Emerstari

Federated Kingdom of Emerstari

Foderelsk Kuingerike Emerige
Flag of Emerstari
Royal Banner of Emerstari
Flag
Coat of Arms of Emerstari
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ervigner Hønnera åg Frihedt"
"Eternal Honor and Liberty"
Anthem: "Ervigner Rike"
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Location of Emerstari
Location of Emerstari (dark green)
– in Arda en' Estel (green & dark grey)
– in the Emerstarian Empire (green)
States of Emerstari
CapitalCoronet and Rensulier
LargestYoerk
Official languagesEmerstarian
Recognised regional languagesCanarian, Coelanish, Nordspreck
Religion
Lutheranism
Demonym(s)Emerstarian
GovernmentFederal Semi-parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
Erik XII Georg
Erik Gjord Jakobssen
Eugen Mikael Allenssen
Johann Nathanael Theorissen
LegislatureFoderelskkongress
Herrers Hus, Foderelsksammråd
Folks Hus
History
• Emerstarian Confederation established
AD 19
AD 422
• Kingdom of Emerstari established
AD 1047
• Eurevian Rebirth begins in Emerstari
AD 1444
• Federated Kingdom of Emerstari etablished
AD 1756
Area
• 
644,050 km2 (248,670 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.74
Population
• 2019 estimate
57,406,218
• 2015 census
56,021,495
• Density
89.13/km2 (230.8/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
3.52 trillion
• Per capita
61,317.40
HDI (2018)Steady 0.948
very high
CurrencyShilling
(S) (ESK)
Time zoneWestern Scanian Time
• Summer (DST)
Western Scanian Summer Time
Date formatAD dd-mm-yyyy
Driving sideright
Internet TLD.em

Emerstari (Emerstarian: Emerige, pronounced [ˈɛmərjɛ]), officially the Federated Kingdom of Emertari, is a sovereign state and Scanian country in the Eurevian region of Arda en' Estel. Emerstari proper consists of its mainland and 416 named islands, with the largest being Haller and Långeholt. The westernmost and northernmost of the Scanian nations, Emerstari lies north of Canaria and Roele and west of Coelans. The nation is generally mild due to its maritime influence and is characterized by flat to hilly arable land in the south and the west, by forested and mountainous land in the north, and by vast coastlines and lakes in the west. Emerstari has a total area of 644,049.75 km2 (248,669 sq mi) and water area of 24,094.66 km2 (9,303 sq mi).

Scanian peoples have inhabited Emerstari for 4,000 years, emerging into history as Emerstarians (Emerstarian: Emersk). A semi-united Emerstarian state was founded in the early first century AD. After the fall of the Emerstarian Confederation in the 5th century AD, the nation divided itself into fourteen petty kingdoms in a period known as the Polyarchy. By the 10th century, all of these kingdoms had been Christianized, and in the mid-11th century, a reunited Emerstari reappeared. The Great Mortality in the late 14th century halved the Emerstarian population and indirectly caused extensive social and political changes and the War of Emerstarian Succession. The Kingdom of Emerstari consequently emerged as a major power and entered the Euervian Rebirth. During and after this period, an expansion of Emerstarian territories began and the Emerstarian Empire was formed. By the late-17th century, Emerstari was a dominant land and naval power, but in the mid-18th century, a new constitution was written resulting in the establishment of the Federated Kingdom of Emerstari. In the late-18th century, participated in the Wars of the Coalitions, entering first into the Fourth Oldraite Rebellion on the side of the Protestants. Emerstari shortly thereafter reached its territory height and entered into the Emerstarian Golden Age which lasted throughout the 19th century. The nation entered the 10 Years' War in 1911 a part of the Veidmaar League. After the war, an economic depression began that ended in the 1930s.

Today, Emerstari has close relations to its neighbors, culturally and linguistically as well as politically. It is a federal constitutional semi-parliamentary monarchy wherein executive power is vested in a Monarch. Legislative power is vested in the tricameral Foderelskkongress. Emerstari has seventeen states and two capitals, Coronet and Rensulier. Its national language is Emerstarian.

Etymology

The name Emerstari was loaned from the Marseilian word Emersterre in the 17th century. Before this, English used Emerland. While the Emerstarian name Emerige literally means "realm of the Emers," it is debated whether this word derives from Emer and rike (which is the more common interpretation), or if it derives from Emer and ige, an Emerstarian derivation of ia.

Variations of the name Emerstari are used in most languages, with exceptions of Coelanish, Jermanskan, and Svergian using Emerige, Halleran Emersland, and Øarnslandic Emíriki. Other notable exceptions include some of the Kolgrik languages where Eruortsi (Soumian) and Eruorški (Bohymish) are used. In the Elbaichish languages, Kualainn is used.

History

Early History

Marlandish petrogylphs dating from 3,800-years-ago

Emerish tribes migrating from what is present-day Rhenland reached Emerstari approximately 4,000-years-ago, following northbound herds of reindeer. However, a colder climate than that of today restricted settlement any farther north than the Vernij and Kjor Rivers for several centuries. By 1,400-years-ago, nearly all of Emerstari had been settled.

Proto-North Scanian, the predecessor of Old North Scanian, the common ancestor of all the modern North Scanian languages, diverged from Proto-Scanian around 1,000-years-ago, but it was not until 800 BC that a writing system was introduced, from the Marseilians.

Old North Scanian evolved from Old North Scanian 2,400-years-ago, and by this time, the tribes of Emerstarians were beginning to grow larger until by AD 19, several of the largest tribes in northern central Emerstari formed the Emerstarian Confederation. This Confederation was headed by a High Chieftain and mainly served as a defensive alliance. By AD 70, High Chieftain Folki Theorrisson had converted to Christianity, and the rest of the Confederation slowly followed suit.

Middle Ages

In 422, the Emerstarian Confederation collapsed and of the many tribes that entered it, several petty kingdoms came out. The Kingdoms which were created from the Confederation were mostly Christian, but parts of Emerstari were still pagan, so for the next several centuries, copious religious wars were fought between the Christian petty kingdoms and those that were pagan, most notably the Vernian Cursade.

Prior to their Christianization, pagan Emerstarians explored, raided, and settled various areas across Arda en' Estel; it is believed that in 723, one group may have reached so far as Durradon in Markion. However, the Emerstarian Viking Age finally came to an end in 912 when a league of Christian Emerstarian kingdoms took advantage of infighting between the Kingdom of Verni and the Kingdom of Valerige.

