Supreme Court (Themiclesia)

Supreme Court
廷理, lêng-rje′
Established1708 (as civil court)
1820 (current jurisdiction)
LocationKien-k'ang
Composition methodAppointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister
Authorized byJudicial precedents
Supreme Court Act (1808)
Appeals toCourt of Appeal
Appeals from
  • Magisterial courts (prefectures)
  • Regional courts
  • Probate Court
  • Court of Maritime Affairs
  • Great Demesne Exchequer
  • Some courts-martial
  • Court-martial of the Army
  • Small Demesne Exchequer
  • Court-martial of the Air Force
Judge term lengthLife
Number of positions4 – 20 (by statute)
15 (currently)
Chief Justice of Themiclesia
CurrentlyMrai Kjep
Since1997

The Supreme Court (Shinasthana: 廷理, m-lêng-rje′) is an appeal court with limited original jurisdiction in Themiclesia. It was established in 1708 as a court of original jurisdiction for civil disputes arising between foreign soldiers, civilians, and diplomats, nationals, and the crown, in view of the increasing amount of foreigners residing in Themiclesia and numerous unsatisfactory judgments arising from local judges lacking experience. In 1820, it annexed the primary appellate jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal over domestic civil cases. Appeals from the Supreme Court went to the Council of Peers (for suits between subjects) or the Court of Appeal (between subjects and the crown). After 1851, all appeals went to the Court of Appeal. Further appeal is possible to the House of Lords after 1845. The Uniformity of Process Act (1900) abolished regional appeals to the Court of Appeal and vested all appellate jurisdiction over trial courts in the Supreme Court.

History

See also