Pavonistade

Pavonistadian Provinces

Motto: Unum in multa, multis in unum (Latin)
"One under many, many under one"
Anthem: "Glory for Pavonistade"
Location of Pavonistade (green) in the Atlantic Ocean
Location of Pavonistade (green) in the Atlantic Ocean
CapitalEmerson
Largest CityVadopolis
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised national languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
(2015)
71.5% White
10.2% Black
7.8% Aboriginal
3.2% Asian
2.9% mixed-background
4.4% other
Demonym(s)Pavonistadian
Pavon
GovernmentFederal constitutional presidential republic
• President
Calvin Elmore
• Vice President
Otakta Sgriki
• Chief Justice
Bethany Macallister
LegislatureParliament
Establishment
971 BCE
1619 CE
• Pavonistadian Provinces
1784 CE
Area
• Total
286,437.85 km2 (110,594.27 sq mi)
• Water (%)
8.12%
Population
• 2017 estimate
53,300,000
• 2013 census
52,120,596
• Density
94/km2 (243.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.162 trillion
• Per capita
$41491.65
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.174 trillion
• Per capita
$41703.12
Gini (2014)42
medium
HDI (2014)0.915
very high
CurrencyPavoid (♇) (PVP)
Time zoneUTC−02:00
Date formatmm-dd-yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+422
ISO 3166 codePV
Internet TLD.pv

Pavonistade (/pərvəniːsteɪd/), officially the Pavonistadian Provinces and also known as the Provinces, is a country that consists of 7 provinces and one federal district. It is an island country situated to the Canary Islands and Cape Verde.

Pavonistade is a federal constitutional presidential republic. It is a democracy, with the President being both the heads of state and government. English is the sole official and national language of Pavonistade, and the country is considered to be highly multicultural. It has a population of approximately 52 million as of the 2013 Census.

Pavonistade is considered to be a middle power. It is considered highly-developed due to a stable economy, advanced infrastructure and extensive education system. It is a member of several supranational organizations such as the United Nations and is a signatory to various international treaties and conventions.

Etymology

The name Pavonistade supposedly originates from the Jopj word pafafa, which means "village" or "city", and the Jopj word istatii, which means "of the people" (when combined with other words). The word pavon replaced pafafa several centuries after the Jopj Combine unified the Pavonistadian mainland in 971 BCE. This change was likely enforced as part of an initiative to facilitate non-Jopj indigenous people in learning the Jopj language.

During the colonization of Pavonistade, British settlers took note of Jopj translators that referred to their homelands as pavonistatii. Local British leaders believed that the combined word, meaning "village of the people," was a universally-accepted word - among the Jopj and non-Jopj natives - referring to the entirety of the Pavonistadian islands. In early 1700, the new British colony was officially named British Pavonistade. Despite occasional disputes and proposals for change, the name Pavonistade continues into present-day usage.

History

Indigenous Peoples

Human existence in Pavonistade had been dated back to 20,000 BCE, with the oldest human remains located near the settlement of Uechi in what is now known as the Eastern Islands. Analysis of such remains indicated that humans either lived in natural structures such as caves or in primitive houses, making use of natural resources such as wood. Early humans lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle, and usually their food by hunting or fishing. It is believed that there were up to 1 million inhabitants across the Pavonistadian islands before the 1st century CE.

Traces of human existence suggested that cannibalism and other ancient rituals were practiced in previous millennia. The eruption of Mount Ulysses in around 10,000 BCE marked the approximate end of the last glacial period but also delayed the development of advanced Pavonistadian civilizations. Eventually, agriculture became commonplace across the Pavonistadian islands. Numerous indigenous tribes and nations also began to unify, forming large unions known as combines. In 204 CE, commander Ebom of the Hals'se Combine conquered the last independent combine on the Pavonistadian mainland.

After the Pavonistadian mainland was unified, the Hals'se Chief Osieamah proclaimed the creation of the Jopj Combine. He guaranteed autonomy and religious freedoms for conquered regions in return for loyalty and recognition of Jopj supremacy, an agreement later proving to be effective. Through centuries, the Jopj progressed in social, cultural and economic fields.