The King of Flodland, Eirikr Segersaella aimed to unite all of the Emerstarian kingdoms, an aim which never had been accomplished. When his uncle, the King of Whentii, died both kingdoms were united and he commenced an invasion of what is present-day Marland: first into the eastern Kingdom of Osteg, and then into the western Kingdom of Fjordland. By 1047, all of Emerstari had been united under his banner. Karl Gamla died in 1122, ending the rule of the House of Eirikr, and he was succeeded by Harald Berhjartath of the House of Sigfredsson, which reigned until 1235.

"...destructive death (who seizes young and old alike, sparing no one and reducing rich and poor to the same level) has lamentably snatched from both of us our dearest daughter (whom we loved best of all, as her virtues demanded)."

Letter from Olaf II Kristoffer to Karl VII and III.

By 1357, a plague which had spread across southern Scania reached Emerstari, and it lasted until 1359 when an especially cold winter killed off many of the bugs and rodents carrying it. The disease, the Great Mortality, halved the Emerstarian population and killed the only daughter of Olaf II Kristoffer. The death of her, Katarina Elisabet Olafsdottir, caused tension between Emerstari and Marseile resulting in Charles VII of Marseile invading Emerstari upon the death of Olaf II Kristoffer. He, however, died only a year afterward. Peter I and IV ascended to the throne of Marseile, and therefore the throne of Roele as well, and Emerstari. Sigismund I Kristoffer led a revolt against Peter I and IV in 1390; he established himself as King of Emerstari, installing the House of Saexe-Vittelsbach

Kristien I Ulrik, or Kristien Onreda (Christian the Unready), ascended to the throne of Emerstari after the death of his unpopular father in 1430, and ruled until his death from an isolated reoccurrence of the Great Mortality in 1439. From 1439 until 1444, the War of Emerstarian Succession raged across Emerstari.

Early Modern Era

Eurevian Rebirth

Georg I Erik in Ynnesborg, 1440

In 1444, after the end of the War of Emerstarian Succession, the House of Eirikr was reinstated, and Georg I Erik became King of Emerstari. Under his reign, Emerstari's state religion became Lutheranism, and the Emerstarian language was further standardized via the first Emerstarian translation of the Bible. Moreover, during his reign, Emerstari began to colonize outside of Scania. Erik I Georg is Emerstari's second longest-reigning monarch, from 1444 until 1512.

Christoffer Lorens Ljundstrom reached the Durranese coast in 1504, creating peaceful relations with the Durranese. He sailed throughout Markion from 1504 to 1512 and planted the seeds for Emerstarian colonies in Kophavien and Fyrland. Explorers after him colonized other lands in Markion such as Baveska, the Gyldenskkost, Klarsjoland, and Vasterkostland.

Emerstari grew wealthy from colonial trade and soon other Scanian nations followed suit. In 1552, war broke out between Emerstari and Marseile over the ownership of the Outoi Valley in present-day New Retermi. The war raged in New Retermi and off the coasts of both nations until 1556, but neither country was ever invaded; the Marseilians were ultimately bound by the Treaty of Uchtre to renounce their claim to the Outoi Valley.

A coalition of Catholic Scanian nations including Marseile, Roele, Estenland, Seubia, and Polsny, as part of a greater plan to reinstall Catholic monarchies across northern Scania, attacked Soumeland and Yermansk. In response, Emerstari, Canaria, Coelans, Saexeland, and several other duchies of the Scanian Imperium declared war on the Catholic League. Christened as the War of the Poiy League, it lasted from 1592 until 1628 and resulted in various territorial changes within the Scanian Imperium.

Amidst the war, Queen Katarina I Solveig died, and the House of Leijonhuvud was installed to the throne of Emerstari upon Ervin II Gustaf's ascension. Under the new Leijonhuvud rule, several provinces in modern-day Canaria were attained in 1672, forming Emerstarian Canaria.

Enlightenment and Golden Age

Carolinian Wars

In 1690, Karl IV Lorens ascended to the throne of Emerstari and upon this, he began to reform the Royal Emerstarian Military, and he created the Emerstarian allotment system. Aiming to take advantage of the 20-year-old king's inexperience, however, Saurland declared war on Emerstar in 1692 and invaded Emerstarian Soumeland. Karl IV Lorens proved himself to be one of Emerstari's best military minds, and in 1693, he forced Saurland into a personal union with Emerstari that would last until 1718.

The Polsnian Empire, aligning itself with the exiled King of Saurland declared war on Emerstari in 1695 and again, Soumeland was invaded. Throughout his Kuista and Erngia campaigns, Karl's army reached a total of 32,000 troops, — a number which would be surpassed during his 1700–1704 campaign. Polsny surrendered in 1697, handing over Kuistia, which was integrated into Emerstarian Soumeland, and Erngia which became an Emerstarian territory in its own right.

After three years, a coalition of several Scanian states led by Polsny declared war on Emerstari. Emerstari, allied with Coelans and supported by Marseile, forced Yermansk into signing the Treaty of Svalhavn within several months of the war's start. In the treaty, they had to break their alliance with Polsny. Thereafter, Emerstari simultaneous defended Soumeland from Polsny and Hessenland from Estenland. By 1701, the Polsnians had been forced out of Soumeland, and they retreated southward to defend Siesland. Karl, uniting his force with a Coelanish force, pursued them, and for three days near the village of Ruuken, the Emerstarian-Coelanish force fought the Polsnian force resulting in a combined total of 43,000 casualties.

Karl's army successfully took the northern half of Siesland and in 1702, Emerstari, Polsny, Coelans, and Estenland met to sign the Treaty of Solnatz. In which, Estenland was forced to break its treaty with Polsny and a two-year-long ceasefire was agreed to.

In 1704, the ceasefire ended and an Emerstarian army encountered a Polsnian force near the village of Kääjoki, resulting in the Battle of Kääjoki whereat, Karl IV Lorens was killed. The war continued on for several months after his death, and in the Peace of Poiy, the Polsnian Empire was forced to hand over Siesland which remained in a personal union with Emerstari until 1718.

Enlightenment

Karl was succeeded by his sister, Annette I Maria, who ruled for four years until her son, Ervin III Karl had reached of age, and she was asked by the Riksråd to abdicate. Ervin III Karl ruled from 1708 until his premature death in 1718, during which time, Emerstari remained at peace. He was a proponent of Emerstarian culture and the arts, and he ordered the construction of numerous cathedrals, palaces, and universities including the Emerstarian Academy which today is part of the Emerstarian Språkkeråd that regulates Emerstarian.

Olaf III of Emerstari

Ervin and his wife, Anaïs Magali de Donat, had one daughter who died in 1715 from pneumonia, and amidst the succession crisis that followed, Ervin III Karl was the target of an assassination carried out by Saurlandish rebels. The throne returned to the House of Eirikr, but the territories of Saurland and Siesland were lost.

