Libertas Omnium Maximus

The Federal Republic of Libertas Omnium Maximus

Libertas Omnium Maximus.png
Flag
Motto: “Semper et deinceps, semper supra!”
Ever Onward, Ever Upward!
Anthem: “We shall march (Ever Onward)”
LOM NatMapA.png
CapitalLitudinem
LargestIustitia City
Official languagesLatin (written), English (spoken and written)
Ethnic groups
(2018)
74.5% Caucasian
15% Oriental
3.5% Black
6% Other
Religion
Christianity
Demonym(s)Libertas Omnium Maximusian
GovernmentFederal Presidential Constitutional Republic
• President
Lucas Brown
• Secretary of State
Sean O'Brian
• Congressional Speaker
Edward Mulberry
LegislatureCongress
Vox Rigionum of Congress
Vox Populi of Congress
Establishment
• Iustitian Fascist State
1802
• Maximusian Republic
1837
Area
• Total
545,650 km2 (210,680 sq mi)
• Water (%)
11.2
Population
• 2018 estimate
59.5 Million
• Density
109/km2 (282.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
8.7 Trillion
• Per capita
31,591
HDI (2018).86
very high
CurrencyMaximusian Dollar (MXD)
Time zoneUTC-1 (Maximusian National Time)
Date format(mm-dd-yyyy)
Driving sideright
Calling code+917
Internet TLD.lom

Libertas Omnium Maximus, commonly referred to by its acronym, L.O.M., is one of many nations of the International Democratic Union. LOM joined the International Democratic Union in July of 2017. Libertas Omnium Maximus is a Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic led by President Lucas Brown, a former Congressman and successful lawyer.

The Nation itself was officially recognized as a sovereign entity in 1802 after 10 years of civil war with the larger nation, Valahandia. It was briefly a fascist oligarchy until a successful coup d'état re-established the nation as a federal democracy in 1837. Since then the nation has grown in size, population, and international respect to the point where it is considered to be a world leader by most. Libertas Omnium Maximus is led by the guiding principals of freedom, equity, and the right to live free of fear. It only borders one officially recognized nation, Conternia, but is situated very near to Lauchenoiria to the east and Groot Gouda to the west. It is located in southern, central Hespia. It borders the Agrimai Ocean to the south and the Papilionem Bay to the east.

Libertas Omnium Maximus is a fiscally conservative nation, in direct contrast to many surrounding progressive nations. With that said, it maintains strong ties with most members of the IDU. The nation also grants its citizens very extensive political freedoms.

In 2017, Libertas Omnium Maximus appointed Daniel McRoy to be its first ambassador to the World Assembly. It has maintained its World Assembly membership continuously since then. Libertas Omnium Maximus was also a member-state of the IDU’s former International Affairs Committee.

Etymology

The name Libertas Omnium Maximus, pronounced, Li-bear-tas Um-knee-um Max-im-us, is a nonsensical translation of "A great amount of Liberty for everyone" from English to Latin. The phrase was coined by revolutionaries in 1836 and, after Libertas Omnium Maximus's conversion to democracy, was made the official name of the fledgling nationstate. The name Iustitia, pronounced, Ewe-stith-ee-uh, was the original name of the nation. It means "Isle of Gulls" in the dead language of Vønariæn (a latin derived language) , the language spoken by the Valahandians. The name is derived from Ius, meaning "isle or island" and tithiæ, meaning "gulls."

History

Era of Antiquity

At some point around 1200 B.C, several clans of indigenous Hespian people migrated from the north and northwest of the continent down into what is now the St. Augustine province of Libertas Omnium Maximus. It is believed that they migrated after several unrelated natural disasters occurred in central Hespia. For the most part the clans were nomadic fought over territory for nearly the entirety of their existence. There is no evidence that any form of centralized government or unified civilization was established in any part of the territory now held by Libertas Omnium Maximus.

