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Motto: ꡉꡈꡀꡄꡆꡈꡀꡈ ꡆꡎꡍꡆꡅꡔꡕ
Anthem: Gǒng Jīn'ōia (Cup of Solid Gold)
|Map of Akai|
Map of Akai
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Various local dialects|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Totalitarian Absolute monarchy|
|Hulang I Huieke Lazin|
|Long Zhanshi |
|Legislature||Conclave and Enclave|
|The Enlightened Conclave|
|The Enlightened Enclave|
|13th December 1923|
|6,930,750 km2 (2,675,980 sq mi)|
• 2012 census
|30.6/km2 (79.3/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||(2014) estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||(2015) estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Lazin-yuan (¥) (=100 Kuai) (LZY)|
• Summer (DST)
|Date format||dd-mm-yyyy CE|
Akai, officially the The Holy and Exalted Dituate or archaicly known as the God-Empire of Akai (Gongsan: 帝土國, Wannengxu: ꡊꡞꡈꡟꡂꡟꡡ) is a sovereign nation located in the Tempesta ocean of Cornellia. Akai is a absolute monarchy governed by the Ditu - the quasi-theocratic monarch of the current and his oligarchical council called the Grand Conclave, with the centers of government in the capital city of Xuanjing and the palaces of Xungong and Xiaoxiagong. Akai as a collection of islands situated in the south Tempesta ocean, south-west of the continent Ayaca and Acheron and south-east of the Shrailleen. It exercises control over a variety of aristocratic feudal clans, bureaucratic cities and integrated territories due to its quasi-feudal government. Akai geographically is a large nation that covers an area of 6,930,750 km2 and has a large total population of 212,652,365 as of 2015.
Akai has been continuously inhabited since the Middle Paleolithic period, being a cradle of civilisation with the oldest traces dating back to 4000 BCE. After the unification of most of present-day Akai under the first Akai Dituate of the now extinct Yaohaung Clan in 1625 BC, Akai enjoyed thousands of years of continuous history under various dynasties with occasional civil wars and succession crises. The country was long divided after the death of the last Baermali Ditu - Ditu Haunggo VI Dahuang Baermali died without an heir. His brothers and his illegitimate son Qin Qigo Lazin eventually left the formerly unified country divided in into the five empires of Keng, Lazinato, Xuan, Yaosai and Zhaoze. This period left Akai mired in an age of imperial wars, expansion and civil wars as well as also encouraging a flourishing of art and regional cultures long suppressed. The only part of Akai aligned with the Cornellian Empire, the empire of Lazinato separated during the reign of Tiberius Gallus, enjoying their status as the maritime taxmen, marines and naval ally of the empire for the good part of four centuries. In the aftermath of their bloody rebellion lead by Emperor Zhou IV Lazin which ravaged the Cornellian Empire and left the city of Belisarium in ruin. Emperor Zhou IV began his invasion of the collapsing Akai Empires on the mainland in 1984 however due to his son and his own demise in 1985 it left Lazinato in the hands of Lord-Regent Jieke Shieke Lang and the young Emperor Sunzhi I Suao-Li Lazin. The unification of Akai took thirty years and eventually resulted in three factions dominating - the Lazinatoese Grand Empire of Akai, the Ghantish backed Baermali League for Unification and the communistic Zhixuakai. Eventually, thanks to the diplomacy of Sunzhi and a Ghantish prince - Laurence of Akai unification was achieved in 1923.
After 1923 Akai was lead by Ditu Sunzhi who spent most of his time conciliating the power of the Akai, rebuilding the infrastructure of the country and repairing international relations damaged by his regent and his grandfather's actions with the assistance of Prince Laurence Gentry. His son who succeeded him in 1964, Ditu Long I Song Lazin, was widely considered inept and dominated by his tyrannical wife Dihei Youxian. However, the defining character of most recent Akai history was Ditu Jieke I Jilong Lazin. He was responsible for the modernization of the Akai economy, armed forces, its survival during the 20th centuries, the outlawing of slavery within its borders, and Akai's totalitarian nature today. He is also one of the few individuals who has used nuclear weapons and is also partially responsible for Akai's appalling human rights situation today. His son and the current Ditu Hulang I Huieke Lazin is the current Ditu although due his age and inexperience most of the country today is jointly administered by his uncle Prince-Regent Sanfu Lazin and the Grand Conclave although he is making more and more efforts to become politically active.