Erik VIII Olaf who had served under Karl IV Lorens and held considerable territories in the Scanian Imperium ascended to the throne. He ruled from 1718 until 1744 and is known as the "Father of Scania", for he had eleven children and most Scanian monarchs today are related to him.

Excluding several minor colonial wars and a brief conflict with Kaltura in Markion, Erik VIII Olaf's reign was peaceful, seeing the expansion of the Emerstarian Empire and dominance of the Royal Emerstaran Navy. Erik IX Johann, grandson of Erik VIII Olaf, ascended to the throne following his father's death.

In 1749, talks of a new Emerstarian constitution began, and a draft was submitted to the Riksråd in 1755, and after a year of debate and revision, the Føreningpapper was approved by Erik IX Johann in 1756. A sizeable group of nobles, however, were concerned that the new constitution would limit their power. The new constitution also established seventeen states and reformed the Riksråg into the Foderelskkongress.

In Emerstarian Canaria in 1763, two years after the end of the Euteni War between Emerstari and Marseile, delegates from both nations signed the Voendenvelt Accords, establishing an alliance between the two nations as it was figured that it would be more beneficial to keep the current balance of power than to weaken one another.

Erik IX Johann died of stomach cancer in 1778, but as his eldest son and heir was visiting Gyldenskkost at the time, Erik's brother, Olaf III Aleksender, who had served as Emerstari's first president, ascended to the throne until 1780.

Erik's son, Karl V Erik, ascended to the throne in 1780. In 1782, pro-Sjovenians in the Emerstarian colony of Baveskjien declared their independence from Emerstari. From 1782 until 1790, they fought with Sjovenia against Emerstari. Ultimately, Emerstari ceded the colony in the Treaty of Kopmandsburg, and Johann Anderssen, the Head of Emerstarian Intelligence for the war, was hanged for treason. Karl V Erik had a day of national mourning for his death, having him put to rest in Tred Kronor Cathedral.

In 1792, Emerstari declared war on Estenland to, as it was put by Karl V Erik, in defence of Protestantism, for the Catholic Estenland invaded Neuresstedten. Although, it was mainly due to an alliance with Coelans. No Emerstarian king since Karl IV Lorens had personally led an army, and so, throughout the Wars of the Coalitions, Eirik Finn Felikssen–Leijonhuvud, the Duke of Whentii, led the Royal Emerstarian Military.

The Wars of the Coalitions lasted from 1789 until 1831, but Emerstarian involvement lessened after the establishment of the Venson Union in 1818. In the 1820s, the Royal Emerstarian Navy was the uncontested dominant navy in Scania, and Emerstari entered into the Emerstarian Golden Age, reaching its territorial height.

Golden Age

Starting in the 1820s, several Emerstarian authors rose to prominence including Hans Karl Anderssen, Theodor Georg Kierke, and Lorens Olaf Perssen. Numerous Emerstarian painters also became renowned around Scania including Osvald Ragnvald Strom and Svea Karla Gjordsdottir. Emerstarian composers Ludvig Ingvar Georgssen and Ragnvald Thomes Stenhammer lived during this period as well.

"Namner Uppaning" by Svea Karla Gjordsdottir

Industrialization began to rapidly spread in Emerstari during the 1830s and 1840s, and in the 1850s, some of the first railroad tracks were set in Emerstari, creating the basis of the Riksjørnvag. During this period of industrialization, Folke II Knudt died, in 1849, and ended the real union between Emerstari and Emerstarian Canaria.

In 1862, a monetary union was established between Emerstari, Coelans, Saurland, Canaria, and briefly, the Friedish Confederation which was absorbed by Coelans. The currencies, all of which in their native languages translate to "shilling", were on the gold standard, and one shilling was defined as 1/1100 of a kilogram of gold.

The Emerstarian Golden Age was largely peaceful, with only a few colonial wars, but in 1873, Kristien II Gustaf declared war upon Seubia wherewith, tensions had been growing for years about the fate of Emerstari's personal union with Hessenland.

For the initial two years of the year, Seubian forces won the majority of the battles; however, in 1875, the war turned in favor of Emerstari, and by the fifth year of war in 1878, a white peace was agreed to in the Treaty of Leipze. Hessenland, however, voted in a referendum in 1880 to become independent. After months of discussion with the Foderelskkongress, an agreement was reached that in 1885, it would be set free. A member of the House of Eirikr, and cousin of the Carl Augustus IV of Saexeland, was made king. Upon the death of the Carl Augustus in 1891, Georg Johann I was also crowned King of Saexeland.

In the 1890s, Emerstari loosened restrictions on immigration, but these restrictions would be reinstated and made stricter after the 10 Years' War, during the Scanian Depression.

Modern Era

20th century

The Royal Emerstarian Navy was believed to be one of the best in the world during the 10 Years' War

Emerstari fought as a part of the Veidmaar League in the 10 Years' War. Its forces engaged primarily in southern Scania near Estenland, along the coast of Ienkelland, and briefly south of Soumeland. This was the last war wherein the Emerstarian Home Guard was called to war via the allotment system.

After the war, Emerstari, like Marseile and Ienkelland, began to decolonize; although before the war, the real union with Canaria and Soumeland ended in 1849 and 1904 respectively, and the colony of Fyrland had been given to the Green Union in exchange for the Tryndal Islands in 1871. New Retermi was one of the first colonies to leave after the war, in 1931.

Emerstari became one of the first countries in Scania to develop a nuclear arsenal (with its first atomic bomb test in 1957), in response to the development thereof by Socialist Renochesvia. In 1967, the Venson Union Defence Council voted to aid the Slovyan rebels in the First Slovyan Insurgency. Emerstari, Rolech, and Canaria sent ground forces to Slovya in 1968. After several large losses, Emerstari pulled its forces out in 1970 but continued sending supplies until the Renochesvian victory in 1971.

21st century

In the national elections in November 2010, voters ended twelve years of Vernon rule, returning the Monarchic-Republican Party to power by electing Erik XII Georg to the presidency. Erik XII Georg refused to run for a second term, and in 2014, Erik Gjord Jakobssen was elected, running as a Federalist. He was elected on promises of tax cuts, more spending on the Riksvag, and to be tougher on socialist Renochesvia.