Although they all remained nomadic, many of the clans became exceedingly skilled at crafting basic tools. Historians believe that many tribes had a very good understanding of physics, making use of simple machines extensively.

By 1200 A.D, the clans began moving north, out of Libertas Omnium Maximus. It is still unknown why this happened, however, it may have been because of a severe heat wave that lasted nearly a year and destroyed most of their primitive crops. Only one clan remained on the land, the Tanú people who moved west into Libertas Omnium Maximus. They remain there to this day on a large reserve.

Today's indigenous Maximusian population makes up approximately 0.7% of the population.

Colonial Era

In the year 1266 A.D, settlers, led by the great explorer Eldred Feorer, arrived from Valahandia and first set foot on the Island of Iustitia. He reported his findings back to the Valahandian Monarch, Eurentus II, who authorized the colonization of the large island. Over the next 400 years, Iustitia grew to become the wealthiest region in all of the Kingdom of Valhandia. The Island made its money off of fishing. The Iustitians were master fisherman and brought in more trout, cod, salmon, haddock, and tuna in the year of 1560 than the rest of Valhandia combined.

Overtime the once mighty Kingdom of Valahandia began to weaken. It’s borders were being overrun by savages, who ransacked and pillaged Valhandian villages. The Island of Iustitia however, continued to thrive due to to its isolated position. The leaders of Iustitia soon realized that it was only a matter of time until the Kingdom was destroyed. The Iustitians decided to break with Valahandia in order to avoid going down with the kingdom when it inevitably collapsed. King Morvaan II would not agree to loose his wealthiest region.

The Conquerer (center) in battle with two Iustitia vessels

In the year of 1798, King Morvaan led his naval armada against the fishing vessels of the Iustitians. After more than 3 days of intense, ship to ship, conflict, King Morvaan II was vanquished by a group of elite Iustitian marines, who snuck board Morvaan’s ship, the Coquerer and stabbed him to death as he attempted to leap overboard. Disheartened and leaderless, the Valhandian armada turned tail and fled. The Iustitians had won the day.

After 4 additional years of diplomatic negotiations and some skirmishing between Iustitia and Valahandia, Queen Galhawendel, Morvaan II’s daughter, agreed to allow Iustitia to operate as an independent state. The Nation was led by a oligarchical group of elders called “The Wisdom.” They held unchecked, absolute power.

In 1820, the newly formed Iustitian government purchased the nearby Island of Sentinel along with hundreds of miles of uncharted wilderness on the continent of Hespia from Queen Galhawendel. This purchase allowed the citizens of Iustitia to be less cramped and own more land per capita. It also gave the Iustitians a chance to diversify their exports by growing crops on a larger scale.

Democratic Era

Very few Iustitians were approved of The Wisdom from the start, and more and more citizens began to resent The Wisdom when they declared themselves to be “supreme descendants of God.” However, The Wisdom continued to rule Iustitia until May 10, 1836, when a mob of revolutionaries stormed The Wisdom’s palace and killed four of the elders. The leader of the coup, Michael Chaucer declared himself “president” and attempted to establish a democratic government immediately after.

Some of The Wisdom’s supporters attempted to retake the palace on two occasions that year however both were unsuccessful. On September 7th, 1837, after months of civil war, Chaucer was democraticly elected by a popular vote of the people to be Iustitia’s first president. The revolutionaries had taken the day and while likely in a euphoric (and reportedly intoxicated) state they burned the palace to the ground. Historians see the burning of the Palace as being one of the most symbolically significant acts in Maximusian History.

On September 17, 1837, the name Iustitia was removed from all official plaques, ledgers, documents, pamphlets, books, and anything else Chaucer’s compatriots could get their hands on. The nation was officially renamed Libertas Omnium Maximus and the Capital was moved to the small but quaint city of Litudinem, which was situated on the Lyn river. The old Iustitian Government was no more.