The Akai government officially describes itself as an aristocratic absolute monarchy with neo-legalist characteristics, but is widely considered a totalitarian securocractic stratocratic absolute monarchy with strong feudal element and a theocratic cult around the Lazins and in particular the Lazin Black Branch of Emperors and Ditus and is incorporated into the canon of Baiqiang. The Dituate is described as being extremely kratocratic in nature, with internal factions especially after Jieke's demise embracing great deals of infighting for power and position.
Today Akai is considered to be a power of some description, maintain a realist foreign policy which has been especially after the demise of Jieke beginning to form closer ties. Akai is considered to be a industrializing semi-developed country, with the country having an above average human development index. The issue of human rights in Akai is believed to be incredibly poor, rivalling nations such as Rietumimark or Arbites Materia. Several organisations have accused the Akai government (under Jieke and Youxian) of Policide, Politicide and human rights violations accounting to war crimes such as the use of nuclear and chemical weapons. They also claim that the government is sheltering war criminals of noble birth within its borders. The Akai government ignores all mentions of these officially with token recognition of the events even occurring. Akai is also noted to possess extreme population pressure, with its population having an increase of 1.778 over 14 years with the trend expected to continue thanks to natalist policies enacted. This has lead to the population is disproportionately young, with over 60% being under the age of 26.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Prehistory
- 2.2 Pre-Dituate
- 2.3 The Dituates
- 2.4 The Guan Dituate
- 2.5 The Baermali
- 2.6 The Falling Ashes Period
- 2.7 The Five Empires
- 2.8 The unification of Akai
- 2.9 Sunzhi
- 2.10 Long
- 2.11 Long's Regency
- 2.12 Jieke
- 2.13 Hulang
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Administrative divisions
- 5 Geography
- 6 Environment
- 7 Economy
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Culture
The term Akai is derived from the Han term Dakai (Han:大剀) meaning "The Great Victory" or "the Great Conquest." However, this is not the term the polity ruling the country attributes to itself, preferring to call itself the Holy and Exalted Dituate (Akai: 帝土國 Gongsan: Dìtǔguó / Dìsǔgiaó). This is due to the Dituate being fundamentality being centred around the monarchy of Akai, with the first idea of it as a polity is that is a government in service to the first Ditu, Shouditu from which all of its legitimacy is derived from.
The Guan Dituate
The Falling Ashes Period
The Five Empires
The unification of Akai
The Kengese revolt
The Baijian insurrection
The Tempesta War
The Jieke mircle
Government and politics
The Dituate of Akai is officially an absolute monarchy with its monarchs hailing from Clan Lazin, ruled with influences from the Kuaiyan ideology formulated under Ditu Jieke. In practice however it is frequently often seen to be a totalitarian Suduist securocractic stratocratic absolute monarchy with strong corporatist influences. Akai is dominated by bureaucratic and technocratic functions as well as a persuasive aristocracy. To this end it is often characterised as being quasi-feudal however, this was discredited the modern people inquired into the secretive nation with the Ditu retaining huge powers over the aristocracy and especially when Ditu Jieke completed the Datong reforms (Gongsan:大同維新 Wannengxu:ꡃꡀꡓꡎꡍꡆ ꡆꡇꡄꡕꡆꡍꡈꡍ ) Akai was more often compared to totalitarian states like Arbites or Rietumimark.
Akai is internationally condemned for its complete rejection of international human rights as well and international law. Akai has repeatedly demonstrated opposition to the very notion of rights and liberties, instead favouring "obliteration of self" in service of the Ditu. The Ditu claims sovereignty and the right to rule the world but the Akai state is directly administered by the Dituate. The Ditu retains absolute power in Akai, with his proclamations used as laws, with the Ditu being the fundamental source of legitimacy in that field. Legally the Ditu is considered the head of state and head of government, however, a wide variety of ministries, councils and other aristocratic institutions divide up power.
