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The National Directorate of Notreceau
Direction Nationale de Notreceau
|Government||Elective Stratocratic Technocracy|
• Directeur National
• Including overseas territory
|2,496,816 km2 (964,026 sq mi)|
|988,368 km2 |
381,611 sq mi
• 2018 estimate
• 2016 census
|52/km2 (134.7/sq mi)|
• Per capita
|ISO 3166 code||.NDN|
The National Directorate of Notreceau (commonly referred to as Notreceau or simply The Directorate) is an elective stratocratic technocracy located on the continents of Ordia and Ashizwe in the world. Notreceau is comprised of nine (9) regional departments in Metropolitan Notreceau and seven (7) overseas departments globally. The national capital and seat of government is located in Réuvières within Metropolitan Notreceau. Notreceau shares land borders with Temuair, Curonia and Dniegua.
Metropolitan Notreceau is home to over 71 million people with a total land area of 988,368 km2 making it one of the most industrially developed and densely populated areas in the world. Overseas Notreceau by stark contrast is home to over 58 million people and encompasses 1,508,448 km2, making it far less densely populated by comparison. Overseas Notreceau also features an economy primarily based around mineral extraction, agriculture and light industry.
Metropolitan Notreceau has a varied geography, with rolling planes dominating the center and northern parts of the country. The northwest is dominated by the Alpes mountain range that runs between the border with Temuair, while the southern area along the Ensoleillé peninsula is comprised primarily of coastal lowlands and gentle hills that reach into the interior of the area. The East of the Metropole is a collection of rolling hills and densely forested areas that stretch all the way to the Dnieguan border. Overseas Notreceau has a diverse and varied geography ranging from vast deserts and savannas in the north to thick jungles in the central and southern portions.
Since the 1950s Notreceau has established itself as a leading manufacturing economy within the world, utilizing a dirigistic planning model. Notreceau's ability to manufacture large amounts of high quality, finished products makes it one of the premier exporters on the Ordian continent. Although tentative, aggressive planning policies and land use regulations allow Metropolitan Notreceau to maintain basic food self-sustainability greatly aided by importation of raw foodstuffs and agricultural products from its overseas territories. Because of its reputation for high quality industrial products, especially in the metal working, automotive and arms production fields, Notreceau is often called the "Forge of Ordia."
Since the 1940s Notreceau has become ever the more dependent on the raw natural resources extracted from its overseas possessions in order to maintain its high industrial output. This has lead to a burgeoning mining and raw extraction industry within the overseas territories, although few of these resources are exported to foreign nations. Overseas Notreceau is often commonly referred to as "The Breadbasket of the Directorate," because of the large amount of agricultural products it exports to both the metropole and foreign nations.
The first recorded name for the area comprising portions of modern day Notreceau appears in the "Rex et Patria" declaration dated to 503 B.C. where the territory is referred to as "Salsuginis," literally "The Rolling Plains" in the archaic Patrian language. Prior to this the territory was known by a variety of names, most notably Terarbres by the indigenous Premcêtre peoples. Between the foundation of the Patrian Empire and its eventual collapse in 451 A.D. Salsuginis was the official name for all territories inhabited by Patrians west of the Alpes Mountain, growing to include most of modern day Notreceau during the conquest of the Proto-Notreceauen tribes and supplanting local names as the Patrian language became dominant. Usage of the name Salsuginis was commonplace until at least 600 A.D.
During the reign and especially following the collapse of the old Patrian Empire, a gradual linguistic evolution as a result of the intermixing of local languages and the Patrian language occurred resulting in the Neo-Patrian languages, of which modern Notreceauen is a member. The first recorded use of Notreceau to refer to the territory occurs in the charter of the city of Réuvières in 345 A.D. in which the citizens of the city declare "The land of the people shall be a cradle and thus we proclaim it as such, Notreceau, Our Cradle." The name would not gain common usage domestically or internationally until the conquests of the Nivaible Confederacy and subsequent proclamation of the Kingdom of Notreceau in 597 A.D. Although the territory was still referred to as Salsuginis in Temuair until at least the 14th Century A.D.
