Yang Zhengming


Yáng Zhēngmíng
杨征明
Hu Jintao Cannes2011.jpg
Yang Zhegming in 2005
Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong
In office
14th May 1995 – 21st May 2005
Prime MinisterMao Zhukang
Han Guanzheng
Yuan Xiannian
Preceded byLi Dejiang (acting)
Succeeded byMao Zhukang
Minister of Industry and Commerce
In office
14th March 1991 – 14th May 1995
Prime MinisterJiang Xingzhou
Mao Zhukang
Preceded byZhang Tiaoyan
Succeeded byWen Zhongli
Mayor of Rongzhuo
In office
17th January 1984 – 14th March 1991
Preceded byMao Huaqing
Succeeded byLi Ma
Personal details
Born (1939-04-23) April 23, 1939 (age 81)
Flag of Xiaodong.png Rongzhuo, Xiaodong
NationalityXiaodongese
Political partyRighteous Harmony Association
Spouse(s)Qiao Liyuan
Children2
Alma materUniversity of Rongzhuo
OccupationPolitician

Yang Zhengming (Xiaodongese: 杨征明; Yáng Zhēngmíng) is a Xiaodongese politician and economist who served as the as Chairperson of the State Presidium of Xiaodong from 1995 to 2005. He also served as Minister of Industry and Commerce from 1991 to 1995 and Mayor of Rongzhuo from 1984 to 1991.

Born in 1939, Yang was a provincial official based in the city of Rongzhuo. Considered to be close to reformists in the regime, following Qian Xingwen's assumption of power he was appointed as the Mayor of Rongzhuo in 1984. As Mayor he became associated with policies that oversaw the economic revitalisation of the city with large development projects being sponsored notably the construction of new highways in the city and cooperating with other provincial leaders on the construction of the Rongzhuo-Baiqiao high-speed railway. In 1988 during the Orchid Revolution Yang was criticised for his soft approach to protests within the city, but after supporting the government during Chen Yaoguo's attempted coup was seen as a rising star. In 1991 he was appointed as Minister of Industry and Commerce in the cabinet of Jiang Xingzhou and Mao Zhukang.

In 1995 was elected as Chairperson of the State Presidium by Mao, who believed him to be a technocratic who would fully support his governance. A supporter of economic reform but more cautious of political reform Yang continued the Economic Reorganising Programme started by Mao championing liberalisation, deregulation and privatisation. Despite this the economy struggled under his rule remaining mired in a recession and only recovering in 1998. Yang's first term was mainly dominated by the Duljunese War which saw Yang and Premier Mao accused of ethnic cleansing and a brutalisation of the Duljunese population. The war also saw a expansion in executive power and consolidation of the government electoral authoritarianism, with civil society being weakened. In 1998 Yang unexpectedly dismissed his ally Mao from the premiership instead handing power to his college Han Guanzheng as part of a deal between his own faction, the Righteous Harmony Association and Han's Heavenly Gate Society. This led to him being regarded as the power behind the throne in Xiaodongese governance having outmanoeuvred his supposed benefactor Mao.

In 2000 Yang was re-elected as State Chairman. Yang was seen to have poor relations with Han Guanzheng after the latter attempted to weaken Yang's own faction, causing Yang to support the ascent of younger factional members such as Yuan Xiannian and Jiang Zhongyu. The 2005 removal of Han from office was widely seen as a power play by pro-Yang factions in the government. After his second term ended Yang retired from public life being succeeded by Jiang Zhongyu. Yang is currently a bored member of the East Sea Media Network and an unofficial adviser to the Xiaodongese government continuing to be seen as an influential factional leader.

Early life and career

Mayor of Rongzhuo

Minister of Industry

State Chairman

Retirement

Personal life