As the currently reigning Ditu, The Yinmi Ditu Hulang Lazin of the House and Clan of Lazin, he fills the role of Ditu and serves as the leader and ruler of all major governing functions. the second most prominent position in Akai is that of Regent, only used when the Ditu is too young, wishes to delegate his authority or is incapable of ruling. The office was restored with the early death of the Xionghe Ditu Jieke Lazin in 2014, leaving the position to be taken by Prince Sanfu Lazin. The Position of Grand Councillor is also a significant one, often serving as the "highest among peers" for members of the Grand Secretariat or the Department of State Affairs, often demonstrating the Ditu's favour. The Grand Councillor also occupies the role and title of Imperial Preceptor, which the position originally evolved out of, giving the Grand Councillor the authority to speak on the behalf of the Ditu. Major institutions in Akai include the Grand Conclave, the Council of Princes and High Officials and the Conclave of Clans, Department of State Affairs, Orders of National Defence, among others.
Akai remains one of the few existing absolute monarchies in Cornellia, with the Ditu (Gongsan:帝土 Wannengxu:ꡃꡈꡓꡕ) possessing absolute legal, secular and religious power to dictate what he pleases. The Dituate is passed on by hereditary right to whoever the Ditu dictates can inherit, however, the framework and conventions surrounding it has lead to the preference to the Ditu's own children with candidates who are distant relations being shunned. It is also practised that only members of the House of Lazin can inherit, and further restrictions or preference is placed on at least being patrilineally descended from the Ditu. This means in practice that female heirs are unlikely to be selected unless they are married to a male Lazin to which they would become co-monarchs, in a sense sharing the title. However, this is considered a position of last resort be the Akai and is highly unlikely in any situation other than the mass extinction of the male line.
In the Dituguo all law is derived from the Ditu as well as all authority due to the innately religious nature of the position resulted in early translations of the position rendered as "God-Emperor" although it is more accurately rendered as "God on Soil/Earth". When the Dituate was restored in 1923 under Ditu Sunzhi I Lazin, while it de jure retained absolute and secular power, it, in essence, acted closer to an uncodified convention based constitutional monarchy.
The origins of the title Ditu come from the long past in 3625 BC although the Akai themselves claim an even earlier date. He founded a great religion around himself, declaring himself the reincarnation of the deity Jinzhu and the Shoutditu - using a mask of obsidian as a testament to that. He was said to be inspired by the thirteen monoliths and began to create the palaces of Xungong to contain them, however, Xungong is far older than any sign of his reign. He combined his religious power along with his secular power to emerge as the prominent codifier of Tiandao Jiao texts, as well as protector of the Akai people and furthermore became one of the most important figures in Akai history. Later on, his Akai Dituate would lead on to eventually assimilate all rival civilisations and eventually after several generations they became Akai. Akai succession varies on by the Clan, Clan Lazin, in particular, has a form of succession which allows the head of the dynasty to select his heirs and that of his other family members. The Ditu always must be male although there has been female Ditu's in the past who used a loophole to be considered male in the eyes of the law. The current Ditu is Hulang I Huike Lazin who is currently seventeen years of age. He is considered to be a strong willed character who lacks the controlling nature of his late father and previous Ditu Jieke I Jilong Lazin.
Thanks to the Ditu being unable to directly rule the nation due to his age an experience, the position of Regent was that of equal power to the Grand Conclave although it lacks the absolute power of the Ditu. The position is currently held by the head of the Guomin faction of reformists known as Prince-Regent Sanfu Salong Lazin. He is characterised by his softer approach to diplomacy and his anti-corruption and anti-Jituan policies which he has been trying to implement.
