State Chairman of Xiaodong
|Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Xiaodong|
|Inaugural holder||Lu Keqian|
|Formation||24 April 1937|
The Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong (Xiaodongese: 晓东吉祥共和国家常务委员会的主席; Xiǎodōng jíxiáng gònghéguó jiā chángwù wěiyuánhuì de zhǔxí) is the head of state of Xiaodong, as well as being the official chair of the State Presidium, the unicameral legislature of Xiaodong. The title is often called the State Chairman (主席; Zhǔxí) internationally, or more rarely President in some Estmerish language translations.
The State Chairman is the most important role in the Xiaodongese government having broad power over executive, legislative and judicial decisions. The State Chairman serves as commander-in-chief of the Army of National Salvation, appoints the presidents of the four councils (Executive, Legislative, Judicial and Examination) and chairs the State Presidium. Since 1940, State Chairman has been appointed by the other members of the State Presidium or their predecessor with there being no set-term limit for the role. The exception was in 1970, when the State Chairman Sun Yuting came to power in a coup d'état. The role of State Chairman has historically fluctuated in important with at times it functioning as a de facto dictatorship and others being less powerful then the premier.
The current State Chairman is Yuan Xiannian who was appointed to the role in November 2016.
List of State Chairman
|No.||Portrait||Name||Took office||Left office||Days||Political Party|
|24th April 1937||7th May 1942||5 years and 13 days||Xiaodong Regeneration Society|
|7th May 1942||24th August 1947||5 years, 3 months and 17 days||Xiaodong Regeneration Society|
|24th August 1947||7th September 1959†||12 years and 14 days||Xiaodong Regeneration Society|
|7th September 1959||31st March 1970||10 years, 6 months and 24 days||Xiaodong Regeneration Society|
|31st March 1970||17th January 1984†||13 years, 9 months and 17 days||Military|
|17th January 1984||9th June 1988||4 years, 4 months and 23 days||Military|
Constitutional Protection Society
|9th June 1988||21st May 2006||17 years, 11 months and 12 days||Constitutional Protection Society|
|21st May 2006||19th November 2016||10 years, 5 months and 29 days||Constitutional Protection Society|
Righteous Harmony Association
|19th November 2016||Incumbent||4 years, 4 months and 29 days||Society for Restoring Benevolence|
Living former State Chairman
As of 2019 there are three living former State Chairman. The last State Chairman to die was Jiang Xingzhou in 2018, who served from 1988 to 1993.