Geography

Situated in northeastern Scania, Emerstari lies south of the Halleran Sea and west of the Estelian Sea, providing it a long coastline. To its west, is the White Topped Mountains, a range that separates Emerstari from Coelans. To its south is Canaria, and it has a maritime border with Roele. Emerstari is 644,050 km2 (248,670 mi sq), making it one of the largest nations in Scania. The lowest elevation in Emerstari is the Bay of Stensjon, near Jorviksstad, at −2.41 m (−7.91 ft) below sea level; the highest point is the Karlssonsberg in the White Topped Mountains at 2,111 m (6,926 ft) above sea level.

The White Topped Mountains

About 10% of Emerstari lies north of the Arctic Circle. Southern Emerstari is predominantly agricultural with increasing forest coverage northward; around 42% of Emerstari's total land area is covered with forests. Its highest population density is in the city of Yoerk on the eastern coast, and its lowest is on the Haller Islands; whereof, are Emerstari's two largest islands: Haller Island and Långeholt. Its largest lakes are Lake Gjende in central Emerstari and Lake Salle eastern Emerstari. Emerstari also has extensive waterway availability throughout its entirety, a trait which was exploited in the early 20th century with the construction of the Ørnland Canal.

Climate

Most of Emerstari has a temperate climate, despite its northern latitude, with largely four distinct seasons and mild temperatures throughout the year. The winters in the far south are usually weak, with only some shorter periods with snow and sub-zero temperatures, and the autumn may even change into spring without a distinct period of winter. Most of Emerstari has a humid continental climate, but the northern regions have a subarctic climate. Emerstari is, however, drier and milder than other places at its latitude; this is due to its wind patterns, and the Estelian Sea. Emerstari, though, because of its northernly latitude has varying hours of daylight. In Rensulier, daylight lasts for more than 18 hours in late June but only for about 6 hours in late December. Emerstari receives about 1,668 hours of sunshine annually. In the summer, with the exception of the mountains, there is not much difference in the temperature from north to south. The nation's average July temperature is within the range of 12.2°C (54°F) and 21.5°C (70.7°F) while the average January temperature is within the range of –6.8°C (19.8°F) and –1.8°C (28.8°F).

Climate data for Emerstari (1874-2018)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
12.8
(55)
17.0
(62.6)
21.8
(71.2)
27.7
(81.9)
32.2
(90)
30.5
(86.9)
34.2
(93.6)
24.9
(76.8)
21.0
(69.8)
14.4
(57.9)
12.4
(54.3)
34.2
(93.6)
Average high °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.5
(38.3)
9.1
(48.4)
15.8
(60.4)
20.4
(68.7)
21.5
(70.7)
20.1
(68.2)
15.1
(59.2)
9.3
(48.7)
3.2
(37.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.57
(49.22)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.5
(40.1)
10.8
(51.4)
15.2
(59.4)
16.4
(61.5)
15.2
(59.4)
10.8
(51.4)
6.3
(43.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
5.69
(42.24)
Average low °C (°F) −6.8
(19.8)
−6.8
(19.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.8
(33.4)
6.5
(43.7)
10.6
(51.1)
12.2
(54)
11.3
(52.3)
7.5
(45.5)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
2.39
(36.31)
Record low °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−9.8
(14.4)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.4
(34.5)
5.0
(41)
3.7
(38.7)
−2
(28)
−7.4
(18.7)
−16
(3)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−24.9
(−12.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 49
(1.93)
36
(1.42)
47
(1.85)
41
(1.61)
53
(2.09)
65
(2.56)
81
(3.19)
89
(3.5)
90
(3.54)
84
(3.31)
73
(2.87)
55
(2.17)
763
(30.04)
Avg. precipitation days 6 4 6 5 5 7 7 8 7 8 8 6 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 40 76 126 178 220 250 246 216 144 86 51 35 1,668
Source: Emerstarian Meteorological Institute

The highest temperature ever recorded in Emerstari was 36°C (97°F) in Lillafeld in 1940 while the coldest temperature ever recorded was –52.6°C (–62.7°F) in Væggenholm in 1971. Apart from the ice-free Estelian Sea bringing marine air into Emerstari, tempering winters, the mildness is further explained by prevailing low-pressure systems postponing winter. Frost, though, remains commonplace quite far south as late as April.

On average, most of Emerstari receives 763 mm (30.04 inches) of precipitation each year. The eastern part receives more precipitation as the western part is in the rain shadow of the White Topped Mountains. Some mountainous areas are estimated to receive up to 2,000 mm (79 inches) of precipitation.

Ecology

Flora

The highest part of the country is part of the Emerstarian montane birch forest and grasslands ecoregion. At the highest altitude is high alpine tundra with very modest vegetation and bare rock, skree, snowfields and glaciers. At lower altitude is low alpine tundra with continuous plant cover; dwarf birch and willows up to 1 m (3 ft) tall and grasslands, as well as numerous lakes and bogs. At still lower altitude is the adjacent montane birch zone with small (2 to 5 m (7 to 16 ft)) mountain downy birch (Betula pubescens) above the conifer tree line; some stunted spruce and pine also occur here.

A forest in Marlanda

At lower altitudes in the northern and central parts of the country, coniferous forests occur. These are dominated by Emerstarian pine (in drier locations), often with an understory of common juniper, spruce and a significant admixture of downy birch and silver birch. Aspen and birch occur throughout this region, and Coelanian larch is characteristic of the eastern part of the ecoregion. In the southeast, there are scattered broad-leafed trees such as elm, ash and lime, but no oak.

In the south of the country, there is a southern coniferous forest region, demarcated by the northerly limit of the oak and the southern limit of the natural regeneration of spruce. Mixed with the spruce and pine in these forests are deciduous trees including the pioneering species such as birch, alder and aspen, and the long-lived oak, elm and lime.

In the extreme south is the southern deciduous forest region, a vegetation cover shared by Canaria. The dominant trees here is the beech, but oak can also form smaller forests. Elm at one time formed forests but has been much reduced by Canarian elm disease. Other important trees and shrubs in this zone include hornbeam, elder, hazel, fly honeysuckle, linden, spindle, yew, alder buckthorn, blackthorn, aspen, rowan, whitebeam, juniper, holly, ivy, dogwood, goat willow, larch, bird cherry, wild cherry, maple, ash, alder along creeks, and in sandy soil birch compete with pine.

