Republic of Inyursta
La Républiqua D'Inyursta (Inyurstan)
Motto: Individual Liberty above all. Always.
Anthem: Bello Trícoluere
|Capital||Castille de Térro|
|Official languages||Inyurstan, English,|
|Recognised national languages||Inyurstan, English, French, Spanish|
|Recognised regional languages||Cochala, Quechua|
|Ethnic groups||91% Latino, 7% Anglo-American, 2% Other|
|Demonym(s)||Inyurstan, Inyurstano (male), Inyurstana (female)|
|Government||Pseudo-Direct Democratic Republic|
• Independence of Grande Inyursta
• Creation of La Républiqua D'Inyursta
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|Currency||Inyurstan Dollare (Y$) (Y$)|
|ISO 3166 code||.INY|
The Republic of Inyursta, formally known as the La Républiqua D'Inyursta or simply Inyursta, is a moderate-large sized partially continental, partially archipelagic nation situated in the New-World. It is made of politically unified but geographically disconnected land masses seperated by small and often times shallow bodies of water. Inyursta boasts a population of roughly 230 million, the second most populous nation behind neighboring Gran Cuscatlan, and it's population is steadily growing. Due to its colonial past, Inyurstan culture is a unique blend with multiple influences. As with most nations, the majority of urban centers and most densely populated areas are focused mainly around the coast while the interior remains relatively sparsely populated. The Inyurstan government places a huge emphasis on cultural and environmental conservation.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans in the New World, Inyursta was inhabited by three major groups of indigenous peoples.
By far the most dominant were the Coacuendo Peoples, whose civilization stretched from the Straits of Hidalgo north into Topoguya and all the way south into what is now King's Island. Coacuendos were believed to be the first humans to enter Inyursta due to archeological evidence and genetic markers which identify their confirmed descendants as distinct from other nearby indigenous peoples. They are also the forefathers of today's Cocha people, an isolated mestizo sub-culture of indigenous and Scots-Irish heritage.
In South Guerroca, a fierce warrior tribe known as the Tocquan swept down from the north into the peninsula just ninety years prior to the arrival of Rodrigo Juarez de Seville. They eventually crossed the mouth of the Sea of Juarez to invade mainland Marindino, fighting both local tribes and European colonial forces. However, by 1833 their civilization was almost completely destroyed.
On the mainland in what is now the Southern Territories, the Rim'talan and Aguarundo peoples thrived. The former inhabited the lowland swamps and jungles while the latter ruled the Sierra Polaches. Both were related to a larger group of indigenous peoples in Cuscatlan and both spoke, and continue to speak Quechua.
Main article: Inyurstan Colonial Era
The land known as Inyursta was first discovered by the Spanish explorer Rodrigo Juarez de Seville in 1532. It was subsequently claimed by Spain, however Portuguese expeditions soon began to encroach from the south while French settlements popped up around the turn of the century. Various segments of Inyursta changed hands between European powers multiple times before the entire territory, including what is now North Guerroca, succumbed to unified British rule by 1824.
This era ended in 1838, when unified armed resistance forced the British out of the region in the Inyurstan Uprising of 1836.
Post Colonial Era
What followed was a large republic, called "Grande Inyursta" which included modern day Inyursta, North Guerroca, Tirémeno and Isla Moreno. Slavery was abolished with the sucess of the uprising, however systematic racism persisted and those in charge of the country and most large tracts of land were all former French and Spanish elites.
The republican government of Grande Inyursta subsequently signed the Treaty of Nuveau Lyon with representatives of Spain, France and the USA. This treaty ensured the Sea of Juarez and Straits of Hidalgo remained open for the French and Spanish empires to access their remaining colonies and for American merchants to access markets in the region. Opposition to the treaty and similar concessions and cooperation with imperialist powers was present in Grande Inyursta at the time. One prominent critic of these actions was Don Ernesto Roucharde.