Notreceau is a unitary stratocratic technocracy with an elective head of state. The structure of the Notreceauen state arose after the 1963 General's Coup instituted the Charter of the Notreceauen Directorate in 1963. The Charter established the structure of the government, laws and regulations regarding citizenship, and the nationalization of religious institutions among other things.
The primary components of the National Directorate of Notreceau are the Marshal of the National Directorate, The National Director, and the various departments and department heads within the governmental bureaucracy. Due to the structure of the government outlined in the 1963 Charter, the government can be described as a flowing hierarchy with department heads appointed and reporting to the National Director and the National Director being directly appointed and serving at the discretion of the Marshal.
Marshal of the National Directorate
The highest position in the Notreceauen government is the Marshal of the National Directorate, which is an elective position responsible for matters of state within the Notreceaun executive. The Marshal exercises limited influence and authority within the Notreceauen government and is primarily responsible for maintaining national cohesion and representing Notreceauen on the world stage. Outside of ceremonial and diplomatic roles, the Marshal does conduct two vital services within the the day-to-day function of the Notreceauen government. Primarily the Marshal serves as Commander-in-chief of the Notreceauen military, holding the highest military rank attainable within the command structure of the Notreceauen armed forces. The Marshal is also responsible for appointing the National Director who serves as the unelected head of government. The National Director serves at the behest of the Marshal and may be replaced at any time, though this is unusual with most Marshal's serving their term in conjunction with a single National Director.
The Marshal of the National Directorate serves for a five (5) year term upon election with no term limits imposed. In order to be considered for candidacy for the Marshalship an individual must be a natural born citizen, forty five (45) years of age, has currently been an active member of the Notreceauen military for ten (10) consecutive years, and possess the minimum rank of Général de brigade or service equivalent.
The Charter of the Notreceauen Directorate maintains that the only circumstance upon which a sitting Marshal may be forcibly removed from office is in the event that he or she attempts to circumvent, usurp or otherwise replace the Charter.
The National Director of the Notreceauen government serves as the head of government and is directly appointed by and serves at the discretion of the sitting Marshal of Notreceau. Although unelected, the National Director's tenure is almost always tied closely to the electoral fates of the Marshal who appointed them. The National Director's primary duties include conducting executive operations (including but not limited to; creating and enacting executive orders, appointing diplomats and regulatory officers and enforcing law on the national level), appointing the directors of the various departments that make up the bulk of the Notreceauen government, and approving all national-level legislation proposed by the various departments.
Because National Directors serve at the behest and pleasure of the Marshal of Notreceau they can be replaced at any time, though this is an unusual occurrence and most National Directors have historically served until the tenure of their Marhsal ended. Although the only official criteria for Directorship is five (5) concurrent years of active military service; historically National Directors have been persons aged forty (40) or older, of good moral character, and natural born citizens of the National Directorate who have obtained the rank of colonel or service equivalent. Upon appointment to National Director individuals receive the rank "General de armee" in the Notreceauen Directorial Army.
National Departments of the Directorate
Due to its technocratic and bureaucratic nature, the day-to-day function of the National Directorate's government is highly reliant on a series of specialized National Departments responsible for formulating policy and legislature on issues pertaining to their respective specialties. Each National Department is headed by a Director who is appointed by the National Director of Notreceau. The various departments generally also have sub-departments headed by sub-directors, for example the Department of the Interior contains the Department of Infrastructure and Transportation, and is headed by the Director of the Department of Infrastructure. Department directors appoint any sub-directors that may exist under their preview.
Because Department heads are appointed by the National Director their tenure is normally tied to the tenure of the National Director, however there is generally not a high level of turnover in the lower and mid-level of the departments leaving a broad continuation of policies throughout administrations.
