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Anthem: Çandaröte Marşı
|Recognised national languages||Xhentsu|
|Recognised regional languages||n/a|
|Government||Federal parliamentary theocratic-republic|
• Spritual Leader
|Eshi Ruhiy Ota|
• Atakhanid State
|1,350,800 km2 (521,500 sq mi)|
• 2018 estimate
• Per capita
• Per capita
|Gini (2017)|| 37.1|
|HDI (2017)|| 0.689|
|Currency||Transcandarian Lire (₺) (TCL)|
Transcandar formally the State of Transcandar (Altgöl: Çandaröte Qirollik [tʃandaʁɒt qirolic]) is a central cataianese nation situated in the river valleys south of the Transcander mountain range. It lays on the northern bank of the Gulf of Brassida. Sinop is the seat of the capital and to the heads of the clergy, while Kastamonu is the largest city and main cultural and commercial centre, often acting as a secular centre. Approximately 70-80% of the country's citizens identify themselves as ethnic Transcandarians. Carackids are the largest minority at roughly 8% of the population while other minorities include Goulongese, the Xhentsu and Ömnöduul.
The Transcandarian State originated in the early 11th century when local tribes of the Turuk Khaganate ceased their nomadic life in the in the plains and steppes, crossing the Transcandar Mountains deciding to make the pastures south their homeland starting the process of assimilation by the nomads. The tribes and leaders of the Transcander fought with their neighbors for nominal control of the country for centuries to come, alternating between outright independence and submission as vassals to more powerful regional rulers and Khaganate Hordes. The Transcander people have long valued the importance of outside trade. The largest city Kastamonu was constructed by foreign merchants seeking trading routes with the far east, in return for trading in the Transcandar, Celâleddin Candar sought foreign weapons to modernize the Transcandar Army and eventually lead them to establish themselves permanently free from the surrounding hordes seeking their tribute and subjugation.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Administrative divisions
- 4 Geography
- 5 Politics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
The word Transcandar (Altgöl: Çandaröte) comes from the local name of the large Transcandar Mountains that physically divide it's northern borders with it's neighbors. The name started to become widely associated with the lowlands south of the mountains when tribes of the Ötüken Khaganate migrated over the mountains and settled in the fertile regions of it's foothills.
What could be considered the first proto-state or predecessor to the modern Transcandarian nation-state emerged as a result of the rising interactions and conflict of the various city states in the Altgol Valley and the nomadic Chormaqan Xhentsu peoples of the east. Around the turn of the century the region endured what is now known as the millennium plague. A devastating combination of poor harvest, famine and disease that thoroughly caused a depression that eroded the authority of the powerful urban princes and mayors that ruled the Altgol. This loosening of local authority of the fractured princes made non-walled villages and cities prime prey to marauding bandits and nomadic hordes. It is during this chaos that a young disenfranchised noble; Atakhan the Elder, son of an unknown Altgol prince, and raised bv the Chormaqan, seized the opportunity and began in 1071, a conquest of the whole Altgol plains valley founding the Atakhanid Dyansty. With capitals first at İznik and then at Sinop, the Atakhanid Dynasty reached the height of its power during the late 12th and early 13th century, when it succeeded in taking key ports along the Brassidan coast. In the east, the Beylik absorbed other Transcandarian states and reached the Boihon region of Yidao. Trade from Ohen and Western Catai across Transcandar was developed by a system of caravanserai. Especially strong trade ties with Asurian city-states formed during this period.
Early Modern Transcandar
During Körmükçü Çandar's reign, Western science, technology, and educational methods were introduced into Transcandar and the country's modernization was begun. Körmükçü Çandar tried to exploit the mutual distrust between Midrasia and Ternca to preserve Transcandar's independence,
At that time, Transcandar was nearly bankrupt. During the next two and a half years Celâleddin Çandar initiated important reforms in virtually all sectors of society. Government expenditure was slashed, and a distinction was made between the private and public purses. The instruments of central administration were overhauled, and Celâleddin Çandar assumed responsibility for all areas of the bureaucracy. Foreign interference in Transcandar's domestic affairs was curtailed, and foreign trade was encouraged. Public works such as the bazaar in Sinop were undertaken.