Fauna

The national animal of Emerstari, the Red deer

Terrestrial mammals occurring in Emerstari include the hedgehog, the European mole, six species of shrews and eighteen of bats. The Eurevian rabbit, the Eurevian hare and the mountain hare all live here as do the Eurevian beaver, the red squirrel and the brown rat as well as about fourteen species of smaller rodent. Of the ungulates, the wild boar, the fallow deer, the red deer, the elk, the roe deer, and the reindeer are found in the country. Terrestrial carnivores include the brown bear, black bear, the Eurasian wolf, the red fox, and the Arctic fox, as well as the Eurevian lynx, the Eurevian badger, the Eurevian otter, the stoat, the least weasel, the Eurevian polecat, the European pine marten, and the wolverine. The coast is visited by three species of seal, and around thirteen species of whale, dolphin, and porpoise. Critically endangered mammals include the Bechstein's bat, the common pipistrelle and the Arctic fox, the barbastelle, the serotine bat, the pond bat, the lesser noctule, and the wolf. Listed as vulnerable are the Eurevian otter, the wolverine, the harbour seal, the harbour porpoise and the Natterer's bat.

According to the Rensulier University, 535 species of bird have been recorded in Emerstari. Many of these are migratory birds, making their way between Arctic breeding grounds and overwintering quarters further south in Scania and Arda en' Estel. The lakes, wetlands, and coasts provide nesting opportunities for water birds and seabirds and the upland regions are home to willow ptarmigan, black grouse, western capercaillie, owls, and birds of prey.

The only endemic fish in Emerstari is the critically endangered freshwater Coregonus trybomi, still surviving in a single lake. Amphibians found in Emerstari include eleven species of frogs and toads and two species of newt, while reptiles include four species of snake and three of lizard.

Emerstari has an estimated 108 species of butterfly, 60 species of dragonfly, and 40 species of wood boring beetle.

Politics

Erik XII Georg is the King of Emerstari

Emerstari has a constitution comprised of three sections which form the fundamental laws of Emerstari (Emerstarian: Grundlager): the Act of Sovereignty (Emerstarian: Suverænitetshandlingar), the Act of Rights of the Citizen and of the State (Emerstarian: Rikesinburgerars åg Stats Rigteshandlingar), and the Act of Procedures of the Country (Emerstarian: Rikesfremgangsmådehandlingar).

Emerstari is a constitutional monarchy and Erik XII Georg is the head of state and government. The King is commander-in-chief of the Royal Emerstarian Military, passes or vetos bills before they become laws, appoints nobles to the Herrers Hus, appoints officials of the Church of Emerstari, appoints members to his Privy Council, opens the annual Foderelskkongress session, chairs the special council held during a presidential change, holds regular information councils with the president, receives Letters of Credence, and signs those of Emerstarian ambassadors sent abroad. Additionally, the King pays state visits abroad and receives those incoming as host. Apart from those official duties, the King and other members of the Royal Family of Emerstari undertake a variety of unofficial duties within Emerstari and abroad.

Legislative power is vested in the tricameral Foderelskkongress. It is composed of the Folks Hus that has 300 members, the Sammråd that has 60 members, and the Herrers Hus that has 250 members. The Folks Hus is viewed as the chamber of the people, and all laws regarding taxes and propositions to activate the Emerstarian Home Guard must be started and passed here; the Sammråd is viewed as the chamber of the states, and it safeguards the rights of the states and the minority, approves treaties, and declares war; the Herrers Hus is viewed as a limit on the power of the monarchy, and it confirms heirs, can force a monarch to abdicate and can overturn appointments to the Church of Emerstari. Most laws only require passage through the Folks Hus and the Sammråd. Folks Hus members are elected via direct popular vote and serve a term of three years whereas Sammråd members are appointed of state legislatures every six years when 1/3 of the Sammråd is up for reelection; Folks Hus districts are apportioned among the states every ten years (non-state territories get one member).

The President of Emerstari is elected by people of Emerstari through an electoral college every four years, and s/he acts as the representative of the Emerstarian people in government, acts as the head of the Foderelskkongress, appoints chiefs to the various departments of the Emerstarian government and justices to the Supreme Court, negotiates for and represents Emerstari abroad, addresses the state of the country in speeches, and fulfills other various tasks assigned to her/him by the monarch.

The Judiciary of Emerstari is the Supreme Court of Emerstari (Emerstarian: Hogdomstol). The Supreme Court carries out judicial review and interpretations of Emerstarian laws. It also safeguards the rights of the Emerstarian citizen.

Administrative divisions

State Capital Area
(km2)
Population
Ålmapien Koburg 57,853 5,091,903
Eje̊rien Odlarsby 19,518 3,291,934
Inepolien Flodburg 35,097 8,902,541
Knůrien Slåttien 23,012 1,314,987
Kjorien Ljund 27,674 710,393
Kjomark Kjorsborg 7,534 890,418
Marland Eidfjord 71,284 2,210,491
Nordhƿentii Uppsalle 11,829 1,801,048
Onørkien Hoonderstad 32,701 2,002,874
Osterkjorien Kalamer 3,579 591,408
Pallsejn Rynstrom 15,405 1,892,874
Sjomark Ynnesburg 21,947 1,021,000
Sydhƿentii Bjornhjem 13,372 2,019,984
Valpersien Hjorring 71,421 5,801,894
Vastra Vernien Norskfeld 12,735 1,104,872
Vernien Osterburg 15,791 1,582,981
Yoerk Feldin 48,130 9,610,994
Emerstari Coronet and Rensulier 644,050 56,021,495

Emerstari is made of seventeen states which are collectively referred to as Rikesstatter. Each state has its own constitution, legislature, and governor and is largely autonomous in regard to its internal organization. In addition to these seventeen states, there is the Emerien District, Emerstari's capital district, and numerous territories that are divided into Interior Territories and Exterior Territories. Interior Territories most notably include the Halleran Islands and Mailes among others.

States are further divided into counties (Emerstarian: Kommuner) and into municipalities. Both levels have legislative assemblies that are elected by popular vote at the general election held every four years in conjunction with the presidential election. Municipalities deal with local schools, services, environment, and urban planning.

Municipalities are also further divided into parishes. These have little political responsibility, but they are subdivisions of the Church of Emerstari and have some importance in the Emerstarian census.

There are older historical divisions, primarily the duchies of Emerstari, whereof there are currently 61. Their only present use is for the administration of the Church of Emerstari, of the Herrers Hus, and of the allotment system.

Foreign relations

Despite historically having had a more expansionistic approach on foreign policy, Emerstari towards the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century, began to change its foreign policy, striving to maintain the balance of power within Scania. Today, Emerstarian foreign policy initiatives military intervention in conflicts and for peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance programs, and putting Emerstari and its allies first.

Emerstari is a founding member of the Venson Union and is a permanent member of the Venson Union General Council. It is additionally a member of the Estelian Council, the Northern Scanian League, Allied Security and Assistance Force, and the Scanian Economic Cooperation Treaty. Many nations have embassies with Emerstari in Coronet and have consulates around the country.

