Narsora

The Republic of Narsora

República de Narsora (Spanish)
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Flag
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Coat of arms
Motto: "Peace,Freedom and Compassion"
Capital
and largest city
Narsora City
Official languagesSpanish , Indigenous Languages
Recognised national languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Narsoran
GovernmentUnitary, Presidential, Republic
• President
María Castellano (NDP)
• Vice President
Antonio Peña (NDP)
• President of the National Congress
Takashi Cayetano (CP)
LegislatureNational Congress
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence
• from Spain
June 22, 1957
• Republic
June 22, 1960 - Present
Area
• Total
379,200 km2 (146,400 sq mi)
Population
• 31 December 2018 estimate
29,248,800
• Density
77.13/km2 (199.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.306 trillion
• Per capita
$44,726
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$772.5 billion
• Per capita
$37,467
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 31.9
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.905
very high
CurrencyNarsoran Dollar ($NRD)
Time zoneUTC+ 4:00 (Narsora Standard Time (NST))
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy
Calling code+693
Internet TLD.nar

The Republic of Narsora is an island nation in Template:Region. The 2019 population estimates the country's population at roughly 28,582,044 . The country was formed in June 1957 after a peaceful independence from the Kingdom of Spain . Despite this, the nation formally celebrated it's independence on the same day in 1960 and continues to on June 22nd of each year. The country is classified as a unitary-presidential republic, headed by a president whom is elected via direct election with a "two-round" or "run-off" plurality system used if no candidate receives over 50% of votes.

Geography

Narsora has variety of geological areas; while most of the country is urbanized, some areas in the southern provinces have densities as low as 12.76 persons per square mile.

Climate

The country has a has a Tropical rain-forest climate (Cfa according to the Köppen climate classification). Average temperatures range from 80°F in January to 59°F in August.

History

Early History

Historical evidence shows that humans have lived in the area now known as Narsora for as long 15,000 years ago. As the geographical location of the island is relativity remote, only four separate Native American tribes are known to exist; the Ipópopó, Tomucúlan, Bolñukon & Tirbirio.

Spanish Colonization

Due to the islands relative remoteness, treacherous waters and hostile natives, the first spanish explorers didn't reach the island until 1702. When a Spanish armada managed to land on the island, the resulting death toll has been estimated between 5,000-10,000 from disease and warfare combined. During Spanish rule especially through the early 20th century, the territory became one of the wealthiest in the Spanish Empire. During the Spanish Civil War, narsoran based military garrisons supported the coup. Spanish rule lasted around 255 years, and the island was one of the last territories to be granted independence; in 1957.

Modern History

Narsora was granted independence by Spain in 1957 following international pressure, and finalized on June 22, 1960.

González Archipelago Dispute

In 1969 the nation of Torisakia laid claim to the González Archipelago, a set of islands off the western coast of it's coast. Claiming that the islands had been given to them by former colonizer the United Kingdom, for use as an overseas military post in 1962. Narsoran leaders ignored said demands as did a majority of the international community. Then, in July, 1973 torisakian military forces annexed the island chain from Narsoran rule, causing a 49 year dispute that was only ended in late 2018.

21-O Revolution

In October 1984, following the decreasing economic conditions, increasing unemployment and the authoritarianism of then president Martín Fernández, protests began, demanding for his resignation. Following over a year of continued protests, on October 23rd 1985, the Narsoran Congress approved the impeachment process for Fernández. The same day, as over 200,000 protesters gathered in the capital in celebration of the removal, a group of loyalist members of the Presidential Guard Unit surrounded the outside of the building to disperse the protesters. Dozens of differing accounts of the events that followed can be found, but it is known that at some point, guardsmen opened fire on the crowd, killing 22 people and injuring 67 in what became known as the San Marcos Massacre. Fearing an outright revolution, the National Congress as per the constitution issued a state of emergency and suspended the constitution. The Army was authorized to forcefully remove Fernández from office, restore order and disarm the presidential guard. On October 24th, 62,000 army troops entered the capital and confronted Presidential Guardsmen in front of the palace and commanding them to stand down. A scene commentators noted as almost a standoff commenced, which lasted for twelve hours and which some say nearly brought the country to the brink of civil war. Then at approximately 8:32 PM, the guardsmen agreed to disengage and three dozen troops entered the building and formally arrested Fernández. From the period of October 26th 1985 to October 5, 1990 the then vice-president Francisco Silva was sworn in as interim president. In 1995, October 24th was declared a national holiday as Día de la Revolución (English: Revolution Day).

Recent History

Beginning in 2008 as with many others, the country slipped into recession which saw the unemployment rate reach 13.3% by mid-2010. Beginning from the early 2010's, the country experienced a period of terrorist activity from multiple groups and organizations.


Government and politics

The current constitution Narsora was approved via national plebiscite in July 1960 and went into effect January 1961. It is classified as a unitary-presidential republic, headed by headed by a president whom is elected via direct election with a "two-round" or "run-off" plurality system used if no candidate receives over 50% of votes. The National Congress of Narsora has a 150-seat Senate and a 150-member Chamber of Deputies. Senators serve and are elected every four years as are deputies. On November 26th 2018, New Democratic candidate María Castellano became the first woman to be directly elected president of the country.