Colonial Era

During the 15th century, the Jopj Combine experienced a gradual, permanent social and economic decline. In 1551, a group of expeditioners led by Henry Pavonin on behalf of England arrived at the present-day city of Uechi. Pavonin, among the first Europeans to set foot upon Pavonistadian soils, soon discovered in his first voyage that the newly-discovered land may belong to a substantial landmass or landmasses. Pavonin embarked on two more voyages to the Pavonistadian islands, identifying the islands present and making first contact with the Jopj Combine in the process.

Other European powers such as France, Portugal and Spain have sent explorers to the Pavonistadian islands. However, none of them established installments or settlements beyond short-lived posts. British colonization of the Pavonistadian islands began with the establishment of Emerson in 1619. By 1700, Great Britain laid claims to all of Pavonistade, without significant regard for the pre-existing Jopj Combine. The indigenous population had also experienced a significant decline, owing to a combination of factors such as Jopj socioeconomic decline and the spread of foreign diseases (e.g. smallpox).

The Pavonistadian Revolution took place between 1768 and 1784 due to growing distrust with the British government. Calls for Pavonistadian independence were spearheaded by Walter Stuart, a British magistrate sympathetic to Pavonistadian causes, and Rujonim, a Jopj ambassador to British Pavonistade. The American Revolution, which took place around the same period and was much more violent, further encouraged Great Britain to grant independence to Pavonistade. With the Treaty of Emerson in 1784, Great Britain recognized Pavonistade as an independent country and withdrew all military units from Pavonistadian soils. The Pavonistadian Revolution is renowned for being unusually peaceful, with no military or war-related casualties sustained during the sixteen-year period.

Modern Era

Pavonistade supported the United Kingdom and the Allied Powers during the First World War. The country was subject to the impacts of the Spanish Flu and the Great Depression. In the Second World War, Pavonistade sided with Allied countries and declared war on the Axis countries. The war occurred in the midst of the Pavonistadian Industrial Revolution, and the country played a recognizable economic and military role in the Allied war effort.

After the Second World War, Pavonistade helped found the United Nations and engaged in international conflicts such as the Korean War. Pavonistade sided with the United States during the Cold War and became a member of NATO. While the Pavonistadian government is divided over the amount of support appropriate for the United States, Pavonistade experienced several cultural shifts such as the counterculture of the 1960's.

After the end of the Cold War, Pavonistade remained a prominent ally of the United States and European powers. It has maintained a cautious presence in conflicts such as the War on Terror and insurgencies in West African countries. Despite an semi-interventionist foreign policy, Pavonistade has engaged both in peacekeeping operations and in offensive operations (e.g. intervention against ISIL).

Pavonistade is labelled as an emerging power with influence in the regional and, to an extent, international stage. Climate change, environmental degradation, economic disparities, changing social demographics (e.g. age) and continued cultural shifts are some of the issues currently faced by Pavonistadians.

Geography

Map of Pavonistade

The Pavonistadian islands have mountainous landscapes that are shaped by volcanic activities over the course of years. Most volcanic and geothermal activities are a result of the Pavonistadian Belt, a collection of geological hotspots below the Pavonistadian islands. There are 20 active volcanoes across the Pavonistadian islands along several dormant and extinct volcanoes, with one of the most famous being the dormant Mount Ulysses (2721 m).

Multiple mountain ranges are found across Pavonistade. However, the three most prominent ranges are the Richmond range (in South Pavonistade), Ulysses range (in Central Province), and Haymond range (in Central Province). The largest lake in Pavonistade is the Naz Lake, located in South Pavonistade. The largest river is the Keyes River, which originates from the Ulysses range and ends at the Vadopol mouth.

As much of Pavonistade is mountainous or occupied by tropical rainforests, around 6.0% of land is considered arable.

Climate

Much of Pavonistade is considered to have a tropical rainforest climate. Frequent precipitation of over 60 mm is expected each month, and elevated temperatures between 20°C and 30°C are regularly experienced in low-altitude regions. The combination of climatic conditions allowed distinctive rainforests to develop on the Pavonistadian islands, and for such rainforests to house significant levels of biodiversity. In high or intermediate-altitude regions such as the Pavonistadian interiors, substantially-lower average temperatures and humidity are documented.

Human activity and global warming has resulted in damage to sensitive environments, threats to endangered species and increased desertification.

Government

Pavonistade is officially a federal constitutional presidential republic. The supreme law of the country is the Constitution of Pavonistade.