Emerstari has a special relationship with Soumeland and Canaria and possesses strong ties with Marseile, Coelans, Saurland, Rolech, Saexeland, and New Retermi. It works with fellow ASAF nations such as Arcadia and fellow VU nations in military and aid operations.

Military

Emerstarian personnel in a training excercise
Naval patrol in the Halleran Sea

The Emerstarian armed forces, known as the Royal Emerstarian Military, are organized into the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, Air Force, and the Home Guard which can be reorganized into the other forces during times of emergency. The Royal Emerstarian Military employs 551,187 voluntary members and 470,293 Home Guard members through the allotment system. The Monarch of Emerstari is the commander-in-chief, but much of the work is carried out by the Chief Lieutenant and the Chiefs of Defence and Homeland Security. Despite a recent proposal in the Folks Hus to allow them into the active service, women are in non-combat positions, most notably in nursing corps. Emerstarian military spending in 2014 was $82 billion.

Emerstari has a nuclear weapon stockpile of 1,802; this is the second-largest stockpile in Scania. Additionally, it maintains a fleet of ballistic missile submarines and a strategic bomber force.

Law

Emerstari has a civil law system based on Scanian law. Criminal and private laws are codified on the national level, and the Emerstarian penal system seeks the rehabilitation of the criminal and the protection of the public. Petty crimes are tried before a single professional judge whereas serious crimes are tried before mixed tribunals. Many of the fundamental matters of administrative law remain in the jurisdiction of the states. Capital punishment is sanctioned in all of Emerstari.

Law enforcement in Emerstaris is primarily the responsibility of local police departments and sheriff's offices with state police providing broader services. Federal agencies such as the Federelskutforskningbyrå and the Sjeriffstjeneste have specialized duties including national security and enforcing federal courts' rulings and federal laws. In 2017, there was a murder rate of 0.9 murders per 100,000 people.

Economy

Economic indicators
Nominal GDP $3.52 trillion (Q3 2018)
Real GDP growth 2.2% (Q3 2018)
CPI inflation 1.24% (November 2018)
Employment-to-population ratio 70.2% (November 2018)
Unemployment 3.1% (November 2018)
Total public debt $1.44 trillion (November 2018)
Median adult wealth $106,827 (Q3 2018)

Emerstarians enjoy one of the highest GDP per-capita among Scanian countries ($61,317.40) and a high standard of living. The Emerstarian economy is an example of a mixed economy. Emerstari has an unemployment rate of 3.1%, with 68.2% of the populated age 15–70 employed.

There is no minimum wage in Emerstari and Emerstarian trade unions, whereof 87% of Emerstarian workers are members, negotiate wages for a large share of the employees. Both the prominent role of collective bargaining and the way wherein the high rate of coverage is achieved reflect the dominance of self-regulation over state regulation in Emerstari.

The state has large ownership in several industrial sectors, such as the petroleum sector (Statsoil) and the nuclear power sector (Rikskærnskkraft). Of the 178 airports in Emerstari, 72 are public and 106 are operated by the state-owned Emerskluft. A total of 62,019,841 passengers passed through Emerstarian airports in 2008; the busiest Emerstarian airport was Coronet Airport (Køroeneskjes Lufthavn), 16 kilometers (10 miles) northeast of Coronet, whereto a train from Kuings Tågsstasjon arrives every 10 minutes. Emerstari is additionally, a major shipping nation and has a merchant fleet of 1,203 vessels.

Agriculture is a significant sector in Emerstari

The 20 largest (by turnover) registered Emerstarian companies in 2011 were Færoe, Finnssen, Skånien, Karls åg Hens, Ingvar Johann Meijers, Marlandska Verkefabrik, Jölker, Nordin, Johannssens, Kjelden, Kopper, Strandvikke, Uppberg Vertygfabrik, Postett, Ryller, Eriksson–Strandberg, Færoe Lyksvagnar, Pitsahus, Svartskblekke, Birger Donner Ragnvaldssen Kompagne. The vast majority of Emerstari's industry is privately controlled.

Emerstari maintains its own currency, the Emerstarian Skille (ESK). The Emerstarian Riksbanke was founded in 1627 and is focusing on price stability with an inflation target of 1%.

The largest trade flows are with Canaria, Marseile, Soumeland, Coelans, Rolech, and Saexeland.

Resoruces

Oil industry

Emerstari is the largest oil producer in Scania; between 1966 and 2013, Emerstarian companies drilled 4092 oil wells, mostly in the Halleran Sea and the northern Estelian Sea. Of these, 1,205 have been terminated. Oil fields not yet in production include the Ostling Oil Field (calculated 65–156 million barrels of oil) and the Ljundberg Oil Field (calculated 260 million barrels of oil). The government controls large portions of the oil industry: 62% ownership of Statsoil as well as the fully state-owned Emersoil.

Fish industry

Emerstari is a large exporter of fish. Fish from farms and catch constitute the third-largest Emerstarian export product measured in value.

Mineral resources

Emerstari contains significant mineral resources; the most valuable of these are calcium carbonate (limestone), building stone, nepheline syenite, olivine, iron, nickel, and coal.

Infastructure

Kuings Tågsstasjon

Emerstari has 750,014 km (466,037 mi) of road in 2018, but a new road from Eidfjord to Uppsalle is under construction, and it is expected to be finished in 2021. Emerstari has right-hand traffic.

The Emerien and Yoerk metros are the only underground systems in Emerstari. There are 29,901 km (18,580 mi) of rails in Emerstari, and the railroad system transported 67,029,449 passengers and 37,821,400 tons of cargo in 2015. While all domestic passenger trains are privately operated, the majority of the rail network is owned by the state-operated Emeriges Tågrutteskkompagne (part of the Department of Transport).

Emerstari has several domestic ferry lines, the most notable whereof connect northern Marland to the Halleran Islands, but there is a ferry line in Onørkien as well, connecting Hoonderstad to the Sydvasten Islands.

Energy

Emerstari's energy market is largely privatized. In 2017, energy sources were: oil (36%); hydroelectricity (35.9%); coal (29.3%); natural gas (20.4%); nuclear, solar, and wind power (9%). Despite a 2006 poll showing general support of nuclear power, the building of new nuclear power plants was banned in 2002, and since then, there has been a debate of phasing out all nuclear power plants.

Science and technology

In 1716, the Royal Emerstarian Academy was founded by Ervin III Karl, and in 1717, the Royal Emerstarian Society of the Sciences was established. Emerstarian scientists and inventors from before the 20th century include Karl Olof Rynneas, Gustaf Lorens Nordin, Erik Per Johannssen, and Frederik Adulf van Wekehaart. The traditional engineering industry is still a major source of Emerstarian inventions, but electronics and other high-tech industries are gaining ground.