The Five Departments and Eight ministeries
- Grand Emissary of the Imperial Clan
- Department of State Affairs
- Ministry of Rites
- Lesser ministry of diplomacy with barbarian societies
- Lesser ministry of tribute from abroad
- Grand Mastery of War
- Ministry of Personnel
- Ministry of Revenue
- Lesser ministry of tribute from the nobles
- Lesser Ministry of Commerce
- Lesser Ministry of Peasant Prosperity
- Lesser Ministry of Filal development
- Lesser Ministry of Territory and Resources
- Lesser Ministry of Industry
- Ministry of Justice
- Lesser Ministry of Civil Affairs
- Lesser Ministry of Peasant Security
- Lesser Ministry of Public Security
- Ministry of Works
- Ministry of Agriculture
- Ministry of Environmental Harmony
- Ministry of Ceremonies
- Ministry of Rites
- Grand Conclave
- Department of the Palace
- Department of Secret Books
- Department of Service
The Grand Conclave
The Grand Conclave of Akai is widely considered to be where the de jure power of the Dituate lies after the demise of Jieke. It is, in essence, a corporatist body composed of heads of the various stakeholders in the Akai government. There are currently twenty members of the Grand Conclave are respectively:
- Prince-Regent and Grand Secretary: Sanfu Lazin
- Grandmaster of the Orders of National Defence and Master of the field: Unoccupied
- Colonel-Marshall: Qiang Lazin
- Master of the seas: Leimilian Tajin
- Master of the skies: Jiang Shang
- Censor-Marshal of the Geluxu: Molxue Woerjin
- Imperial Secretary of the department of State Affairs: Heng Ryuunguo
- Minister of Rites: Shou Mito
- Minister of Revenue: Li Hi
- Minister of Justice: Long Feng
- Ministry of Personnel: Tai Baermali
- Minister of Works: Fuchai Haituohua
- Colonel of the Gongan (Public security): Qinshashi Yuanguai
- The Most High Gunzhuzen: Jiazhang Liang
- The Most Holy Patriarch of the Celestial Church of Dawei: Aiguo Lazin
- The Imperial State Preceptor of the Ditu: Zhu-Di Lazin
- High Commandant of the guards: Chang Chan Mako
- Da Zhu of the Xuezhe Scholarly Order: Tashuizhu Taming Yeung
- Prince-Viceroy of Xinzuo: Qin Lazin
- Hegemon-King of Xuan: Hua Huaqin Qin Long Jialazin
- Dowager Dihei of Akai: Tingzi Maling Hei Ling Long Lazin
- Governor in Chief of Waidiyi: Prince Yanfeng Yalong Long Youxian Sunzhi Lazin
The Grand Conclave also has a position called the Grand Secretary of His Perfection who is considered the highest member of the organisation. The Last Grand secretary was Sanfu who took the position in 1990 in order to implement his economic liberalisation.
The Conclave of Clans
The Conclave of Clans is an institution which is made up out of the 61 "independent" aristocratic Clans which rule Akai. They represent a part of the nation's de facto legislature although they are effectively powerless thanks to the Ditu reserving the right to veto any choices they make and the Grand Conclave being, in reality, the seat of legislative activity. They operate effectively as a place for the aristocracy to voice their concerns currently and act on regional matters. It is composed of currently 8XX peers, representing different cities, castles and estates across the nation. All peerages are hereditary in character, however, rely upon the Ditu to legitimise the investiture of new nobles. It was a reformation of the Lazinatoese Clan Council which was applied on a national scale with Akai, with the original intent for it to serve as a balancing body to the Conclave of Peasants when realised however due to the dominance of the appointed Grand Conclave such a reality has not occurred.
The de facto defunct Enclave is the corporatist organisation which represents the lower classes of the Akai state. They lack any political power what so ever, being essentially a puppet of the Akai state to gather information about the public. It is composed of "guilds" which are represented via Sortition between allocated and educated citizens.
The Akai state divides Akai into five Regions - Keng, Lazinato, Xuan, Yaosai and Zhaoze. Beneath that there is 61 various territories where the local aristocratic clan is allowed to administer their territory within Akai law. There is also three areas which are currently used by the various factions of the Akai government's various agencies to administer the country.