Pavonistade maintains a presidential system, in which the executive position is held by an elected president. Pavonistade is governed by a federal government, which is divided into the legislative branch, executive branch, and judiciary. The powers of all three branches of government are balanced so as to prevent any branch from overpowering the others.

Legislature

The Pavonistadian Parliament.

The Parliament of Pavonistade is the main component of the federal legislative branch. It is unicameral and consists of a total of 261 seats. Each seat corresponds to an electoral district, also known as a constituency or riding, which represents approximately 200,000 residents.

Political parties are recognizable in Pavonistade, with most federal parties having official party status. Such status is granted to any parties that have received either 10% of constituencies or 10% of the popular vote. Official party status grants certain parliamentary privileges to parties and party members, such as the right to participate in Question Period. Members of Parliament have no limits on the amount of times they may seek re-election for their constituency.

A tabled bill in Parliament undergoes a series of readings to determine legality and any need for amendments. In voting sessions, MPs may approve, reject, or abstain from voting and any bill must be passed with a supermajority (excluding abstentions). A passed bill is transferred to the Presidential Cabinet where the bill may be promulgated, vetoed, or disregarded for up to five days.

The electoral system used in Pavonistade is first-past-the-post and constituencies, divided based on population, correspond to provincial borders. General elections occur every four years.

Executive

The President is the head of state and government of Pavonistade. The term cabinet may refer to the main composition of the Pavonistadian Government (President, Vice President, and ministers). The official residence and workplace of the President is the Presidential Palace.

Under a presidential system, the President is the highest position and the most powerful person in Pavonistade. The President is obliged and tasked to exert executive power and contribute to managing the nation as a whole. However, the power of the President and the Executive Branch is limited. The President has various powers, including but not limited to promulgating, vetoing, or ignoring a bill; tabling a bill; and issuing a pre-emptive signature or executive order under certain circumstances. A presidential veto may be overridden by a supermajority in the Parliament (two-thirds of Members of Parliament).

The powers of the executive branch are limited by the Constitution. The President would continue to serve until they resign, are impeached, a vote of no-confidence against their government passes, or they die. A President is limited to a maximum of two consecutive terms, although re-election can otherwise be sought as many times as preferred.

Judiciary

The Supreme Court of Pavonistade is the highest court in Pavonistade and the main component of the judicial branch of the federal government. Nine Justices, including one Chief Justice, serve in the Supreme Court and have life tenure and may hold their positions until they are mandated to retire at age 75. On occasion the judiciary may interpret the Constitution and federal laws, oversee balance among the three government branches, resolve legal action involving the federal government and hear certain appeals from inferior courts.

Pavonistade has a bijuridical system, employing elements from both common law and civil law.

Foreign affairs and relations

Pavonistade maintains a semi-interventionist foreign policy. The foreign affairs and relations of Pavonistade is the responsibility of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Pavonistade The modern Pavonistadian economy is marked by a strong employed force, a stable currency, enlarging tertiary and quaternary sectors, shrinking primary and secondary sectors, and strong trading networks. The Pavonistadian economy, currency, and employed force had blossomed in recent times.

Prior to the Pavonistadian Industrial Revolution, Pavonistade's economy was based heavily on the primary sector. The agricultural, fishing, and lumbering sectors accounted for an overwhelming majority of occupations in Pavonistade. While the primary sector continues to play a noticeable role in Pavonistade's economy, it has been mostly overtaken by the tertiary and quaternary sectors.

As of April 2017, both the nominal GDP and PPP-based GDP lie above $2.1 trillion and the unemployment rate is at 5.5%. The currency of Pavonistade is the Pavonistadian Pavoid, represented by the symbol ♇.

Trade

The most commonly-imported goods include vegetables, fruits, water, aluminum, steel, uranium, and fossil fuels. The most commonly exported goods include electronics, machinery, automobiles, aircraft parts, plastics and non-fuel oil products, chemicals, and pharmaceutical products. Countries such as the United States are considered to be important trading partners with Pavonistade.

Pavonistade serves as one of the many important hubs for maritime trade. Its multiple harbors and position help to connect multiple nations and create a notable trading network. Water systems such as rivers (e.g. Keyes River) are used by Pavonistadian and foreign ships for trading, transporting, and travelling. Air-based trade is also significant in Pavonistade. Within Pavonistade, rail systems and extensive cargo trains are often used to transport goods and products from one Pavonistadian location to another.

