First Crusade

First Crusade
Part of the Crusades
1280px-Counquest of Jeusalem (1099).jpg
Date1095 - 1097
Location
Serujalem
Result
  • Crusader Victory
  • Mending of the schism between western and eastern Christianity
Territorial
changes
  • Several areas of Anatolos are restored to Rhomaion Rule
  • Capture of Serujalem and the establishment of crusader states
  • Belligerents
    Crusaders
    • Papal States
    • Angel Mountains Empire
    • Ripuaran Empire
    • Kingdom of Lindenholt
    • Duchy of Stelten
    Eastern Allies
    • RhomaionArchaic.png Rhomaion Empire
    • Kingdom of Armenia
    Islamic forces
    • Ashuyyad Caliphate
    • Mohajeb Sultunate

    The First Crusade was the first of several crusades against Islamic forces, primarily over control of Serujalem. It was initiated with Rhomaion ambitions to recapture Serujalem along with the denial of Christians to visit the Holy Land by the Ashuyyads. It began with conquests in Anatolos and went on towards the Holy Land, which fell to the Ashuyyads in 1028.

    Historical Context

    The end of the Rhomaion Golden Ages was marked by the decline of the Rhomaion Empire's power and influence and the rise in power and prestige of rival Empires in the Latin west. A mild internal crisis made defending the Empire's eastern edges difficult, which were quickly lost to Islamic advances. The Rhomaion Empire lost control of the Holy Land in 1028. Unlike the previous fall of Serujalem from Rhomaion rule in the 8th century, the Rhomaions were unable to recapture it and were substantially out-rivaled in military capacity. Soon, the Ashuyyads began denying Christian pilgrims their ability to visit the Holy Lands in 1093. Angering both western and eastern Christians, the stage was set for a holy war.

    The Crusade

    Initiation

    The Rhomaion Emperor Basil III reached out to Pope Clement IV for assistance by sending several envoys to the Council of Picenza in 1094. Responding favorably, in hopes to mend the schism between western and eastern Christianity through assisting the east in their time of need, the Pope agreed to send military assistance from Latin Ventismar. He traveled western Ventismar and delivered speeches addressing topics such as the denial of Christian pilgrims' rights to visit the holy lands, the persecution and violent conversions of eastern Christians under Islamic rulers, and the just-war doctrine to rationalize a holy war. Additionally, he added that all who would take arms for the struggle would be guaranteed salvation in heaven. Enthusiastic crowds responded with cries of Deus vult! ("God wills it!"). This marked the declaration of the first crusade.

    False Starts

    While the campaign of Pope Clement IV of riling up crowds of people was intended for the nobility, his speeches were written and repeated to smaller villages and towns by their local priests. This led to a great many peasants across Western Ventismar leaving their farms and villages in favour of seeking combat and riches in the crusade.

    Campaigns in Anatolos

    Once western crusaders reached the gates of Constantinople in April 14th, 1095, Basil III officially declared war against the Ashuyyads. The vast numbers of the crusaders overwhelmed Ashuyyad defenses and quickly restored those lands to Rhomaion rule.

    Continued march to Serujalem

    The crusaders quickly proceded down the coast of Centismar and encountered little resistance due to their size. The governor of Serujalem, Thaamir al-Rabbani, began expelling Christians from the holy land and surrounding territories to avoid resistance from treason. Most of them resettled in Rhomaion-ruled areas of Anatolos.