List of National Departments and Function
|Department of the Interior||Lambert Plourde||Responsible for maintaining and administrating government land, collecting tax, conducting the census, maintaining and building infrastructure, energy and wildlife regulation.||Department of Land and Natural Resources, Department of Tax and Census, Department of Energy, Department of Wildlife Compliance and Regulation, Department of the Treasury and National Bank, and the Department of Infrastructure and Zoning.|
|Department of Industry||Adrienne Fabien||Responsible for devising the national central economic plan, industrial regulation, mining regulation, labor regulations, maintaining and operating government owned industry, agriculture and fishing, technological innovation and space exploration, patent enforcement, and trade.||Department of Labor, Department of Agriculture, Department of Mining and Resource Extraction, Department of Innovation and Exploration, Department of Trademark Compliance and the Department of Commerce.|
|Department of Justice and Enforcement||Matthias Trembley||Responsible for administrating and maintaining national law enforcement agencies, national intelligence agencies, administrating and maintaining national courts and judiciaries, and maintaining border security.||Department of Investigation, Department of Internal Security, Department of the Judiciary, and the Department of the Gendarme.|
|Department of National Defense||Léon Blanc||Responsible for maintaining and administrating the various armed forces of Notreceau, military intelligence, military technology development, military procurement and conscription compliance and management.||Department of the Army, Department of the Navy, Department of the Air Force, Department of the National Defense Force, Department of the National Maritime Defense Force, Department of Procurement and Logistics, Department of National Service and the Department of Defense Research and Development.|
|Department of Health and Personnel||Albert Blanchette||Responsible for regulation of the medical industry and hospitals, government aid and social programs, urban development and public housing and religious affairs and clerical management.||Department of Medical Affairs, Department of Social Care, Department of Religious Affairs and the Department of Urban Growth and Housing.|
|Department of Public Confidence and Accountability||Jean Duluth||A special department organized as a commission consisting of the respective heads of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The only department that exists outside the purview of the Marshal or the National Director, the DPCA is responsible for ensuring that no government action violates the National Charter.||Not Applicable|
Notreceau's unique elective system makes political parties in the traditional sense largely irrelevant within Notreceauen political life. Because candidates for Marshal must be high ranking active duty officers of the Notreceauen military, the vast majority of platforms are devised on a by-candidate basis rather than a consistent party-line basis. However it is not uncommon for groups of notable and high ranking officers to band together into temporary "cadres" in support of candidates for Marshal. These cadres often conduct the majority of public speaking and rally organization for candidates, while private non-military citizens or organizations often provide funding for campaigns.
Because Marshal's serve five year terms, the campaign cycle normally begins at the end of the third year of a Marshal's term. During this time influential or publicly visible officers will normally start to congregate around a candidate (or in the case of the incumbent begin speaking about the upcoming election) and private groups will begin to organize funding coalitions. The deadline for registering for the election is six months before election day, on the deadline all registered officers standing for the Marshalship are granted leave to pursue the campaign trail (this is called the "Guerre en fauteuil" or "Armchair War" colloquially.)
While there have been some deviations throughout history, the majority of Marshals have been broadly described as center-left to right wing on the political spectrum.
Notreceau is divided at the highest level into sixteen (16) Departments, nine (9) of which are located in Metropolitan Notreceau and seven (7) of which are located throughout Overseas Notreceau. Within these Departments there exists a variety of smaller administrative subdivisions including arrondissements (comparable to county level government), cantons (comparable to township level government) and communes (comparable to town or city level government). There are also five (5) urban cantons (large cities with a series of communes within them) three (3) of which are in Metropolitan Notreceau and two (2) of which are located in Overseas Notreceau; the capital city of Réuvières is one such city containing twenty (20) communes.