In 1840 the Cuscatlani leader General Lopez initiated several raids into the Southern Territories, including the major settlements of Saint Dijon (now Sant Dij'oa) and Guadalojas. This sparked the Polaches-Juarez War between Inyursta and Cuscatlan.
Main article: Inyurstan Civil War
In 1956, socialist dictator Carmón Solvereux seize power in a KGB-backed coup. Solvereux and his junta began a 5-year plan for the implementation and transition to a Soviet-style socialist regime. As dissent grew, he appointed Gustavo Peñon to direct and command his ruthless GRU-trained secret police - the Division Révolutionaire pur Securitat et Enfuercimenté (Revolutionary Division for Security and Enforcement) - which was tasked to silence his opposition. Estimates range the number of innocents killed by Solvereux and Peñon to be between 1.5 - 5 million during the duration of the regime.
Protests, strikes and riots began breaking out all over the rural countryside just two years into Solvereux's regime. Police and Gendarmie forces were dispatched to quell the riots, but things only escalated into violence. To make matters worse the fledgling armed forces were experiencing mass defections, which joined with rebel bands to form an umbrella group of anti-Solvereux factions known as ICRA (Inyurstan Counter-Revolutionary Alliance). Soon the entire country was engulfed in guerrilla warfare, with neither side holding a clear advantage.
As the war dragged on, the Soviets and Americans got increasingly involved in supporting their respective proxies. Weapons and equipment continued to flow to both sides, until the Counter-Revolutionaries managed to route the socialist forces from what is now Castille de Terro and cut a huge hole on Soviet aid to the Solvereux regime. Famous "freedom-fighter" Pierre De'Calero also became famous around this time for a variety of exploits, including shooting down a MiG-17 with a Redeye missile and his leadership at the Battle of Gracio Bay.
After almost a decade of fighting, Solvereux was cornered in Sant Dij'oa and committed suicide while the remainder of his regime fled north to Guerroca to carve out their own leftist republic. Inyursta had now rid itself of the worst regime in its history, but was left with the fallout of the war for decades to come.
In 1968 the Civil War had officially ended but violence still plagued parts of the country, mainly the Southern Territories and parts of western Marindino. The Red Insurgency was a low-intensity civil conflict fought between the Inyurstan government and paramilitaries versus various factions of leftist rebels based out of the jungles and mountains of the mainland. The ongoing violence and inexperienced government also created the perfect catalyst for a booming illegal cocaïne trade in Inyursta, the most notorious of them Pedro Esteban Petain and his army of assassins, Le Sangré-Maistros.
Under the new government, the socialist policies of Solvereux were reversed, and the nation took a turn towards laissez-faire capitalism. The eastern portions of the country, including Terro de Marçon and the San Meresque Strip, became tourist destinations overnight. State-owned corporations were put in place in key commodities such as petroleum and copper (while private competition was still allowed and encouraged) with the intent of generating non-tax revenue later on.
Inyursta also began rapidly building its military, on the fear of communist invasion out of Guerroca or Cuscatlan (which was under Maoist control at this period) as well as possible future Soviet destabilization efforts. A war would come in 1986 between Inyursta and Guerroca, and after a short but bloody confrontation Inyursta beat back the offensive and two of the three leftist rebel factions were effectively neutralized as a fighting force.
See also: 1986 Guerrocan War
Coming in coincidence with a decline in the drug war and soon after the final conclusion of the Red Insurgency, Inyursta has emerged a regional power and a major economic player. Inyurstan foreign policy also shifted towards a more interventionist one, more so than self-defensive maneuvers and intraregional politics.
In 2014, under Président Jack Peresque, Inyursta officially became a member in the Santiago Anti-Communist Treaty Organization (SACTO) and has since become a key player in many SACTO operations.
Inyursta is a democratic republic with a unicameral legislature, called the Legislative Assembly. Senators of are elected once every four years, on intermittent cycles every two years. The head of the executive branch is the (le) Président, who is elected every four years. Inyursta's judicial branch is the Courte National, in which judges are elected directly by the people every ten years, on the same intermittent cycles as Senators.