Emerstarian inventors held 45,481 patents in 2015 according to the Scanian Patent Office. Only four other Scanian nations have more patents than Emerstari.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1795 30,984,198—    
1805 32,058,192+3.5%
1815 33,027,901+3.0%
1825 33,991,579+2.9%
1835 35,389,192+4.1%
1845 36,378,514+2.8%
1855 37,105,791+2.0%
1865 38,048,912+2.5%
1875 39,212,427+3.1%
1885 40,489,098+3.3%
1895 41,248,915+1.9%
1905 42,084,018+2.0%
1915 43,209,051+2.7%
1925 44,089,520+2.0%
1935 45,080,821+2.2%
1945 46,184,099+2.4%
1955 47,304,812+2.4%
1965 48,609,024+2.8%
1975 49,887,512+2.6%
1985 51,290,893+2.8%
1995 52,608,260+2.6%
2005 53,982,145+2.6%
2015 56,021,495+3.8%
2018 57,406,218+2.5%
Census Statistics (1795-2015)

The total population of Emerstari was estimated to be 57,406,218 in June 2019. The population density is 89.13/km² (230.8/sq mi); athough, eastern Emerstari is more densly populated than the west. About 55% of the population lives in suburban or urban areas. The largest city in Emerstari is Yoerk with a population of 2,690,254, and the second- and third-largest cities are Feldkoppen (2,290,657) and Malmø (1,602,745). The only Emerstarian cities that surpass one million inhabitants are thereof; Coronet and Rensulier, Emerstari's dual capitals have a population of 600,131 and 339,900 respectively.

The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 estimated to be 2.6 children born per woman, above the replacement rate of 2.1; it remains lower than the high of 4.69 children born per woman in 1872, though. The median age of the Emerstarian population is 39.2 years.

Immigration and naturalization

The number of registered resident foreigners in 2015 was 481,785, 30,202 whereof acquired Emerstari citizenship, according to Emerstarian nationality law. This figure is slightly larger than the 2014 number of 30,194. About half of those naturalized are from another Estelian or Scanian nation, and about one-fourth of those naturalized were naturalized under the right of return law. According to the Emerstarian Office of Immigration, 4,891 of those naturalized in 2015 were from Coelans, forming the largest naturalized group thence.

Emigration

Starting in the 1600s and continuing into the 1800s, many Emerstarians emigrated to elsewhere in the Emerstarian Empire. Because of this, today, there are many places and regions with significant ethnic Emerstarian populations, particularly in Fyrland in the Green Union, in New Retermi, and in Baveska in Sjovenia.

In 2015, 702,805 Emerstarian citizens lived abroad, the largest group being in Canaria, followed by Coelans, and then Marseile.

Largest cities in Emerstari

Language

The official language of Emerstari is Emerstarian, a North Scanian language, related and very similar to Coelanish, Yermansk, and Saurish. Coelanish and Saurish speakers have little difficulty understanding Emerstari, Yermansk speakers can also understand it with slightly more difficulty. The southernmost Emerstarian dialects also may have some understanding of Canarian and Rhenish. Within Emerstari, there are five recognized minority languages: Coelanish, Canarian, Eilandish, High Marlandish, and Nordspreck.

In varying degrees, especially with those born after the 1970s, Emerstarians can understand and speak English. It is the third most studied language in Emerstarian schools after Canarian and Marseilian; it is followed by Rhenish. According to a study in 2012, 87% of Emerstarians are proficiently bilingual, 40% are proficiently trilingual, and 52% can speak English with proficiently.

Religion

Religious affiliation in Emerstari (2015)
Affiliation % of Emerstarian Population
Christianity 84.4 84.4
 
Protestant 79.6 79.6
 
Lutheran 71.6 71.6
 
Prysbeterian 6.4 6.4
 
Other Protestant 6.5 6.5
 
Catholic 3.8 3.8
 
Eastern Orthodox 0.2 0.2
 
Other Christian 0.5 0.5
 
Judaism 1.1 1.1
 
Other faiths 2.7 2.7
 
Irreligion 12.8 12.8
 
Nothing in particular 6.2 6.2
 
Agnostic 3.9 3.9
 
Atheist .2 0.2
 
Don't know or didn't state 0.6 0.6
 

The ancient Emerstarians followed Emerstrú and Scanian paganism, but as early as AD 69, Christianity began to spread into Emerstari. By the 11th century, most indigenous religion and practices were prohibited. After Georg I Erik's ascension to the throne of Emerstari in 1444, the Protestant reformation began in Emerstari and Lutheranism was made the state religion.

At the end of 2018, the Church of Emerstari reported that 71.6% of Emerstarians were members thereof, and the Emerstarian Census Office reported that 84.4% of the population was Christian. There is 12.8% of the population that is irreligious, and 0.6% of the population refused to state. Besides irreligion, the second-largest is Judaism with 1.1% of the population.

In a 2006 poll, Emerstarian respondents stated that:

  • 74% believed there is a God
  • 19% believed there is some sort of god, spirit, or life force
  • 5% did not believe in any sort of god, spirit, or life force

Health

Emerstarians have an average life expectancy of 82.05 years at birth (men, 80.1 years; women, 84 years). In 2012, the infant mortality rate was 2.5 per 1,000 live births. The principal cause of death in 2015, was cardiovascular disease followed by various types of cancer, and the most deleterious risk factor was tobacco chewing.

Healthcare coverage in Emerstari is not universal on a national level; however, each of the Emerstarian states has a public healthcare system funded primarily by taxes. Despite this, 39% of Emerstarian adults have private health insurance.

Education

Uppsalle University, founded in 1450, is the oldest university in Emerstari

Public education in Emerstari free for citizens; although, if you go to a school outside of your district, there is tuition. The academic year two semesters: from August to December, with a break in fall; from December to July, with a break in spring. Education is administered by counties and municipalities but regulated by states and the Emerstarian Department of Education. Children from ages 6 to 15 are required to go to school, but most students will continue until age 18 in a three-year-long secondary school. In 2014, 49% of Emerstarian children attended public county schools, 31% attended public church-affiliated schools, 14% attended private schools, and 8% were homeschooled.