Akai is a geographic landmass of around 6,885,018 square kilometres (2658320.3 square miles) which is surrounded by ocean at all sides with the Tempesta to the North, the Sea of Keng to the East, the Sea of Xuan to the south, and the Sea of Lazinato to the west. Akai is one of Cornellia's smaller continents, and one of its larger countries in terms of total area. The mainland of Akai is particularly varied geographically, with three main river systems providing large fertile river basins for Xuan, Yaosai and Zhaoze - the Muqin, the Shi-Tongdao and the Bang river. The north of Akai, Zhaoze and Haidao archipelago is predominately jungle with the Lubili rainforest domminating it - separating it from Xuan and serves a hub of diversity as well as crop cultivation. Xuan is mostly composed of vast grasslands utilised for farming. Yaosai is separated from Xuan on its own peninsula thanks to the Shan mountains, which house the tallest peak in Akai - Baishan. The south of the region is predominately hilly grasslands, were rice paddies are often found and the huge city of Laozhen. Keng is predominately shaped by the self-styled desert which dominates its south and core. The northern coast of Keng and the south west of it are known for its lush grasslands which are responsible for feeding its interior.
Akai geographically large enough so that the climate of the nation varies massively, with the south possessing a humid continental climate and a subtropical climate while the north in Zhaoze you find tropical rainforests and in Keng you find the arid deserts, vast sand dunes and semi-arid regions . The continent is predominately effected by a brief rainy season and the regional monsoons which the Akai call the Nushenbian which starts in July and ends in August, Xuan in particular is home to a few isolated pockets of rainforest and is predominately grassland, utilised for vast agriculture which feeds the majority of Akai's population. Lazinato, is well known for its mountainous terrain and deep local waters, something which has lead to the creation of many harbours in its lands. Akai has four distinct seasons; spring, summer, autumn and winter. Spring usually lasts from early-March to early- May, summer from mid-May to early-September, autumn from mid-September to late-October, and winter from early-November to mid-March.
Akai's rainfall is mostly influenced by the oceanic winds of the Tempesta and that of the Shrailleen sea, with rain being particularly common in Akai. Also thanks to the presence of the Zhaoze rainforests, Xuan, Lazinato and North Yaosai also suffer from very high rates of precipitation during the summer.
While much of Akai and in particular Keng is semi-arid or desert climate, the country includes a diverse range of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests, and is a known megadiverse country. Because of the continent's massively variable weather patterns, and greater geographic isolation from the rest of Cornellia, Akai has developed a unique and diverse biota. About 75% of flowering plants, 83% of mammals, more than 42% of birds, and 67% of in-shore, temperate-zone fish are almost entirely indigenous.
The majority Akai forests outside the tropical regions of Zhaoze and Haidao are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly Black Saxaul trees in the arid and desert regions. Among well-known Akai animals are the basilisks (pterosaurs); a numerous of marsupials, and birds such as the emu and the Hongniao. Akai is known to have a large number of dangerous and vicious animals such as snakes, Yaosai dragons and a variety of hyenas. Many animal and plant species became extinct during the 19th and 20th centuries thanks to a combination of over-hunting and environmental destruction.
Many of Akai's environments, and the species within those regions, are threatened by human activities and introduced foreign animal, fungal and plant species. Combined with the large profits of poaching, Akai suffers large numbers of possible species extinctions. While Akai does have a particularly strong conversation program in place to protect these species, there have been reports by observers of animal testing and systemic overzealousness in the pursuit of its anti-poaching efforts.
