United States of America
United States of America
Motto: "In God We Trust"
Anthem: "The Star Spangled Banner"
United States territory (dark blue)
|Largest city||New York City|
|Official languages||None at federal level|
|Recognised national languages||English|
|Recognised regional languages||Spanish|
|Clarence Wiggins (R)|
• Vice President
|Fredrick Itcheon (R)|
|House of Representatives|
|July 4, 1776|
|March 1, 1781|
• Treaty of Paris
|September 3, 1783|
|June 21, 1788|
• Bill of Rights
|September 25, 1789|
• Last State Admitted
|July 4, 1976|
• Last Amendment
|May 5, 1992|
|4,826,199.99 sq mi (12,499,800.6 km2) (3rd)|
• 2019 estimate
|74.04/sq mi (28.6/km2)|
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2019)|| 51.2|
|Currency||United States Dollar ($)|
|ISO 3166 code||US|
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The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (US or U.S.) or America, is a country primarily located in central North America, between Canada and Mexico. It consists of 46 states, a federal district, twelve self-governing territories, and several other island possessions. At 4.8 million square miles (12.4 million square kilometers), it is the world's second largest country by total area. With a population of over 383 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City.
Government and Politics
The United States is a federal and constitutional republic, and a representative democracy. American citizens are subject to three levels of government in the federalist system, federal, state, and local (county, city, state, etc).
The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances, with three branches of government, the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial.
The Legislative branch is made up of a bicameral Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.
House of Representatives
The House of Representatives has 352 voting members and 106 non-voting members, each representing a congressional district of 750,000 for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among the states and territories by population. Each state and territory then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment carried out every ten years. The District of Columbia and the twelve major territories, as stated in the 22nd Amendment, each have members in the House based on population and census apportionment, although they cannot vote. Each state and territory is guaranteed at least one Representative, regardless of having reached the 750,000 mark.
The House chooses a speaker every new congress (two years) who leads and directs the House. Each party chooses a leader, who either serves as the House majority or minority leader. The current leaders are:
- Speaker of the House: Meghan Quimby (R)
- House Majority Leader: Arthur McDonald (R)
- House Minority Leader: Steny Hoyer (D)
The Senate has 92 members with each state having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one-third of Senate seats are up for election every two years. The District of Columbia and the nine major U.S. territories do not have senators.
The Senate is administered by the vice president, who casts a vote in the event of a tie. Each party chooses a leader, who either serves as the Senate majority or minority leader. The longest-serving senator is elected as president pro-tempore of the Senate, who is placed as third in the presidential line of succession. The current leaders are:
- President pro tempore: William Markwells (R)
- Senate Majority Leader: Joshua Smith (R)
- Senate Minority Leader: Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D)
The Executive branch is made up of the President and cabinet. The president is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to congressional override), and appoints the members of the Cabinet (subject to Senate approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.
Present and Vice President
Both the president and vice president serve a four-year term and may be elected any number of times. The president and vice president are not elected by direct vote, but rather by an indirect electoral college system in which the determining votes are apportioned to the states and the District of Columbia based on Representatives in the House and Senators.
- President: Clarence Wiggins (R)
- Vice President: Fredrick Itcheon (R)
- Secretary of State: Matthew Issacson (I)
- Secretary of the Treasury: Penelope Goldwater (R)
- Secretary of Defense: Harrison O'Long (R)
- Attorney General: George P. Vanderbelt (R)
- Secretary of the Interior: Anthony Douglass (R)
- Secretary of Agriculture: Susan McCain (R)
- Secretary of Infrastructure: Hebrew Clark (R)
- Secretary of Health and Human Services: Charlie Van Buren (R)
- Secretary of Education: Isabelle Jacobson (ID)
- Secretary of Homeland Security: Catherine Lewis (ID)
The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the president with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional. The Supreme Court, the highest court in the United States, holds 9 Justices, who are appointed by the president, confirmed by the Senate, and serve for life or until resignation.
- Chief Justice George Kelks
- Justice Clark Ford
- Justice Anthony Rushaw
- Justice Rossaline Turf
- Justice Parker Dane Jr.
- Justice Agustine Marino
- Justice Charlslie P. Barrett
- Justice Mathew Homeweather
- Justice Joseph B. Arson