Piraean Senate

Piraean Senate
Πειραιηκή ἐκκλησία
Pireikí Ekklesia (Piraese)
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Konstantinos Baltas, PSEE
since 28 March 2018
Structure
Seats250
Political groups
Government
     Socialist Workers
(PSEE) (141)
Opposition
     Homeland (PK) (63)
     All for the Nation (OE) (19)
     Workers International (PTED) (13)
     Change! (A) (7)
     Green Alternative (PEL) (4)
     Novalian People's Party (NNS/NLK) (3)
Elections
Last election
24 March 2018
Meeting place
National Library of Greece in Athens.jpg
Palace of the Republic, Alikianos, Piraea
Website
ekklesia.kr

The Piraean Senate (Piraese: Πειραιηκή ἐκκλησία, Pireikí Ekklesia) is the parliament of Piraea located in the Palace of the Republic in Alikianos. The Senate is the supreme legislative body, holding ultimate power over all other political bodies, and represents the citizens through an elected body of Senators.

It is unicameral and has 250 members. Elections are held regularly every four years, but may be called earlier at the discretion of the prime minister should the president give approval. The last election was held in 2018 and the next election must be held no later than 2022. Members are elected by proportional representation. 200 seats are allocated based on votes share, with the remaining 50 are awarded to the largest party. There is an electoral threshold of 2% that parties and members must pass in order to enter the Senate. If an individual passes the threshold but their party does not, they are still able to take their seat.

Name

In Piraese, the name Ekklesia comes from the principal assembly of democracy of ancient Lasithi. It was used by Piraeans under the the Solarian Empire as the translation for the Solarian senate.

History

The first national parliament was established in 1857 following the formation of the Kingdom of the Piraese. It was sanctioned under the 1857 Constitution, but was not democratically elected. Members were appointed by the king. This was unchanged until the October 5th Movement in 1873, which resulted in the creation of a lower House of Deputies that was elected by all land-owning men over 25 years of age. This system remained in place until the abolition of the monarchy in 1948.

The 1947 Constitution of the First Republic resulted in the abolition of the upper house and the creation of a unicameral legislature known as the Senate. Members were elected to represent electoral districts using first past the post. The 1947 Constitution expanded suffrage to all men. The majority of the Piraean population was illiterate, meaning many newly enfranchised voters struggled to read the ballots. Electoral fraud was and bribery were common as a result. In 1961, the military government suspended the senate after seizing power. Many senators were put on trial and imprisoned.

The fall of the military government in 1981 resulted in the establishment of the Second Republic, governed in accordance to the 1981 Constitution. The Senate was re-established and its members were elected through proportional representation and suffrage was expanded to all citizens, including women for the first time. Since the 1981, the Piraese Socialist Workers Union has remained the largest party in the Senate after every election but the 1994 and 2002 elections.

Current composition

  Party Position Party leader(s) Seats Status
Piraese Socialist Workers Union (PSEE)
Πειραιηκή Σοσιαλιστών Εργαζομένων Ένωση
Centre-left to
far-left
Maria Theopeftatou
141 / 250
In government
Homeland Party (PK)
Πατριωτικό Κόμμα
Centre-right to
far-right
Nikos Polakis
63 / 250
Official opposition
All for the Nation (OE)
Όλα για το Έθνος
Far-right Nikitas Mitarakis
19 / 250
In opposition
Piraese Section of the Workers International (PTED)
Πειραικό Τμήμα της Εργατικής Διεθνούς
Far-left Aleka Papas
13 / 250
In opposition
Change! (A)
Αλλαγή!
Centre to
Centre-right
Panos Zouraris
7 / 250
In opposition
Green Alternative (PEL)
πράσινη εναλλακτική λύση
Centre-left Fofi Frangidis
Giorgos Tarantilis
4 / 250
In opposition
Novalian People's Party (NNS/NLK)
Novaliji narodna stranka
Νοϝαλικό λαϊκό κόμμα
Big-tent Miro Kovač
3 / 250
In opposition