Transcandar is a Central-Catainese nation divided from it's northern and eastern neighours by the extensive Transcandar mountain range system which feeds the major river systems that run down to south of the country. Transcandar can be generally divided into three regions; south, north and east. South being the heartland of the country, extensive watershed provides large fertile plains between the rivers that run down to the coast. In the north, the fertile plains of the north form into large rolling steppes that make their way up to the İznik valley which stands as the entrance through the Transcandar mountains. However in the east, the environment becomes a cold landscape of high mountains and few valley paths.
Transcandar has a variable climate. In the northeast, winters are cold with heavy snowfall and subfreezing temperatures during December and January. Spring and fall are relatively mild, while summers are dry and hot. The Transcandarian Brassidan coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Transcandar that receives high precipitation throughout the year. The eastern part of that coast averages 2,200 millimetres (87 in) annually which is the highest precipitation in the country.
Mountains close to the north prevent desert influences from extending inland, giving the central plateau of the interior of Transcandar a continental climate with sharply contrasting seasons.
Winters on the eastern part of Transcandar in Ömnöduul region are especially severe. Temperatures of −30 to −40 °C (−22 to −40 °F) can occur in north-eastern Ömnöduul. Snow may remain at least 120 days of the year. In the west, winter temperatures average below 1 °C (34 °F). Summers are hot and dry, with temperatures often above 30 °C (86 °F) in the day. Annual precipitation averages about 400 millimetres (16 inches), with actual amounts determined by elevation.
the political system of Transcandar as set by the 1922 Constitution take place in a framework that officially combines elements of theocracy and parliamentary democracy. The constitution and it's 1951 amendment define the political, economic, and social order of the State of Transcandar. Transcandar has a democratically elected Prime-minister, parliament, an Ecclesiastic Council which appoints the Ruhiy Ota (Spiritual Leader) and maintains the religious order of the nation.
Transcandar attempts to maintain warm relations with many of it's neighbors and states in comes in contact with.
- Main article: Transcandarian Armed Forces
The Transcandarian Armed Forces are the military services. The forces are managed by the Ministry of Defence and controlled by the Defence Council, chaired by the Minister of Defence. The Commander-in-Chief is the Transcandarian Spiritual Leader, Eshi Ruhiy Ota, to whom members of the forces swear an oath of allegiance. The Armed Forces are charged with the defense of Transcandarian sovereignty and interests.
The military is composed of four branches, all of which carry the prefix Çandaröte (Transcandar):
- Çandaröte Armiyasi (ÇA), the Transcandarian Army;
- Çandaröte Donanması (ÇD), the Transcandarian Navy, including the Naval Air Service and Marine Corps;
- Çandaröte Havo Kuchlari (ÇHK), the Transcandarian Air Force;
- Çandaröte Jandarma (ÇJ), the Transcandarian Gendarmerie (Military Police), tasks include military police and border control.
Every fit Transcandarian citizen otherwise not barred is encouraged to serve in the military for a period ranging from three weeks to a year, dependent on education and job location. However benefits are given to people who plan on a career in the military. Transcandar did not recognize conscientious objection until 2007 in the case of conscription. Admiral Armağan Arıcan is the current Commander of the Transcandarian Armed Forces.
Economic activity in Transcandar has traditionally been based on herding and agriculture, although development of extensive mineral deposits of copper, iron, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, and gold have emerged as a driver of industrial production. It has a market economy, a moderate GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. The Transcandarian Lire (₺) is the nations currency.
Transcandar has an estimated population in 2018 of 13.762 million inhabitants, nearly three-quarters of whom lived in towns and cities. According to 2010 estimates, the population is increasing by 1.1 percent each year. Transcandar has an average population density of 6.49 people per km². People within the 15–64 age group constitute 71.4 percent of the total population; the 0–14 age group corresponds to 25.3 percent; while senior citizens aged 65 years or older make up 7.3 percent.
The Transcandarian Constitution defines a "Transcandarian" as "anyone who is bound to the Transcandarian state through the bond of citizenship"; therefore, the legal use of the term "Transcandarian" as a citizen of Transcandar is different from an ethnic definition. The ethnic composition of the population according to the 2009 population census: 77% Altgol, 20% Ömnöduul and 3% Xhentsu.
In total, Transcandar has 78 cities, 63 city districts, and one special legal status city. These are followed by 261 urban-type settlements and 4248 villages.
The official language is the Altgöl (Türük language), which is spoken by approximately 92% of the population as a mother tongue. It belongs to the Türük language family. Midrasian plays significant roles as second or third languages of education and communication.
