State Chairman of Xiaodong
|Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong
|Term length||Five years; renewable once|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Xiaodong|
|Inaugural holder||Lu Keqian|
|Formation||20 September 1936|
|Deputy||Presiding Officer of the State Presidium of Xiaodong|
The Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong (Xiaodongese: 国家常务委员会的晓东吉祥共和国主席; Guójiā chángwù wěiyuánhuì de Xiǎodōng jíxiáng gònghéguó zhǔxí) is the head of state of Xiaodong, as well as being the official chair of the State Presidium, the unicameral legislature of Xiaodong. The title is often called the State Chairman (主席; Zhǔxí) internationally, or more rarely President in some English language translations.
The State Chairman is officially a ceremonial role, with most executive power being in the hands of the First Minister of Xiaodong. The State Chairman serves as commander-in-chief of the Xiaodongese Defence Forces, appoints the First Minister, opens and dissolves the State Presidium and chairs the State Presidium. Since 1946, State Chairman are elected by the State Presidium for five year terms that is renewable once - between 1934 to 1959 there were no term limits. In the case of the State Chairmanship being vacant the Presiding Officer of the State Presidium is appointed acting State Chairman until a new one is elected.
The current State Chairman is Yuan Xiannian who was elected in October 2014.
List of State Chairman
|No.||Portrait||Name||Took office||Left office||Days||Political Party|
|13th October 1940||24th June 1946||5 years, 8 months and 11 days||Xiaodong Regeneration Society|
|24th June 1946||7th September 1959†||13 years, 2 months and 14 days||Xiaodong Regeneration Society|
|7th September 1959||31st March 1970||10 years, 6 months and 24 days||Xiaodong Regeneration Society|
|31st March 1970||17th January 1984†||13 years, 9 months and 17 days||Military|
|17th January 1984||9th June 1988||4 years, 4 months and 23 days||Military|
Righteous Harmony Association
|9th June 1988||14th March 1993||4 years, 9 months and 5 days||Righteous Harmony Association|
|14th March 1993||21st May 2005||12 years, 2 months and 7 days||Righteous Harmony Association|
|21st May 2005||19th November 2016||11 years, 5 months and 29 days||Righteous Harmony Association|
|Resigned in 2016.|
|19th November 2016||Incumbent||3 years, 10 months and 5 days||Society for Restoring Benevolence|
Living former State Chairman
As of 2019 there are two living former State Chairman. The last State Chairman to die was Wang Surong in 1998, who served from 1979-1984.