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1920 Constitution

Royal Constitution of the Kingdom of Yisrael
Yisraeli Constitution pic.jpg
Copy of the Royal Constitution
CreatedJuly 7, 1920
RatifiedSeptember 3, 1920
Date effectiveDecember 1, 1920; 100 years ago (1920-12-01)
LocationNational Archives,
Dervaylik
Author(s)Dervaylik Convention
Signatories17 of 20 delegates
PurposeTo introduce a constitutional monarchy and end the political tradition of absolute monarchy.

The Royal Constitution of the Kingdom of Yisrael, more commonly referred to as the 1920 Constitution (the year of its establishment), is the supreme law of the Kingdom of Yisrael. The Constitution, originally comprising twenty articles, delineates the national frame of government. Its first three articles entrench the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the royal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the unicameral Royal Knesset; the executive, consisting of the King (head of state) and the President (head of government); and the judicial, consisting of the Sanhedrin and other royal courts.

Since the Constitution came into force in 1920, it has been amended twelve times. Amendments to the 1920 Constitution, unlike ones made to many constitutions worldwide, are appended to the end of the document. All pages of the original 1920 Constitution are written on high-quality writing paper.

It is the first modern constitution ever to be enacted over a Jewish state throughout the ages. The Royal Constitution explicitly centers its legitimacy on application of the Torah as the heart of Jewish and Yisraeli law and life.

Historical context

1919 Revolution

Constitutionalist Liberal victory

Dervaylik Convention (1920)

Drafting

Ratification

Original frame

List of articles

Ratified amendments

Before 1952

1952 Amendments

Since 1952

See also