Foreign Relations

Narsora has maintained cordial relations with most countries since it's beginnings in 1960, although since 1973, relations with the country of Torisakia have been strained, chiefly over a disputed chain of islands known as the González Archipelago.

Administrative Divisions

In 1960 Narsora was divided into 10 provinces where increased to by one each in 1992, 1999 and 2006, which were further divided into 392 (as of 2018) municipalities (spanish: Municipios).

There are 12 provinces in mainland Narsora and 1 island province:

  1. Miralosa
  2. Cacaña
  3. Abaroa
  4. Kaaetk
  5. Iturburua
  6. Palomo
  7. Del Bosque
  8. Moeolo
  9. San Nicolás
  10. Patariki
  11. Verräcu
  12. Roimata
  13. Alta Bahía

The population spread between the various provinces differ widely, between Miralosa province, which contains the country's capital Narsora City with 12.1 million to 6,786 in the province of Patariki.

Human Rights

Narsora has generally respected human rights in it's 59-year history. Although several incidences in the 1970's garnered widespread condemnation. Of recent concern is the country's policies and treatment of immigrants, many of which target Torisakians specifically.

Military

The armed forces of Narsora are known as the Narsoran National Military, and numbered around 92,990 in 2019.

Law

Narsoran law is based on the civil law legal system and such concepts prevail over common law practice. Court decisions set out interpretive guidelines; however, they are non binding in other specific cases.

The legal system is based on the Constitution, promulgated on 22 June 1960, and is the fundamental law of the country. All other legislation and court decisions must conform to its rules. As of October 2019, the constitution has undergone 17 amendments. Provinces do not have their own constitutions, and follow the federal Constitution. Although Municipalities are allowed to pass their own local ordinances which are managed by a municipal council. Legislative entities are the main source of statutes, although in certain matters judiciary and executive bodies may enact legal norms. The highest court is the Supreme Court.

Law enforcement and crime

In Narsora, there are several law enforcement agencies; the singular civilian police force is the Narsoran National Police, the Customs and Border Security Service - the agency tasked with customs services and border security and various other paramilitary agencies and units.

Demographics

Ethnic Groups

Race/Ethnicity (2019 estimates)
Race Precentage
White 46.3%
Mestizo 40.5%
Afro-Narsorans 2.2%
Indigenous Peoples 6.5%
Asian Narsorans 1.9%
Other 2.7%

The country's increasing standards of living, prosperity and low rates of crime have begun attracting more and more foreign immigrants since the beginning of the 21st century.

Religion

The Constitution provides the for the full freedom of religion, and the government has mostly respected such freedoms.

The percentage of the population that claim to be Atheists is estimated at 24% as of 2019.

Religious affiliation in Narsora (2019)
Affiliation % of population
Christian 66 66
 
Catholic 42 42
 
Evangelical Protestant 21 21
 
Other Christian 3 3
 
Judaism 2 2
 
Other faith 3 3
 
Unaffiliated 24 24
 
Don't know/refused answer 5 5
 
Total 100 100
 

Languages

Narsora has five official languages; Spanish, and the four indigenous languages, Ytobüŋan, Ipópopó, Agsèkhi and Tomucúlan. Important signage is translated into the language appropriate to the region one is located in. English, while not an official language is a national language, as it is used in many business situations and is a required subject taught to schoolchildren. The country also has one of the highest English-language proficiency ratings in the region at 62.48 as of 2018.

Languages spoken at home by persons in Narsora
as of 2019
Language Percent of
population
Number of
speakers
Spanish (only) 70.5% 23,215,622
Native Narsoran Languages 6.2% 1,788,035
*Bilingual 20.6% 5,940,892
Other 2.7% 778,660

Education

In Narsora, education consists of Primary, Secondary and Post-secondary education. Beginning with preschool until the age of 5, primary school for children between ages 6 and 13 and secondary school until graduation at age 17-18.

As in many countries, Secondary education is divided into two parts: During the first two years, students receive a general education. Then, they may choose a branch: scientific humanistic education, artistic education, or technical and professional education. A process to streamline this level of schooling was put into effect in 2000, in which both levels of secondary schooling are housed in one location/building. Secondary education lasts a total of four years and ends upon the acquirement of a certificate known as a Licencia de Educación Básica (License of Basic Education).

All education up to post-secondary is provided free of charge to citizens by the government. 90% of funding comes from the federal government while the remaining 10% is funded by local governments.

The National University of Narsora is the largest and oldest university in the country, founded in 1909 during colonial rule and a total enrollment of around 45,278 as of 2018.

Upon successful graduation of secondary school, students may continue into higher education. The higher education schools consist of traditional Universities and are divided into public universities or private universities. Both the National University of Narsora (Universidad Nacional de Narsora) and Manzulo University of Science & Technology (Universidad de Ciencia y Tecnología de Manzulo) are also medical schools. They are the only medical centers in the country able to treat major traumatic injuries. Recent changes to the higher education system have it now based on three cycles of study, bachelor, master and doctorate levels.

Health

The Ministry of Health is the cabinet-level administrative office in charge of planning, directing, coordinating, executing, controlling and informing the public of the health policies formulated by the state. In 2017, the average life expectancy in Narsora at birth was 80.1 years (77.3 years for males and 83.1 years for females).