Lannonia is a continent in Oxar.
Ethno-culturally, Lannonia is mainly inhabited by speakers of Pilio-Vitrian languages, and the vast majority of the population is constituted of Vitrians. The population of Lannonia is over 431 million, and population density decreases progressing from south to north. Most of Lannonia has a humid continental climate or a subarctic climate while the northern fringes have a polar climate.
Historically, Lannonia was first inhabited by several indigenous cultures, among them Aganic speakers and Aelanic speakers. Much of the region came under control of the Sepcans in the Bronze Age, becoming one of the first centers of civilization and great empires in history under the Ancient Sepcan Empire. The Lysandrene Empire also extended throughout a sizeable portion of the area, followed by the Neo-Sepcan Empire. Following a series of migrations in the 2nd-5th centuries under Neo-Sepcan rule, Vitrians assumed control of much of the region, and formed many independent nations and cultures part of the modern Vitrian cultural sphere. Costeny is the predominant religion in Lannonia.
Economically, most of Lannonia is industrialized and highly developed; most economies of the area are classified as high-income economies. Total GDP of the region was $X in 2017 with a per capita value of $X. It is also a world economic hub owing to a historically powerful position.
Lannonia (Literary Vitrian: lannjonĭska) is believed to derive from Sepcan words ran 'falcon' and ngin 'silver'. As early as in pre-migration Sepcan culture, the continent was associated with a mythical falcon, in turn believed to be linked to the phenomena of peregrine falcons migrating to the west in the winter, and perhaps later direct observation in large numbers due to their breeding residency on the littoral of the Rimmory Sea.
Pantocracy and Tastanism
Rise of Costeny
The era that followed the consolidation of the Cositene expansion and preceded the industrial revolution is commonly known as the Serenity in Lannonian historiography, due to the relative economic prosperity and cultural flourishing that took place in the period, but also because the social order of the era was largely stable and absent of the various challenges that emerged during the industrial period.
The Empire of Razaria rapidly attained supremacy in the Cositene world through defeating competitors in Zesmynia, and formalized their dominance following Adytum's occultation. The period of Razarian Hegemony lasted from 1227 to 1547; as the home of the first uprisings of the Cositene dawn, as well as the residence of the majority of the Cositene intellectual elite, the supremacy of Razaria in the Cositene world was accepted for doctrinal reasons. More important to the support of the hegemony however was the protracted struggle with the Petrolevian Empire to the southeast, the last Tastanic bastion on the continent; the series of wars between the Razarian-led Cositene coalition and the Petrolevs allowed the other Cositene states to be kept busy engaging this religious enemy rather than challenge Razaria's position. Petrolevia's destruction in 1338 allowed much of civilized Lannonia to be completely Costenized. The arts, commerce, and science all flourished in the period that followed, which came to be known as the Jubilation.
Razaria's position experienced a gradual but serious downturn beginning in the 15th century, as its satellites began to assert themselves and became increasingly difficult to control. By the 16th century, they were openly challenging Razaria. Zesmynia's unification into the First Zesmynian Empire in 1517 under Myslivoj Blagoradov created a rising power that unseated Razaria's status entirely in the Berdovinian War from 1544 to 1547 and initiated the Zesmynian Hegemony. In the same period, disputes between the Black and White Lights of Cositene thought intensified, combined with tensions between imperial authority and clergy that resulted in the Separationist Wars. After the conclusion of the wars White Light thought predominated in southern Lannonia, where the clergy asserted themselves as the main political force, while Black Light became dominant in the north where its mystical merger of political and religious roles of the monarch saw it welcomed. Although Zesmynia as a hegemon adopted a religious policy that tried to reconcile the Lights, distinct religious culture was established on the two halves of the continent, even if open schism did not occur. In the later half of the 16th century ideas such as Sepcan nostalgia, White Light-based rationalism, and cultivationism moderated the fanatically iconoclastic and intolerant tendencies of early Costeny and permitted religious harmony in Argilia and elsewhere, as well as revival of pre-Cositene culture.
Zesmynia's decentralized structure was extended to its nominal subordinates in its hegemony, who had become in any case too powerful to truly maintain dominance over. The barriers to commerce between Lannonian states instituted prior by Razaria to undermine their ability to strengthen was replaced by a system of free trade and easy passage between domains. This, along with a generally non-interventionist attitude of Zesmynia as a hegemon, allowed the different states in Lannonia to come to parity in broad economic terms, and be able to truly rival each other as powers. Although the regional order became multipolar, internal governance had became increasingly centralized; the nobility were targeted by power-reducing policies of imperial governments in the 17th century, who regularly deposed powerful nobles, confiscated oversized estates, and strictly regulated the domains allowed to be possessed. The increased power over resources with these policies allowed Lannonian polities to further their own rise as states. Rural gentry and minor nobles had also been promoted to powerful positions en masse to manage productive estates; their ascent also ensured their loyalty to the central government and created a proto-managerial class. These conditions drove the rise of the nabory, a type of estate significantly less tied to land and became an early type of company.
Industry in West Borea has origins in increasingly optimized production organization being adopted by sualnic estates in the 17th century, and remained characterized by these sprawling enterprises for a considerable time. The spread of ideas, and with it science and technology, across the continent through both transoceanic merchantry and the continental free trade system, allowed the development and spread of technological innovations that catalyzed industrial production of textiles and other developments in the 18th century. Industrial technology was enthusiastically adopted on part of nabories, who had mainly peddled crafted products and were eager to use these new technologies to quickly meet increasing demand from the continent as a whole, which many nabories did operate across. Nabories became an important vector for both industrial and capitalist economy, their deep presence across countries allowing what resembled a market of the entire continent to emerge; areas such as Zesmynia and Yesetria, which lacked industry themselves, provided demand for the goods produced by early industry, and also supplied the resources that fuelled it both figuratively and literally (with the invention and application of the steam engine).
Politically, social issues caused by the mass displacement and discontent of farmers due to industrialization drove a period of political instability. ???