There are 104 universities and colleges in Emerstari, the oldest and largest whereof are in Uppsalle, Rensulier, Yoerk, and Malmø. In 2016, 62% of Emerstarian adults had attended a university. The Emerstarian government does not subsidize tuition, and in 2015, the average yearly tuition was:

  • Public university (4 years): $3,278 or 2,927 ESK (per year)
  • Private university (4 years): $11,382 or 10,163 ESK (per year)

Culture

Music

A traditional Emerstarian fiddle

The classical music of romantic composers Vilhelm Karl Stenhammer, Frederik Johann Gustafssen, and Ingvar Valter Kjellstrom greatly influenced Scanian music in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Classical music still thrives in Emerstari today; of Emerstarian composers today, the most prominent is Nathanael Donner Førkening.

Emerstari also has a strong folk music tradition based upon simple string instruments, wooden flutes, and drums. Additionally, other forms of Emerstarian music derived from folk music are thriving, particularly Landsmusik (English: country music). Prominent musicians of these genres include Anders Joergen Årnes, Kristien Olaf Landberg, and Katarin Johanna Karlsson.

Some of the most internationally recognized bands from Emerstari include der Ørner and Ylvas. Der Ørner was a rock group that gained fame in the 1970s; it still remains successful both domestically and elsewhere.

Literature

The history of Emerstarian literature begins with the Emerstarian sagas and poems written from the first century to the ninth; one of the most famous Emerstarian works of literature comes from this period, Hrefneljers Saga. With the unification of Emerstari, came another era of Emerstarian literature (from 1000 until 1600), and famous works from this period include Emeriges Historie, Eirikrssaga, and Skuggsja.

Little Emerstarian literature of note came out of the 1600s, but upon the ascension of Ervin III Karl, there was a resurgence of literature. Among Emerstarian books from this period are Hans's Aventyrer til Några der Varlds Okendtriker and Frederik Kierke. In the 19th century, came the Emerstarian Golden Age, and some of the most famous Emerstarian authors and works of literature come out of this era: Hans Birger Anderssen, Baron of Fjyllen, Henrik Johann Nordin, and Kals Rigsburg.

Philosophy

Emerstarian philosophy has a long tradition as part of Scanian philosophy. The most influential Emerstarian philosopher was perhaps David Fillip Feldtgård who influenced other Scanian philosophers such as Jean-Baptiste DePoiy and Vladimir Oulensky.

Art and photography

På der Vernijskflod (On the Vernij River) by Karl Johann Dal

For an extended period, Emerstarian art was dominated by Canaria and Roele. It was not until the eighteenth century that a truly Emerstarian era began, first with portraits of mostly the nobility, and then of impressive landscapes. Some of Emerstari's most prominent portrait painters were Jakob David Engfeld and Lorens Olaf Erikssen; painter Karl Johann Dal gained prominence in the early nineteenth century for his landscapes.

Emerstarian photography has developed from strong participation and interest since the very beginnings of photography. Throughout the nineteenth century, photography gained prominence in Emerstari through the rise of national newspapers. Today, Emerstarian photographers Jakob Bjorn Ljundburg and Astrid Klasa Johannssen participate in key exhibitions around Arda en' Estel and the world.

Architecture

Construction for Rensulier Palace began in 1715 and concluded in 1721

With expansive forests, many of the earliest Emerstarian buildings that still survive are made of wood and include stave churches built throughout the Middle Ages. Stone castles and churches did, however, still exist in Emerstari during this period. The base for Koppingburg Cathedral was set in 1227 of limestone, but the building took 239 years to finish. In the 1400s, stone and brick cathedrals and palaces became increasingly common.

In the next several centuries thereafter, Emerstari was dominated with Baroque and Rococo architecture. Notable projects from that period include Rensulier Palace, Uppsalle University and Kuingsholm Castle. The 20th century brought along new architectural styles including Scanian classicism and national romanticism.

Cuisine

Emerstari's culinary traditions show the influence of long seafaring and farming traditions, with salmon (fresh and cured), herring (pickled or marinated), trout, codfish, and other seafood balanced by cheeses, dairy products, and breads. Vegetables such as cabbage, lettuce, carrots, and potatoes also are commonplace in Emerstari cuisine; however, fruits exist in few traditional recipes.

Karl Mikael Olafssen's 1904 illustration Der Kristusdegbord

A Kristusdegbord (Emerstarian: Christmas table) is a traditional three-course dinner served on Christmas Eve in Emerstari. The first course typically may be a variety of fish, especially herring and salmon and eel, with potatoes or other vegetables. This is typically accompanied by snaps, brænnvin, or akvavit.

Holidays

Apart from traditional Protestant Christian holidays such as Christmas, which is one of the most important holidays in Emerstari, Emerstari also celebrates some unique holidays of a pre-Christian origin. These include Midsommer celebrating the summer solstice and Valborgsnicht on 30 April. St. Nicholas Day on 6 December is widely acknowledged as the traditional beginning to the month-long Christmas season.

Media

Emerstarian mass media dates back to the 1540s when handwritten fly sheets reported on the news. The 1756 constitution established freedom of the press, and newspapers flourished in Emerstari in the 19th century, usually tied to one or another political party, trade union, or city. Today, Emerstarians are among the greatest consumers of newspapers in the world, and nearly every town is served by a local paper. The country's largest newspapers are the Rensulier Postett, the Kuingsblad, the Yoerk Kronikke, and the Ljund Postett. The four major broadcasters in Emerstari are the Riksudsending Kompagne (RSK), Emerigesudsending Kompagne (ESK), Osternudsending Kompagne (OSK), and the Bjorn I. Karlsson Udsending Kompagne (BUK).

Sports

Emerstarian tennis player Einar Villem Holm

Sports are a central part of Emerstarian culture, and popular sports include golf, gårdboll, soccer, skiing, horse sports, track and field, bandy, handball, and cycling. Chess is also gaining popularity in Emerstari.

The Emerstarian national men's bandy team, affectionately known as the Tred Kroner, is regarded as the best in Scania, and it has won in the winter Hastiludia twelve times. The Emerstarian national gårdboll team has also seen success in the past, winning in four summer Hastiludias. Famous Emerstarian athletes include Einar Villem Holm, Mikael Per Strandberg, Andrea Sonja Eriksson, and Olaf Thomes Frederiksson.

Emerstari has hosted the 1915, 1931, 1936, 1957, 1969, 1981, 1993, 2011, and 2017 Hastiludias.

Tourism

Emerstari is one of the more visited countries in Scania, but tourism in Emerstari is seasonal, with more than half of all tourists visiting between May and August. In 2014, tourism contributed 4.2% of the Emerstarian GDP.

The main attractions in Emerstari are the varied landscapes that extend across the Arctic Circle as well as its historical cathedrals and palaces. Popular tourist destinations in Emerstari include ski resorts in Marland, the capitals of Coronet and Rensulier, Yoerk, Uppsalle, and Hoonderstad.