Akai has undergone significant changes since the change in policy in 1985, moving from a state capitalist command economy towards a more market-based, mixed economy. In the Ditual address of the year 1985, Jieke announced how Akai would be changing economically away from the war economy of the 1970s and early 80s towards a policy of Zhijie (dirigisme). A combination of statist corporatism, indicative planning and economic liberalisation allowed the emergence of economic oligarchs who seized the opportunity of rebuilding their power by capitalising on Akai’s huge natural wealth. However, despite the fact that the Akai economy has remained relatively in the control of the Akai state, it has not however been able to avoid the issues posed by its hostility to direct foreign investment and has been slowing down considerably since the latter part of the late 2000s. It suffers a high concentration of wealth, in the hands of the unique economic and oligarchical conglomerations owned by the old feudal families known as the Jituans who through their pragmatic seizure of economic power has left internal competition weak outside of new emerging markets. Jieke’s Zhije policy, however, has been edited in recent years by Prince-regent Sanfu in an attempt to cripple the power of the Jituans. Akai still maintains a few state industries, in the hands of the Joint-Economic Bureau under SIA Section 2 such as energy, transportation and has large shares in the defence and banking industries.
Akai’s natural resources are its greatest economic assets, it being home to vast amounts of rare earth elements, coal and other desirable commodities. The large mining industry which formed around it is often the central pillar which supports the power of the Jituans. However Akai's reliance on commodity exports makes it open to dangerous boom and bust cycles that follow the volatile swings in global prices. This threat wants to be addressed by Prince-Regent Sanfu Salong Lazin who seeks to diversify the Akai economy and allow a true to emerge which can be influenced by the Akai state.
The Akai economy’s growth while at its peak was increasing at a rate of 3% in 2004, has been steadily decreasing and slowly stagnating in 2015 ending up at a growth rate of 0.5% today.
Akai also has a major economic asset in the form of Lazinato whose economic independence has been a great annoyance to the Jituans. They have been a gateway into the economy of Akai thanks to their particularly “Ziyou” approach to the economy which they have maintained since the early 1900s. It is highly reliant on its developed industry. It is economically the most liberal region of Akai by far allowing direct foreign investment in its lands, and is believed to be the model with Sanfu wishes to eventually implement.
The main industries of the Akai economy is mining of its vast natural resources such as iron and its processing into more valuable materials. Akai, in particular, is profiting from a rare earth elements boom. The incredible cost of such rare earth mining projects is the primary reason why Akai has been one of the larger producers of the substance. With a large amount of the known reserves, it is Akai's massive price undercutting (something made possible by their low cost of labour) that allows them to exploit the markets easily. Akai also maintains very large amounts of nuclear materials which feeds its vast nuclear infrastructure. While the actual power plants are state owned, the mining process is privatised.
Corruption has also been a frequent issue with the Akai economy, with the bureaucratises of the SIA section 2, in particular, facing major scandals in the 2000s when the Geluxu conducted a nationwide investigation into the Akai economy. While the details are not publicly known, it was said there were mass arrests which were ordered. Furthermore, the Akai government has been accused of including artificial currency devaluation, intellectual property theft, protectionism, and local favouritism.
Akai has a robust nuclear sector which composes 74% of its entire energy output in 2012, while renewables and fossil fuels accounted for 6% and 20%, respectively. The Akai government has a huge share in its nuclear industry with the state possessing 85% of all shares in the state-run company as well as being supported by the government's subsidies. A lack of transparency here has left the exact number unknown to the general public. There has been however a massive rise in the amount of coal power in the country, with the increase of industry across Akai.
Science and technology
Akai has historically placed a great deal of importance on the sciences and technology, however, in Lazinato the rise of Emperor Tiao-Li II and his son Emperor Zhou IV truly catapulted Akai into the modern age. The unification of Akai brought the country this culture of empiricism and rationalism to it, further allowing it to develop. However, the period of command economy led to Akai fall behind Acheron technologically, mostly those related to energy conservation and consumer goods production. The country experiencing reform in the 1980s after the aftermath of the Guizitong, experienced reform. In recent decades science and technology have developed rapidly in Akai. The Akai government has placed great emphasis through funding, reform, and societal status on science and technology as a fundamental part of the socio-economic development of the country as well as for its national prestige. Akai has made rapid advances in areas such as education, infrastructure, high-tech manufacturing, academic publishing, patents, and commercial applications although it is still lagging behind in some areas.