Military

The Pavonistadian Armed Forces has enlisted 521,210 personnel, or around 1% of Pavonistade's population, as of January 2017. Among the amount in the military are 348,330 personnel in reserves and 53,000 in active service, with an additional 119,880 paramilitary personnel. The Pavonistadian Military is split into three divisions, namely the Pavonistadian Army, the Pavonistadian Aerospace Force, and the Pavonistadian Navy. The President serves as the Commander-in-Chief.

The Pavonistadian Armed Forces maintains a policy of equally distributing funding to its three divisions. The armed forces has a large expenditure amounting to 2% of the country's GDP. Its primary role is to defend Pavonistade and its interests. Its involvement elsewhere is limited to humanitarian purposes and by Pavonistade's semi-interventionist foreign policy

A selective service system exists in Pavonistade, identifying individuals that could potentially be drafted when the need arises.

Infrastructure

As a first-world nation, Pavonistade has the ability to develop and maintain a strong infrastructure. A healthy amount of funding and industrious maintenance groups for infrastructure allows it to sustain its remarkable strength, efficiency, and benefits. The infrastructure helps to not only transport people from one Pavonistadian location to another, education and health care are much improved and are some major fads of Pavonistade.

Transportation

A high-speed rail passenger train in an Emerson station.

An average Pavonistadian road system consists of well-maintained asphalt roads and usually connects two settlements together, particularly cities and large towns. The Trans-Pavonistadian Highway is the largest road system in Pavonistade, connecting all major cities (excluding Miranda) and several minor cities. Major roads or sections may be frequently congested with automobiles, such as the Emerson-Vadopolis section of the Trans-Pavonistadian Highway. Roads may be seen with road maintenance and construction workers repairing any major road issues, but road maintenance is becoming a less frequent sight as its infrastructure is well-funded, built with care, inspected appropriately, and bettered. Most maintenance is government-funded although the private sector has a role in funding.

Public buses are the cheapest form of public transportation and can be conveniently used to travel across a city or town, although it is not as cheap as travelling with a car, bicycle, or personal transportation. Public bus routes do not include areas beyond the vicinity of large settlements, hence rural areas being bereft of public buses. Other forms of buses would be required in order to reach non-urban or non-suburban areas. Bus systems are the responsibility of municipal governments and often have government oversight.

Rail networks in Pavonistade consist of underground rapid transit, overground light rail, and high-speed rail. The Pavonistadian National Railway is the largest rail network, having intercity rails that include all cities through both overground and underground tunnels, excluding Miranda and cities that do not lie on mainland Pavonistade. Usually, Pavonistadian passenger trains reach a maximum of 220 mph while commercial trains reach a maximum of 185 mph. Census data approximates that one-quarter of Pavonistadians travel on rail and most of inter-Pavonistadian transportation is done by this method.

Education

Taxation is an important factor in funding Pavonistadian education. Reforms in 2010 allow the Pavonistadian Government to offer universal primary education as well as universal childcare.

One would be educated first in preschool starting from the age of 3 and ending at the age of 5. Preschool terms last 2 years. One would then advance to primary school for 7 years, from age 5 to age 12. Following primary school would be secondary school, which lasts for 5 years and from age 13 to 17. Tertiary school (i.e. college, university), which is split into undergraduate and postgraduate, would last for 4 to 9 years, depending on the degree one wishes to pursue or the subject one wishes to study.

The literacy rates of both children and adults rest at 98%. 90% of adults (aged 18 and above) hold a secondary school diploma or equivalent. 63% of those who had a secondary diploma had enrolled in tertiary education and acquired a college or university diploma. 46% of students enroll in public schools, while 18% attend private schools, 11% are home-schooled, 9% attend alternative schools, 7% attend religious schools, and 2% are cyber-schooled.

Health Care

As of 1990, Pavonistade has systems for national single-payer health care and universal prescription drug coverage. The large-scale reforms in the health care system led to many consequences to be addressed such as high expenditures and guarantee of quality care. Pavonistadians have the ability to opt for private health care or private medical insurance, though both are subject to regulations by the federal government.