Due to recent reforms, Inyursta is sometimes referred to as a "psuedo-direct democracy". The LeFay Act passed in 2014 requires all laws challenged by a petition with over 5,000 signatures of Inyurstan citizens to undergo a referendum. There is also no electoral college and présidents are elected on a simple majority, and as stated above judges on the national court are also elected directly. Opponents of Inyursta's open system have criticized it as a "mobocracy".
Geography & Climate
During the Holocene Era, a large segment of the Sierra Polaches broke off due to continental drift and slid outward into the ocean. The plate continued to push into the oceanic plate causing the rise of new mountains in what is now Topoguya and Terro de Marçon, while colliding with another northern plate forming a volcanic range in what is now North Guerroca. Once sea levels fell during the Pleistocene era, this created a continuous land bridge between the ancient Neartic and Neotropical eco-regions. As global glaciers began to melt again, the oceans slowly rose back up and separated the land masses once again. Moving upward and inward with the rising tides were extensive coral reef features and deposits of sand from the continental shelf, creating both coastal barrier islands and the coral-limestone archipelago known as the San Meresque Strip.
Inyursta is almost entirely tropical, save for the upper and interior portions of South Guerroca and the northern coasts of Islé Orteja and Topoguya which are considered subtropical. However, the Inyustan climate varies, mostly dependent on rainfall and salinity of water inputs, etc. Some regions are much drier than others, while many areas receive daily precipitation. Lower regions are usually characterized by rainforests or moist tropical savannah (or a rural mix of the two), while increasing altitude leads to the dominance of low-canopy cloud forests, eventually giving way to the temperate-cold weathered highland prairies known as paramos. Due to altitude, snow is found year round in the upper reaches of the Sierra Polaches on the border with Cuscatlan, and seasonal snow is common in the paramo regions of Marindino (Sierra Miraco) and Topoguya (Sierra Grande).
See also: Ecoregions of Inyursta
|Castille de Térro||68oF||70oF||71oF||73oF||73oF||75oF||79oF||81oF||78oF||75oF||72oF||70oF|
Since its inception Inyursta has followed a free-market capitalist system. However, exact policies in terms of monetarism, investments, spending, international economics, etc. vary by executive and legislative administrations throughout the years. For example the previous administration of Président Jack Peresque (and the relatively unified legislative body in office) practiced bottom-up and inward-looking measures to spur private investment in rural areas and create more blue-collar jobs to expand the workforce through de-regulation, while the current administration of Jean-Baptiste Calderone is trying to expand foreign trade relations and improve infrastructure through direct investment.
Inyursta uses a fiat currency, the Inyurstan Dollare (Y$). The current foreign exchange rate is roughly 1$ - 1.25Y$, however this obviously fluctuates given the state of the global market. The U.S. Dollar and Cuscatlani Peso are also widely accepted in Inyursta.
While the Inyursran Dollare is not backed in metals, the Inyurstan Treasury does maintain a large stockpile of gold & silver as a precautionary measure in case of extreme economic depression.
Business and industry in Inyursta have established significant ties to foreign counter-parts. Most of Inyursta's trade partners are part of the Santiago Anti-Communist Treaty Organization. This gives the Inyurstan trade-based economy more stability and security in the face of threats of sanctions and other economic measures from unrelated nations; however, it does also have the negative effect of tying Inyurstan foreign policy towards that of the rest of the SACTO bloc.