Since the late 1990s, Akai's national road networks have been noticeable expanded through the creation of a new network of national highways for its increasingly mobile population. However thanks to the countries geography, it is particularly difficult to get from one region to another - with the Shan mountains blocking easy access to and from Yaosai, the Xueshan mountains blocking the jungles and the deserts of Zhaoze and Keng from reaching one another and Lazinato is an island separated by the sea. The national highways and the large system of railways controlled and run by the state are the main means of transportation across the mainlands as well as ferry trips being a popular means to transport from the various parts of the country. Around 80% of Akai's airspace remains restricted for military use, and Akai airlines made up eight of the 10 worst-performing Cornellian airlines in terms of delays. Akai possesses close to 2091 river and seaports, about 240 of which are open to foreign trade and shipping. In 2012, the Ports of Laozhen, Data, Xuanjing, Xinzuo, Silidao, Haihema, Zuobai, Hucheng ranked particularly highly in the region in container traffic.
The national census of 2010 recorded the population of the Dituate of Akai as being approximately 212,652,365 with around 16.60% of the population were 14 years old or younger, 70.14% were between 15 and 59 years old, and 13.26% were over 60 years old. The population growth rate for 2013 is estimated to be 1.74%. Poverty continues to be a major issue for Akai, with large sections of its population in Xuan, Keng and Zhaoze living near the poverty line and many more earning significantly less than the national average. Akai ethnically is a controversial situation for many thanks to identity often being defined by the various Clans as well as the old empires and the new Lazin ruled Akai. Officially the Akai states it is a ethnically homogeneous nation with other minorities making up less than 5% of its population. However many dispute this claim and see that Akai is divided into five ethnic groups based on the old empires. There is also the various minorities who are currently given reservations based of their ancestral territory which are currently critically threatened.
Akai's various ethnic groups speak some 50 languages with Lazinatoese Akai serving as an effective lingua franca. According to the 2002 Census, 209.42 million people speak Akai, with various other small minorities following afterwards. Akai is the only official state language, but Jieke's Ditual decree on the matter of the vulnerable gives the individual reserves the right to establish their own state languages in addition to Akai as he mandated. He also in the same act began to enforce a standardisation of the Akai language based of the Lazinatoese middle dialect.
Despite its wide distribution, the Akai language is homogeneous throughout the country. Akai is an language isolate, with its modern form being found taking influence from Han under the Guan. Script wise it uses something very similar to the 'Phags-pa script in its design.
|Culture and society|
Over the millennia, Akai civilization has been influenced by numerous religious movements. The "three wisdoms", including Tiandao Jiao, Baiqiang, and Dawei Christianity, historically have a significant role in forming Akai culture. Aspects of these three belief systems are often incorporated into popular or folk religious traditions. Freedom of religion is neglected by the state with the state relgions of Tiandao Jiao, Baiqiang and Dawei Christianity being in essence encouraged. On the other hand non-state approved religions often meet persecution and suppression. Demographically, the most widespread religious tradition is the Akai folk religion Tiandao Jiao, with Baiqiang and Dawei Christianity following as the second largest religions.
The SIA Section 2 Commission for Longevity of the citizens and nation, the all persuasive health authority across Akai, overseas the health of the Akai people. An emphasis on hygiene, public health and preventive medicine has been encouraged ever since the Second Reformation of the nation under Ditu Sunzhi in 1932. There was the processor to the CLCN, the Medic regiment acting as an autonomous aspect of the Orders of National Defense with the aim to eradicate diseases such as Cholera, typhoid , smallpox and other such illnesses. The result ended with the widespread eradication of the diseases in Lazinato, Yaosai and Xuan as well as many urban areas of Keng and Zhaoze. However during the course of the 1960s and early 70s Akai saw a resurgence in the diseases as well as outbreaks of bioweapons such as Anthrax being used by the Keng National Revolutionary Front and OND warlords. It took the assent of Ditu Jieke and his reforms to end the issues posed by the crisis through the creation of the CLZN. Healthcare in Akai became particularly privatized, and underwent a significant rise in quality.
