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Commonwealth of Castania
Anthem: Allo A Tratizion
"Ode To Tradition"
and largest city
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
• Baatanian conquest
|3 November 1622|
|27 December 1843|
|18 July 1919|
Castania, officially the Commonwealth of Castania, is an island democratic republic located southwest of the Esermian mainland. Geographically transcontinental between Esermia and Siradia, the island nation is located west of Herastadt, south of Normanfara, and northwest of Terados. The capital and largest city is Cibela.
Archaeological evidence dating to the 6th-millennia BCE indicates ancient human activity on the island. Preserved Uban and Kepenite ruins pre-dating the Esermian Split suggest Castania was once connected to the mainland by a land bridge. Following settlement by Nesgonics in the 1st-millenia BCE, the island became strategically vital in controlling Esermian & west-Siradian trade, resulting in Pamedian, Tesoic and ultimately Bruscan conquest in 250 CE. Under what became the Bruscan Empire the island flourished culturally and economically, until Baatanian invasion in 1124 where the island fell-under subjugation and split into various city states. Following a series of revolts and subsequent civil war in 1618, and dissolution of Baatania in 1621, the island unified in 1622 as Castania. Taking an isolationist policy in the 18th and 19th centuries, Castania saw economic decline and famine, becoming a Teradian puppet state in 1843. Under Teradian rule, the government committed genocide against ethnic Bruscans, leading to widespread unrest and international condemnation against the Teradian government. With the fall of the Terado-Murataldian Empire in 1919, the island gained independence as the Commonwealth of Castania.
Defined by its complex history and cultural significance, Castania today remains largely insular however is newly industrialized, with its economy booming since the early 2000s. Despite recent political and economic progress, there remains a large poverty gap and the birth-rate has declined since 2016.