State Chairman of Xiaodong

Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong
Seal of Xiaodong.png
Shinzō Abe April 2015.jpg
Yuan Xiannian

since 19th October 2014
StyleHis/Her Excellency
ResidenceXiajiyu Palace
AppointerState Presidium
Term lengthFive years; renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Xiaodong
Inaugural holderLu Keqian
Formation20 September 1936; 84 years ago (1936-09-20)
DeputyPresiding Officer of the State Presidium of Xiaodong
Salary8,068,001 annually

The Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong (Xiaodongese: 国家常务委员会的晓东吉祥共和国主席; Guójiā chángwù wěiyuánhuì de Xiǎodōng jíxiáng gònghéguó zhǔxí) is the head of state of Xiaodong, as well as being the official chair of the State Presidium, the unicameral legislature of Xiaodong. The title is often called the State Chairman (主席; Zhǔxí) internationally, or more rarely President in some English language translations.

The State Chairman is officially a ceremonial role, with most executive power being in the hands of the First Minister of Xiaodong. The State Chairman serves as commander-in-chief of the Xiaodongese Defence Forces, appoints the First Minister, opens and dissolves the State Presidium and chairs the State Presidium. Since 1946, State Chairman are elected by the State Presidium for five year terms that is renewable once - between 1934 to 1959 there were no term limits. In the case of the State Chairmanship being vacant the Presiding Officer of the State Presidium is appointed acting State Chairman until a new one is elected.

The current State Chairman is Yuan Xiannian who was elected in October 2014.


Constitutional role


List of State Chairman

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Days Political Party
1 Hu Shih 1960 color.jpg Wu Jinmo
13th October 1940 24th June 1946 5 years, 8 months and 11 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
2 LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg Ma Renzhong
24th June 1946 7th September 1959† 13 years, 2 months and 14 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
3 Kakuei Tanaka 19720707.jpg Li Zhaozheng
7th September 1959 31st March 1970 10 years, 6 months and 24 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
4 Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG Sun Yuting
31st March 1970 17th January 1984† 13 years, 9 months and 17 days Military
Roh Tae-woo 1989-03-13.jpg Qian Xingwen
17th January 1984 9th June 1988 4 years, 4 months and 23 days Military

Constitutional Protection Society
6 Hu Jintao at White House 2011.jpg Yang Zhengming
9th June 1988 21st May 2005 16 years, 11 months and 12 days Constitutional Protection Society
Xi Jinping March 2017.jpg Jiang Zhongyu
21st May 2005 19th November 2016 11 years, 5 months and 29 days Constitutional Protection Society

Righteous Harmony Association
8 Shinzō Abe April 2015.jpg Yuan Xiannian
19th November 2016 Incumbent 4 years and 6 days Society for Restoring Benevolence

Living former State Chairman

As of 2019 there are three living former State Chairman. The last State Chairman to die was Jiang Xingzhou in 2018, who served from 1988 to 1993.