the aforementioned sectors are the only ones that remain nationalised. All others have been collectivised, although they oftentimes work in close relation with the Ministry of Economy, Business and Industry as well as the Ministry of Work and Migration, as there are multiple regulatory standards that must be followed to ensure that there is no exploitation of workers in the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics.
Public education in the Union is under the express control of the Education Ministry of the Eothasi government. Its main goal is to prepare the alumni professionally so that they may form an integral part of Eothasi society; a secondary goal is to integrate students into the societal behavioural patterns expected of them in Eothasia.
The curriculum for the public education system is controlled at a federal level in Valtoria. This is then transmitted to the seven Popular Republics (as well as the federal state of Valtoria) that form the Union, which may then adjust the curriculum with some flexibility.
The public education system is divided into cycles.
The first cycle through which the student must pass is the Primary Cycle. This cycle encompasses the time span between a student’s arrival into the education system (necessarily having celebrated their fifth birthday) and the rough beginning of their adolescence (at the age of eleven). This cycle is a generalised course to acustom students to mathematics, critical thinking, comprehension, analysis, and other key skills that will be used in future cycles and courses.
The second cycle through which the student must pass is the Secondary Cycle. This cycle encompasses some of the important formation years for the student, from the seventh to the tenth year of education. These four years are largely a stepping stone to identify the student’s strongest points and lead them in that direction. It is not precisely professional specialisation, but it is where the options begin to be narrowed down.
The third cycle is the Tertiary Cycle, encompassing from the tenth to the twelfth year of education. This cycle is arguably the most important cycle for the student, as it is where they are expected to progress the most. It is the cycle of professional specialisation and where students most fervently search for their individual calling in life. This is also the first cycle from which students may decide to withdraw from further education if they so wish. Deciding to
After the Tertiary Cycle, students have two paths. They may accept the mandatory enlistment from the Eothasi military and serve their obligatory service year (excluding training), then returning to civilian life (or remaining if they so choose), or they may proceed to the next cycle of education.
This next cycle is known as the University Cycle. The number of years of education undertaken in the University Cycle varies greatly, although the average is roughly five. These are significantly more specialised years than those of the first three cycles of education, as the student will have already chosen a major and will study subjects directly related to that major. This cycle must be completed in order for the student to continue into the next cycles, known as the Master and Doctoral Cycle. It is here where a student achieves the internationally standardised Masters’ or Doctor’s degree, once they’ve completed their thesis.
Though the Eothasi people and government understand and often use the internationally accepted calendar when speaking to people of another culture, it is widely known that Eothasia itself follows a slightly different calendar.
The list of months and holidays (called “Annum”s in Eothasia) are as follow:
- Verimensis (Annum: First Day)
- Nubulis (Annum: Wintersend)
- Eluviesta (Annum: Unification Day)
- Ferventis (Annum: Summerday)
- Matrinalis (Annum: All Soul’s Day)
- Umbralis (Annum: Feast of Starlight)
- Cassus (Annum: Satinalia)
- First Day: The traditional start of the year, this holiday involves visits to neighbours and family, as well as a town gathering to commemorate the year past, accompanied by drinking and merriment.
- Wintersend: This holiday is a celebration of Lavernia and her accomplishments. It stands for the end of winter in many lands and coincides with tourneys and contests at the Proving Grounds in Norcrest. In southern lands, this holiday has become a day of gathering for trade, theater, and ceremonies. Most, however, simply participate as a day of mere celebration.
- Unification Day: This holiday is one that dates to Eluviesta 14, 1681 with the proclamation of the republic in the form of the United Eothasi Kingdoms. In 1913, Eluviesta 14 also served as the date in which the constituent assembly approved the Popular Constitution, thus bringing about the Union of Eothasi Soviet Republics.
- Summerday: This holiday is universally celebrated as the beginning of summer, a time for joy and, commonly, marriage.
- All Soul’s Day: This holiday is known across Eothasia as All Soul’s Day and spent in somber remembrance of the dead. In some northern lands, the people dress as spirits and walk the streets in a parade after midnight.
- Feast of Starlight: Usually coinciding with the harvest of crops in the Union, the Feast of Starlight is a week-long feast honouring Auriel and the stars in the sky, which are believed to be symbols of Auriel’s eternal guarding of Eothasia.
- Satinalia: This holiday is accompanied by wild celebration, the wearing of masks, and carnivals [including games, including races, dancing contests, archery contests, and others] all across Eothasia. This holiday lasts an entire week, with the celebrations starting each night at 8pm and ending at around 4am.
The calculation of a year in Eothasia is also quite different. The calendar starts in the year 1681 CE (international calendar), as the beginning of a new century after the decision to unite Eothasia. From then, the calendar began as 0:1. The first digit is the age; every age is one hundred years, and is the Eothasi equivalent to a Century. Specifically, the age counts how many centuries have passed since Eothasia first appeared as a unified nation. The second digit is the year of that Age. In the Eothasia calendar, 3:19 is equivalent to 2000; 3:39 is 2020. This is all designated A.U., for After Unification. For the time before the establishment of Eothasia (or B.U., Before Unification), the digit of the age is set in negatives. For instance, the year 750 would be -9:31 in the Eothasi calendar.