Modern Era

From roughly 1870-1962 Libertas Omnium Maximus went through what is often regarded as the nation's Golden Age. Over this 92 year period, Libertas Omnium Maximus grew and thrived as a nation. It's economy boomed to the gargantuan size that it is today. Huge strides in science were also made in this era. While famous chemists such as Pierre León and Paul Wilkins where developing their theories of how the universe functioned, engineers like Alfred Köln and Robert S. Fitzgerald were building combustion engines and developing motorcars. Crime rates were also particularly low during this period due to a low unemployment rate and relatively low poverty levels. This "Golden Age" came to a crashing halt in 1962 when rampant inflation and overvalued properties caused a market crash. It took until the late 1980's before this depression was overcome and the nation could rebound to Powerhouse nation that it is today.

Geography

Libertas Omnium is Spread out over three distinct land masses. The nation totals 545,650,000 sq km in size.

Red is Maximusian territory.

The largest and furthest north landmass in Libertas Omnium Maximus is the mainland. It sits in the lower half of the Saxa Peninsula. The mainland shares the peninsula with Conternia. It is bordered on the south partially by the Strait of St. Peter and partially by the Chaucer Sea. To the west is the Feorer Bay. To its south sits Sentinel and Iustitia.

Directly to the mainland's south sits Iustitia. Iustitia is situated in the northern part of Agrimai Ocean and is an oval shaped island. To the islands west is the Duncan Sea. To its north lies the Tithæ Passage.

To Iustitia's east lies Sentinel, a slightly larger and more oblong island. To Sentinel's north is the Illnot Strait. To the island's west is the Duncan Sea. To Sentinel's south is the Agrimai Ocean. East of the island is Feorer Bay.

Topography

The Island of Iustitia has relatively rugged terrain. The Island has a maximum elevation of 9,011 feet and an average height of 300 feet above sea level. The Island of Sentinel is comprised heavily of cliff faces, many reaching over 4,000 feet above sea level.

File:Mt.Seneili.jpg
Mt. Seneili rising above the Ilnott Strait

The mainland of Libertas Omnium Maximus has a much milder terrain. It is relatively flat with some small hills in the East and North and the Canis Mountains in the North-East. There is also some swamp-land in the south. The tallest mountain in Libertas Omnium Maximus is Mt. Seńieli in Sentinel. It stands 14,682 feet above sea level.

Climate

Libertas Omnium Maximus has a temperate, costal climate. All regions of The Libertas Omnium Maximus experience four distinct seasons. The spring and fall lasts slightly less time than the winter and summertime. The Mainland of LOM experiences slightly more moderate temperatures than the two islands. This is due to the fact that the breezes and intense winds produced by the ocean do not often reach The dense forests of the Mainland.

The two Islands experience much less rain than the Mainland. With this said, all of Libertas Omnium Maximus experiences a few months in the winter where they receive high levels of precipitation. This usually comes in the form of snow or hail for the Mainland and light rain for the islands.

Biodiversity

Due to its relatively large size, Libertas Omnium Maximus is filled with numerous species of flora and fauna. The many rivers, brooks, and streams of the mainland are populated by salmon, minows, trout, bass, and many species of fresh water fish. The anomalously colder temperature of these rivers however, prohibits the existence of many tropical fish or plants.

A shoal of anchovy

In the sea, hake, sole, tuna, anchovy, Whalefish, and several species of shark, among many other species of fish, can be found.

The Mainland of LOM is heavily populated by coniferous forests in the southern and far-eastern regions. These eventually meld into evergreen forests in the northern regions. With expansive stretches of forest an astoundingly large number of creatures have room to thrive.

A White Tail Deer, perhaps the most prolific large mammal in Libertas Omnium Maximus

The forests of LOM provide habitat for squirrels, rabbits, bobcats, wolves, Brown Bears, deer and beavers.

On the Western Border of LOM, up in the northern regions, Ibex, Black Bear, and Mountain Lions can also be found

The two Islands, due to their rugged composition, are home to more small species of creature including all manner of birds, rodents. The Islands are known for their pristine beaches.

