Baean Civil War

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Baean Civil War
Korean War Montage 2.png
(clockwise from top)
  • Western United Gukdong Front tank patrol the Sangdan Plateau
  • A Senrian fighter patrols the International Zone
  • The First Seonggol Division seizes Eunyeon
  • The landings at Ogbei
  • Refugees flee from the Siege of Ogbei
Date12 December 1934 (1934-12-12) – 1 January 1937 (1937-01-01) (2 years and 21 days)
Location
Result

Seonggol victory

  • Restoration of Seonggol Absolutism
  • Loss of power and estates of the Gukdongs
  • Unification of Baekjeong into one state)
Belligerents
Commanders and leaders

The Baean Civil War was a civil war between Seonggol (with support from the western Gukdongs) and the Western Gukdong United Front (supported initially by Gaullica and Xiaodong). The war began on December 12th, 1934 with a peasant uprising in the city of colonial capital city of Ogbei.

As the Great War drew to a close, Xiaoan and Gaullican forces largely abandoned the region. Fearing an uprising of the commons, the pro-Gaullican Gukdongs around the Bay of Bashurat cracked down on their holdings, sparking major protests. Following the brutal massacre of the rebelling commoners in Ogbei, protests around the country turned increasingly violent. Without their Gaullican overlords and drained of treasure from dues during the Great War, the Bashurat Gukdongs were unable to break all the rebellions.

The rebellions began to coalesce into one movement with the Congress of Jinju. A united peasant movement was declared, embracing elements of socialism and liberalism. The Congress also called for a restoration of the Seonggol to power, long viewed by the commons as the divine representative of the people sidelined by power hungry corrupt nobles. The peasants took over several major cities, but failed to seize the key cities of Gyeoljeong and old Ansan.

Background

Collapse of the Gaullican Sangte

Righteous Revolutions

Following the Second Sakata Incident, Xiaodong and Gaullica were poised for war with Estmere and Gaullica. General Jules Boucher, Commandant of the Gaullican forces stationed in Sangte, ordered a General Mobilization of both Gaullican and local Colonial forces.

Under the 1894 Treaty System, Gukdongs which received funding from the Gaullican Crown were obligated to raise their own troops to support the war effort. By law these soldiers were to be trained, equipped, and paid by the Gukdong they owed fealty to. The General Mobilization at the end of 1926 was the first time that all Gukdongs had been ordered to provide troops. Many of the north and eastern Gukdongs had seen their populations diminish following the 1924 Drought and Famine. The 1894 Treaty made no provisions for changes in population and thus these Gukdongs were burdened with a disproportionate recruitment quota. At the same time, unemployment and the famine had ruined the economy of Sangte as a whole. No Gukdong had the means to equip, pay, and deploy their quota of troops, let alone to other nations.

Prelude to War

Combatants

Seonggol

  • Singwon Miltia - Pro-Seonggol religious groups around the country but primarily in the central plateau - dubious legality
  • Seonggol Guard - The Seonggol's own house guard, based out of the Lee Demense - legal
  • Jeonsa-ttal - Flying columns armed and trained in secret by the Seonggol - illegal
  • Various Eastern Gukdong Militias - militias and guard forces raised by Gukdongs who declare either for the Seonggol or against the colonialists
  • Peasant revolutionary groups

The Singwon Militia evolved from historical peseant militas that frequently rallied to the call of the Seonggol in times of invasion by outside threats. These so-called Divine Hosts were meant to be the coming together of the common Baean to drive out the foreign invader and infidel. By the time of the Gaullican Sangte, the Singwon had become an underground organization with branches all over the country. They strongly advocated for Dongbu-In (Lit. Easterners Out), a common ideology that called for rejecting Eastern teaching and rembracing Baean traditions. The Singwon were strongest in the central plains, away from the coast where the Sangte Regime dominated. However there were many estwhile loyalist Gukdongs that covertly supported the Singwon with weapons and supplies. The miltia was fanatically loyal to the Seonggol, stoked by missives from the nominally independent Lee Jaesan in the far eastern edge of the Geodaehan. Militiamen held a deepseated hate of the traitorous Gukdongs and their Gaullican masters and sought to restore the Seonggol to her throne.

The Seonggol Guard was a one-thousand man bodyguard for the Seonggol. They rarely left the Lee Jaesan, only when the Seongol herself did. They, like the Seonggol, swore no loyalty to the Gaullican Sangte and frequetly scuffled with State Agents who attempted to enforce colonial laws in the inlands. The Seonggol Guard was incredibly well-armed and trained. The Seonggol leverged the vast wealth of the office to equip her personal forces as best she could and hired trainers from Euclea to see to their organization and training.

The Jeonsa-ttal were similar to the Singwon, except that they were raised in the loyalist parts of Sangte.

Western Gukdong United Front

  • Gaullican Colonial Forces
  • Sangte Colonial Corps
  • Eunyeon Militas
  • Aiboli Militias
  • Haeanseon Militias

Course of War

Ogbei Uprising

  • Protests in the capital of Ogbei in Summer 1934
  • November Massacre
  • December 12th Uprising
  • Fall of the Gaullican Maison de Commerce
  • Uprising crushed by Colonial milita

Central Mountain Offensive

  • Singwon forces launch operations from Sangang into Ansan, rapidly seizing key infrastructure
  • Jeonsa-ttal flying columns penetrate north and seize the Eondeog and Pyeongwan passes
  • Haeanseon militia hold the Singwon in the west of Ansan, at the Norgeunri valley

Autumn Offensive

  • Aiboli launches counteroffensives into Chulchaem and Ansan
  • Yada declares for the Seonggol and arrests the entire Sangte garrison in Old Sinju
  • Eunyeon seizes the Eondeog pass but fails to take the Pyeongwan pass
  • Eunyeon, Haeanseon, and Aiboli launch a three-pronged invasion deep into Ansan

First Palgan Campaign

  • Singwon and Jeonsa-ttal retreat to the ancient city of Palgan, on the crossroads into the Geodaehan
  • The three great Gukdongs lay siege to the city, encircling it on three sides
  • Seonggol Bo Ra officially reasserts her divine mandate and declares the Sangte to be illegal
  • The Seonggol Guard arrives to relieve the besieged city of Palgan, alongside several militia from aligned eastern Gukdongs
  • peasant revolutions break out all along the coast
  • The three Gukdongs retreat from Palgan, establish a line along the Norgeunri valley

Siege of Ogbei

  • The Pro-Seonggol forces seize the cities of Jinju, Ansan, and Gyeoljeong in rapid succession
  • Ogbei encircled and many Sangte forces are trapped in the city.
  • The city is shelled for a month
  • Heavy urban fighting destroys the north of the city
  • City surrenders after the Gukdong Aiboli is killed

Second Palgan

  • Gukdong Haeanseon launches a lighting campaign towards Sangang, overwhelming the blocking forces and isolating the majority of the Seonggol armies on the coast from her base of power in the mountains

Fall of Eunyeon

Characteristics

Aftermath