Toki Sougunate

Toki Sougunate

土岐幕府
Tǔqí Mùfǔ (Xiaodongese)
Toki Bakuhu (Senrian)
1660–1858
File:Toki shogunate.png
CapitalOutomari
Common languagesSenrian
Xiaodongese
Religion
Taojiao
GovernmentHereditary military dictatorship
Sougun 
• 1660-1684
Toki Sinzou (first)
• 1833-1858
Toki Hayato
History 
1660
1858
CurrencyKuai (块)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
20px Jiao dynasty
Heavenly Xiaodongese Empire
Today part ofFlag of Xiaodong.png Xiaodong

The Toki Sougunate (土岐幕府; Xiaodongese Tǔqí Mùfǔ; Senrian Toki Bakuhu) was the state that ruled Xiaodong from 1660 to its overthrow in 1858 during the Baiqiao Revolution.

The Toki Sougunate came into existence in the aftermath of the Soukou War which saw the Red Orchid Rebellion bring down the Jiao dynasty. A Senrian warlord, Toki Sinzou under the employ of a Xiaodongese noble managed to conquer Xiaodong and declared himself Sougun pledging fealty to the Senrian imperial throne, although this was never recognised. Toki undertook a policy of Senrianisation designating Senrian as the national language and reforming the feudal lords into a feudal system based on the Senrian daimyous whilst ruling as a military dictator, although the role of Sougon became hereditary over time. This resulted in much of the Sougun's court to become ethnically or culturally Senrian, although the vast majority of the populace and elite remained Xiaodongese.

The Toki oversaw stability during the 1700's but by the 1800's faced political and economic instability as Xiaodongese nationalism became a potent force. A botched attempt at modernisation known as the Toki Reform Movement and a devastating famine in 1855-6 widely blamed on the Toki leadership resulted in a group of nationalist nobles to declare the Heavenly Xiaodongese Empire in the Baiqiao Revolution, with the Toki forces being defeated in 1858.

History

Relations with Senria

Government

The government of the Toki Sougunate was named as the bakuhu ("tent government"), reflecting the fact that the government originated from the command tent of the Sougun during the Toki conquest of Xiaodong. The government created by the Toki was split into two divisions - bureaucratic institutions inherited from the Jiao dynasty and new institutions created by the Toki. The former Jiao institutions were mainly staffed by ethnic Xiaodongese the new Toki ones ethnic Senrians. These institutions were divided between the twin capitals of Baiqiao and Rongzhuo, with the former Jiao capital of Baiqiao being the "winter capital" containing the functions of the former Jiao dynasty and Rongzhuo, the summer capital, containing the insistuions set up by the Toki. Over time, Souguns were based solely in Rongzhuo thus depriving the Baiqiao-based Xiaodongese bodies of a purpose. By the 1700's power was firmly centred in the hands of the Toki government in Rongzhuo.

Ethnic policy

List of Souguns

# Picture Name Sougun From Sougun Until
1 Tokugawa Ieyasu2.JPG Toki Sinzou 1660 1684
2 Tokugawa Ietsugu cropped.jpg Toki Banrei 1684 1723
3 Ikeda Munemasa.jpg Toki Hatoyama 1723 1757
4 Iemitu.jpg Toki Yousuke 1757 1774
5 Bessyo nagaharu.jpg Toki Kobayasi 1774 1812
6 Ujinao Hojo.jpg Toki Seizi 1812 1833
7 Tsunyaoshi.jpg Toki Hayato 1833 1858

Culture

Legacy

In Xiaodong

Since the Baiqiao Revolution the Toki Sougunate has been regarded as "the most shameful period in Xiaodongese history". The rise of Xiaodongese nationalism in the mid-1800's and its development as an ideology is explicitly linked to the suppression of Xiaodongese culture by Toki rulers. Furthermore, the rule by ethnic Senrians has often been attributed as the main reason for anti-Senrian sentiment in Xiaodong.

In Senria

The cool relations between the Toki Sougunate and Empire of Senria have largely translated into a negative perception of the Toki Sougunate within modern-day Senria. Much of this hinges around the image of the Toki family itself; because Toki Sinzou had betrayed the family's vows to its daimyou lords and fought in support of the Xiaodongese during the Soukou War, they were widely viewed in Senria as dishonorable traitors and schemers. The vilification of the Toki family for these earlier actions made Senrian emperors hesitant to build ties with the Toki sougunate, and was part of why the Senrian Empire took no action to support the sougunate during the Baiqiao Revolution.

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