Politics

Law and Order

Libertas Omnium Maximus has a cutting edge legal system. Currently, if a Maximusian Citizen is found guilty of committing a crime they will be fined or jailed according to the severity of their crime.This could be anywhere between $25 (1st offense speeding) and a Life sentence. With that said, an accused individual should hire a lawyer to represent them before a jury of their peers.

File:Legislative Building.jpg
The Maximusian High Court

The lawyer will attempt to defend their case. It is the job of a state prosecutor to prove the defendant's guilt therefore the Lawyer representing an accused does not need to prove their client's innocence. However, in the event that the jury does find an individual to be guilty, the Judge presiding over the case will determine the punishment.

Any individual may appeal their case to a higher court. There are currently 3 levels of court, the County Court (The county where one lives), a Province Appellate Court (the province where one lives), and, finally, the High Court, based in Litudinem. All High Court decisions are final and are made by a group of 7 Judges, called "Justices". Although it is perfectly valid for an individual to appeal their case, all higher courts may choose not to hear the case.

The death penalty was outright banned in 2014 by the Maximusian Federal Legislature, and had been individually banned by every province since 2003. Corporal Punishment has not yet been baned by the Maximusian Legislature. With this said, every county in Libertas Omnium Maximus has made the punishment illegal, therfore, it is no longer in use. The only exclusion to this fact is for those convicted of treason. They are usually shot or hanged until dead.

Private Prisons are prolific in Libertas Omnium Maximus but must adhere to strict regulation regarding the treatment of prisoners. Approximately 21.3% of inmates in 2018 were held in a private prison.

Government

The Libertas Omnium Maximus Government is devided into two distinct sections: The Fedral Government, and the Provincial Government. There are 15 Maximusian Provinces, each with their own provincial government. The provincial governments are in charge of raising taxes to support their own fire department, EMT service, and police force. The provincial governments are also charged with upholding justice in their province. The last duty of the provincial government is to make laws that will effect only their province. Those laws may directly appose that of the federal government. This gives the provincial governors, who are directly elected by their province, a large amount of power.

The Fedral Government is split into two sections, the Executive and Legislative branches. The Legislative Branch is bi-cameral, being split up into an upper and lower house, respectively, The Vox Regionum and the Vox Populi. The Vox Regionum is made up of 2 Delegates from each province. They are all directly elected by their respective provinces and serve 4 year terms. The Vox Populi consists of a certain number of Congressmen for each Province based on population, they are elected for 4 year terms. Both houses meet once per month (usually on the 29th) to ratify legislation which can be proposed any time by any Congressperson. Congress may meet behind closed doors to create a declaration of war or to create a new tax bill, however, they may open their doors to the public if they choose or are ordered to do so by the president. Congress’s main function is to collect Fedral income taxes, make declarations of war, ratify legislation, and, if nesssary, vote to impeach the president.

The Executive branch, which consists of the president, his/her cabinet, and his/her advisors, are in charge of commanding the military of Libertas Omnium Maximus, signing off on legislation, which is required before it can pass and become a law, and serving as the nation’s figurehead. The branch is led, unsurprisingly, by the president, who essentially performs almost every duty of the executive branch to a degree. His advisors are essentially there for advice and support. The president is elected once every 4 years by an electoral college that is directly influenced by a popular vote. The president may serve as many terms as he/she can. In addition, the president may choose his own cabinet and advisors.

Foreign Relations and Military

Libertas Omnium Maximus has a relatively large military that consists of ground forces, a navy, a marine corps, a coast guard, and a small peacekeeping corps.

Army Ranger Units on Parade

This military however, rarely sees action due to the fact that Libertas Omnium Maximus has formed good relationships with most nations of the IDU, World Assembly, and the rest of the world. On top of this, LOM is a relatively Pacifist nation that rarely instigates conflict.With this said, LOM’s armed forces were recently deployed in Lauchenoiria, along with many other IDU forces in the Second Lauchenoirian Civil War, which began when numerous outside forces attempted to put an end to Suleman Chaher’s controversial coup d’etat and reinstate a Democratic government or oppose them. A total of approximately 5,300 Maximusian ground soldiers were deployed in Lauchenoiria throughout the duration of the campaign.