The Inyurstan government takes little action in terms of international trade; however, it is also the government which says who is allowed in Inyurstan waters and airspace and who isn't. Every year the State Department releases an index of nations with varying degrees of market stability similar to the way they would release a list of nations with travel advisories, of course coincidentally the best nations rated for business are all in the good favor of the current Inyurstan government.
|Template:Country data Merick Isles||Electronics, Civilian Vehicles||Tropical Agriculture, Exotic Hardwoods, Petroleum/Oil, Biotech||Major Partner|
|Template:Country data Gran Cuscatlan||Industrial Hardwoods, Tropical Agriculture*, Textiles*||Biotech, Tropical Agriculture*, Textiles*||Major Partner|
|Template:Country data Nihon Nifon||Electronics, Civilian Vehicles||Oil/Petroleum, Copper||SACTO Partner|
|Riysa||Silk, Steel, Spices||Tropical Agriculture, Exotic Hardwoods, Chocolate & Crème||SACTO Partner|
|Template:Country data TECT||Agriculture, Industrial Lumber||Tropical Agricultre, Biotech||SACTO Partner|
|Aravea||Industrial Lumber, Steel, Zinc||Oil/Petroleum||SACTO Partner|
|Template:Country data Kirishima||Electronics, Iron, Steel, Medical Supplies||Tropical Agricultre, Exotic Hardwoods, Emeralds, Petroleum/Oil||SACTO Partner|
|San Regada||Steel & Heavy Metals||Biotech, Military Equipment||Regional Partner|
|Eurostine||Industrial Lumber, Agriculture, Steel||Tropical Agriculture (cocão), Exotic Hardwoods, Copper||Non-SACTO Partner|
|Ruolnik||Alcohol, Agriculture||Copper, Military Equipment||Minor Partner|
|Cevronik Isles||Fine Jewelry||Tourism, Biotech||Minor Partner|
*Denotes homogenous trade
Inyursta has had minor trade relations with its inter-regional partners such as Chuchara and Nueva Aragua among others.
The level of Inyursta's infrastructure varies depending on the context. Compared to other Latin-American states, Inyursta has one of the higher degrees of infrastructure, given its relatively well-maintained urban development and effective inter-provencial highway system. However, Inyursta is oftenly erroneously compared to Western nations (so-called "1st World" states) in which its infrastructure would be considered "moderate" or even "poor" due to the overall lack of rural paved roads and even standing bridges in some parts of the country.
A 2011 initiative to create a "super highway" is currently underway. However, it has faced and continues to face numerous political opposition from those representing environmental conservation, indigenous land rights and province-dependent industry interests.
Inyursta does boast some of the best intranational air travel in the region, with over 120 smaller private and non-international airports to move persons and goods from disconnected locations. It also is home to 11 international airports. Additionally, Inyursta's maritime routes are considered superb, a given result of the nation's geography. Because of this, Inyursta was one of the first nations to begin to aggressively campaign for the right to treat internal waters (green & brown water environments) as sovereign territory.
Demographics and Culture
For a number of reasons, Inyurstan demographics are very hard to measure. Even among broad ethnic terms, it is hard to fully grasp certain factors. For example 7% of the population classifies as "Anglo-American", however even this can be broken down to how many are expats from the USA/OSA, how many are immigrants from Jamaica or Belize, and how many are generational Inyurstans raised in areas without significant Latino influences (such as King's Island or Drake's Key).
Another key issue is the high degree of racial intermixing common in places like Inyursta. Someone could very easily be 12.5% African, 12.5% Indigenous, 50% Caucasian and 25% other Latino, to try and quantify diverse mixes such as these is nearly impossible. Additionally, many will argue that from a nationalistic standpoint, 99.99% of people residing in Inyursta are Inyurstans, and therefore petty ethnic and racial demographics are regressive and useless.
In terms of culture, Inyursta has a relatively unique culture that shares much in common with other Latin American cultures, including food, architecture, superstitions, naming customs, ect. Inyursta does adopt some aspects from France and Spain - mostly names -as well as the indigenous peoples of Inyursta.
Inyursta maintains a medium-large sized military, and is considered the strongest regional power and fifth or six most capable military in the Santiago Anti-Communist Treaty Organization. It's main focuses are counter-terrorism/insurgency and sea denial with some capacity for overseas operations.
The Inyustan Military has been involved in a number of conflicts, including Inyurstan Intervention in the Lolloh-Ruolnik War and the Greco-Bulgarian War. Prior to 1990, the Inyurstan armed forces were mainly tasked with a civil conflict called the Red Insurgency.