Pavonistadian health care is well-known for its competence and quality. Government and third-party analysis indicates that incorrect medical procedures in Pavonistade are exceptionally rare. The overall infrastructure allows for continuous management of aliments, end-of-life care, and long-term or severe illnesses. Many facilities are also equipped to respond to outbreaks as well as to treat severe illnesses such as Toloupum fever. There are 8 deaths per 1000 people as of 2012.

Energy

Most of the energy produced Pavonistade is derived from nuclear fission or renewable sources. Campaigns have been launched by both the federal government and non-governmental organizations to completely shift away from non-renewable energy source and towards renewable energy.

Pavonistade is situated above several hotspots, providing a potentially large-scale source of geothermal energy. The abundance of rivers in Pavonistade has also led to various hydroelectric projects. Mountainous terrain is seeing an increase in wind farms and solar parks, likely due to the attempted exploitation of increased wind speeds and sunlight in promising regions.

Nuclear power plants are the most common power plants in Pavonistade, and account for 40% of all energy in Pavonistade. Virtually all reactors in Pavonistade are Pavonistadian Deuterium Uranium (PADU) reactors. Fossil fuel power plants, primarily coal-fired plants, account for 14% of all Pavonistadian energy and electricity. The remainder of energy demands in Pavonistade is satisfied by hydroelectricity (16%), geothermal energy (15%), wind energy (6%), garbage incineration (5%) and other forms of energy (4%).

Science and Technology

Starting in the latter half of the 20th century, Pavonistade has invested significantly in research and development, as well as new scientific and technological developments. The Pavonistadian Government has supported various efforts in many different areas, such as improved energy efficiency in civilian products and augmented defense systems for the military. Extensive laboratories and STEM courses have been established by multiple provincial governments in an effort to promote science among Pavonistadians.

Most research and development are funded by the Pavonistadian Government. However, private organizations have also carried their own processes, with one of the largest private R&D organizations in Pavonistade being Torrent Initiative. In the contemporary era, there has been extensive collaboration between the Pavonistadian government and private organizations. Both also aim to collaborate with foreign countries, especially neighbouring countries. Most well-known projects in Pavonistade are related to emerging technologies such as precision agriculture.

Scientific programs in Pavonistade include a civilian space program and a national nuclear program not intended for nuclear proliferation.

Demographics

Template:Largest Cities in Pavonistade The federal government ministry responsible for tracking various demographic data and changes in Pavonistade is the Ministry of Social Development.

Population

The 2013 Census indicated that the population in Pavonistade was 52,120,596 as of that year. The ten-year population growth rate is around 7% and the fertility rate is 2.05.

The Pavonistadian population consists of various ethno-racial groups, the largest being White Pavonistadians which constitute around half of the national population. A substantial increase in population growth in the last century was coupled with increased immigration and reduced death rates. Pavonistade is currently approaching Stage Four of demographic transition.

70% of Pavonistadians live in urban areas whereas 30% live in non-urban areas. Central Province is the most-populated province in Pavonistade and hosts the most populous metropolitan area in the country. In contrast, the least populated province is Western Pavonistade, which contains one of the highest rural populations in the country. Census data of populations in municipalities are usually based on combined statistical areas.

Language

English is the official language of Pavonistade, as well as the first language of most Pavonistadians. At local levels, many indigenous Pavonistadian languages are also spoken, with the most prominent being the Jopj language. Languages such as French and Italian are common among European immigrants, while a wide variety of languages are known to non-European immigrants, from Igbo to Chinese.

Religion

Religion in Pavonistade

  Irreligious (52%)
  Christianity (31%)
  Judaism (7%)
  Indigenous Religions (4%)
  Islam (3%)
  Others (3%)

At least half of Pavonistadians are atheist, agnostic, or irreligious. According to the 2014 Census and several reports, 65% of Pavonistadians identify themselves as irreligious, 22% as Christians, 8% as Jewish, 3% as Muslims, and 2% as others.

Religions in Pavonistade are progressive and liberal compared to other varieties in other places. For instance, religious Pavonistadians accept consumption of foods and drinks considered to be taboo in other cultures. Religious Pavonistadians also liberally view on or leave alone abortion and other controversial topics. Religious services perform and support same-sex marriages, and non-heterosexual priests and clergies are openly accepted compared to those of many other countries.