The conduct of one battalion, the 16th Army Battalion, in said conflict, was found by the Truth and Reconciliation Committee to have used overly aggressive tactics which endangered the lives of civilians during the 2nd Battle of Carville. An internal investigation is underway and Libertas Omnium Maximus has been required by the committee to pay the sum of 150,000,000 Sanctarian pounds to the Lauchenoirian government as reparation.

The Maximusian Government has diplomats in most international organizations. These include the International Democratic Union States Assembly, the World Assembly, and, formerly, the International Affairs Committee.

Economy

Trade and Energy

The Maximusian Economy is incredibly strong and relatively diverse. The economy is lead by the logging industry and fishing industry. Along with these, the textile and mining industries make up most of Libertas Omnium Maximus’s GDP. The farming of livestock, manufacturing of arms, furniture, and mechanical parts, make up effectively the rest of the economy’s output.

The Nation is powered by a great variety of sources including fossil fuels, along with nuclear power plants, solar energy, and wind farms. Nuclear power plants are the most common source of energy in Libertas Omnium Maximus. They make up nearly 72% of LOM’s energy production and, unlike in many other nations, there has yet to be a nuclear catastrophe in Libertas Omnium Maximus.

Transportation

High speed trains can be found throughout Libertas Omnium Maximus

Most citizens of Libertas Omnium Maximus live in rural areas where public transit would be impractical to implement if not impossible.Those citizens generally drive cars as their transportation. The cities however, have both bus and subway systems in place to efficiently and economically move the masses. There are also multiple railway lines and airports that allow for traveling long distances over the rural areas of Libertas Omnium Maximusand to other parts of the IDU.

Demographics

Libertas Omnium Maximus is a fairly diverse nation with many ethnicities represented. The predominant race (of which there are two distinguised ethnicities) present in LOM is Caucasian. Caucasians account for approximately 74.5% of the population. The two ethnicities that stem from Caucasian are Patria-Caucasian and Forus-Caucasian. Orientals make up 15% of the national population. Tenebris (Blacks), make up 3.5%. The remainder of the population is comprised of either smaller ethnic groups or mixed race individuals (2016 Census).

As of the 2018 census, 59.5 million people are residents of Libertas Omnium Maximus. At an average of 109 citizens per square kilometer, Libertas Omnium Maximus falls roughly in the middle of the spectrum for population density.

Healthcare

Public health insurance is minimal but effective in Libertas Omnium Maximus. The government runs several affordable healthcare services which cover those whose income bracket qualifies them. However, most healthcare is provided by the private sector, which does receive some government subsidization. Maternity leave lasts a minimum of two weeks, legally. The average Maximusian lives to be 82 for newborn girls and 80 for newborn boys. Most Maximusians live healthy lives and birth rate is relatively high. This guarantees a steady population growth in the future.

Education

In Libertas Omnium Maximus, all citizens are required to go through 12 years of schooling. This schooling is provided by the taxpayers of LOM. All public schools are free to attend and adhere to universal teaching methods. After primary school, citizens may opt to go to privately funded colleges to receive an advanced degree and may move from there to specialist education academies such as a law or medical school.

Religion

Although 87.8% of Maximusians are Christian, no religion is mandatory for citizens in Libertas Omnium Maxiumus. In fact, religious freedom is guaranteed by the Maximusian Constitution. The church is also kept completely separate from the government. With this said, Christian ideology has sunk into the government to the deepest level. It is customary that a prayer to God for guidance be made before Congress begins any session. Christmas is a national Holiday.