Departments of Notreceau
|Department||Department Capital||Population||Largest City||Overseas/Metropolitan|
|Pays de l'océan||Passerville||TBD||Passerville||Metropolitan|
|Côteiux||Ville de Pont||TBD||Côteville||Metropolitan|
|Cenbijou||Nouvelle Réuvières||TBD||Nouvelle Réuvières||Overseas|
Citizenship and National Identity
Unlike many countries around the world, Notreceau does not grant citizenship on the basis of jus soli (commonly known as birthright citizenship.) Instead, Notreceau grants citizenship by birth on the basis of jus sanguinis, in this instance meaning that at least one parent of the child must already posses Notreceauen citizenship for them to be automatically granted citizenship. This policy was adopted following the the 1963 General's Coup as a preventative measure meant to ensure foreign nationals could not infiltrate the nation during a period of national crisis or emergency. Prior to the 1963 General's Coup the 2nd Republic of Notreceau did utilize jus soli and any of those granted citizenship under this previous policy were permitted to retain their citizenship.
Children born to foreign parents who have been residents of the nation for at least five (5) years are eligible to begin the process to obtain citizenship at the age of thirteen. At the age of eighteen (18) these persons are granted citizenship so long as they have maintained residency during this time period.
The National Charter of Notreceau defines the following basic credentials for attaining citizenship:
- The applicant has been a legal resident of Notreceau for five (5) consecutive years.
- The applicant is of good moral and legal standing with no history of violence or political subversion.
- The applicant is willing to renounce citizenship of any their home nation.
- The applicant has no other disqualifying factors.
Upon acquisition of citizenship, immigrants under the age of forty five (45) must register with the Department of National Service in order to complete their mandatory (3) years of national service. Notreceau likewise reserves the right to strip the citizenship of any non-natural born citizen, should they act against the interest of the Notreceauen state.
Beginning in the early 1800s racial segregation, oppression, religious suppression and near-apartheid conditions instituted by Metropolitan Notreceauens against the native populaces of the territories was made official policy within Overseas Notreceau. These policies, known as "Notre Jardin" (Our Garden) were viewed as the most efficient way to maintain control and the best policy to exploit the natural resources within Overseas Notreceau. These policies came to a violent head beginning in 1954, initiating a period known in Notreceau as "Les Terreurs" (The Terrors). From 1954 to 1965, bombing campaigns, terroristic shootings, assassinations and open military resistance to Notreceauen rule wracked the overseas territories. This period was eventually ended after elevated military intervention and progressive policies established by the National Charter of Notreceau were instituted by the post-1963 General's Coup government.
In order to create a culture of reconciliation and acceptance, the National Charter of Notreceau took specific measures to define and describe the national identity of the nation to ensure that a period like Les Terreurs never occurred again. The National Charter of Notreceau describes the people of Notreceau as; "Those who are in possession of Notreceauen nationality, speak the common language, and accept and embrace the common and uniting customs and cultural traditions of the nation." This definition is intentionally devoid of any ethnic or religious qualifiers in order to foster these new ideas of cultural and civic nationalism. The Charter further clarifies that "Notreceau shall be an indivisible nation, bound by the commonality of its traditions and customs. It shall ensure the equality of all citizens before the law, without distinction of national origin, race or religion."
The National Charter makes special mention of the "National Identity" and "Spirit of the Nation," defining both as a "Culmination of our linguistic traditions, cultural customs and moral attitude." The intent of these statements and the laws that back them was to create a new definition of "Notreceauen" free of the ethnic attitudes that dominated the nation for much of its history. This attitude of civic as opposed to ethnic nationalism has dominated both public policy and public opinion since its institution in the 1960s and remains the only official government stance on who and what the Notreceauen people are.
In order to propagate these new ideas, the new post-1963 General's Coup government conducted a series of reparation payments and development programs between 1970 and 1990 throughout the Overseas territories. Likewise, education in both the territories and the metropole began placing a special emphasis on the language of the nation as well as traditional cultural activities that were secular in nature. In doing so the National Charter and the new government made great strides in expanding the idea of "Notreceauen Identity" to traditionally oppressed people in the Overseas Territories.
The National Charter forbids the Department of Tax and Census from making inquiries about the ethnic and ancestral origins of citizenry. While estimates about the racial and ethnic makeup of the Notreceauen people from third parties are common, no official government figures on the ethnic makeup of the country exist.