Declaration of Universal Natural Rights


Declaration of Universal Natural Rights
Created31st December 1937 to 13th December 1939
Ratified16th December 1939
LocationKesselbourg City
PurposeHuman rights

The Declaration of Universal Natural Rights, or DUNR, was a joint declaration made by various states on the subject of natural rights, or human rights. It was a direct result of the horrors of the Great War, and was unprecedented, due to its universal scope, the wide-ranging rights it guaranteed and the support it garnered. It is considered customary international law, but often decried as violated.

The text of the DUNR follows:

Preamble

Whereas everyone is endowed with reason and conscience, Whereas this naturally endows human beings with natural rights in exercise of this reason and conscience, Whereas it is necessary to state these rights in a universally proclaimed, accepted and practiced document,

As the representatives and governments of all people, the International Assembly declares:

Statute I

Everyone is equal in the rights they hold, and is entitled unconditionally to all rights detailed in this Declaration.

Statute II

Everyone has the right to the liberty and security of their own person.

Statute III

Everyone has the right to freedom of belief, assembly and expression.

Statute IV

Everyone has the right to personal property.

Statute V

Everyone has the right to be equal before the law.

Statute VI

Everyone has the right to freedom of movement.

Statute VII

Everyone has the right to living standards, or the opportunity to attain them.

Statute VIII

Everyone has the right to contact with other people or the community.

Statute IX

Everyone has the right to a nationality.

Statute X

Everyone has the right to remedies to violations of their natural rights.

Interpretation

The remarkable brevity of the document is because of the inability of the parties which wrote it to agree on exacting measures. To this end, it is open to a wide range of interpretations; for example, some argue that "living standards" includes sleep, while other countries leave sleep deprivation as a legal method of torture. The document was written before the existence of the internet; increasingly, Statute VIII has been thought of as relating to the internet, demonstrating the document's wide interpretative range.