State Chairman of Xiaodong

Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong
晓东吉祥共和国家常务委员会的主席
Seal of Xiaodong.png
Shinzō Abe April 2015.jpg
Incumbent
Yuan Xiannian

since 19th October 2014
StyleHis/Her Excellency
ResidenceXiajiyu Palace
AppointerState Presidium
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Xiaodong
Inaugural holderLu Keqian
Formation24 April 1937; 83 years ago (1937-04-24)
Salary8,068,001 annually

The Chairperson of the State Presidium of Auspicious Republic of Xiaodong (Xiaodongese: 晓东吉祥共和国家常务委员会的主席; Xiǎodōng jíxiáng gònghéguó jiā chángwù wěiyuánhuì de zhǔxí) is the head of state of Xiaodong, as well as being the official chair of the State Presidium, the unicameral legislature of Xiaodong. The title is often called the State Chairman (主席; Zhǔxí) internationally, or more rarely President in some Estmerish language translations.

The State Chairman is the most important role in the Xiaodongese government having broad power over executive, legislative and judicial decisions. The State Chairman serves as commander-in-chief of the Army of National Salvation, appoints the presidents of the four councils (Executive, Legislative, Judicial and Examination) and chairs the State Presidium. Since 1940, State Chairman has been appointed by the other members of the State Presidium or their predecessor with there being no set-term limit for the role. The exception was in 1970, when the State Chairman Sun Yuting came to power in a coup d'état. The role of State Chairman has historically fluctuated in important with at times it functioning as a de facto dictatorship and others being less powerful then the premier.

The current State Chairman is Yuan Xiannian who was appointed to the role in November 2016.

History

Constitutional role

Election

List of State Chairman

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Days Political Party
1 Sunyatsen1.jpg Lu Keqian
陆客钱
(1885-1947)
24th April 1937 7th May 1942 5 years and 13 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
tba.
2 Hu Shih 1960 color.jpg Wu Jinmo
吴今墨
(1892-1984)
7th May 1942 24th August 1947 5 years, 3 months and 17 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
tba.
3 LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg Ma Renzhong
马任重
(1886-1959)
24th August 1947 7th September 1959† 12 years and 14 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
tba.
4 Kakuei Tanaka 19720707.jpg Li Zhaozheng
里找正
(1900-1978)
7th September 1959 31st March 1970 10 years, 6 months and 24 days Xiaodong Regeneration Society
tba.
5 Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG Sun Yuting
孙玉婷
(1910-1984)
31st March 1970 17th January 1984† 13 years, 9 months and 17 days Military
tba.
Roh Tae-woo 1989-03-13.jpg Qian Xingwen
钱兴文
(1930-)
17th January 1984 9th June 1988 4 years, 4 months and 23 days Military

Constitutional Protection Society
6
tba
7 Jiang Zemin2.png Yang Zhengming
桥升座
(1932-)
9th June 1988 21st May 2006 17 years, 11 months and 12 days Constitutional Protection Society
tba.
Xi Jinping March 2017.jpg Jiang Zhongyu
将终于
(1950-)
21st May 2006 19th November 2016 10 years, 5 months and 29 days Constitutional Protection Society

Righteous Harmony Association
8
tba
9 Shinzō Abe April 2015.jpg Yuan Xiannian
袁先念
(1954-)
19th November 2016 Incumbent 4 years, 4 months and 29 days Society for Restoring Benevolence
tba.

Living former State Chairman

As of 2019 there are three living former State Chairman. The last State Chairman to die was Jiang Xingzhou in 2018, who served from 1988 to 1993.