Duljunese War

Duljunese War
Part of Duljunese-Xiaodongese conflict
<imgur w="300">nZVUkhB.jpg</imgur>
Clockwise from top left: Street protest in Guoshan against Xiaodongese rule in 1988; Xiaodongese FT-32 attack helicopter with troops on the Huashan mountain range in 1990; Han Guanzheng entering Caofang after its liberation in 1996; Duljunese troops on patrol in Shiwen in 1992; government buildings in Hejintao being shelled during the Battle of Henjintao in 1996
Date26 July 1988 – 25 March 1996 (7 years, 7 months and 4 weeks)
Location
Result Xiaodongese Victory
Belligerents

 Xiaodong

23px SDC
30px Duljun IR
28px DPFL
23px WAD
Commanders and leaders
Xiaodong Qian Xingwen 
Xiaodong Yang Zhengming
Xiaodong Qing Hongshu 
Xiaodong Wang Xitong
Xiaodong Liu Desheng
Template:Country data Duljun Longkodo Ukudenggi
23px Zhang Zhenhua
30px C’ygiya Executed
30px Duri Elhuiejet
30px Fugiya Akjanul  Surrendered
28px Kode Urhugeci
28px Malara Ikulha Executed
23px Ju Nanggiya 
23px Dkdari Akjanul
Strength
 Xiaodong
150,000 (1988)
870,000 (1996)
30px Duljun
100,000 (1988)
520,000 (1996)
Casualties and losses
Xiaodong 100,000-400,000 soldiers killed 30px 150,000-300,000 soldiers or militants killed
275,000-1,500,000 civilians killed
2,000,000 displaced

The Duljunese War was an armed conflict within the territory of Duljun held between the armed forces and affiliated militia groups of the Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong and the breakaway Independent Republic of Duljun from the declaration of independence of Duljun in July 1988 to the defeat of the Duljunese separatist forces in March 1996.

Following the Orchid Revolution in January 1988 the Xiaodongese government under Qian Xingwen promised to grant devolution to Duljun, holding elections in the region in June 1988. The elections were won by the pro-independence Duljunese People's Liberation Front (DPFL) under C’ygiya. Despite threats from the central government to deploy the Xiaodongese Defence Force, the C'ygiya government declared the independence of Duljun on the 26 July, resulting in the Council of Ministers to declare martial law and deploy troops to the region, officially starting the Duljunese war.

The war saw the formation of pro-independence and pro-unionist militia's in Duljun, mainly split along ethnic lines. A badly planned offensive by Xiaodong in 1989 and a successful Duljunese one almost saw the collapse of Xiaodongese forces in 1991, before the better equipped and trained army started to advance between 1993-1995. The siege of Henjintao from 1995-1996 saw the fall of the city to Xiaodongese forces, leading the conflict to enter an "insurgency phase" which ended with the capture of the rebel city of Caofang in March 1996. The was as a whole was characterised by bitter fighting, indiscriminate shelling of cities and towns, ethnic cleansing and systematic mass rape committed by both Xiaodongese and Duljunese forces. The most infamous incident was the 1993 Chunjian massacre by Duljunese paramilitaries that saw the death of 9,000 ethnic Xiaodongese people.

The Duljunese war had a profound effect on the region, altering its ethnic makeup and leading to the crushing of Duljun's separatist movement. The war saw very high casualty rates with between 100,000-400,000 Xiaodongese killed and 150,000-300,000 on the Duljunese side, whilst 275,000-1,500,000 civilians killed and 2,000,000 displaced.

Background

Ethnic tensions

Orchid Revolution

Declaration of independence

Factions of the war

Duljunese

Xiaodongese

Course of the war

Initial fighting (1988)

First Xiaodongese offensive (1989-1990)

Duljunese offensive (1991-1992)

Stalemate (1992-1994)

Second Xiaodongese offensive (1995-1996)

Atrocities

Massacres

Rape

Aftermath