Culture

Pavonistadian indigenous culture and lifestyle leaves behind lingering impacts in contemporary culture, which harbors western influences. Pavonistadian culture is noted to be socially liberal or liberal-conservative, although there are noticeable conservative populations in Pavonistade.

Contemporary Pavonistadians experience aspects from both communitarianism and individualism. Indigenous societies have been communitarian as they emphasized the harmony and relationship between the individual and the community. People became more individualist during foreign interference in Pavonistade, generating populations distinguished by how they valued individuals, communities, and their interactions.

Cuisine

A large range of ingredients are used in Pavonistadian cuisine, markedly backed by rising multiculturalism over the past decades. Western Pavonistade is noted to be more traditional and is a source of more vegetarian cuisines than the rest of the country. The foodstuff and beverages offered outside of Western Pavonistade are said to be "modernized" or in the process of being so.

Beverages that are commonly consumed across the country include coffee and chocolate beverages, the latter being used for a greater amount of time than any other in Pavonistade. Tea, carbonated soft drinks, frozen drinks, and milkshakes are also popular in more urbanized areas.

Due to famines in the pre-colonization history of Pavonistade, people had turned to all available foodstuffs that could be consumed, from insects to traditionally-treated fly agaric. Pavonistadians have adapted to including numerous food sources into their cuisine and do not respond negatively to exotic dishes. Virtually all consumption of organisms that would otherwise be taboo is acceptable in Pavonistadian culture. Ocelot meat is the most common and popular exotic foods, followed by insects and certain cetaceans.

Literature

Many well-known authors and writers originate from Pavonistade.

Several Pavonistadian poets are recognized in their field of poetry. A majority of famous Pavonistadian poems, especially those produced in modern times, are in open form and are not subject to rhyme schemes. Alexander Sadou and William Matthewson are notable free verse poets, the former being prominent from 1950 to 1980 and the latter being so in contemporary times. Other poetry were written in closed form or have a rhyme scheme. Contrary to the poetry of other countries, Pavonistadian poetry more commonly utilize less-frequent rhyme schemes such as off-centered rhyme and broken rhyme. An example of a closed form poet is Olivia Jenkins, who was most active in the 1940s.

Few plays, tragedies and dramatic works of Pavonistadian origins have been written although they have been received warmly among most audiences. Perhaps the most recognizable play is Cries of the Beyond, an ancient Jopj play depicting the exploits of a pre-Jopj soldier serving commander Ebom. Novels are much more significant in Pavonistade when related to other literature. There are more writers oriented with novels than with other works. Consistently-popular novel genres tend to be adventure, alternate history, horror, romance, science fiction, and young adult-oriented topics. Short stories and novellae have also enjoyed popularity alongside various novels.

Media

The largest broadcasting corporations include UniView Corporation and Pavonistadian Broadcasting Corporation, both known for a large range of Pavonistadian and foreign programs. The Pavonistade Agency of News is the largest news broadcaster in Pavonistade, and is parented by the Pavonistadian Broadcasting Corporation.

Production of films or series is an increasing sector of Pavonistadian entertainment, and the Pavonistadian cinema is attaining increasing attention from other countries. Most Pavonistadian production studios are based in Vadopolis, along with other entertainment studios and news headquarters. Prominent organizations and studios include Centralian Pictures, CountryMotion, Lokimena Productions, Willis and Jones Productions, and Keyes Entertainment.

The Internet is widely used in Pavonistade and its subculture has particularly impacted younger generations. Some of the most popular websites are of foreign origin and include Facebook, Twitter, Reddit and Youtube.

Sports

Pavonistade participates in numerous international sports tournaments and events such as the FIFA World Cup. The most popular sport in the country is considered to be association football, which was designated as the national sport on 1988. Other popular sports include basketball, baseball, and tennis.

Pavonistade has a national football team, which represents the country. Its national football association is part of FIFA.

Holidays

Date Name Statutory Holiday Notes
January 1 New Year's Day Yes
second Friday of February Family Day Yes
May 1 Labour Day Yes Commemorates labourers and their work; May Day falls on same date
October 31 Halloween No
November 11 Remembrance Day Yes Honours fallen members of the armed forces
fourth Friday of November Thanksgiving Yes Commemorates the harvest
December 25 Christmas Yes
December 26 Boxing Day No
December 31 New Year's Eve Yes Commemorates the last day of the year
varies Election Day Yes Reserved only for presidential elections