Most Maximusians (61%) are a specific sect of Christianity know as Iustitian Protestantism. They hold that one God created all that is known and unknown and that Salvation from their sins can only be achieved by devotion to God through the scriptures. They hold that God made the world sinless in the beginning.

An approximate religious breakdown (2017 Census Bureau) has 84.5% of the population of Libertas Omnium Maximus practicing some form of Christianity (excluding Unitarian Universalism), 5.5% practicing a form of Minjian Faith, 2.75% practicing some form of Unitarian Universalism, 2.25% practicing a form of tribal religion, 3% other, and 2% atheist or agnostic (The census made no distinction).

As a general rule the further west in Libertas Omnium Maximus one goes, the more religious the people they will encounter will be. Rural areas are also more likely to have more religious individuals than urban areas.

Culture

Society

Maximusians are, for the most part, deeply religious people and, as such, hold fairly conservative ideals relative to the region.

Abortion

Abortion is illegal in all forms except for when the mother's life is directly threatened by the pregnancy or in cases or incest. In some specific cases women may be eligible to receive government funds for child care in situations of rape.

Homosexuality

Homosexual acts are not illegal in LOM (since 2006) but are generally frowned upon by society. Homosexual marriage was legalized in 2014 following the Lana vs Iustitia Province case. It is currently illegal to discriminate someone for their sexual preference. Transgenderism is not recognized as a sexual preference and does not even legally exist in Libertas Omnium Maximus. An individual may not change the gender they were born with.

Drug Usage

Recreational Drug use is strictly prohibited on the federal level. This has resulted in higher levels of illegal drug usage in many inner-cities but has been fairly successful at keeping drugs out of rural areas.

Firearms

Maximusians have the right to own firearms under the regulation of the Maximusian Government. As of 2018 the only firearms not permitted are fully automatic weapons and explosive firearms (such as grenade launchers). The right to bear small arms is constitutionally assured by Article 4 of the Maximusian Constitution.

Language

The primary spoken language of Libertas Omnium Maximus is English. Latin, the language in which all official contracts and bills are written in, is a required language to learn. All citizens must be able to read and write it. As a result, it is taught early on in primary school. French, German, and Spanish are also very prevalent in various regions of Libertas Omnium Maximus. French being heavily prevalent in the north and Spanish in the east.

Recreation and Entertainment

In their leisure time, Maximusians have ample opportunity to enjoy themselves. Parks are all but omni-present in most Maximusian cities, offering residents a quick escape from the hassle of their work. Many individual townships may also have public pools and tennis courts for citizen's use. For longer excursions, ski resorts are very popular. Libertas Omnium Maximus also has more than enough forested and rugged terrain to offer an enjoyable hike or camping trip for all skill levels. The beaches in the south are world renowned for their beauty and attract people from all over the globe. Libertas Omnium Maximus also has a vibrant entertainment industry, producing hundreds of movies and TV shows a year. Live theaters and Cinemas are common fixtures in all cities and even the smallest towns.

Literature

Libertas Omnium Maximus has produced some of the best writers of all time. LOM's first universally recognized author, James Denver, was known for his brilliant satirical fiction and introspective pieces. His close friend, Janet Laurie, was also a celebrated author in her own right. She was one of the first women to gain national recognition for comedic pieces. Many of her comedies have been converted to plays and are regularly performed. They both wrote in the late 19th century. By the early 20th century a literary boom was taking place. Some of the best writing in the IDU was produced in this time by the Maximusians.

Food

Traditional Maximusian food is seafood based but all other manner of food is readily available. Maximusians usually eat a large breakfast consisting of eggs, fish, and oatmeal. This is one of their staple dishes. For lunch a light soup and charcuterie plate is consumed. Dinner traditionally consists of a fillet of fish, mixed vegetables, and a starch. Pork and Chicken are also often consumed. Cattle isn't prolific in Libertas Omnium Maximus and, as such, beef is quite expensive. Olives grow exceedingly well in Libertas Omnium Maximus and can be found in most Maximusian dishes.