As of 2012, the average life expectancy at birth in Akai is 74 years, while the infant mortality rate is 15 per thousand. Both have improved significantly since the 1960s and 70s. Rates of stunting, a condition which used to plague the country has declined from 38.1% in 1990 to 9.9% in 2010. Akai has also been suffering a variety of air pollution related issues such as bronchitis as well as a malnourishment being an issue in some areas. Smoking remains an issue in the poorer areas of Akai were large sections of the population engage in the practice while Lazinato faces an increasingly serious drug crisis fueled by Haizu clans in Zhaoze.
The Akai state has historically placed great emphasis on the importance of education, with a great deal of its efforts being used in creating an educated population. Since 1986, compulsory education in Akai comprises primary and junior secondary school, which together last for nine years. In 2010, about 72.5 percent of students continued their education at one of Akai's boarding megaschools. The Gaokao, Akai's national university entrance exam, is a prerequisite for entrance into the vast majority of higher education institutions. In 2010, 27 percent of secondary school graduates are enrolled in higher education. Vocational education is available to students at the secondary and tertiary level, with the OND and SIA owning specialises complexes. The aristocracy is allowed some exemptions in terms of education, with its own systems of tutoring and wardom being present still.
As of 2010, 94% of the population over age 15 are literate, compared to only 38% in 1950. In 2009, Akai students from Akai achieved the some of the world's best results in mathematics, science and literacy, as tested by some international organisations, in an evaluation of 15-year-old school pupils' scholastic performance across many nations. Despite the high results, Akai education has also faced both native and international criticism for its emphasis on rote memorization and its gap in quality from rural to urban areas as well as its various regions.
Akai culture has evolved greatly from its particularly ancient origins which date back to the earliest days of civilisation. Akai due to being separated for the better part of a millennium has particularly strong regional cultures, with differences being particularly pronounced at the boarder regions. Contemporary culture is however greatly influenced by traditional Akai culture is also greatly influenced by that of the Cornelian Empire and in particular the Lazinatoese who dominate Akai. Akai music, along with arts such as painting and sculpture has been practiced since prehistoric times and become integral parts of Akai life. Although Akai culture possesses a very ethnocentric outlook on others, it is quintessentially adaptive to the outside world and is not afraid to adapt new concepts for itself as demonstrated by its recent changes. Many important aspects of the past still remain present in today's Akai morals and culture, such as ceramics, textiles, swords and dolls; performances of folk music, dance, and performing arts; and other practices, the tea ceremony, rituals, rites, ceremonial fighting and duelling, calligraphy, and games. Akai is well known for its collectivist attitudes as well as a culture of self-sacrifice and asceticism being often praised as virtues as well. Being successful and cautious are also greatly encouraged, with the mark of a moral person being someone who is able to succeed. During Jieke, he began to break down the old barriers of the past and began to enforce a modified form Lazinaotese Akai onto its population, trying to destroy local cultural identities and establish a direct loyalty to the Lazins and the Akai state. To some extent he succeeded with recent generations associating more as Akai rather than one of the regional identities although it still remains strong in rural areas and were the Clans remain strong such as Zhaoze and Yaosai. Since the ascension of Prince-Regent Sanfu and his nephew Ditu Hulang today, the Akai government has fully accepted the various aspects of traditional Akai culture as being integral to Akai society. Akai religiously is a diverse country with its population being predominately influenced by the various schools of Omahijism while there has been numerous regions such as Baiqiang being encouraged in recent times. There also has been a greater emphasis on traditional Akai art, architecture, film, fashion literature, and music have seen a dramatic revival since the 1980s were it was almost targeted. Media from other countries is heavily censored and regulated in Akai, with imports often being dramatically different to their original versions with themes entirely different thanks to cautious dubbing and subbing. Akai also has large amounts of important and historic monasteries, temples and castles can be located throughout the nation, often still inhabitated by the various aristocratic clans which rule the country.