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Karl Ochsenbein in 1930
|Dictator of West Besmenien|
14 February 1921 – 7 March 1948
|Leader of the Besmenian National Union|
28 April 1913 – 7 March 1948
Karl Friedrich Ochsenbein
29 August 1882
|Died||7 March 1948|
|Cause of death||Suicide|
|Political party||Besmenian National Union|
|Years of service||1917-1920|
|Battles/wars||Besmenian Civil War|
Karl Friedrich Ochsenbein (29 August 1882 - 7 March 1948) was a Besmenian politician. He rose to power as the king of the Besmenian Kingdom/West Besmenien. During his dictatorship from 1921 to 1948, he abolished the office of head of government and took over himself. Ochsenbein banned all political parties (except the BNU) in the country and closed the border with East Besmenien. Many people died under his leadership, especially political opponents and border refugees.
Karl Ochsenbein was born on 29 August 1882 in Waldtket, Sedakanien. He was the second of four children born to Albert Ochsenbein (1839-1898) and his wife, Ursula Ochsenbein (1843-1910). Whereby Gustav, the fourth child, died at the age of 2. The family lived on a farm and where poor. His father was a racist and nationalist and brought up Karl and his siblings in this way.
In 1900 Ochsenbein left Waldtket to live and study fine music in Helmfurt, financed by orphan's benefits and support from his older brother. He applied for admission to the Academy of Music Helmfurt but was rejected twice. The director suggested Ochsenbein should apply to the School of Architecture, but he lacked the necessary academic credentials because he had not finished secondary school.
Ochenbein was homeless between 1900 and 1902. He made his living out of public singing.
From 1902 until he entered the war in 1917, he worked as a writer for the right-wing newspaper The Besmenian Worker.
Between 1904 and 1920 Ochsenbein was a member of the far-right political party Besmenian National Union. In 1913 he was elected as leader of his party.
Soldier in the Civil War
Between August 1917 and the end of the war in February 1920, Ochsenbein fought on the side of the Royal Army.
During the Battle of the Könlenz in March 1918, he was wounded in the left thigh when a shell exploded in the dispatch runners' dugout. Ochsenbein spent almost two months in hospital at Hildberg, returning to his regiment on 21 May 1918. On 15 November 1919, he was temporarily blinded in a mustard gas attack and was hospitalised in Doltham for 4 months. While there, Hitler learned of Besmenien's defeat, and—by his own account—upon receiving this news, he suffered a second bout of blindness.
Ochsenbein described the war as "the greatest of all experiences", and was praised by his commanding officers for his bravery. His wartime experience reinforced his Besmenian patriotism and he was shocked by Besmenien's capitulation in February 1920. His bitterness over the collapse of the war effort began to shape his ideology to anti-democratic.
Dictator of West Besmenien
After the Civil War, the Heraldstein Dynasty, which had been the royal family since 1831, had lost its importance. After King Willhelm von Heraldstein's resignation in July 1920, the parliament announced Royal Elections for January 1921. It was the first time that the king was chosen by the people. Ochsenbein was appointed by the BNU as a candidate for the election.