The culture of modern Transcandar has developed to what it is as a result of centuries of cultural mixing between Volghari, Indiginous Transcandarians and Asuran merchants. Today, national traditions are well preserved in the country despite Western influences, including globalized consumer culture. Some of the main elements of the Transcandarian culture are: music, literature, folk dances and art, cuisine, architecture, cinematography, horsemanship and seamanship. Transcandarian culture is a product of efforts to be a "modern western" state, while maintaining traditional religious and historical values.
Transcandarian painting, in the Western sense, developed actively starting from the mid 19th century. The very first painting lessons were scheduled at what is now the Sinop Technical University (then the Royal Military Engineering School) in 1793, mostly for technical purposes. In the late 19th century, human figure in the Western sense was being established in Transcandarian painting, especially with Osman . Impressionism, among the contemporary trends, appeared later on with Halil Hamdi.
Carpet weaving represents a traditional art. During its history, the art form of the woven carpet has integrated different cultural traditions through endemic and syncretic developments. Traces of Asuran design can be found in some earlier examples and more recent examples. Türük peoples migrating from Central-Catai, brought with them their traditional designs. The reformation of Göktanrism and the development of the Göktanri art also influenced Transcandar carpet design. The history of its designs, motifs and ornaments thus reflects the political and ethnic history and diversity of the area of Transcandar.
Music and Dance
Since the 18th century, Transcandarian architecture has been increasingly influenced by Asuran styles, and this can be particularly seen in the reorganization era buildings of Sinop like the Dolmabahçe, Çırağan, Feriye, Beylerbeyi, Küçüksu, Ihlamur and Yıldız palaces, which were all designed by members of the Barış family of Transcandarian court architects. The reorganization era waterfront houses (yalı) on the Brassidan also reflect the fusion between classical Transcandarian and Asuran architectural styles during the aforementioned period. The First National Architectural Movement (Birinci Ulusal Mimarlık Akımı) in the early 20th century sought to create a new architecture, which was based on motifs from Volghar and Transcandarian architecture. The movement was also labelled Transcandarian Neoclassical or the National Architectural Renaissance. The leading architects of this movement were Ali Erkekli (1873–1942), Ogün Keçeci Bey (1870–1927), Cem Elmastaşoğlu (1888–1982) and Mert Evliyaoğlu (1873–1953).
Transcandarian cuisine is regarded as one of the one most in-depth in Central-Catai, it’s development is owed largely to cultural influences of the Volghar Khaganate, Elhazian and Asuran traders, and partly because of its tourism industry. It can be described as a fusion and refinement of Central-Catainese, Yidaoan and Elhazian cuisines. Transcandarian cuisine was well established by the mid-1400s. Yogurt salads, fish in olive oil, and stuffed and wrapped vegetables became Transcandarian staples. The Kingdom used its land and water routes to import exotic ingredients from all over the world. By the end of the 16th century, the Transcandarian court housed over 1,400 live-in cooks and passed laws regulating the freshness of food. Since the establishment of Parliament, and increased liberalization and diplomatic openness foreign food such as Midrasian hollandaise sauce and western fast food have made their way into the modern Transcandarian diet.
Media and cinema
Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues. The Constitution of Transcandar guarantees freedom of speech. Frequent attacks on journalists of non-state sponsored media is a serious threat to Transcandar's press freedom. The number of assaults has recently declined, but the physical integrity of journalists remain at stake.
Yeşilçam is the sobriquet that refers to the Transcandarian film art and industry. Much of Transcandar's early access to foreign media came through Kastamonu, coming it's open attitude to foreign entrepreneurs and large foreign community. The first movie exhibited in the Transcandar was the Midrasian 1895 film, L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat, which was shown in Kastamonu in 1896. The first narrative film, Burak Mertoğlu's The Spy, was released in 1917. Transcandar's first sound film was shown in 1931.
The National flag of Transcandar , is the Red Standard. First evidence for it's use begins in the late 15th century with the inclusion of a red Endless knot on a white banner with red border. The primary symbol of Transcandar is the red Endless knot and is found on most state seals and official use. The primary exception being its restriction with use in the military in respect to its use as a spiritual symbol. The National anthem of Transcandar is "Transcandar March".
Çandyol is the personification of the Transcandarian nation-state, depicted as a young woman with black or brown hair wearing nun's robes carrying a sword and bearing the Endless-knot. Since the rise of Transcandar into the modern period, Çandyol has been associated with the eternity of the Transcandarian people and defense of their faith.